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7. How did civil aviation benefit from the rapid development of the bomber during the
First World War?
Ans: The bomber aero planes were improved a lot during the war. This showed that if the
large bombers could be made, large aero planes too could be built to carry passengers.
Consequently, just after the war the bombers were converted into passenger aero planes.
Thus, civil aviation started and efforts were made to improve the aero planes to carry
passengers and a cargo at the reasonable speed.

8. Why was it difficult to fly from Europe to North America than from North America to
Ans: The West bound crossing from Europe to North America was particularly dangerous
because it had to be made against prevailing west winds. Therefore, all machines which
attempted crossing the Atlantic, had to be dangerously overloaded with petrol, and some
crashed just at the point of take off. Flying from North America to Europe was easier
because of the following winds, which pushed the aero planes forward.

9. Why was the use of airship for passenger transport abandoned?

Ans: After the disaster of R101 and some other airships both Britain and USA abandoned
the idea of using airships for passenger transport. The disaster of Hindenburg in 1937
caused even Germany to give up this idea. Airships were given all the more readily
because the aero plane had been rapidly improving in efficiency. The increased use of
light metal enabled them to carry more fuel and greater pay loads.