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be treated as malpractice a i 3 2 sor n, appeal to evaluator and /or equat ica ting your answers, cor 1g of ier 8 é é g z 5 zg z usy | e]ed fa fcfp]ce lt 12EC052 M.Tech. Degree Examination, February 2013 Multimedia Communication Time: 3 hrs. Max. Marks: 100 Note: Answer any FIVE full questions. 1 a, Discuss following QoS (Quality of Service) parameters that relate to the multimedia networks: i) Network QoS: ii) Application QoS. (10 Marks), b. Derive the maximum block size that should be used over a channel which has a mean BER probability of 10* if the probability of a block containing an error and hence being discarded is to be 10". (05 Marks) c. Discuss following communication modes: simplex, half duplex, broad cast, multicast, unicast. (05 Marks) 2 a. Derive the scaling factors used for both U and V (as used in PAL) and I and Q (as used in NTSC) color difference signals in terms of three R, G, B color signals. (05 Marks) b. Discuss PCM principles to digitize speech signal with signal encoding/decoding schematic and compander characteristies. (10 Marks) c. Assuming the CD-DA standard is being used, derive i) storage capacity of CD-ROM to store 60 minute multimedia title; ii) the time to transmit 30 second portion of the title using a transmission channel bit rate of 64 Kbps and 1.5 Mbps. (05 Marks) 3 a. What is compression? Discuss the difference between lossy and lossless compression. (06 Marks) b. Explain the following: i) Source encoding; ii) Entropy encoding, (08 Marks) c. Explain briefly the main features of MIDI standard and its associated messages. (06 Marks) 4° a, Write LZW encoder and decoder algorithm. (06 Marks) b. Explain with block diagram, various stages of JPEG compression, (10 Marks) ¢. Using Huffman coding, obtain the codes for following symbols with corresponding probability of occurrences: A(0.25), B(0.25), C(0.14), D(0.14), E(0.055), F(0.055), G(0.055), H(0.055). (04 Marks) 5 a. With the help of encoder/decoder schematic, explain the principles of DPCM. (10 Marks) b. With the help of example frame sequences, explain I, P, B and D frames and the reasons for their use. (10 Marks) 6 a. A digitized video is to be compressed using MPEG -I standard. Assuming a frame sequence of IBBPBBPBBPBBI...... and average compression ratios of 10:1 (1), 20:1 (P) and 50:1 (B), derive the average bit rate that is generated by the encoder for both the NTSC and PAL digitization formats. (10 Marks) b. Explain P * 64 (H.261) standard used for video compression. (10 Marks) 7 a, With the help of neat diagram, exp! the MPEG — 4 system architecture. (10 Marks) b. Explain the architecture of JPEG 2000. (10 Marks) 8 Write short notes on the following: a, Real-time transport protocol (RTP) b. Real-time transport control protocol (RTCP) c. Multimedia conferencing d. YQ video signal (NTSC). (20 Marks)