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TOTAL PRESSURE

For a static fluid, the shear stress is zero and the only stress
is true normal stress. Pressure which when in contact with solid
surface exerts a normal force towards the surface. It is also call
hydrostatic force.
F=ghA
Where;
F=total pressure (hydrostatic force)
P=mass density of the liquid
g=gravitation acceleration
A=submerge area of the plane surface
H=vertical distance from the liquid surface to the centroid of the
submerge plane surface
CENTRE OF PRESSURE
Centre of pressure is general below centroid since pressure
increases with depth. Centre of pressure is determine by equating
the moments of the result and distributed force about any
arbitrary axis. The application point of the total pressure
(hydrostatic force) on the surface.
h= Ia sin O + h
hA
Where;
h=vertical distance from the liquid surface to the centre of
pressure
Ig=moment of inertial of the plane surface about its centroid G

Central Colleges of the Philippines


College of Engineering
Civil Engineering Department

Fluid Mechanics

Principles and theories in


Hydrostatic Force in Submerge Plane

Senado, John Christian E.

Engr. Renato S. Gatbonton