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# 1

## Class width of the given data is defined as

ratio of c) Curvilinear linear regression
Select correct option:
d) Both (a) and (b)
Range and number of values in the given
data If the standard deviation of a population is
9, the population variance is
Range and the number of classes Select correct option:

## Range and mid point/value

3
None of these
9
For the regression line: Y= -X + 5, y-
21.35
intercept is
Select correct option: 81

-5
Which of the following is the better
5 average?
Select correct option:
-1
arithmetic mean
1
geometric mean
For the regression line:Y= a+bX,'a' is the
Select correct option: harmonic mean

## y-intercept FREQUENCY Function calculates how often

values occur within a range of values.
x-intercept Select correct option:

## Different ways of organizing univariate False

categorical data are
Select correct option: Which of the following correlation
coefficients represents the weakest
correlation between two variables?
The Summary Table
Select correct option:
Bar and Pie Charts, the Pareto Diagram
0.15
Contingency Tables
-0.15
Only option 1 & 2
0.02
The rate of change along the regression
line is called -1.00
Select correct option:
The frequency of the required class can be
Linear regression obtained from the cumulative frequency
Select correct option:
Non Linear regression
by subtracting the cumulative frequency of
Slope
the relative class from the next cumulative
frequency
Curve

## by subtracting the cumulative frequency of

If the graph is very much scattered, then
the relative class from the total frequency
what can be the suitable value of r?
Select correct option: by subtracting the cumulative frequency of
the relative class from the previous
r = - 0.9 cumulative frequency

## r = 0.1 If the value of r is 0.8 ,then the coefficient

of determination is
r = 0.8
Select correct option:
In scatter diagram, clustering of points
around a straight line indicates 67%
Select correct option:
64%
a) Linear regression
80%
b) Non-linear regression
2

75%
-45
If the dependent variable increases with
the independent variable then the Ms. Faiza calculated a correlation
coefficient of correlation is coefficient of .75. Which of the following
Select correct option: reflects the best interpretation of this?

## 0 to – 0.5 Weak negative

0 to -2 Strong negative

0 to 1 Weak positive

Strong positive
In negatively skewed distribution the true
relation is
Select correct option: A statistical measure of the variability of a
distribution around its mean is referred to
A.M < MEDIAN < MODE as

## A.M > MEDIAN > MODE Select correct option:

A.M = MEDIAN = MODE
None of these A probability distribution

The syntax intercept (known y’s, known x’s The standard deviation
) gives
The expected return
Select correct option: Coefficient of variation
a)x- intercept
The equation of regression line is y + 5x =
b)y- intercept 0. What will be the intercept?
c)Both (a) and (b) are same
Select correct option:
d)None of these
5
page210 1

## Trimmed mean is the mean of .... 0

Select correct option:
-5
A moving average is one of a family of
The remaining data similar techniques used to analyze

## Time series data

The data from last
Correlation data
None of these Regression model

Fitting a curve
A full…… is 360 degrees.
-------------- measures the strength of the
linear relationship between the dependent
Select correct option:
and the independent variable.

Parabola
Select correct option:
Sphere
Simple correlation coefficient
Circle
Distance value
Cone
Y intercept
If actual value is 180 and trend is 150, the
seasonal variation is Normal plot

## Suppose we developed the following least

Select correct option:
squares regression equation: Y = 3.5 +
2.1X. Which of the following statements is
30 correct?
40
Select correct option:
-30
3

## The dependent variable increases Arithmetic mean of 3 numbers

2.1 for an increase of 1 in X continuously

## The equation crosses the Y-axis at Sum of 3 numbers continuously

3.
Average of 3 fixed numbers
If X = 5, then Y =15.
Sum of 3 fixed numbers
X and Y are inversely proportional
The price of wheat falls after the
The Marks of mathematics on weekly basis harvesting of crop and rise before the
for three months Period Marks Moving sowing time” Is an example of
Averages Month 1 Week 1 70 Week 2 60 ? Select correct option:
Week 3 65 ? Month 2 Week 1 80 ? Week 2
82 ? Week 3 85 ? Month 3 Week 1 60 ? Seasonal variation
Week 2 75 ? Week 3
80 The Moving Averages will be ------------ Cyclical fluctuation

Secular trend
Select correct option:
None of these

## 65 68.3 75.7 82.3 75.7 73.3 71.7

The following results were obtained from a
65 70 75.7 82.3 71 72 71.7 simple regression analysis: y = 37.2895 -
1.2024 X r^2 = .6774 s = .2934
65 71 73 82.3 75.7 73.3 71.7 ____________ is the proportion of the
variation explained by the simple linear
65 68.3 70 72 73 73.3 71.7 regression model
If the data collected from a factory in three Select correct option:
shifts; morning, afternoon and evening for
four days. Then average of one day is -1.2024
known as
Select correct option: 0.6774

## Weighted average 0.2934

When two dice are rolled together, the
both outcomes on the faces are Mutually
exclusive.
None Select correct option:

## For a data, if mean > median then its True

distribution is
Select correct option: False
The following results were obtained from a
simple regression analysis: y = 37.2895 -
asymmetrical
1.2024 X r^2 = .6774 s = .2934
symmetrical ____________ is the proportion of the
variation explained by the simple linear
left asymmetrical regression model
Select correct option:
right asymmetrical
-1.2024
The method of least squares finds the best
0.6774
fit line that _______ the error between
observed & estimated points on the line. 37.2895
Select correct option:
0.2934
a) maximises
How many words can be formed by using
b) minimizes all letters of the word ‘LAHORE’?
Select correct option:
c) reduces to zero

## d) choice # b & c 120

The probability of drawing any one spade
320
card is
Select correct option: 520

1/32 720

1/13
The marketing manager of a company
4/13 receives average10 complaint calls during
a week .Suppose that the number of calls
¼ during a week follows the Poisson
distribution. The probability that she gets
Three year moving averages is five such calls in one day is:
Select correct option: Select correct option:
4

6
(10^5e^-10)/5!

## 1-(10^5e^-10)/5! none of the given choices

The sign of regression coefficient is
10C5 * 0.55 * 0.55 associated with

## Which of the following formula is correct? variance of x

Select correct option:
variance of y
=BINOMDIST( 7, 4, 0.5, FALSE ) co-variance of x and y
=BINOMDIST( -4, 7, 1.5, FALSE ) none of these
All of the following are assumptions of the
=BINOMDIST( 4, -7, 1.5, FALSE )
error terms in the simple linear regression
=BINOMDIST( 4, 7, 0.5, FALSE ) model except
The Excel command
CRITBINOM(trials,p,alpha) where n is the Select correct option:
number of trials, p is the probability of
success in trials, and alpha is the criterion normality
value. If trials < 0 , then CRITBINOM
returns #NUM! error. error terms with a mean of zero

## True variance of one

The probability of any event must be
Flase between …...
When A and B are mutually exclusive, then
P (A or B) = ….. Select correct option:

## Select correct option:

Zero and one inclusive
P (A) - P (B)
-1 and one inclusive
P (A) + P (B)

## P (A) * P (B) Zero and -1 inclusive

P (A) / P (B) Greater than 1
In how many ways a team of 4 players be
chosen from a total 10 persons? If in regression line Y on X the y
intercept is zero then
Select correct option: Select correct option:

## 40 The line is parallel to x-axis

210 The line is parallel to y-axis
Y is multiple of X
5040 None of these
None of these
The sum of deviation of the observed For two mutually exclusive
values of Yi from the regression line is
always equal to
events A and B, P(A)= 0.3 and P(B)=
0.6 Then P(A or B)is
Select correct option: Select correct option:

1 0.8
0.7
0
0.9
-1 None of these
None
If a = 2 , b = 1 , independent variable = 4 In standard normal distribution;
then dependent variable for an estimating Select correct option:
regression line is

## Mean = 1, Standard Deviation=0

Select correct option:
Mean = 0, Standard Deviation=1
Mean = 1, Standard Deviation=1
2 Mean = 0, Standard Deviation=0

4 Evaluate 13C4?
Select correct option:
5

## mean number of successes per

615 unit,m,known and fixed.
715 p,chance unknown and large
815 None of these.
None of these
In the excel formulation for
What is the range of probability Poisson distribution i-e
of any event? "POISSON(x,mean,cumulative)", if X<0
Select correct option: then it returns to
Select correct option:
-1 to 0
-1 to 1 TRUE
0 to 1 FALSE
None of these #VALUE!
#NUM!
The number of false fire alarms
in a suburb of London on averages 4 per If the regression equation is
day. Assuming that a Poisson equal to 23.6 - 54.2X, then 23.6 is the
distribution is appropriate, the _________ while -54.2 is the ________
probability that 3 false alarms will occur of the regression line
on a given day is given by Select correct option:
Select correct option:
slope, intercept
P(X=3 ) = (4^3e^-3)/4! intercept, slope
P(X=3 ) =1- (4^3e^-3)/3! slope, regression coefficient
P(X=3 ) = (4^3e^-4)/3 radius, intercept
P(X=3 ) =1- (4^3e^-4)/4!
Which of the following formula
Exponential Smooth constant/ is correct?
proportion of error Select correct option:
Select correct option:
=BINOMDIST( 7, 4, 0.5,
Is positive always FALSE )
Negative =BINOMDIST( -4, 7, 1.5,
between 0and 1 Lies FALSE )
None of these =BINOMDIST( 4, -7, 1.5,
FALSE )
A scatter diagram: =BINOMDIST( 4, 7, 0.5,
Select correct option: FALSE )

## a) Is a graphic tool designed to The moving averages represent

portray the relationship between ------------------
variable. Select correct option:
b) Uses interval or ratio scale
data. Time series variations
c) Does not allow negative Co-efficient of variations
values. Statistical Dispersion
d) Both a and b are correct Absolute deviation

## If A={1,2,3,4},B={2,4,6} then For mutually exclusive events A

OR rule can be used to calculate P(A or and B
B) Select correct option:
Select correct option:
Probability of A intersection B > 0
True Probability of A intersection B < 0
False Probability of A intersection B = 0
None of these
What is not a characteristic of
poisson distribution. regression equation Y on X, if
Select correct option: slope is zero then regression equation is
a straight line parallel to
Either/or situation. Select correct option:
6

## X-axis 4 qtr moving average.

Y=X values.
None of above 4 qtr. Moving total.
3 qtr. moving average.
In binomial distribution, the
experiment is repeated for If xm=4, ym=80, s(x)=sqrt2,
Select correct option: s(y)=2sqrt10 and r=0.8, then the
regression is given by
Variable number of times Select correct option:
Fixed number of times
Many number of times y = 6x + 46
None of these y = 16x - 64
y = 48x + 46
Faulty apple toffees in a production line y = 8x + 48
average out at 6 per box.The
management is willing to replace one The graph of time series is called
box in a hundred.What is the number of Select correct option:
faulty toffees that this probabilty
corresponds to? Straight line
Select correct option: Smooth Curve
Parabola
20 Histogram
18
13 The moving averages of the
None of these Prices 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 are
Select correct option:
Is In the regression line
Select correct option: 30, 40, 50
35, 45, 55
The point (Xbar , Yabr) lies on 20, 40, 60
the regression line 40, 40, 40
The point (Xbar , Yabr) doesn’t
lies on the regression line The ratio of the standard deviation of a
The point (Xbar,Yabr) lies on distribution to the mean of that
origion always distribution is referred to as
None of these None of these Select correct option:
None of these
a probability distribution
When a straight line is fitted to the expected return
time series data, it is called Coefficient of variation
Select correct option: the standard deviation

## Linear equation The estimated regression line of Y on X

Linear regression is
Linear trend Select correct option:
Non-Linear equation
Y` = a + bX
The slope of the regression line X` = a + bY
may be Y` = a - bX
Select correct option: iv. None of above

## Positive The value that occurs most frequently in

Negative the data is called…..
Zero Select correct option:
All of these
Median
In given Qrtly, data the first step Mode
in computing seasonal index is Mean
calculating: Range
Select correct option:
7

## In the arrangement of numbers,by More dispersion in the lengths of service

following stem and leaf format a number compared with income
say ‘27’ is located by taking
Select correct option: Dispersion in the two distributions
(income and service) cannot be
2 as its leaf and 7 as its stem compared using percents
2 as its stem and 7 as its leaf
27 as its stem with nil leaf Dispersions are equal
Nil as its stem 27 as a leaf
Which method of trend analysis is useful
If the estimating equation is Y = a – b X, for data not having a pronounced trend
which of the following is true or seasonality?
Select correct option: Select correct option:

## The y intercept is b Multiplicative model

Slope of line is positive Decomposition model
There is inverse relationship Exponential smoothing method
all of these Trend analysis

## Last year a small statistical consulting The sign of regression coefficient is

company paid each of its five statistical associated with
clerks \$22,000, two statistical analysts Select correct option:
\$50,000 each, and the senior
statistician/owner \$270,000. The number variance of x
of employees earning less than the mean variance of y
salary is: co-variance of x and y
Select correct option: none of these

## 4 The degree of steepness of a straight line

5 is called
6 Select correct option:
7
orientation
A data in which we study about income intercept
is called …… slope
Select correct option: skewness

## Qualitative The minimum value of the correlation

Quantitative coefficient r can be
Geographical Select correct option:
Chronological
-infinity
Standard deviation can be calculated by 0
taking deviation from any measure of -1
central tendency 1

## Select correct option: Which of the following is the measure of

central tendency?
True Select correct option:
False
Arithmetic Mean
The coefficient of variation for a set of Standard deviation
annual incomes is 18%; the coefficient Variance analysis
of variation for the length of service with None of these
the company is 29%. What does this
indicate? In EXCEL use the …………….function
Select correct option: to calculate correlation
Select correct option:
More dispersion in the distribution of
the incomes compared with the COREL
dispersion of their length of service CORREL
CORRELE
8

CORRELATION an increase of 1 in X
The equation crosses the Y-axis at 3.
Which of the following is true? If X = 5, then Y =15.
Select correct option: X and Y are inversely proportional

## Arithmetic Mean is based on all and When there is no linear correlation

Mode is on the middle values. between two variables, what will the
Median based on most frequent value value of r be?
and mode on middle value. Select correct option:
Arithmetic Mean is based on all and
median on the middle value. -1
None of these. +1
0
Ogives are determines …………… at a very small negative number
different values
Select correct option: In case of variance, for the sample, the
sum of squares of the deviations is
Frequency divided by
Frequency distribution Select correct option:
The cumulative Frequency
None of these One less the number of values in the
population i-e (N-1)
The median of the numbers 2, 4, 7, 12 is Exactly the number of values in the
population i-e N
Select correct option: One more the number of values in the
population i-e (N+1)
4 Two more the number of values in the
5.5 population i-e (N+2)
7
There is no median for this data A relationship between variables that
can be represented by a straight line
Under what conditions the Winsorized equation is
Mean is less than the Arithmetic Mean. Select correct option:
Select correct option:
Non linear regression model
If values below Q1 are less than Q1 and Non linear equation
values above Q3 are less than Q3. Simple linear regression model
If values below Q1 are greater than Population regression model
Q1 and values above Q3 are greater
than Q3. In more dispersed ( spread out) set of
If values below Q1 are less than Q1 and data
values above Q3 are greater than Q3. Select correct option:
If values below Q1 are greater than Q1
and values above Q3 are less than Q3. Difference between mean and the
median is greater
value of the mode is greater
The intercept of a line passing through inter-quartile range is smaller
origin is standard deviation is greater
Select correct option:
The median of the numbers 2, 4, 7, 12 is
finite
positive Select correct option:
zero
does not exists 4
5.5
Suppose we developed the following 7
least squares regression equation: Y = There is no median for this data
3.5 + 2.1X. Which of the following
statements is correct? ………use the division of a circle into
Select correct option: different sectors. Select correct option:

9

## Sector graphs 63.33, 70

Frequency Polygon 73.33, 80
Conversion Graphs 45.45, 68
65.50, 75
If Mean of X = 20.143 , Mean of Y = 6 ,
and Slope = 0.181176 Then intercept of Let, Variation (Y) = n*Sum(y^2) –
the data is Select correct option: [Sum(y)]^2 Variation (X) = n*Sum(x^2)
– [Sum(x)]^2 Then, the following
4.51 formula of slope b = {Sum(X*Y) –
3.45 [ Sum(x)*Sum(y)] }/ Variation (Y)
2.35 Select correct option:
3.58
a)for the regression line Y on X
The measurement of measure of degree
of to which any two variables vary b)for the regression line X on Y
together is called Select correct option:
c)Both (a) and (b)
a)Regression Coefficient
d)None of these
b)Correlation
A simple linear regression model is an
c)Both (a) and (b) equation that describes the straight-line
relationship between a dependent
d)None of these variable and an independent variable.
Select correct option:
Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is a test
for equality of: Select correct option: True

variances False
means
if the equation of regression line is y = 5,
proportions then what result will you take out from
it?
only two parameters Select correct option:

For some data you are given Maximum The line passes through origin.
value = 96 , Minimum Value = 23 , The line passes through (5, 0)
Range = 73, number of classes selected The line is parallel to y-axis.
between 5 and 15 Then class width will The line is parallel to x-axis.
be Select correct option:
Which of the following reveals the
15 weakest fact.
Select correct option:
8
a) The measure of central
5 tendency measures that value which
depends only on the extreme values
All options 1,2 ,3 are possible b) The measure of central
If strength of the association between X tendency measures that value in tha data
and Y is very weak, then r = ? Select which occurs in the data most frequent
correct option: times.
c) The measure of central
r=-1 tendency measures the value which
has tendency to lie in the central part
r=0 of the data.
The measure of central tendency
r=1 measures the distance of values from
r=2 means

## The moving averages of the Prices Frequency polygon is …………

90,70,30,110 are Select correct option: Select correct option:
10

## Bar Charts The degree to which numerical data tend

Pareto Chats Select correct option:
None of these The dispersion
Standard deviation
A bar graph uses ……to show data. Correlation
Select correct option: None of these

## Points …………..graphs are similar to bar

Bars graphs.
Lines Select correct option:
Pictures column
line
conversion
Geographical data deals with… sector
Select correct option:
A pattern of variation of a time series
Religion that repeats every year is called:
Height Select correct option:
Income Cyclical
Regions Seasonal
Trend
If the regression line: Y= 3+5X meets Secular
y-axis at ‘8’ units distance from origin
then the value of x-intercept is If the values of variables are increasing
Select correct option: or decreasing in the same direction then
such kind of correlation is referred as
-(3/5) Select correct option:
3/5 Zero Correlation
11/5 Perfect Correlation
1 Positive Correlation
Negative Correlation
A data in which we study about Regions
is called …… The moving averages of the Prices
Select correct option: 55,60,65,70 are
Select correct option:
Qualitative 70, 75
Quantitative 60, 65
Geographical 65,65
Chronological 70,60

## The regression equation should only The best measure of variation is

used Select correct option:
Select correct option: Range
When there is significant linear Quartile deviation
correlation Variance
When there is significant Coefficient of variance
mluticorrelation
When there is significant quadratic In the scatter diagram, clustering of
correlation points around a straight line indicates
When there is significant simple Select correct option:
correlation linear regression
non-linear regression
In the central tendency Mean, Median curvilinear regression
and Mode none of these
Select correct option:
Mean is better than Median Ms. Christian calculated a correlation
Median is better than Mode coefficient of .75. Which of the
Mean is better than Mode following reflects the best interpretation
All of these are true of this?
Select correct option:
Weak negative.
11

## Strong negative. _ measures of shape

Weak positive. _ measures of association
Strong positive.
If the value of r is zero then the graph of
Q1-if the equation of regression line is y the data points shows
= 5, then what result will you take out evenly skewness
from it? _ positively scattered
Select correct option: _ no associations
The line passes through origin. _ negative associations
The line passes through (5, 0)*doubt
The line is parallel to y-axis. The minimum number of points required
The line is parallel to x-axis. to calculate the intercept of a straight
line is/are
Sum of three terms whose mean is equal _ one
to 90 is _ two
Select correct option: _ three
270 _ one or theree
30
Also 90 Coefficient of variation shows dispersion
None of these of the
If the median of an arrangement of _ standard deviation about mode.
numbers is equal to the mean of its _ variance about mean.
middle terms then the arrangement _ variance about mode
contains
Select correct option: A regression equation was computed to
Odd number of terms be Y = 35 + 6X,the value of 35 indicates
Even number of terms that
Unlimited number of terms An increase in one unit of X will result
Prime number in an decrease of 35 in Y
If the estimating equation is Y = a – b X, The coefficient of correlation is 35
which of the following is true _ The coefficient of determination is 35
_ The y intercept is b The regression line crosses the Y-axis at
_ Slope of line is positive 35
_ There is inverse relationship
_ There is direct relationship For what purpose is the method of least
squares used on time-series data?
An arrangement of data by successive _ It is used for eliminating irregular
time periods is called a movements
___Exponential Smoothing _ It is used for obtaining the trend
___Time Series equation.
___Combination _ It is used for deseasonalizing the data.
___Permutation _ It is used for exponentially smoothing
a series.
What variation does moving average
method eliminate? Which one of the following statements is
___Seasonal not true?
___Cyclical _ Correlation shows a degree of
___Irregular association between two variables.
Secular trend _ You can make any predictions with
results of correlation.
Frequency of occurrence is used in _ Correlation helps proceed further with
finding the regression analysis.
__weighted mean _ You can make Predictions on the base
___median of regression equations.
___mode
___variance If high or low numbers have a
significant effect on a list of numbers,
Which of the following describe the the
middle part of a group of numbers? may
Measures of central tendency be better than the mean.
_ measures of variability _ mode
12

## _ median If an event A is a proper subset of an

_ range event B then Probability of the event
_ quartile Select correct option:

If many data points are close to the B is less than the event A
mean, then the standard deviation is A is equals the event B
_0 A is less than the event B
_ Small None of these
_ Large
_ Middle value An arrangement of all or some of a set of
objects in a definite order is called
In a linear regression of y on x, y = a + Select correct option:
bx,
_ the variance of x is constant for all Combination
values of y Permutation
_ a fitted straight line goes through (0, 0)
_ Both variables have the same variance In scatter diagram the dependent
_ x is the explanatory variable variable is plotted on the
Select correct option:
A ___________ graph gives a visual
picture of how some whole x-axis
quantity is being divided. y-axis
bar Equation of line having slope 0 and
line passing through the point A (0, 1) is
circle Select correct option:
histogram
Y =1
Which type of graph is the most useful Y-1= X
for illustrating how data X=1
are divided? X-1= 2(Y+1)
bar graph Probability of occurrence of an event
line graph A = -------- (Where X=Number of
circle graph outcomes favorable to event A and
pictorial graph n=total number of outcomes)
Select correct option:
Which type of graph is best used to
present a progression in nX
historical data? n/X
bar graph X/n
line graph None of these
circle graph If the mean & standard deviation on
pictorial graph an examination are ‘74’ & ‘12’
A pair of dice is thrown, the probability then the scores (z) in standard units of
of getting a total of 5 or 11 is students receiving are
Select correct option: Select correct option:

1/5 0.8378
1/7 -0.8378
1/6 1
1/8 0
In negative binomial distribution, the What is the probability that a value
probability of success, p chosen at random from a particular
Select correct option: population is larger than the median
of the population?
Remains the same on every trial Select correct option:
Remains constant for different
outcomes 0.25
Change on every trial 0.50
None of these 1.0
0.67
13

## If the value of any regression

coefficient is zero, then two variables
are
Select correct option:

dependent
independent
correlated
none of these
In a simple linear regression analysis,
the correlation coefficient (r) and the
slope (b1) have the same sign.
Select correct option:

Always
Sometimes
Never
Most of the times
Significant birth defects occur at a
rate of about 4 per 1000 births in
human populations. Which type of
distribution can better deal with the
above mentioned case?
Select correct option:

Binomial Distribution.
Normal Distribution.
Poisson Distribution.
None of the above.