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Indian Vocational Skill Story

Vision India @ 75 (Year 2022) Some Highlights


India achieves 100% functional literacy
India builds 700 million globally employable workforce, comprising 200
million university graduates and 500 million vocationally skilled people
India develops world class infrastructure to become a global hub for
knowledge creation, talent development and entrepreneurial incubation
India sets global standards and becomes a scale provider of value based
learner-centric education, skills development and professional educators
through industry partnerships

Healthcare Skill Agenda for India


Indias Human Development Index ranking at 119 out of 169 countries,
which is largely due to poor healthcare indicators, is detrimental to its
predicted rise as the second largest economy of the world.
The skill requirement for the country is quite staggering as India adds
another 2 million beds by 2022 as compared to 1.1 million beds currently
Key Challenges
Production and distribution of human resources - across multiple levels of
care
Health curricula- outdated and non existent for some roles
Private sector dominance - provides 93% of the hospitals and 85% of
doctors in India.
Geo-disparity
South & West states with 31% population have over 60% nursing & medical
colleges , whereas 8 North & East states with 50% population have only 20%
nursing & medical colleges
80% doctors, 60% hospitals and 75% dispensaries in urban India
GDP spend on Health to go from 1.3% (current) to 2.5% (12th plan estimate

Healthcare Sector
The size of the Healthcare Industry was about Rs. 2, 93,555 crore in 2007-08,
with about 95% being contributed by the Healthcare Delivery Segment. The
industry is seen to grow at a 3 year CAGR (2004-05 to 2007-08) of about
12%.
Currently the major clusters with respect to healthcare are the metros and
some select states. For example Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, West
Bengal & Andhra Pradesh account for 50% of the total Allopathic doctors.
Likewise, the south zone accounts for 43% of the total registered nurses in
India.

Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Kerala account


for over 50% of the registered nurses.

Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and West Bengal account for over 50% of the
registered Pharmacists.

Currently the bed volume in India is about 1.2 beds /1,000 persons; India
needs 3.1 million additional beds by 2016, which is about 4 beds /1,000
persons. The current shortage of beds is estimated to be in the range of
0.125 -0.15 million beds. Investment is required to meet the target of 0.333
million beds in India. The bulk of new bed capacities being planned are by
the private sector this planned addition of hospital beds would result in
increased demand for trained staff and medical equipment.
There would be a need of more healthcare professionals to meet the growing
demands in the coming years as the government / private sectors ramps up
to take ensure more and more people get access to healthcare facilities.
The key areas of concern are:

Shortage of Medical, Para-medical Staff and Support Staff: India


has over 600,000 physicians with a density of 0.60 physicians per 1000
population. However, there is a shortage of qualified specialist nurses,
this also includes home nurses and paramedical professionals as also
qualified hospital administrators.
Note: Off the educational infrastructure for nurses and technicians only
5.7% are for ANM, 4.7% for Health Workers (male), 1.9% for Lab
Technician or Assistant and about 1.6% for health inspectors. Whereas
there is no structured educational facility for the grade IV staff
of the hospital staff. This includes GDAs & Geriatric care.
Support services such as housekeeping, laundry, security, food
services, are another field where there is a lack of trained staff. As per
research they form about 5% of the staff. Private as well as public
hospitals have started tying up with private players for providing these
support services, thus a there is a huge requirement for trained staff
for these roles.

Lack of standardization / accreditation: India is gaining the


advantage of being the low cost destination for healthcare services.
However, the healthcare industry needs to prove that the Human
Resource and Skill Requirements of the Healthcare Services Industry
low cost services offered by them are in real terms and the quality of
services offered is comparable with developed nations. One of the
ways to prove our quality consciousness is to get international
accreditation

of

healthcare

facilities,

where

there

is

room

for

improvement.

Quality of in-country healthcare: The healthcare management


practices in the public healthcare delivery system have scope for
improvement.

The

consortium

would,

on

planned

basis,

operationalize the training programs closer to the targeted audience


(Feeder markets) and the placement requirements (Demand markets).

Changing Profile of Diseases and healthcare services: Owing to


this there is focus on Geriatric care, maternity, oncology etc. Also due
to changing lifestyles there is requirement for domestic assistance for
elderly and child care.

Table : Projected human resource requirements for Medical


Personnel in India till 2022 (in
000s)
2008
2012
2018
2022
Incremental
Doctors
725 1,208
1,947
2,705 1,980
Nurses
1,600
2,416 5,192
10,822
9,222
Technicians,
Paramedics
and others
27
232
530
812
785
Source: IMaCS analysis

Business Model
TheNavkar Skills

is committed to the social & economic inclusion of the

youth in India through Skill Development. TheBusiness Model for skill


development encompasses the entire end-to-end solution framework. The

key elements that have been considered while creating the Business Model
are:

Business critical inclusive partnerships to enable key solution elements


1. Need Classification through Cluster Mapping
2. Accredited Content & Standards
3. Vocation Skilling @ SDCs
4. Knowledge & Skill Certification
5. Assist for Livelihoods
6. Resource & Performance Management

Standards of execution through rigorous adherence to established


processes

Creation and implementation of a Project Plan to achieve the defined


Business Goals

A robust sustenance model to achieve business profitability in a


defined time frame