THIS SUBMISSION IS DECLARED TO BE STRICTLY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE CONTRACT 
SIGNATURE 



QATAR POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM EXPANSION PHASE VII (Substations) CONTRACT NO. GTC/123/2006 



SIEMENS CONSORTIUMGTC/123/2006 

SIEMENS AG 
SIEMENS LIMITED 

GERMANY 
INDIA 

SUBSTATION NAME / CIRCUIT NAME 
PROJECT DRAWING NUMBER 

Mosemeer, Abu Hamour central, Al Soudan, Ain Khalid South, Al Wadi, MIC2, MIC3,QRE,EDS,Khore Community, Al Dhahiya West, Al Jumailyah, Khore Junction, NDQ, Muraikh North, South West Wakrah1, NBK2, Abu Thaila Modification, RLF3, Al Dhahiya, Al Waab Super, MIC Super, Wakrah2, Lusail Development Super 1,Ain Hamad, Ain Khalid south. 
PH73B1015C001 

SUBCONTRACTOR / SUPPLIER 

0 
29112007 
FIRST ISSUE 
R.K. 
V.H 
V.A. 

REV 
DATE 
MODIFICATION 
DRAWN 
CHECK 
APPRD 

DRAWING/DOCUMENT DESCRIPTION 
SCALE 
SIZE 

DESIGN REPORT FOR CURRENT TRANSFORMER (CT) & VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER (VT) SIZING FOR 11kV SYSTEM 
N.A. 
A4 

Document No.: 
TOTAL NO. OF PAGES 

GTC123BN00AQA10001 
VER 

SIEMENS 
3 
91 PAGES 
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
S.No. 
DESCRIPTION 
PAGE NUMBER 
1 
PURPOSE 
1 
2 
DESIGN INPUT 
1 
3 
ASSUMPTIONS 
1 
4 
DESIGN CRITERIA 
2 
5 
CALCULATIONS 
2 
6 
RESULT OF STUDY 
3 
7 
ATTACHMENTS 
3 
ANNEXURE 1 
680 

ANNEXURE 2 
8182 

ANNEXURE 3 
83 

ANNEXURE 4 
8490 

ANNEXURE 5 
91 
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 2 of 91
1.0 PURPOSE:
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
This document is intended to establish the minimum sizes of
 Current transformer in terms of Knee point voltage & Rated burden
 Voltage transformer in terms of Rated burden for various feeders of 11KV for the following mentioned substations:
Mosemeer Abu Hamour Central Al Soudan Al Wadi Al Jumailyah Khore Junction MIC 2 MIC 3 QRE EDS Khore Community Al Dhahiya West Muraikah North South West Wakrah 1 NDQ NBK 2
RLF3
MIC Super Al Dhahiya Al Waab Super Lusail Development Super 1 Wakrah 2 Abu Thaila substation modification Ain Hamad Ain Khalid south
2.0 DESIGN INPUT :
1. Project contract document
2. Relay catalogue for relay burden
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 3 of 91
3.0 ASSUMPTIONS :
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
1. Power Transformer 32/40MVA, 66/11kV, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 16.33%.
2. Power Transformer 20/25MVA, 66/11kV, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 12.58% ..
3. Power Transformer 7.5/10MVA, 33/11kV, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 12%.
4. Power Transformer 25/30MVA, 33/11kV, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 12.58%.
5. 500kVA, 11/0.415kV Earthing Transformer, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 9.60%
6. 1000kVA, 11/0.415kV Earthing Transformer, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 6.00 %
7. 2000kVA, 11/0.415kV Earthing Transformer, %age impedance at principal tapping is assumed as 12.0%
4.0 DESIGN CRITERIA: KNEE POINT VOLTAGE Apart from rated short time rating of the system, to arrive at minimum knee point voltage, value for steady state through fault current determined.
values
needs
to
be
Considering the rated capacity of the bus bars of 11kV, the fault level considered is 31.5kA.
PARAMETERS FOR CABLE BETWEEN CT & RELAY PANEL
Cross section taken is 4 mm ^{2} .
Calculation for resistance at 75 deg. C:
Resistance at 20 deg. C
=
4.61 ohms / Km
Value of Alpha (Temp. coefficient) at 20 deg. C for copper = 0,00393 / deg. C Resistance at 75 deg. C = 4.61 (1 + 0.00393 (7520)) = 5.61 ohms / kM
Calculation of Loop resistance of the cable between CT & Relay panel:
Taking length of cable between CT & Relay panel as 50 meter
Loop resistance = 2 x Length of cable (in ohms/kM) = (2 x 70 x 5.61) / 1000 = 0.785 ohms
kM)
X resistance
at
75
deg.
C
(in
Considering 20% safety margin as per contract requirement, (clause 12), = 0.785 * 1.2 = 0.942 ohms
All CT sizing calculations, have been done for a cable length of 50mts. This is the maximum length possible.
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 4 of 91
RATED BURDEN
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
Rated burden selected for a CT/VT shall be more than the sum of relay/metering burden connected across CT/VT.
5.0 CALCULATIONS:
Calculations 
performed 
for 
the 
CT/VT 
parameters are enclosed 
in 
following 
annexure: 
Annexure # 1: CT Knee point voltage calculations for the 11kV feeders
Annexure # 2: CT burden (in VA) calculations for the 11kV feeders
Annexure # 3: VT burden (in VA) calculations for 11kV the feeders
6.0 RESULT OF STUDY: Calculation results show that selected parameters for CT/VT are adequate to meet the minimum requirements.
7.0 ATTACHMENTS:
1. Annexure # 1: CT Knee point voltage calculations for 11kV feeders
2. Annexure # 2: CT burden (in VA) calculations for 11kV feeders
3. Annexure # 3: VT burden (in VA) calculations for 11kV feeders
4. Annexure # 4: Relay backup sheets
5. Annexure #5: LSOH Power Cable Data Sheet
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 5 of 91
SIEMENS
Incomer Feeder (Typical bay no: A18,A28) Type:1
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
Configuration 40MVA, 66/11kV transformer,Earthing/auxiliary transformer rating of 500kVA
Applicable substations:Mosemeer,Abu Hamour central,Al Wadi,MIC2,MIC3,QRE,Khore Community,Al Dhahiya West, NBK2, Al Soudan, Ain Khalid south
Note:  40 MVA LV side Core4 is not applicable for NDQ, Muraikh North, South West Wakrah1, NBK2
CT knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core1 )
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
2500 /1 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
1 amp. 

Length of cable between CT and Relay 
= 
70 meter 
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel) 

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on Cable resistance 
= 
5.61x1.2 Ohms/Km 

= 
6.732 Ohms/Km 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

Loop Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 0.942 
= 
0.942 
Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
9.00 Ohms 

CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 9 
= 
9.00 
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 6 of 91
SIEMENS
Formula Used
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The required K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
=
Value 20 will be selected for calculations
R _{B}_{C} = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
_{i}
= Internal CT burden in VA
I _{2}_{N} = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
R _{B}_{C} = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
b) Knee point voltage :
The calculated value of knee point voltage is
Knee Point voltage required
20% margin on Vk value
I High set point 
= 
20 
atleast 

I N 

0.100 VA 

= 
(0.942+0.1) 
1.042 VA 

= 
^{I} high set point ^{x} ^{I} 2N ^{x} ^{(}^{R} i ^{+}^{R} BC ^{)} 

1.3 x I _{p}_{n} 

= 
20 x (9+1.042) x 1 

1.3 

= 
154.49 volts 

= 
_{1}_{8}_{5}_{.}_{3}_{9} 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
To establish that CT rated knee point volatge is atleast 2 times that voltage developed across the CT in case of through fault condition with one of the CT saturated, the formula used is :
(For determining the Voltage developed across CT, a current of 1.5 times of the maximum possible through fault current has been considered) V _{k} > 2 x 1.5 x I _{f} x (R _{c}_{t} + 2R _{L} ) Where If is magnitude of through fault current
Considering infinite source,the maximum through fault current on 40 MVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 40 MVA Taking a negative tolerance of 15%
V k
= 
0.1633 

= 
0.1388 

If 
= 
40 

1.732 x 11 x 0.1388 

If 
= 
15.1262 kA 

> 
1.5x15126.2x(9+0.942 )x2 

2500 

> 
180.46 volts 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 7 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7UT613 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core1 ) Formula Used
Knee Point voltage required 20% margin on Vk value
=
=
1.3
_{1}_{4}_{0}_{.}_{2}_{0} 
_{v}_{o}_{l}_{t}_{s} 
_{1}_{6}_{8}_{.}_{2}_{4} 
_{v}_{o}_{l}_{t}_{s} 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 8 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
Adequacy checking calculations for 7SJ62 and 6MD6 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core2 )
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} =
_{2}_{0} _{a}_{t}_{l}_{e}_{a}_{s}_{t}
Also K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
Where R _{B}_{C} = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
_{i}
= Internal CT burden in VA
R _{B}_{N} = Nominal Burden of CT in VA
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
R _{B}_{C} = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
K' SSC
Calculated Value for K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
= 
^{R} BN ^{+} ^{R} i ^{x} ^{K} SSC 

R BC + R i 

= 
8.0 VA 

= 
10 VA 

= 
0.100 VA 

= 
(0.942+0.1) = 
1.042 VA 

= 
(10+8) x20 

(1.042+8) 

= 
_{3}_{9}_{.}_{8}_{1} 
_{>} 
_{2}_{0}
Since the selected K' _{S}_{S}_{C} is more than Minimum required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} (20), Hence selected CT is OK
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 9 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 type used for Partial Bus bar protection Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core3 )
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) Length of cable between CT and Relay Loop Burden in VA CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
2500 

= 
1 amp. = = 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 

= 
70 meter 

Cable Resistance for mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on cable resistance 
= 
6.732 Ohms/Km 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

= 
(I)² x 0.942 

Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
9.00 Ohms (I)² x 9 
Formula Used
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)
0.942
9.000
_{a}_{t}_{l}_{e}_{a}_{s}_{t}
0.100 VA
1.042 VA
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 10 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SD5 relay for 11kV incoming feeders =A18, =A28(connected across Core4)
Knee Point voltage required 20% margin on Vk value
=
=
1.3
_{5}_{6}_{.}_{0}_{8} 
_{v}_{o}_{l}_{t}_{s} 
_{6}_{7}_{.}_{3}_{0} 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 11 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT calculation for 7SJ61 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across 11kV Neutral side CTs of 500KVA)
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
2500 /1 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
1 amp. 

Length of cable between CT and Relay 
= 
70 meter 
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel) 

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on cable resistance 
= 
5.61x1.2 
(As per contract document) 

= 
6.732 Ohms/Km 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

Loop Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 0.942 
= 
0.942 

Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
9.00 Ohms 

CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 9 
= 
9.00 
Formula Used
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 12 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for Phase and Neutral side CTs)
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
50 /1 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
1 amp. 

Length of cable between CT and Relay 
= 
70 meter 
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel) 

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on cable resistance 
= 
6.732 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

Loop Burden in VA Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
= 
(I)² x 0.942 1.20 Ohms 
= 
0.942 

CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 1.2 
= 
1.2 

Formula Used 



The required 
K' SSC 
= 
I 
High set point 
= 20 
_{a}_{t}_{l}_{e}_{a}_{s}_{t} 
>
96.39
50
volts
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 13 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for 500 KVA HV Neutral side CTs)
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
750 amp.
1 amp.
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The required K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
Also K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
Where
=
20 atleast
=
^{R} BN ^{+} ^{R} i ^{x} ^{K} SSC
R BC + R i
R _{B}_{C} = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
_{i}
= Internal CT burden in VA
R _{B}_{N} = Nominal Burden of CT in VA
Relay Burden
= 0.05
R _{B}_{C} = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
K' SSC
Calculated Value for K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
=
=
=
=
=
=
(15+6) x20
6+0.992
_{6}_{0}_{.}_{0}_{6}
_{>}
6.0 VA
15 VA
0.050 VA
0.992 VA
_{2}_{0}
Since the selected K' _{S}_{S}_{C} is more than Minimum required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} (20), Hence selected CT is OK
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 14 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
Adequecy check for 7SJ61 type used for O/C protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
50 amp.
1 amp.
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} =
Also K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
=
20 atleast
^{R} BN ^{+} ^{R} i ^{x} ^{K} SSC
R BC + R i
Where R _{B}_{C} = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
_{i}
= Internal CT burden in VA
R _{B}_{N} = Nominal Burden of CT in VA
Relay Burden
= 0.05
R _{B}_{C} = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
K' SSC
Calculated Value for K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
=
=
=
=
=
=
(15+1.2) x20
1.2+0.992
_{1}_{4}_{7}_{.}_{8}_{0}
_{>}
1.2 VA
15 VA
0.050 VA
0.992 VA
_{2}_{0}
Since the selected K' _{S}_{S}_{C} is more than Minimum required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} (20), Hence selected CT is OK
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 15 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 433 V side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for Neutral side CTs)
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
750 /1 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
1 amp. 

Length of cable between CT and Relay 
= 
70 meter 
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel) 

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on cable resistance 
= 
6.732 Ohms/Km 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

Loop Burden in VA Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
= 
(I)² x 0.942 6.00 Ohms 
= 
0.942 

CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 6 
= 
6.000 

Formula Used 



The required 
K' SSC 
= 
I 
High set point 
= 
20 
_{a}_{t}_{l}_{e}_{a}_{s}_{t} 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 16 of 91
SIEMENS
Incomer Feeder (Typical bay no: A18,A28) Type:2
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
Configuration 25MVA, 66/11kV transformer,Earthing/auxiliary transformer rating of 500kVA
Applicable substations:Al Jumailyah, Khore Junction
CT knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core1 )
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
2500 /1 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
1 amp. 

Length of cable between CT and Relay 
= 
70 meter 
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel) 

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on Cable resistance 
= 
5.61x1.2 Ohms/Km 

= 
6.732 Ohms/Km 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

Loop Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 0.942 
= 
0.942 
Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
9.00 Ohms 

CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 9 
= 
9.00 
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 17 of 91
SIEMENS
Formula Used
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The required K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
=
Value 20 will be selected for calculations
R _{B}_{C} = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
_{i}
= Internal CT burden in VA
I _{2}_{N} = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
R _{B}_{C} = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
b) Knee point voltage :
The calculated value of knee point voltage is
Knee Point voltage required
20% margin on Vk value
I High set point 
= 
20 
atleast 

I N 

0.100 VA 

= 
(0.942+0.1) 
1.042 VA 

= 
^{I} high set point ^{x} ^{I} 2N ^{x} ^{(}^{R} i ^{+}^{R} BC ^{)} 

1.3 x I _{p}_{n} 

= 
20 x (9+1.042) x 1 

1.3 

= 
154.49 volts 

= 
_{1}_{8}_{5}_{.}_{3}_{9} 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
To establish that CT rated knee point volatge is atleast 2 times that voltage developed across the CT in case of through fault condition with one of the CT saturated, the formula used is :
(For determining the Voltage developed across CT, a current of 1.5 times of the maximum possible through fault current has been considered) V _{k} > 2 x 1.5 x I _{f} x (R _{c}_{t} + 2R _{L} ) Where If is magnitude of through fault current
Considering infinite source,the maximum through fault current on 25 MVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 25 MVA Taking a negative tolerance of 15%
V k
= 
0.1258 

= 
0.1069 

If 
= 
25 

1.732 x 11 x 0.1069 

If 
= 
12.2750 kA 

> 
1.5x12275x(9+0.942 )x2 

2500 

> 
146.45 volts 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 18 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7UT613 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core1 ) Formula Used
Knee Point voltage required 20% margin on Vk value
=
=
1.3
_{1}_{1}_{3}_{.}_{7}_{8} 
_{v}_{o}_{l}_{t}_{s} 
_{1}_{3}_{6}_{.}_{5}_{4} 
_{v}_{o}_{l}_{t}_{s} 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 19 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
Adequacy checking calculations for 7SJ62 and 6MD6 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core2 )
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} =
_{2}_{0} _{a}_{t}_{l}_{e}_{a}_{s}_{t}
Also K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
Where R _{B}_{C} = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
_{i}
= Internal CT burden in VA
R _{B}_{N} = Nominal Burden of CT in VA
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
R _{B}_{C} = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
K' SSC
Calculated Value for K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
= 
^{R} BN ^{+} ^{R} i ^{x} ^{K} SSC 

R BC + R i 

= 
8.0 VA 

= 
10 VA 

= 
0.100 VA 

= 
(0.942+0.1) = 
1.042 VA 

= 
(10+8) x20 

(1.042+8) 

= 
_{3}_{9}_{.}_{8}_{1} 
_{>} 
_{2}_{0}
Since the selected K' _{S}_{S}_{C} is more than Minimum required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} (20), Hence selected CT is OK
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 20 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 type used for Partial Bus bar protection Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core3 )
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
2500 

= 
1 amp. = = 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 

Length of cable between CT and Relay 
= 
70 meter 

Cable Resistance for mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on cable resistance 
= 
6.732 Ohms/Km 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

Loop Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 0.942 

Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
9.00 Ohms (I)² x 9 
Formula Used
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)
0.942
9.000
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
_{a}_{t}_{l}_{e}_{a}_{s}_{t}
0.100 VA
1.042 VA
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 21 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SD5 relay for 11kV incoming feeders =A18, =A28(connected across Core4)
Knee Point voltage required 20% margin on Vk value
=
=
1.3
_{4}_{5}_{.}_{5}_{0} 
_{v}_{o}_{l}_{t}_{s} 
_{5}_{4}_{.}_{6}_{0} 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 22 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT calculation for 7SJ61 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across 11kV Neutral side CTs of 500KVA)
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
2500 /1 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
1 amp. 

Length of cable between CT and Relay 
= 
70 meter 
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel) 

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on cable resistance 
= 
5.61x1.2 
(As per contract document) 

= 
6.732 Ohms/Km 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

Loop Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 0.942 
= 
0.942 

Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
9.00 Ohms 

CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 9 
= 
9.00 
Formula Used
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 23 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for Phase and Neutral side CTs)
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
50 /1 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
1 amp. 

Length of cable between CT and Relay 
= 
70 meter 
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel) 

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on cable resistance 
= 
6.732 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

Loop Burden in VA Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
= 
(I)² x 0.942 1.20 Ohms 
= 
0.942 

CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 1.2 
= 
1.2 

Formula Used 



The required 
K' SSC 
= 
I 
High set point 
= 20 
_{a}_{t}_{l}_{e}_{a}_{s}_{t} 
>
64.26
50
volts
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 24 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
Adequecy check for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for 500 KVA HV Neutral side CTs)
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
750 amp.
1 amp.
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} =
Also K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
=
20 atleast
^{R} BN ^{+} ^{R} i ^{x} ^{K} SSC
R BC + R i
Where R _{B}_{C} = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
_{i}
= Internal CT burden in VA
R _{B}_{N} = Nominal Burden of CT in VA
Relay Burden
= 0.05
R _{B}_{C} = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
K' SSC
Calculated Value for K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
=
=
=
=
=
=
(15+6) x20
6+0.992
_{6}_{0}_{.}_{0}_{6}
_{>}
6.0 VA
15 VA
0.050 VA
0.992 VA
_{2}_{0}
Since the selected K' _{S}_{S}_{C} is more than Minimum required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} (20), Hence selected CT is OK
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 25 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
Adequecy check for 7SJ61 type used for O/C protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
50 amp.
1 amp.
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The required K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
Also K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
Where
=
20 atleast
=
^{R} BN ^{+} ^{R} i ^{x} ^{K} SSC
R BC + R i
R _{B}_{C} = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
_{i}
= Internal CT burden in VA
R _{B}_{N} = Nominal Burden of CT in VA
Relay Burden
= 0.05
R _{B}_{C} = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
K' SSC
Calculated Value for K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
=
=
=
=
=
=
(15+1.2) x20
1.2+0.992
_{1}_{4}_{7}_{.}_{8}_{0}
_{>}
1.2 VA
15 VA
0.050 VA
0.992 VA
_{2}_{0}
Since the selected K' _{S}_{S}_{C} is more than Minimum required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} (20), Hence selected CT is OK
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 26 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 433 V side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for Neutral side CTs)
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
750 /1 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
1 amp. 

Length of cable between CT and Relay 
= 
70 meter 
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel) 

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on cable resistance 
= 
6.732 Ohms/Km 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

Loop Burden in VA Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
= 
(I)² x 0.942 6.00 Ohms 
= 
0.942 

CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 6 
= 
6.000 

Formula Used 



The required 
K' SSC 
= 
I 
High set point 
= 
20 
_{a}_{t}_{l}_{e}_{a}_{s}_{t} 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 27 of 91
SIEMENS
Incomer Feeder (Typical bay no: A18,A28) Type:3
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
Configuration 40MVA, 66/11kV transformer,Earthing/auxiliary transformer rating of 1000kVA
Applicable substations : NDQ, Murraikh North, South west wakrah,Lusail Development Super 1
66kV side
Core1
CT knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core1 )
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
2500 /1 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
1 amp. 

Length of cable between CT and Relay 
= 
70 meter 
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel) 

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on Cable resistance 
= 
5.61x1.2 Ohms/Km 

= 
6.732 Ohms/Km 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

Loop Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 0.942 
= 
0.942 
Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
9.00 Ohms 

CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 9 
= 
9.00 
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 28 of 91
SIEMENS
Formula Used
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The required K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
=
Value 20 will be selected for calculations
R _{B}_{C} = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
_{i}
= Internal CT burden in VA
I _{2}_{N} = Relay Normal Current
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
=
R _{B}_{C} = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
b) Knee point voltage :
The calculated value of knee point voltage is
Knee Point voltage required
20% margin on Vk value
I High set point 
= 
20 
atleast 

I N 

0.100 VA 

= 
(0.942+0.1) 
1.042 VA 

= 
^{I} high set point ^{x} ^{I} 2N ^{x} ^{(}^{R} i ^{+}^{R} BC ^{)} 

1.3 x I _{p}_{n} 

= 
20 x (9+1.042) x 1 

1.3 

= 
154.49 volts 

= 
_{1}_{8}_{5}_{.}_{3}_{9} 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
Stability check for REF protection for through fault condition
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
To establish that CT rated knee point volatge is atleast 2 times that voltage developed across the CT in case of through fault condition with one of the CT saturated, the formula used is :
(For determining the Voltage developed across CT, a current of 1.5 times of the maximum possible through fault current has been considered) V _{k} > 2 x 1.5 x I _{f} x (R _{c}_{t} + 2R _{L} ) Where If is magnitude of through fault current
Considering infinite source,the maximum through fault current on 40 MVA transformer would be:
%age impedance at 40 MVA Taking a negative tolerance of 15%
V k
= 
0.1633 

= 
0.1388 

If 
= 
40 

1.732 x 11 x 0.1388 

If 
= 
15.1262 kA 

> 
1.5x15126.2x(9+0.942 )x2 

2500 

> 
180.46 volts 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 29 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7UT613 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core1 ) Formula Used
Knee Point voltage required 20% margin on Vk value
=
=
1.3
_{1}_{4}_{0}_{.}_{2}_{0} 
_{v}_{o}_{l}_{t}_{s} 
_{1}_{6}_{8}_{.}_{2}_{4} 
_{v}_{o}_{l}_{t}_{s} 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 30 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
Adequacy checking calculations for 7SJ62 and 6MD6 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core2 )
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} =
_{2}_{0} _{a}_{t}_{l}_{e}_{a}_{s}_{t}
Also K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
Where R _{B}_{C} = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
_{i}
= Internal CT burden in VA
R _{B}_{N} = Nominal Burden of CT in VA
Relay Burden
= 2*0.05
R _{B}_{C} = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
K' SSC
Calculated Value for K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
= 
^{R} BN ^{+} ^{R} i ^{x} ^{K} SSC 

R BC + R i 

= 
8.0 VA 

= 
10 VA 

= 
0.100 VA 

= 
(0.942+0.1) = 
1.042 VA 

= 
(10+8) x20 

(1.042+8) 

= 
_{3}_{9}_{.}_{8}_{1} 
_{>} 
_{2}_{0}
Since the selected K' _{S}_{S}_{C} is more than Minimum required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} (20), Hence selected CT is OK
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 31 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 type used for Partial Bus bar protection Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across core3 )
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) Length of cable between CT and Relay Loop Burden in VA CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
2500 

= 
1 amp. = = 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 

= 
70 meter 

#REF! 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on cable resistance 
= 
6.732 Ohms/Km 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

= 
(I)² x 0.942 

Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
9.00 Ohms (I)² x 9 
Formula Used
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)
0.942
9.000
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
_{a}_{t}_{l}_{e}_{a}_{s}_{t}
0.100 VA
1.042 VA
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 32 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT calculation for 7SJ61 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders =A18,=A28 (connected across 11kV Neutral side CTs of 1000KVA)
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
2500 /1 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
1 amp. 

Length of cable between CT and Relay 
= 
70 meter 
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel) 

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on cable resistance 
= 
5.61x1.2 
(As per contract document) 

= 
6.732 Ohms/Km 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

Loop Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 0.942 
= 
0.942 

Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
9.00 Ohms 

CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 9 
= 
9.00 
Formula Used
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 33 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for Phase and Neutral side CTs)
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
100 /1 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
1 amp. 

Length of cable between CT and Relay 
= 
70 meter 
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel) 

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on cable resistance 
= 
6.732 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

Loop Burden in VA Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
= 
(I)² x 0.942 0.40 Ohms 
= 
0.942 
CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 0.4 
= 
0.4 
Formula Used
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
>
30.20
100
volts
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 34 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
Adequacy check for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for 1000 KVA HV Neutral side CTs)
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
750 amp.
1 amp.
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The required K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
Also K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
Where
=
20 atleast
=
^{R} BN ^{+} ^{R} i ^{x} ^{K} SSC
R BC + R i
R _{B}_{C} = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
_{i}
= Internal CT burden in VA
R _{B}_{N} = Nominal Burden of CT in VA
Relay Burden
= 0.05
R _{B}_{C} = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
K' SSC
Calculated Value for K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
=
=
=
=
=
=
(15+6) x20
6+0.992
_{6}_{0}_{.}_{0}_{6}
_{>}
6.0 VA
15 VA
0.050 VA
0.992 VA
_{2}_{0}
Since the selected K' _{S}_{S}_{C} is more than Minimum required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} (20), Hence selected CT is OK
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 35 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
Adequecy check for 7SJ61 type used for O/C protection of 11kV side of Earthing transformer
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
100 amp.
1 amp.
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
The required K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
Also K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
=
20 atleast
=
^{R} BN ^{+} ^{R} i ^{x} ^{K} SSC
R BC + R i
Where R _{B}_{C} = Connected Burden across CT in VA
R
_{i}
= Internal CT burden in VA
R _{B}_{N} = Nominal Burden of CT in VA
Relay Burden
= 0.05
R _{B}_{C} = (Loop Burden+ Relay Burden)
K' SSC
Calculated Value for K' _{S}_{S}_{C}
=
=
=
=
=
=
(15+1.2) x20
1.2+0.992
_{1}_{4}_{7}_{.}_{8}_{0}
_{>}
1.2 VA
15 VA
0.050 VA
0.992 VA
_{2}_{0}
Since the selected K' _{S}_{S}_{C} is more than Minimum required K' _{S}_{S}_{C} (20), Hence selected CT is OK
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 36 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7UT613 relay for 11kV Incomer Feeders to 1000 KVA EAT(connected across core3 ) Formula Used
Knee Point voltage required 20% margin on Vk value
=
=
1.3
_{5}_{9}_{.}_{6}_{2} 
_{v}_{o}_{l}_{t}_{s} 
_{7}_{1}_{.}_{5}_{5} 
_{v}_{o}_{l}_{t}_{s} 
The minimum CT knee point Voltage shall be selected more than above
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0
Page 37 of 91
SIEMENS
PROJECT:GTC/123/2006
ANNEXURE 1
CT Knee point voltage calculation for 7SJ61 type used for REF protection of 433 V side of Earthing transformer (Applicable for Neutral side CTs)
Current Transformer Ration (CTR) 
= 
1500 /1 

Relay Normal Current (I _{N} ) 
= 
1 amp. 

Length of cable between CT and Relay 
= 
70 meter 

Cable Resistance for 4 mm²at 75°C 
= 
5.610 Ohms/Km 

20% margin on cable resistance 
= 
6.732 Ohms/Km 

Loop Resistance ( 2R _{L} ) 
= 
0.942 Ohms 

Loop Burden in VA Current Transformer resistance (R _{c}_{t} ) 
= 
= 
(I)² x 0.942 7.50 Ohms 
= 
CT Internal Burden in VA 
= 
(I)² x 7.5 
= 
Formula Used
a) Effective symmetrical shortcircuit current factor (K' _{S}_{S}_{C} ):
(Relay will be mounted in Relay panel)
0.942
7.500
PH73B1015C001, Rev 0