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Introduction Classification, Care of Equines

Introduction Classification, Care of Equines

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Published by raoqaisarshahzad
www.uvas.edu.pk
it is biggest veterinary university of pakistan and in asia lets visit it
www.uvas.edu.pk
it is biggest veterinary university of pakistan and in asia lets visit it

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Published by: raoqaisarshahzad on Feb 15, 2010
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INTRODUCTION TO EQUINES

Qaisar Shahzad Student uvas

INTRODUCTION
► PASTURE

ANIMAL ► CLEAN HABITS ► SENSITIVE ► WELL SET BEHAVIOR ► COMPANIONSHIP ► GROUPS

FACTS
► ► ► ► ► ►

► ►

A horse is a member of the "equus" family. This word comes from ancient Greece and means quickness. More than 350 breeds of ponies and horses can be found. A height of a horse can be measured with the hand, where each hand equals four inches. If you want to know how old a horse is, all you need to do is to count its teeth. A horse is able to drink 10 gallons of water per day. Horses use their facial expressions to communicate. Their moods can be jauged with the help of their nostrils, eyes and ears. Horses spend more energy lying down. The hoof of a horse is like a fingernail; it keeps on growing and needs to be clipped.

►A

horse is able to walk, trot, canter and gallop. ► Horses usually live for around 20 to 25 years. Some of them can live up to 5 years more. ► In most cases, the foal is born at night. ► After being born, it only takes a foal about 1-2 hours to stand up and walk. ► Horses eat short, juicy grass, and hay. Foods like barley, maize, oats and bran are good for working horses. ► Horses are either a mixture of colors or the same color all over. Horses are usually, black, brown, cream or gray in color.

►A

horse has two blind spots; one is located directly in front of them while the other is located directly behind. ► A breed of horses called Akhal-Teke from Russia can go for days without water or food. ► "Old Billy," was the oldest recorded horse who lived to be 62 years. ► Falebella of Argentina, is the smallest breed. ► "Little Pumpkin," is the smallest pony in history, it stood 14 inches and weighed 20 lbs. ► "Samson," was the tallest horse recorded.

Classification
► ► ► ► ► ► ► ►

Kingdom: Phylum: Class: Order: Family: Genus: Subgenus: Species:

Animalia Chordata Mammalia Perissodactyla odd-toed ungulate. Equidae Equus Asinus E. asinus ► Equus ferus ►Equus caballus. ►E. grevyi - Grevy's Zebra E. quagga - Plains Zebra E. zebra - Mountain Zebra

02-01-09

02-01-09

►MALE ASS ►FEMALE ►OFFSPRING ►MALE: ►FEMALE ►MULE ►HINNY

JACK, JENNY FOAL COLT FILLY

JACK X MARE STALLION X JENNY
02-01-09

DOMESTICATION OF EQUINES
► use of the horse as a means of transport is from

chariot burials dated c. 2000 BC. ► Eurasian steppes (Ukraine) approximately 4000 BC.

02-01-09

Chariot
► The

chariot is the earliest and simplest type of carriage, used in both peace and war as the chief vehicle of many ancient people

Chariot

► all feral horses are of domestic types; ► they descend from ancestors that escaped

from captivity. ► Measurable changes in size and increases in variability associated with domestication occurred later, about 2500-2000 BC, as seen in horse remains found at the site of CsepelHaros in Hungary

Horse Management
► BASICS OF CARING FOR HORSES ► Horses are grazing animals by their nature,

designed for open spaces and the companionship of other horses. ► Even though they learn to adapt to stables, they need to be exercised. ► Keeping a horse is a responsibility, since the horse has both physical and psychological needs.

► If a horse doesn't get the companionship of

other horses and humans, he will become bored and unhappy

►The Pasture

There is no exact acreage required for horses, but as a general rule one acre per horse is enough. ►The field should be checked for rubbish and holes in the fencing and anything that might bring harm to the horse.

Poisonous plants
► Check for poisonous plants at least weekly. ► Those that are most harmful are few

( ragwort, deadly high shade, foxglove, oak leaves, acorns, buttercups, bracken, privet, laurel, meadow saffron, locoweed, castor bean, star thistle, horsetail and sorghum).

Fencing
►The horse's field should be fenced

so the horse cannot escape or injure itself. ►Post and rail fences painted white look great, but are expensive. ►A plain wire fence is fine as long as it is well secured to wooden posts. Don't use barbed wire.

Shelter
►The horse needs to be protected from

the wind, rain and sun. ►A grove of trees can sometimes be adequate, but a three-sided shelter works best. ►If there are several horses in the field, be sure the shelter is large enough for all the horses. ►The back of the structure should face the prevailing wind.

Stabled horses

► If your horse is kept in a barn or stable, also

called a livery, proper bedding is important. ► You don't want your horse standing on a hard floor all day, and a horse will like to lie down to sleep or just to rest.

Inside a stable

Bedding
► Straw is a choice because not only is it cheap, but

it is warm and comfortable. But it may contain fungal spores. Sometimes the horse will eat the straw. ► Wood shavings are clean and hygienic, as long as the shavings are dust-free. ► Rubber matting works really well, but you should put straw or wood shavings on top, since the rubber mat provides no warmth.

Pine Wood Shavings

Rubber mat

Corn Cob Bedding

Stable cleaning
Also known as mucking out
►the stable must be cleaned every day, ►and if the horse is there all day long, 3 times

a day. ►This involves removing the droppings, and leveling the bedding.

►You will need a wheelbarrow, a straw fork, a

shovel and a broom. ► After removing the droppings, pile the soiled straw separately from the still clean straw. ►Sweep the floor then wash it with stable disinfectant. ►When the floor is dry, add fresh straw

Grooming ►A stabled horse requires daily grooming to maintain a healthy coat, but don't over groom a grasskept horse. ►The natural grease in its coat helps the horse to keep warm and dry.

Water ►Be sure to provide your horse with a constant supply of fresh water. ►Some use a bucket, placed inside a tire to keep it from falling over, and refill it at least twice a day. ►A trough is good, supplied from a plastic pipe, but in the winter be sure to check it to make sure the pipe hasn't frozen.

Thank You……????

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