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Reabsorption of water by the

large intestine
The large intestine in man consists of the
colon and rectum
Diameter about 6 - 7 cm
Length about 2 meter

Rectum
Anus

Large intestine Colon: Formation of faeces Rectum: undigested food formed into faeces and stores the faeces temporarily Anus: a small opening through which faeces pass out of the body .

dead cells and others. the watery mixture changes into solid waste that contain undigested food such as fibre.Wiping cloth The large intestine reabsorbs large amounts of watery mixture through its walls. As water is reabsorbed. bacteria. .

a muscular opening at the end of rectum Defecation is the process in which faeces is expelled from the body through the rectum due to contractions of muscles in rectal wall. .Defecation The solid waste are compressed in rectum and leave the body through the anus as faeces. Anus.

Defecation .

What is constipation and diarrhoea .

and the faeces are dry and hard. The person suffers from constipation can only defecate at long intervals.Constipation ( sembelit ) The absorption of water increases when the body’s need for water increase. Wiping cloth . Fibre helps the intestinal functions by keeping the faeces relatively moist due to its water holding capacity.

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As a result the large intestine is unable to absorb any water Diarrhoea may happen if the intestine is irritated by bacterial or viral infections (food poisoning).Diarrhoea ( cirit-birit ) Diarrhoea occurs when faeces pass through the large intestine quickly. It results in loss of water and minerals from the body. .

How to prevent constipation and diarrhoea? .

Food contaminated with bacteria can cause diarrhoea and food poising.constipation can be avoided by eating food rich in fibre. drinking plenty of water and exercising regularly. we should eat clean health food. .

Why we should also chew the food well before swallowing it .