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# 1.

## Sebuah adonan kue mula-mula bersuhu 300C,

dimasukkan kedalam oven yang bersuhu tetap
1000C.
Penyelesaian:
Diketahui:
Suhu adonan mula-mula = T (0) = 30 0C
Suhu lingkungan (oven) tetap =ε=140 0C
Suhu adonan setelah 5 menit =T (5) = 40 0C
Ditanya:
Atau:
T (t) = 1000C pada t =...?
Jawab:
dTdt=k (T-
ε) .................................................................................
........ (1)
⟺dTdt=k (T-140)
⟺LdTdt=Lk(T-140)
⟺LdTdt=kLT-L140)
⟺sTs-T0=k.Ts- 140s.k
⟺sTs-30=k.Ts- 140.ks
⟺sTs-k.Ts=30- 140.ks
⟺(s-k)Ts=30- 140.ks
⟺Ts=30s-k- 140.ks(s-k)

⟺Tt=L-130s-k- 140.kss-k

⟺Tt=L-130s-k-L-1 140.kss-k
⟺Tt=L-130s-k-L-1 As+Bs-k

Pencarian A dan B:
140kss-k=As+Bs-k

140kss-k = As-Ak+Bss(s-k)
Flow Problems dan Pendinginan~ 1 ~ Tugas 2 Pemodelan
Matematika
140kss-k = A+Bs-Aks(s-k)

-A=140⟺A= -140
A+B=0⟺A= -B
maka B=140

⟺Tt=L-130s-k-L-1 -140s+140s-k
⟺Tt=L-130s-k+L-1 140s-L-1140s-k
⟺Tt=L-1 140s-L-1110s-k
⟺Tt=140.L-1 1s-110.L-11s-k
⟺Tt=140-
110ek.t................................................................. (1-a)

## Untuk solusi khusus t = 5, T (5) = 40 maka

40 = 140-110ek.5
⟺110ek.5= 100

⟺ek.5= 100110

⟺Ln(ek.5)=Ln ( 100110)

⟺5k= -0,095311179

⟺k = -0,
019062235..................................................................
...... (1-b)
Untuk solusi khusus T (t) = 100 maka
Tt=140-110ek.t

⟺100 = 140-110e-0,019062235.t

⟺110e-0,019062235.t= 140-100

⟺e-0,019062235.t = 40110

⟺Lne-0,019062235.t = Ln40110

## Flow Problems dan Pendinginan~ 2 ~ Tugas 2 Pemodelan

Matematika
⟺-0,019062235.t= -1,011600922

⟺t=-1,011600922-0,019062235

⟺t = 53,
06832707....................................................................
........ (1-b)

## Flow Problems dan Pendinginan~ 3 ~ Tugas 2 Pemodelan

Matematika
2. A tank initially holds 10 galloons of fresh water. At
t=0, brine solution containning ½ lb of salt per
gallon is poured in to the tank off rate of 2 gallon per
minute while the well stined mixture leaves the tank
at the same. Find the amount of salt in the tank at
anytime t.

Penyelesaian:

Diketahui:

Volume tangki = V0 =
V (0) =10galon.
Jumlah garam dalam
tangki mula-mula=Q
(0) = 0 (karena Fresh
water)
et = 2 galonmenit.
ft = 2galon menit
a untuk fresh water =
0
b = 12lbgalon

Ditanya:
Q (t) = jumlah garam dalam tangki setiap saat?
Jawab:
⟺dQ dt = b.e – f. [ Qv0+et-ft]

## ⟺dQdt = 12lbgalon.2 galonmenit – 2 galonmenit [ Q10galon+2

galonmenit-2galon menit]

## Flow Problems dan Pendinginan~ 4 ~ Tugas 2 Pemodelan

Matematika
⟺dQ dt = 1lbmenit – 2 galonmenit [ Q10galon]

## ⟺dQdt = 1lbmenit –[ Q5 menit]

⟺dQdt = 1-
Q5 ................................................................................
.......... (2)
⟺dQ1- Q5 = dt

dQ1- Q5 = dt

## ⟺1- Q5=et +c-5

⟺Q5=1 - e-t 5.ec

⟺Q=5(1- Ce-t 5)
....................................................................... (2-a)
Untuk solusi khusus Q t=0 =0 maka
0 = 5 (1 – C. e-0 5)
⟺0 = 5 (1 – C. e0)

⟺0 = 5 (1 – C. e0)

⟺C =
1..................................................................................
................ (2-b)
Maka diperoleh solusi umum jumlah garam dalam
Q (t) = 5(1- e-t 5)

## Flow Problems dan Pendinginan~ 5 ~ Tugas 2 Pemodelan

Matematika
3. A metal bar at a temperature of 100 0F is placed in a
room at a constant temperature of 00 F. If after 20
minutes the temperatures of bar is 50 0F. Find an
expression for temperature of the bar at anytime!
Penyelesaian:
Diketahui:
Suhu batangan mula-mula = T (0) = 100 0F
Suhu lingkungan (ruangan) =ε=0 0F
Suhu batangan setelah 20 menit =T (20) = 50 0F

Ditanya:
Suhu batangan setiap saat = T (t)
Jawab:
dTdt=k (T-
ε) .................................................................................
....... (3)
⟺dTdt=k (T-0)
⟺dTdt=k T
⟺dTT=k dt

dTT=kdt

⟺dTT=kdt

⟺ Ln T= kt +c

⟺T=ekt+c
⟺T=ekt.ec
⟺T=
Cekt ..............................................................................
......... (3-a)
Untuk solusi khusus T t=0 =100 maka
100= Cek.0
⟺100= C. e0

## Flow Problems dan Pendinginan~ 6 ~ Tugas 2 Pemodelan

Matematika
⟺100 = C. 1

⟺C =
100..............................................................................
............... (3-b)
Untuk solusi khusus T t=20 =50 maka
50 = 100ek.20
⟺50100 = e20k

## ⟺-0, 6934718 = 20k

⟺k=-0,693471820

⟺k = -0,
034657359..................................................................
....... (3-c)
Maka diperoleh solusi umum jumlah garam dalam
T (t) = 100e-0,034657359 t

Matematika