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HOLLOW STRUCTURAL SECTIONS

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SOFT CONVERSION OF HSS SIZES
FROM U.S. CUSTOMARY UNITS TO METRIC (SI) UNITS

OF NORTH AMERICA

A backup bar is tack welded to each leg of one of the half-sections (3). welding and sizing. and the shape’s seam is welded by high-frequency contacts when the tube is near its final shape and size. Electric Resistance Welding (ERW) Process In the tube mill. Currently three methods are being used in North America for the manufacture of HSS. driven forming dies progressively shape the flat strip (1) by forming the top two corners (2) of the square or rectangular tube in the initial forming station. These methods are described below.21-92 requirements for the manufacture of HSS. and the sizes listed in this brochure may be produced to either standard. The weld seam (8) is then cooled and processed through a set of sizing/shaping rolls which cold-form it into a round (9). flat steel strip (1) is formed continuously around its longitudinal axis to produce a round tube. 10 11 4 1 2 3 3 Submerged Arc Weld (SAW) Process Two identical pieces of flat strip (1) are placed in a press brake and formed into two identical halves (2) of a finished tube size.HSS Manufacturing Methods The transformation of steel strip into hollow structural sections (HSS) is the result of a series of operations including forming. The two halfsections are fitted together toe-to-toe (4) and welded by the submerged arc process to complete the square or rectangular section (5). The welded tube (4) is cooled and then driven through a series of sizing stations which qualifies the tube’s final dimensions. square (10) or rectangular (11) section. 2 5 1 2 3 4 2 1 1 . 5 6 7 4 3 2 1 8 9 Form-Square Weld-Square (ERW) Process In the weld mill. This is done by moving the strip through a progressive set of rolls (2-6). No cold working of the sides of the shape is performed. The strip edges (7) are heated by either high-frequency induction or contact welding and then forged together by weld rolls to create a continuous longitudinal weld without the addition of filler metal. Subsequent stations form the bottom two corners (3) of the shape. Each method meets ASTM A-500 and CSA-G40.

Canada L4K 2E9 Telephone: (905) 669-1111 (800) 565-8823 Fax: (905) 669-8570 . CA 90670 Telephone: (562) 903-8600 (800) 654-5495 Fax: (562) 903-8601 Please Note: We’ve tried to make this brochure as comprehensive and factual as possible.O. Your HSS producer is your best source for up-to-date information.O. P. 5. P. NB 68064 Telephone: (800) 345-6825 Fax: (402) 359-4481 Vest. P. CA 90058 Telephone: (323) 581-8823 (800) 421-6370 Fax: (323) 581-3465 Welded Tube 111 Rayette Road Concord.S.. IA 52730 Telephone: (563) 242-0000 (800) 945-8936 Fax: (563) 242-9137 Prolamsa (Mexico Headquarters) Carretera a Colombia Km. MO 63017 Telephone: (636) 537-2600 (800) 325-4467 Fax: (636) 537-5848 Columbia Structural Tubing 8735 N Harborgate ST Portland. N. some information may have been updated since the time of printing.STI/HSS Member Companies Bull Moose Tube Company 1819 Clarkson Road.O. However. Box 3187 11529 Greenstone Ave. Inc. AL 35201-2425 Telephone: (205) 251-1884 (800) 543-9024 FAX: (205) 251-1553 Maruichi American Corp. P. Incorporated 6023 Alcoa Avenue Los Angeles. TX 77056 Tel (281) 494-0900 Fax (281) 494-0990 Southland Tube Inc. 45560 Tel +52 (81) 8154-0200 Fax +52 (81) 8901-1709 Prolamsa USA. Box 18.75 Escobedo. Suite 100 Chesterfield.L. Box 358 Valley. (U. Headquarters) 770 South Post Oak Lane Suite 200.P. Houston. Santa Fe Springs. OR 97203 Telephone: (503) 737-1200 (877) 737-1202 Fax: (503) 737-1202 IPSCO Tubulars Inc. OF NORTH AMERICA Valmont Industries (Structural Tube Division) HWY 275. Ontario. 2011 7th Avenue Camanche. Mexico C.O. Box 2425 Birmingham.

g.. customary units to metric units. .1 inch equals 25.200 mm (exact conversion) = 203. These guidelines can be used to develop soft conversion of HSS sizes from U. builders and manufacturers in specifying and providing HSS in metric applications. Customary Units to Metric (SI) Units The International System of Units (System International or ‘SI’) has been adopted as the preferred system of measurement in the United States.A User's Guide for the Soft Conversion of HSS Sizes from U. Conversion Factor: . engineers and fabricators are increasingly being required to use metric products in construction.S.2 mm (rounded value) See Table 1 for a summary of typical nominal widths and typical nominal depths for square and rectangular HSS. architects. As a result. 8 inch width or depth = 203.4 millimeters exactly Nominal Width and Nominal Depth (millimeters) Presented as a decimal number.S. rounded to the nearest one-tenth of a millimeter. e. This publication is intended to provide help to designers.

75 inch diameter = 3.322 becomes HSS 219. 0..9464 mm (exact conversion) HSS 1 1/4 x 1 1/4 x 1/8 becomes HSS 31.1750 mm (exact conversion) = 222.8 x 31. . rounded to the nearest one-tenth of a millimeter. rounded to the nearest one-tenth of a millimeter.g.2 mm (rounded value) = 222.0 x 76. Presented as a decimal number.2 x 4.2 (metric) See Table 2 for a summary of typical nominal wall thicknesses and corresponding typical design wall thicknesses for square and rectangular HSS.625 x 0. See Table 4 for a summary of typical nominal wall thicknesses and corresponding typical design wall thicknesses for round HSS.116 inch thickness See Table 3 for a summary of typical nominal diameters for round HSS.. rounded to the nearest one-tenth of a millimeter. 1/8 inch thickness e. e. e..250 mm (exact conversion) = 3.g.g.8 (metric) = 2.2 (metric) = 2.9 mm (rounded value) HSS 8.OF NORTH AMERICA Nominal Thickness (millimeters) Nominal Diameter (millimeters) Presented as a decimal number. Sample Soft Conversions to Metric HSS 5 x 3 x 3/16 becomes HSS 127. 8.1 x 8.3 mm (rounded value) Design Thickness (millimeters) Presented as a decimal number.8 x 3.

8000 174.3 101.2600 42.000 3.500 4.000 16.200 660.6000 323. Customary U.S.5000 60.000 4.4 355.000 127.3 155.S.000 24.5 57.000 4.800 508.750 1.3000 101.000 10.000 8.2750 155. Customary Units Metric* Units (Exact Conversion) Metric Units (Rounded) U.2 8.0 244.900 1.3 38. Customary Units Metric* Units (Exact Conversion) Metric Units (Rounded) Inches mm mm Inches mm mm 20.000 20.625 1.4 355.5 41.000 5.3 48.800 762.500 4.2000 406.0 457.2 .000 18.8 273.800 88.6 323.2 660.750 8.600 812.000 30.8 1 3/4 1 5/8 1 1/2 1 1/4 1 1.500 2.625 7.000 304.875 222.200 63.0750 193.4 Table 3: Metric Conversion of Outside Diameter for Round HSS Outside Diameter Dimensions U.3 139.375 1.5 60.8 762.000 26.8500 508.750 25.500 3.0000 244.5 5.250 10.7 127.250 2.2 177.000 12.5 177.200 177.0000 457.0000 114.8 508.S.6 3 1/2 3 2 1/2 2 1/4 2 3.0500 254.400 609.000 6.3250 48.563 5.9 76. Customary Metric* Units Metric Units U.3 219.0 63.000 711.625 317.3 101.000 18. Customary Metric* Units Units Units (Exact Conversion) Rounded Units Units (Exact Conversion) Metric Units Rounded Inches Inches mm mm Inches Inches mm mm 32 30 28 26 24 32.2 50.700 127.8 12 10 9 8 7 12.600 558.S.6 2.250 1.9 6.1640 73.625 7.3002 139.600 152.000 28.750 508.5750 152.200 406.0 457.500 5.S.000 7.400 44.4000 355.600 203.7500 273.7 12.0 711.6000 88.1 31.500 57.2 406.4 139.7000 168.5000 285.1 254.2 63.8 174.100 31.4000 141.875 2.300 101.000 152.7 190.750 10.0 228.000 457.500 11.275 38.660 73.6 6 5 1/2 5 4 1/2 4 6.6250 222.125 6.4 609.800 304.800 254.000 14.2500 219.000 558.000 16.000 2.0 114. Customary U.S.000 812.500 2.0250 63.500 7.6750 190.8 25.000 88.900 76.4 141.6 203.000 9.500 3.400 139.000 5.9 76.000 9.8 254.000 14.1 193.0 114.5 285.000 228.000 114.625 6.500 168.Table 1: Metric Conversion of Depth/Width for Rectangular & Square HSS Depth & Width Dimensions U.6 152.6 88.450 41.150 50.400 355.500 1.4750 317.6 22 20 18 16 14 22.2000 127.3 42.000 44.9000 76.5000 177.2 406.

7625 3.9375 6.6 3.135 0.6 8.1120 6.4 3.5 0.2 5.5814 5.0 0.0 7.3750 0.5000 0.3220 0.9 5.174 0.3 8.6 6.5250 7. Customary Units Metric* Units (Exact Conversion) Design Thickness Metric Units (Rounded) U. Customary Units Metric* Units (Exact Conversion) Metric Units (Rounded) Inches mm mm Inches mm mm 0.0198 7.465 0.8110 8.465 0.4 4.2 4.3125 0.233 0.2 0.116 0.5560 3.7 3.9 3.6 0.1750 2.9502 7.0960 5.9 7.143 0.8608 5.0 7.1250 15.4 7.6 7.8 3.8646 14.6 0.6200 7.7 9.S.4864 5.4290 3.1788 7.S.3000 0.2 8.3 3.S.6322 3.3120 9.2180 0.112 3.4 0.4320 0.7574 11.6830 3.291 0.3914 5.1250 0.4 5.0 9.9502 7.3130 0.3500 6.6250 0.9248 9.4 5.220 7.6 3.175 0.2 3.189 0.5532 6.9 0.8646 7.4102 5.1562 4.S.4036 3.5000 0.9 12.9182 5.1750 3.9 0.2 8.7000 9.8 11.0866 6. Customary Units Metric* Units (Exact Conversion) Metric Units Rounded U.8 * Metric Units = U.9 6.9182 4. Customary Units Metric* Units (Exact Conversion) Metric Units Rounded Inches Inches mm mm Inches mm mm 5/8 1/2 3/8 5/16 1/4 3/16 1/8 0.4 3.2130 0.116 14.S.7000 11.2800 0.3370 0.5372 5.2260 0.6200 7.8 8.300 0.5 7.4 3.349 0.8006 4.8 11.1875 0.3750 15.3 10.2500 0.9 4.2500 0.2108 8.6360 7.2710 8.7 11.1340 0.3378 10.0480 3.2070 5.4196 2.1 11.130 0.0 * Metric Units = U.0 0.205 0.6040 6.8750 12.4380 0.2030 0.1 0.7752 3.240 0.7404 5.5250 15.1200 3.210 0.9 2.S.291 8.9116 3.2580 0.6 5.4 .198 0.0292 4.1 5.6 7.581 0.5 5. Customary Units U.8 10.3340 5.1054 5.8 4.581 0.7 5.349 14.4 Table 4: Metric Conversion of Wall Thickness for Round HSS Thickness Dimensions Nominal Thickness U.1 6.5 0.8110 10.1252 10.6 6.260 0. Customary Units x 25.9 12.9464 2.3914 7.1400 0.2 5.1880 0.0 4.5598 8.402 0.8 3.141 5.4 3.279 0.203 0.1562 5. Customary Units x 25.2370 7.4 6.1450 0.1750 15.2200 0.3914 8.291 0.233 0.9 0.5880 5.2160 5.8448 3.201 5.1520 5.1540 0.407 0.6250 0.OF NORTH AMERICA Table 2: Metric Conversion of Wall Thickness for Rectangular & Square HSS Thickness Dimensions Nominal Thickness Design Thickness U.S.1 6.3500 4.6 8.125 0.340 0.3650 0.313 0.4450 3.9728 9.3 5.9464 14.2 2.3020 3.5880 7.8750 12.7574 11.

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