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THIS SUBMISSION IS DECLARED TO BE STRICTLY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE CONTRACT

 

SIGNATURE

 
THIS SUBMISSION IS DECLARED TO BE STRICTLY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE CONTRACT SIGNATURE
 

QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION PHASE VII (Substations) CONTRACT NO. GTC/123/2006

 
 
THIS SUBMISSION IS DECLARED TO BE STRICTLY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE CONTRACT SIGNATURE
 
 

SIEMENS CONSORTIUM-GTC/123/2006

 

SIEMENS AG

SIEMENS LIMITED

 

GERMANY

INDIA

 

SUBSTATION NAME / CIRCUIT NAME

PROJECT DRAWING NUMBER

 

Mosemeer, Abu Hamour central, Al Soudan, Ain Khalid South, Al Wadi, MIC-2, MIC-3,QRE,EDS,Khore Community, Al Dhahiya West, Al Jumailyah, Khore Junction, NDQ, Muraikh North, South West Wakrah-1, NBK-2, Abu Thaila Modification, RLF-3, Al Dhahiya, Al Waab Super, MIC Super, Wakrah-2, Lusail Development Super- 1,Ain Hamad, Ain Khalid south.

 

PH7-3B-10-15-C001

SUBCONTRACTOR / SUPPLIER

 
           

0

29-11-2007

FIRST ISSUE

R.K.

V.H

V.A.

REV

DATE

MODIFICATION

DRAWN

CHECK

APPRD

DRAWING/DOCUMENT DESCRIPTION

 

SCALE

 

SIZE

DESIGN REPORT FOR CURRENT TRANSFORMER (CT) & VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER (VT) SIZING FOR 11kV SYSTEM

N.A.

 

A4

 

Document No.:-

 

TOTAL NO. OF PAGES

 

GTC123-BN00-AQA-10001

VER

   

SIEMENS

3

91 PAGES

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

Index

S.No.

DESCRIPTION

PAGE NUMBER

1

PURPOSE

1

2

DESIGN INPUT

1

3

ASSUMPTIONS

1

4

DESIGN CRITERIA

2

5

CALCULATIONS

2

6

RESULT OF STUDY

3

7

ATTACHMENTS

3

 

ANNEXURE 1

6-80

 

ANNEXURE 2

81-82

 

ANNEXURE 3

83

 

ANNEXURE 4

84-90

 

ANNEXURE 5

91

SIEMENS

  • 1.0 PURPOSE:

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

This document is intended to establish the minimum sizes of

  • - Current transformer in terms of Knee point voltage & Rated burden

  • - Voltage transformer in terms of Rated burden for various feeders of 11KV for the following mentioned substations:

Mosemeer Abu Hamour Central Al Soudan Al Wadi Al Jumailyah Khore Junction MIC -2 MIC -3 QRE EDS Khore Community Al Dhahiya West Muraikah North South West Wakrah 1 NDQ NBK -2

RLF-3

MIC Super Al Dhahiya Al Waab Super Lusail Development Super 1 Wakrah 2 Abu Thaila substation modification Ain Hamad Ain Khalid south

  • 2.0 DESIGN INPUT :

    • 1. Project contract document

    • 2. Relay catalogue for relay burden

SIEMENS

  • 3.0 ASSUMPTIONS :

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

  • 1. Power Transformer 32/40MVA, 66/11kV, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 16.33%.

  • 2. Power Transformer 20/25MVA, 66/11kV, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 12.58% ..

  • 3. Power Transformer 7.5/10MVA, 33/11kV, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 12%.

  • 4. Power Transformer 25/30MVA, 33/11kV, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 12.58%.

  • 5. 500kVA, 11/0.415kV Earthing Transformer, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 9.60%

  • 6. 1000kVA, 11/0.415kV Earthing Transformer, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 6.00 %

  • 7. 2000kVA, 11/0.415kV Earthing Transformer, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 12.0%

  • 4.0 DESIGN CRITERIA: KNEE POINT VOLTAGE Apart from rated short time rating of the system, to arrive at minimum knee point voltage, value for steady state through fault current determined.

values

needs

to

be

Considering the rated capacity of the bus bars of 11kV, the fault level considered is 31.5kA.

PARAMETERS FOR CABLE BETWEEN CT & RELAY PANEL

Cross section taken is 4 mm 2 .

Calculation for resistance at 75 deg. C:

Resistance at 20 deg. C

=

4.61 ohms / Km

Value of Alpha (Temp. coefficient) at 20 deg. C for copper = 0,00393 / deg. C Resistance at 75 deg. C = 4.61 (1 + 0.00393 (75-20)) = 5.61 ohms / kM

Calculation of Loop resistance of the cable between CT & Relay panel:

Taking length of cable between CT & Relay panel as 50 meter

Loop resistance = 2 x Length of cable (in ohms/kM) = (2 x 70 x 5.61) / 1000 = 0.785 ohms

kM)

X resistance

at

75

deg.

C

(in

Considering 20% safety margin as per contract requirement, (clause 12), = 0.785 * 1.2 = 0.942 ohms

All CT sizing calculations, have been done for a cable length of 50mts. This is the maximum length possible.

SIEMENS

RATED BURDEN

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

Rated burden selected for a CT/VT shall be more than the sum of relay/metering burden connected across CT/VT.

  • 5.0 CALCULATIONS:

Calculations

performed

for

the

CT/VT

parameters are enclosed

in

following

annexure:

Annexure # 1: CT Knee point voltage calculations for the 11kV feeders

Annexure # 2: CT burden (in VA) calculations for the 11kV feeders

Annexure # 3: VT burden (in VA) calculations for 11kV the feeders

  • 6.0 RESULT OF STUDY: Calculation results show that selected parameters for CT/VT are adequate to meet the minimum requirements.

  • 7.0 ATTACHMENTS:

    • 1. Annexure # 1: CT Knee point voltage calculations for 11kV feeders

    • 2. Annexure # 2: CT burden (in VA) calculations for 11kV feeders

    • 3. Annexure # 3: VT burden (in VA) calculations for 11kV feeders

    • 4. Annexure # 4: Relay back-up sheets

    • 5. Annexure #5: LSOH Power Cable Data Sheet

SIEMENS

Incomer Feeder (Typical bay no: A18,A28) Type:1

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

Configuration 40MVA, 66/11kV transformer,Earthing/auxiliary transformer rating of 500kVA

Applicable substations:Mosemeer,Abu Hamour central,Al Wadi,MIC-2,MIC-3,QRE,Khore Community,Al Dhahiya West, NBK-2, Al Soudan, Ain Khalid south

66kV side Core-1 Core-1 Core-2 750/1 66/11KV 50/1 50/1 Class-PX 32/40MVA Class-PX Class-5P20 Vk≥250 ONAN/ONAF Vk≥100
66kV side
Core-1
Core-1
Core-2
750/1
66/11KV
50/1
50/1
Class-PX
32/40MVA
Class-PX
Class-5P20
Vk≥250
ONAN/ONAF
Vk≥100
15VA
11/0.415KV
Rct≤6
Rct≤1.2
500KVA
Io<25ma
Io<30ma at Vk
15VA
Core-1
To Back-up earth fault
750/1
(7SJ61)
Core-4
Class-5P20
2500/1
15VA
Class-PX
Cable and trafo
differential protection
Vk≥250
Core-2
(7SD52)
Rct≤9
To REF protection for Earthing
transformer
50/1
Io<30ma
Class-PX
(7SJ61)
Vk≥100
Rct≤1.2
Core-3
Io<30ma
2500/1
To partial busbar
To REF protection for 11kV side
Class-PX
Core-3
differential protection
(7SJ61)
Vk≥250
2500/1
(7SJ61)
Rct≤9
Class-PX
Io<30ma
Vk≥250
Rct≤9
Core-2
Io<30ma
2500/1
Class-5P20/1.0
To Directional Overcurrent &
earth fault / Metering
(6MD6 & 7SJ62)
Rct≤8
10VA
Core-1
To Transformer REF (11kV
2500/1
Class-PX
side) & Main differential
protection
(7SJ61 & 7UT613)
Vk≥250
Rct≤9
Io<30ma
11kV Bus
Feeder =A18, =A28

Note: - 40 MVA LV side Core-4 is not applicable for NDQ, Muraikh North, South West Wakrah-1, NBK-2

CT knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core-1 )

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

2500 /1

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

1 amp.

Length of cable between CT and Relay

=

70 meter

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on Cable resistance

=

5.61x1.2 Ohms/Km

=

6.732 Ohms/Km

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

=

0.942 Ohms

Loop Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 0.942

=

0.942

Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

9.00 Ohms

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 9

=

9.00

SIEMENS

Formula Used

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC

=

Value 20 will be selected for calculations

R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA

R

i

= Internal CT burden in VA

I 2N = Relay Normal Current

Relay Burden

= 2*0.05

=

R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)

  • b) Knee point voltage :

The calculated value of knee point voltage is

Knee Point voltage required

20% margin on Vk value

 

I

High set point

=

20

atleast

I N

 

0.100 VA

=

(0.942+0.1)

 

1.042 VA

=

I high set point x I 2N x (R i +R BC )

 

1.3 x I pn

=

20 x (9+1.042) x 1

 
 

1.3

=

154.49 volts

 

=

185.39

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

To establish that CT rated knee point volatge is atleast 2 times that voltage developed across the CT in case of through fault condition with one of the CT saturated, the formula used is :

(For determining the Voltage developed across CT, a current of 1.5 times of the maximum possible through fault current has been considered) V k > 2 x 1.5 x I f x (R ct + 2R L ) Where If is magnitude of through fault current

Considering infinite source,the maximum through fault current on 40 MVA transformer would be:

%age impedance at 40 MVA Taking a negative tolerance of 15%

V k

 

=

0.1633

=

0.1388

If

=

40

 

1.732 x 11 x 0.1388

If

=

15.1262 kA

>

1.5x15126.2x(9+0.942 )x2

 

2500

 

>

180.46

volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7UT613 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core-1 ) Formula Used

a) Transient dimensioning factor (k td ): For transformer, k td = 3 b) Effective symmetrical
a)
Transient dimensioning factor (k td ):
For transformer, k td
=
3
b)
Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):
The required K' SSC
=
I SCC x k td
I PN
Where:
I SSC = symmetrical short-circuit current
I PN = CT rated primary current
I SN = CT rated secondary current
Considering infinite source at 11 kV ,the maximum through fault current on 40 MVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 40 MVA
Taking negative tolerance of 15%
=
0.1633
=
0.1388
I
=
40
SSC
1.732 x 11 x 0.1388
I
=
15.1262 kA
SSC
K'
=
15126.2 x 3
SSC
2500
K' SSC to be considered for calculations
=
18.15
Where
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
c)
Knee point voltage :
The calculated value of knee point
voltage is
=
(R BC + R i ) X I SN X K' SSC
1.3
Knee Point voltage required
=
(1.042 + 9) x 1 x 18.15

Knee Point voltage required 20% margin on Vk value

=

=

1.3

140.20

volts

168.24

volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

Adequacy checking calculations for 7SJ62 and 6MD6 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core-2 )

a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC =

20 atleast

Also K' SSC

Where R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA

R

i

= Internal CT burden in VA

R BN = Nominal Burden of CT in VA

Relay Burden

= 2*0.05

R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)

K' SSC

Calculated Value for K' SSC

 

=

R BN + R i x K SSC

 

R BC + R i

 

=

8.0 VA

=

10 VA

=

0.100 VA

 

=

(0.942+0.1) =

1.042 VA

=

(10+8) x20

(1.042+8)

=

39.81

>

20

Since the selected K' SSC is more than Minimum required K' SSC (20), Hence selected CT is OK

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 type used for Partial Bus bar protection Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core-3 )

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

Length of cable between CT and Relay

Loop Burden in VA

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

2500

=

1 amp.

=

=

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

=

70 meter

Cable Resistance for mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on cable resistance

=

6.732 Ohms/Km

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

 

=

0.942 Ohms

=

(I)² x 0.942

Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

9.00 Ohms (I)² x 9

Formula Used

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

0.942

9.000

a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ): The required K' SSC = I =
a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):
The required K' SSC
=
I
=
20
High set point
I N
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
I 2N = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
b) Knee point voltage :
x (R i +R BC )
I high set point x I 2N
The calculated value of knee point
voltage is
=
1.3 x I pn
Knee Point voltage required
=
20 x (1.042+9) x 1
1.3
=
154.49
volts
20% margin on Vk value
=
185.39
volts

atleast

0.100 VA

1.042 VA

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SD5 relay for 11kV incoming feeders =A18, =A28(connected across Core-4)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR) Relay Normal Current (I N ) = = Length of cable between
Current Transformer Ration (CTR)
Relay Normal Current (I N )
=
=
Length of cable between CT and Relay
Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C
20% margin on cable resistance
Loop Resistance ( 2R L )
=
2500 /1
1 amp.
70 meter
5.610 Ohms/Km
6.732 Ohms/Km
0.942 Ohms
(I)² x 0.942
9.00 Ohms
(I)² x 9
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)
=
=
=
Loop Burden in VA
Current Transformer resistance (R ct )
=
=
0.942
=
CT Internal Burden in VA
=
=
9.000
Formula Used
a)
Transformer dimensioning factor (k td ):
For line differential protection k td
=
1.20
b)
Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):
The required K' SSC
=
I SCC x k td
I PN
Where:
I SSC = symmetrical short-circuit current
I PN = CT rated primary current
I SN = CT rated secondary current
Considering infinite source at 11kV, the maximum through fault current on 40 MVA trafo would be :
%age impedance at 40 MVA
Taking negative tolerance of 15%
I
=
0.1633
=
0.1388
=
40
SSC
1.732 x 11 x 0.1388
I
=
15.1262 kA
SSC
K'
=
15126.2x1.2
SSC
2500
K' SSC to be considered for calculations
=
7.26
Where
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
c)
Knee point voltage :
The calculated value of knee point
voltage is
=
(R BC + R i ) X I SN X K' SSC
1.3
Knee Point voltage required
=
(1.042+9) x1x7.26

Knee Point voltage required 20% margin on Vk value

=

=

1.3

56.08

volts

67.30

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT calculation for 7SJ61 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across 11kV Neutral side CTs of 500KVA)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

2500 /1

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

1 amp.

Length of cable between CT and Relay

=

70 meter

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on cable resistance

=

5.61x1.2

(As per contract document)

=

6.732 Ohms/Km

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

=

0.942 Ohms

Loop Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 0.942

=

0.942

Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

9.00 Ohms

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 9

=

9.00

Formula Used

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required = = 20 atleast K' SSC I High set point I N Value 20
The required
=
=
20
atleast
K' SSC
I High set point
I N
Value 20 will be selected for calculations
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
I 2N = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
b) Knee point voltage :
The calculated value of knee point
=
x (R i +R BC )
I high set point x I 2N
1.3 x I pn
Knee Point voltage required
=
20 x (9+1.042) x 1
1.3
=
154.49
volts
20% margin on Vk value
=
185.39
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition
To establish that CT rated knee point volatge is atleast 2 times that voltage developed across the CT in case of through
fault condition with one of the CT saturated, the formula used is :
(For determining the Voltage developed across CT, a current of 1.5 times of the maximum possible through
fault current has been considered)
V k > 2 x 1.5 x I f x (R ct + 2R L )
Where If is magnitude of through fault current
Considering infinite source,the maximum through fault current on 40 MVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 40 MVA
Taking a negative tolerance of 15%
=
0.1633
=
0.1388
If
=
40
1.732 x 11 x 0.1388
If
=
15.1262 kA
V k
>
1.5x15126.2x(9+0.942 )x2
2500
>
180.46
volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for Phase and Neutral side CTs)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

50 /1

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

1 amp.

Length of cable between CT and Relay

=

70 meter

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on cable resistance

=

6.732

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

=

0.942 Ohms

Loop Burden in VA Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

=

(I)² x 0.942 1.20 Ohms

=

0.942

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 1.2

=

1.2

Formula Used

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

 

The required

K' SSC

=

I

High set point

=

20

atleast

I N Value 20 will be selected for calculations Where R BC = Connected Burden across
I N
Value 20 will be selected for calculations
Where
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
I 2N = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
b) Knee point voltage :
x (R i +R BC )
I high set point x I 2N
The calculated value of knee point
=
1.3 x I pn
Knee Point voltage required
=
1.2 x (1.2+1.042) x 1
1.3
=
34.49
volts
20% margin on vk value
=
41.39
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition
V k > 1.5(I f x (R ct + 2R L ) x 2)
Where I f is magnitude of through fault current
Considering infinite source,the maximum through fault current on 500 KVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 500 KVA
Overall Impedance ( taking 15% negative tolerance)
=
0.0960
=
0.0816
If
=
500
1.732 x 11 x 0.0816
If
=
321.6172 A
As the through fault current could be ground fault current which can be max 750A, the stablility is being checked for this max value.
V k
>
1.5 x 750 x (1.2 + 0.942 ) x 2

>

96.39

50

volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for 500 KVA HV Neutral side CTs)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

750 amp.

1 amp.

a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC

Also K' SSC

Where

=

20 atleast

=

R BN + R i x K SSC

R BC + R i

R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA

R

i

= Internal CT burden in VA

R BN = Nominal Burden of CT in VA

Relay Burden

= 0.05

R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)

K' SSC

Calculated Value for K' SSC

=

=

=

=

=

=

(15+6) x20

6+0.992

60.06

>

6.0 VA

15 VA

0.050 VA

0.992 VA

20

Since the selected K' SSC is more than Minimum required K' SSC (20), Hence selected CT is OK

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

Adequecy check for 7SJ61 type used for O/C protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

50 amp.

1 amp.

a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC =

Also K' SSC

=

20 atleast

R BN + R i x K SSC

R BC + R i

Where R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA

R

i

= Internal CT burden in VA

R BN = Nominal Burden of CT in VA

Relay Burden

= 0.05

R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)

K' SSC

Calculated Value for K' SSC

=

=

=

=

=

=

(15+1.2) x20

1.2+0.992

147.80

>

1.2 VA

15 VA

0.050 VA

0.992 VA

20

Since the selected K' SSC is more than Minimum required K' SSC (20), Hence selected CT is OK

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 433 V side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for Neutral side CTs)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

750 /1

 

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

1 amp.

Length of cable between CT and Relay

=

70 meter

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on cable resistance

=

6.732 Ohms/Km

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

=

0.942 Ohms

 

Loop Burden in VA Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

=

(I)² x 0.942 6.00 Ohms

=

0.942

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 6

=

6.000

Formula Used

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

 

The required

K' SSC

=

I

High set point

=

20

atleast

I N Value 20 will be selected for calculations Where R BC = Connected Burden across
I N
Value 20 will be selected for calculations
Where
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
I 2N = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
b) Knee point voltage :
x (R i +R BC )
I high set point x I 2N
The calculated value of knee point
=
1.3 x I pn
Knee Point voltage required
=
20 x (6+1.042) x 1
1.3
=
108.34
volts
20% margin on Vk value
=
130.01
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition
To establish that CT rated knee point volatge is atleast 2 times that voltage developed across the CT in case of through
fault condition with one of the CT saturated, the formula used is :
(For determining the Voltage developed across CT, a current of 1.5 times of the maximum possible through
fault current has been considered)
V k > 2 x 1.5 x I f x (R ct + 2R L )
Where If is magnitude of through fault current
Considering infinite source, the maximum through fault current on 500 KVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 500 KVA
Overall Impedance ( taking 15% negative tolerance)
=
0.0960
=
0.0816
If
=
500
1.732 x 0.415 x 0.0816
If
=
8.5248 kA
V k
>
1.5x8524.8x(6+0.942 )x2
750
>
236.72
volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

Incomer Feeder (Typical bay no: A18,A28) Type:2

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

Configuration 25MVA, 66/11kV transformer,Earthing/auxiliary transformer rating of 500kVA

Applicable substations:Al Jumailyah, Khore Junction

66kV side Core-1 Core-1 Core-2 750/1 66/11KV 50/1 50/1 Class-PX 20/25MVA Class-PX Class-5P20 Vk≥250 ONAN/ONAF Vk≥100
66kV side
Core-1
Core-1
Core-2
750/1
66/11KV
50/1
50/1
Class-PX
20/25MVA
Class-PX
Class-5P20
Vk≥250
ONAN/ONAF
Vk≥100
15VA
11/0.415KV
Rct≤6
Rct≤1.2
500KVA
Io<25ma
Io<30ma at Vk
15VA
Core-1
To Back-up earth fault
750/1
(7SJ61)
Core-4
Class-5P20
2500/1
15VA
Class-PX
Cable and trafo
differential protection
Vk≥250
Core-2
(7SD52)
Rct≤9
To REF protection for Earthing
transformer
50/1
Io<30ma
Class-PX
(7SJ61)
Vk≥100
Rct≤1.2
Core-3
Io<30ma
2500/1
To partial busbar
To REF protection for 11kV side
Class-PX
Core-3
differential protection
(7SJ61)
Vk≥250
2500/1
(7SJ61)
Rct≤9
Class-PX
Io<30ma
Vk≥250
Rct≤9
Core-2
Io<30ma
2500/1
Class-5P20/1.0
To Directional Overcurrent &
earth fault / Metering
(6MD6 & 7SJ62)
Rct≤8
10VA
Core-1
To Transformer REF (11kV
2500/1
Class-PX
side) & Main differential
protection
(7SJ61 & 7UT613)
Vk≥250
Rct≤9
Io<30ma
11kV Bus
Feeder =A18, =A28

CT knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core-1 )

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

2500 /1

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

1 amp.

Length of cable between CT and Relay

=

70 meter

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on Cable resistance

=

5.61x1.2 Ohms/Km

=

6.732 Ohms/Km

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

=

0.942 Ohms

Loop Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 0.942

=

0.942

Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

9.00 Ohms

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 9

=

9.00

SIEMENS

Formula Used

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC

=

Value 20 will be selected for calculations

R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA

R

i

= Internal CT burden in VA

I 2N = Relay Normal Current

Relay Burden

= 2*0.05

=

R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)

  • b) Knee point voltage :

The calculated value of knee point voltage is

Knee Point voltage required

20% margin on Vk value

 

I

High set point

=

20

atleast

I N

 

0.100 VA

=

(0.942+0.1)

 

1.042 VA

=

I high set point x I 2N x (R i +R BC )

 

1.3 x I pn

=

20 x (9+1.042) x 1

 
 

1.3

=

154.49 volts

 

=

185.39

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

To establish that CT rated knee point volatge is atleast 2 times that voltage developed across the CT in case of through fault condition with one of the CT saturated, the formula used is :

(For determining the Voltage developed across CT, a current of 1.5 times of the maximum possible through fault current has been considered) V k > 2 x 1.5 x I f x (R ct + 2R L ) Where If is magnitude of through fault current

Considering infinite source,the maximum through fault current on 25 MVA transformer would be:

%age impedance at 25 MVA Taking a negative tolerance of 15%

V k

 

=

0.1258

=

0.1069

If

=

25

 

1.732 x 11 x 0.1069

If

=

12.2750 kA

>

1.5x12275x(9+0.942 )x2

 

2500

 

>

146.45

volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7UT613 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core-1 ) Formula Used

a) Transient dimensioning factor (k td ): For transformer, k td = 3 b) Effective symmetrical
a)
Transient dimensioning factor (k td ):
For transformer, k td
=
3
b)
Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):
The required K' SSC
=
I SCC x k td
I PN
Where:
I SSC = symmetrical short-circuit current
I PN = CT rated primary current
I SN = CT rated secondary current
Considering infinite source at 11 kV ,the maximum through fault current on 25 MVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 25 MVA
Taking negative tolerance of 15%
=
0.1258
=
0.1069
I
=
25
SSC
1.732 x 11 x 0.1069
I
=
12.2750 kA
SSC
K'
=
12275 x 3
SSC
2500
K' SSC to be considered for calculations
=
14.73
Where
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
c)
Knee point voltage :
The calculated value of knee point
voltage is
=
(R BC + R i ) X I SN X K' SSC
1.3
Knee Point voltage required
=
(1.042 + 9) x 1 x 14.73

Knee Point voltage required 20% margin on Vk value

=

=

1.3

113.78

volts

136.54

volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

Adequacy checking calculations for 7SJ62 and 6MD6 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core-2 )

a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC =

20 atleast

Also K' SSC

Where R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA

R

i

= Internal CT burden in VA

R BN = Nominal Burden of CT in VA

Relay Burden

= 2*0.05

R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)

K' SSC

Calculated Value for K' SSC

 

=

R BN + R i x K SSC

 

R BC + R i

 

=

8.0 VA

=

10 VA

=

0.100 VA

 

=

(0.942+0.1) =

1.042 VA

=

(10+8) x20

(1.042+8)

=

39.81

>

20

Since the selected K' SSC is more than Minimum required K' SSC (20), Hence selected CT is OK

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 type used for Partial Bus bar protection Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core-3 )

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

2500

=

1 amp.

=

=

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

Length of cable between CT and Relay

=

70 meter

Cable Resistance for mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on cable resistance

=

6.732 Ohms/Km

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

=

0.942 Ohms

Loop Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 0.942

Current Transformer resistance (R ct ) CT Internal Burden in VA

=

9.00 Ohms (I)² x 9

Formula Used

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

0.942

9.000

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC = = 20 I High set point I N R BC =
The required K' SSC
=
=
20
I High set point
I N
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
I 2N = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
b) Knee point voltage :
x (R i +R BC )
I high set point x I 2N
The calculated value of knee point
=
1.3 x I pn
Knee Point voltage required
=
20 x (1.042+9) x 1
1.3
=
154.49
volts
20% margin on Vk value
=
185.39
volts

atleast

0.100 VA

1.042 VA

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SD5 relay for 11kV incoming feeders =A18, =A28(connected across Core-4)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR) Relay Normal Current (I N ) = = Length of cable between
Current Transformer Ration (CTR)
Relay Normal Current (I N )
=
=
Length of cable between CT and Relay
Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C
20% margin on cable resistance
Loop Resistance ( 2R L )
=
2500 /1
1 amp.
70 meter
5.610 Ohms/Km
6.732 Ohms/Km
0.942 Ohms
(I)² x 0.942
9.00 Ohms
(I)² x 9
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)
=
=
=
Loop Burden in VA
Current Transformer resistance (R ct )
=
=
0.942
=
CT Internal Burden in VA
=
=
9.000
Formula Used
a)
Transformer dimensioning factor (k td ):
For line differential protection k td
=
1.20
b)
Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):
The required K' SSC
=
I SCC x k td
I PN
Where:
I SSC = symmetrical short-circuit current
I PN = CT rated primary current
I SN = CT rated secondary current
Considering infinite source at 11kV, the maximum through fault current on 25 MVA trafo would be :
%age impedance at 25 MVA
Taking negative tolerance of 15%
I
=
0.1258
=
0.1069
=
25
SSC
1.732 x 11 x 0.1069
I
=
12.2750 kA
SSC
K'
=
12275x1.2
SSC
2500
K' SSC to be considered for calculations
=
5.89
Where
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
c)
Knee point voltage :
The calculated value of knee point
voltage is
=
(R BC + R i ) X I SN X K' SSC
1.3
Knee Point voltage required
=
(1.042+9) x1x5.89

Knee Point voltage required 20% margin on Vk value

=

=

1.3

45.50

volts

54.60

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT calculation for 7SJ61 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across 11kV Neutral side CTs of 500KVA)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

2500 /1

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

1 amp.

Length of cable between CT and Relay

=

70 meter

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on cable resistance

=

5.61x1.2

(As per contract document)

=

6.732 Ohms/Km

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

=

0.942 Ohms

Loop Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 0.942

=

0.942

Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

9.00 Ohms

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 9

=

9.00

Formula Used

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required = = 20 atleast K' SSC I High set point I N Value 20
The required
=
=
20
atleast
K' SSC
I High set point
I N
Value 20 will be selected for calculations
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
I 2N = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
b) Knee point voltage :
The calculated value of knee point
=
x (R i +R BC )
I high set point x I 2N
1.3 x I pn
Knee Point voltage required
=
20 x (9+1.042) x 1
1.3
=
154.49
volts
20% margin on Vk value
=
185.39
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition
To establish that CT rated knee point volatge is atleast 2 times that voltage developed across the CT in case of through
fault condition with one of the CT saturated, the formula used is :
(For determining the Voltage developed across CT, a current of 1.5 times of the maximum possible through
fault current has been considered)
V k > 2 x 1.5 x I f x (R ct + 2R L )
Where If is magnitude of through fault current
Considering infinite source,the maximum through fault current on 25 MVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 25 MVA
Taking a negative tolerance of 15%
=
0.1258
=
0.1069
If
=
25
1.732 x 11 x 0.1069
If
=
12.2750 kA
V k
>
1.5x12275x(9+0.942 )x2
2500
>
146.45
volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for Phase and Neutral side CTs)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

50 /1

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

1 amp.

Length of cable between CT and Relay

=

70 meter

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on cable resistance

=

6.732

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

=

0.942 Ohms

Loop Burden in VA Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

=

(I)² x 0.942 1.20 Ohms

=

0.942

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 1.2

=

1.2

Formula Used

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

 

The required

K' SSC

=

I

High set point

=

20

atleast

I N Value 20 will be selected for calculations Where R BC = Connected Burden across
I N
Value 20 will be selected for calculations
Where
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
I 2N = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
b) Knee point voltage :
x (R i +R BC )
I high set point x I 2N
The calculated value of knee point
=
1.3 x I pn
Knee Point voltage required
=
1.2 x (1.2+1.042) x 1
1.3
=
34.49
volts
20% margin on vk value
=
41.39
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition
V k > I f x (R ct + 2R L ) x 2
Where I f is magnitude of through fault current
Considering infinite source,the maximum through fault current on 500 KVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 500 KVA
Overall Impedance ( taking 15% negative tolerance)
=
0.0960
=
0.0816
If
=
500
1.732 x 11 x 0.0816
If
=
321.6172 A
As the through fault current could be ground fault current which can be max 750A, the stablility is being checked for this max value.
V k
>
750 x (1.2 + 0.942 ) x 2

>

64.26

50

volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

Adequecy check for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for 500 KVA HV Neutral side CTs)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

750 amp.

1 amp.

a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC =

Also K' SSC

=

20 atleast

R BN + R i x K SSC

R BC + R i

Where R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA

R

i

= Internal CT burden in VA

R BN = Nominal Burden of CT in VA

Relay Burden

= 0.05

R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)

K' SSC

Calculated Value for K' SSC

=

=

=

=

=

=

(15+6) x20

6+0.992

60.06

>

6.0 VA

15 VA

0.050 VA

0.992 VA

20

Since the selected K' SSC is more than Minimum required K' SSC (20), Hence selected CT is OK

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

Adequecy check for 7SJ61 type used for O/C protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

50 amp.

1 amp.

a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC

Also K' SSC

Where

=

20 atleast

=

R BN + R i x K SSC

R BC + R i

R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA

R

i

= Internal CT burden in VA

R BN = Nominal Burden of CT in VA

Relay Burden

= 0.05

R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)

K' SSC

Calculated Value for K' SSC

=

=

=

=

=

=

(15+1.2) x20

1.2+0.992

147.80

>

1.2 VA

15 VA

0.050 VA

0.992 VA

20

Since the selected K' SSC is more than Minimum required K' SSC (20), Hence selected CT is OK

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 433 V side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for Neutral side CTs)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

750 /1

 

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

1 amp.

Length of cable between CT and Relay

=

70 meter

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on cable resistance

=

6.732 Ohms/Km

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

=

0.942 Ohms

 

Loop Burden in VA Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

=

(I)² x 0.942 6.00 Ohms

=

0.942

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 6

=

6.000

Formula Used

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

 

The required

K' SSC

=

I

High set point

=

20

atleast

I N Value 20 will be selected for calculations Where R BC = Connected Burden across
I N
Value 20 will be selected for calculations
Where
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
I 2N = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
b) Knee point voltage :
x (R i +R BC )
I high set point x I 2N
The calculated value of knee point
=
1.3 x I pn
Knee Point voltage required
=
20 x (6+1.042) x 1
1.3
=
108.34
volts
20% margin on Vk value
=
130.01
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition
To establish that CT rated knee point volatge is atleast 2 times that voltage developed across the CT in case of through
fault condition with one of the CT saturated, the formula used is :
(For determining the Voltage developed across CT, a current of 1.5 times of the maximum possible through
fault current has been considered)
V k > 2 x 1.5 x I f x (R ct + 2R L )
Where If is magnitude of through fault current
Considering infinite source, the maximum through fault current on 500 KVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 500 KVA
Overall Impedance ( taking 15% negative tolerance)
=
0.0960
=
0.0816
If
=
500
1.732 x 0.415 x 0.0816
If
=
8.5248 kA
V k
>
1.5x8524.8x(6+0.942 )x2
750
>
236.72
volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

Incomer Feeder (Typical bay no: A18,A28) Type:3

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

Configuration 40MVA, 66/11kV transformer,Earthing/auxiliary transformer rating of 1000kVA

Applicable substations : NDQ, Murraikh North, South west wakrah,Lusail Development Super 1

66kV side

Core-1

Core-2 Core-1 1500/1 66/11KV 100/1 100/1 Class-PX 32/40MVA Class-5P20 Class-PX Vk≥500 ONAN/ONAF 15VA Vk≥100 11/0.415KV Rct≤7.5
Core-2
Core-1
1500/1
66/11KV
100/1
100/1
Class-PX
32/40MVA
Class-5P20
Class-PX
Vk≥500
ONAN/ONAF
15VA
Vk≥100
11/0.415KV
Rct≤7.5
Rct≤0.4
1000KVA
Io<25ma
Io<30ma at
Vk/2
Core-3
400/1
Core-1
To Back-up earth fault
Class-PX
750/1
(7SJ61)
Vk≥250
Class-5P20
Rct≤9
15VA
Io<30ma at Vk
Core-2
To REF protection for Earthing
transformer
100/1
Class-PX
(7SJ61)
Vk≥100
Rct≤0.4
Core-3
Io<30ma at Vk/2
2500/1
To REF protection for 11kV side
Class-PX
To partial busbar
differential protection
Core-3
(7SJ61)
Vk≥250
2500/1
(7SJ61)
Rct≤9
Class-PX
Io<30ma
Vk≥250
Rct≤9
Core-2
Io<30ma
2500/1
Class-5P20/1.0
To Directional Overcurrent &
earth fault / Metering
(6MD6 & 7SJ62)
Rct≤8
10VA
Core-1
To Transformer REF (11kV
2500/1
Class-PX
side) & Main differential
protection
(7SJ61 & 7UT613)
Vk≥250
Rct≤9
Io<30ma
11kV Bus
Feeder =A18, =A28

CT knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core-1 )

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

2500 /1

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

1 amp.

Length of cable between CT and Relay

=

70 meter

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on Cable resistance

=

5.61x1.2 Ohms/Km

=

6.732 Ohms/Km

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

=

0.942 Ohms

Loop Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 0.942

=

0.942

Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

9.00 Ohms

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 9

=

9.00

SIEMENS

Formula Used

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC

=

Value 20 will be selected for calculations

R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA

R

i

= Internal CT burden in VA

I 2N = Relay Normal Current

Relay Burden

= 2*0.05

=

R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)

  • b) Knee point voltage :

The calculated value of knee point voltage is

Knee Point voltage required

20% margin on Vk value

 

I

High set point

=

20

atleast

I N

 

0.100 VA

=

(0.942+0.1)

 

1.042 VA

=

I high set point x I 2N x (R i +R BC )

 

1.3 x I pn

=

20 x (9+1.042) x 1

 
 

1.3

=

154.49 volts

 

=

185.39

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

To establish that CT rated knee point volatge is atleast 2 times that voltage developed across the CT in case of through fault condition with one of the CT saturated, the formula used is :

(For determining the Voltage developed across CT, a current of 1.5 times of the maximum possible through fault current has been considered) V k > 2 x 1.5 x I f x (R ct + 2R L ) Where If is magnitude of through fault current

Considering infinite source,the maximum through fault current on 40 MVA transformer would be:

%age impedance at 40 MVA Taking a negative tolerance of 15%

V k

 

=

0.1633

=

0.1388

If

=

40

 

1.732 x 11 x 0.1388

If

=

15.1262 kA

>

1.5x15126.2x(9+0.942 )x2

 

2500

 

>

180.46

volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7UT613 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core-1 ) Formula Used

a) Transient dimensioning factor (k td ): For transformer, k td = 3 b) Effective symmetrical
a)
Transient dimensioning factor (k td ):
For transformer, k td
=
3
b)
Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):
The required K' SSC
=
I SCC x k td
I PN
Where:
I SSC = symmetrical short-circuit current
I PN = CT rated primary current
I SN = CT rated secondary current
Considering infinite source at 11 kV ,the maximum through fault current on 40 MVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 40 MVA
Taking negative tolerance of 15%
=
0.1633
=
0.1388
I
=
40
SSC
1.732 x 11 x 0.1388
I
=
15.1262 kA
SSC
K'
=
15126.2 x 3
SSC
2500
K' SSC to be considered for calculations
=
18.15
Where
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
c)
Knee point voltage :
The calculated value of knee point
voltage is
=
(R BC + R i ) X I SN X K' SSC
1.3
Knee Point voltage required
=
(1.042 + 9) x 1 x 18.15

Knee Point voltage required 20% margin on Vk value

=

=

1.3

140.20

volts

168.24

volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

Adequacy checking calculations for 7SJ62 and 6MD6 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core-2 )

a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC =

20 atleast

Also K' SSC

Where R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA

R

i

= Internal CT burden in VA

R BN = Nominal Burden of CT in VA

Relay Burden

= 2*0.05

R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)

K' SSC

Calculated Value for K' SSC

 

=

R BN + R i x K SSC

 

R BC + R i

 

=

8.0 VA

=

10 VA

=

0.100 VA

 

=

(0.942+0.1) =

1.042 VA

=

(10+8) x20

(1.042+8)

=

39.81

>

20

Since the selected K' SSC is more than Minimum required K' SSC (20), Hence selected CT is OK

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 type used for Partial Bus bar protection Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core-3 )

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

Length of cable between CT and Relay

Loop Burden in VA

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

2500

=

1 amp.

=

=

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

=

70 meter

#REF!

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on cable resistance

=

6.732 Ohms/Km

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

 

=

0.942 Ohms

=

(I)² x 0.942

Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

9.00 Ohms (I)² x 9

Formula Used

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

0.942

9.000

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC = = 20 I High set point I N R BC =
The required K' SSC
=
=
20
I High set point
I N
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
I 2N = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
b) Knee point voltage :
x (R i +R BC )
I high set point x I 2N
The calculated value of knee point
voltage is
=
1.3 x I pn
Knee Point voltage required
=
20 x (1.042+9) x 1
1.3
=
154.49
volts
20% margin on Vk value
=
185.39
volts

atleast

0.100 VA

1.042 VA

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT calculation for 7SJ61 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across 11kV Neutral side CTs of 1000KVA)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

2500 /1

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

1 amp.

Length of cable between CT and Relay

=

70 meter

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on cable resistance

=

5.61x1.2

(As per contract document)

=

6.732 Ohms/Km

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

=

0.942 Ohms

Loop Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 0.942

=

0.942

Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

9.00 Ohms

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 9

=

9.00

Formula Used

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required = = 20 atleast K' SSC I High set point I N Value 20
The required
=
=
20
atleast
K' SSC
I High set point
I N
Value 20 will be selected for calculations
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
I 2N = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
b) Knee point voltage :
The calculated value of knee point
=
x (R i +R BC )
I high set point x I 2N
1.3 x I pn
Knee Point voltage required
=
20 x (9+1.042) x 1
1.3
=
154.49
volts
20% margin on Vk value
=
185.39
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition
To establish that CT rated knee point volatge is atleast 2 times that voltage developed across the CT in case of through
fault condition with one of the CT saturated, the formula used is :
(For determining the Voltage developed across CT, a current of 1.5 times of the maximum possible through
fault current has been considered)
V k > 2 x 1.5 x I f x (R ct + 2R L )
Where If is magnitude of through fault current
Considering infinite source,the maximum through fault current on 40 MVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 40 MVA
Taking a negative tolerance of 15%
=
0.1633
=
0.1388
If
=
40
1.732 x 11 x 0.1388
If
=
15.1262 kA
V k
>
1.5x15126.2x(9+0.942 )x2
2500
>
180.46
volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for Phase and Neutral side CTs)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

100 /1

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

1 amp.

Length of cable between CT and Relay

=

70 meter

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on cable resistance

=

6.732

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

=

0.942 Ohms

Loop Burden in VA Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

=

(I)² x 0.942 0.40 Ohms

=

0.942

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 0.4

=

0.4

Formula Used

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required = = 20 K' SSC I High set point atleast I N Value 20
The required
=
=
20
K' SSC
I High set point
atleast
I N
Value 20 will be selected for calculations
Where
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
I 2N = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
b) Knee point voltage :
x (R i +R BC )
I high set point x I 2N
The calculated value of knee point
=
1.3 x I pn
Knee Point voltage required
=
20 x (0.4+1.042) x 1
1.3
=
22.18
volts
20% margin on vk value
=
26.62
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition
V k > 1.5(I f x (R ct + 2R L ) x 2)
Where I f is magnitude of through fault current
Considering infinite source,the maximum through fault current on 1000 KVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 1000 KVA
Overall Impedance ( taking 15% negative tolerance)
=
0.0600
=
0.0510
If
=
1000
1.732 x 11 x 0.051
If
=
1029.1751 A
As the through fault current could be ground fault current which can be max 750A, the stablility is being checked for this max value.
V k
>
1.5 x 750 x (0.4 + 0.942 ) x 2

>

30.20

100

volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

Adequacy check for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for 1000 KVA HV Neutral side CTs)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

750 amp.

1 amp.

a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC

Also K' SSC

Where

=

20 atleast

=

R BN + R i x K SSC

R BC + R i

R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA

R

i

= Internal CT burden in VA

R BN = Nominal Burden of CT in VA

Relay Burden

= 0.05

R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)

K' SSC

Calculated Value for K' SSC

=

=

=

=

=

=

(15+6) x20

6+0.992

60.06

>

6.0 VA

15 VA

0.050 VA

0.992 VA

20

Since the selected K' SSC is more than Minimum required K' SSC (20), Hence selected CT is OK

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

Adequecy check for 7SJ61 type used for O/C protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

100 amp.

1 amp.

a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

The required K' SSC

Also K' SSC

=

20 atleast

=

R BN + R i x K SSC

R BC + R i

Where R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA

R

i

= Internal CT burden in VA

R BN = Nominal Burden of CT in VA

Relay Burden

= 0.05

R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)

K' SSC

Calculated Value for K' SSC

=

=

=

=

=

=

(15+1.2) x20

1.2+0.992

147.80

>

1.2 VA

15 VA

0.050 VA

0.992 VA

20

Since the selected K' SSC is more than Minimum required K' SSC (20), Hence selected CT is OK

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7UT613 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders to 1000 KVA EAT-(connected across core-3 ) Formula Used

a) Transient dimensioning factor (k td ): For transformer, k td = 3 b) Effective symmetrical
a)
Transient dimensioning factor (k td ):
For transformer, k td
=
3
b)
Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):
The required K' SSC
=
I SCC x k td
I PN
Where:
I SSC = symmetrical short-circuit current
I PN = CT rated primary current
I SN = CT rated secondary current
Considering infinite source at 11 kV ,the maximum through fault current on 1 MVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 1 MVA
Taking negative tolerance of 15%
=
0.0600
=
0.0510
I
=
1
SSC
1.732 x 11 x 0.051
I
=
1.0292 kA
SSC
K'
=
1029.17505444336 x 3
SSC
400
=
7.72
K' SSC to be considered for calculations
=
7.72
Where
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
c)
Knee point voltage :
The calculated value of knee point
=
(R BC + R i ) X I SN X K' SSC
voltage is
1.3
Knee Point voltage required
=
(1.042 + 9) x 1 x 7.72

Knee Point voltage required 20% margin on Vk value

=

=

1.3

59.62

volts

71.55

volts

The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above

SIEMENS

PROJECT:GTC/123/2006

ANNEXURE 1

CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 433 V side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for Neutral side CTs)

Current Transformer Ration (CTR)

=

1500 /1

Relay Normal Current (I N )

=

1 amp.

Length of cable between CT and Relay

=

70 meter

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C

=

5.610 Ohms/Km

20% margin on cable resistance

=

6.732 Ohms/Km

Loop Resistance ( 2R L )

=

0.942 Ohms

Loop Burden in VA Current Transformer resistance (R ct )

=

=

(I)² x 0.942 7.50 Ohms

=

CT Internal Burden in VA

=

(I)² x 7.5

=

Formula Used

  • a) Effective symmetrical short-circuit current factor (K' SSC ):

(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)

0.942

7.500

The required = = 20 K' SSC I High set point atleast I N Value 20
The required
=
=
20
K' SSC
I High set point
atleast
I N
Value 20 will be selected for calculations
Where
R BC = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
= Internal CT burden in VA
i
I 2N = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
0.100 VA
R BC = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
=
(0.942+0.1)
1.042 VA
b) Knee point voltage :
x (R i +R BC )
I high set point x I 2N
The calculated value of knee point
=
1.3 x I pn
Knee Point voltage required
=
20 x (7.5+1.042) x 1
1.3
=
131.42
volts
20% margin on Vk value
=
157.70
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition
To establish that CT rated knee point volatge is atleast 2 times that voltage developed across the CT in case of through
fault condition with one of the CT saturated, the formula used is :
(For determining the Voltage developed across CT, a current of 1.5 times of the maximum possible through
fault current has been considered)
V k > 2 x 1.5 x I f x (R ct + 2R L )
Where If is magnitude of through fault current
Considering infinite source, the maximum through fault current on 1000 KVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 1000 KVA
Overall Impedance ( taking 15% negative tolerance)
=
0.0600
=
0.0510
If
=
1000
1.732 x 0.415 x 0.051
If
=
27.2793 kA
V k
>
1.5x27279.3x(7.5+0.942 )x2
1500
>
460.58
volts