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ertwa

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Foundation Engineering

CLASS EXAMPLE

A strip footing is 2.0m wide and is founded at a depth of 1.0m below ground surface on a

sandy soil shown schematically in the Figure below. The soil has characteristic shear strength

parameters ck' = 0 and k' = 34 and a unit weight of 16kN/m3 above the water table and

18.5kN/m3 below the water-table. The water-table is currently at 4.0m below ground surface,

but there is the possibility that this may rise to 1.0m below ground surface. If the foundation

is subjected to vertical design (i.e. factored) loads of 600kN/m, which is inclusive of the

weight of the footing, calculate,

(i)

the ratio (design resistance of the soil)/(design loading) with the water-table at

4.0m below the ground surface (this ratio is called the over-design factor, ,

see section 7.7.2 in the notes).

(ii)

the over-design factor, , if the water-table rises to 1.0m below the ground

surface.

For the foundation, you can assume that the weight of concrete equals the weight of soil

removed from the excavation. For these calculations, use Design Approach 1 and partial

factor set Combination 2 (M2 + R1) from Tables (a) and (b) appended.

600kN/m run

Ground surface

1.0m

2.0m

Resistance/Unit Area, (R/A) = c'Nc + q'Nq + 0.5BN

Bearing capacity factors (Eurocode 7):

Nc = (Nq-1)cot' ; Nq = etan' tan2(45 + '/2) ; N = 2(Nq-1)tan'

Shape factors:

Take as unity

Depth factors (after Hansen):

1

Set

Soil Parameter

M1

M2

1.0

1.25

Effective cohesion

1.0

1.25

1.0

1.4

Weight Density

1.0

1.0

Set

Resistance

R1

R2

R3

Bearing

1.0

1.4

1.0

Sliding

1.0

1.1

1.0

SOLUTION

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