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# Biology 10

## Observing Osmosis in Gummy Bear Candies experiment

February 10 , 2015
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Group 3 Members:
1.Yuki

Nuntajurapo

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2. Kam

Pitiporn

Prachayamongkol

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3. Yok
4. Pew

Piyamon Piyabootr
Wittida

Chantawichayasuit

5761107
5761179

Gummy Bears are both chewy and yummy at the same time. So, that is why they
are everyones favorite candies. However, Have you ever wonder what will
happen when we use them in the osmosis experiment. In biology class, we did
an osmosis experiment on observing the gummy bears in distilled water and salt
water. We did experiment to see how distilled water and salt water affected size,
shape, volume, and mass of the gummy bear candies. So lets see what

happened to the gummy bears after soaking them in distilled water and salt
water.
Purpose: To demonstrate how osmosis and tonicity solution occurs by
observing the gummy bear candies.
Hypothesis:
If we soaking the gummy bear candies in distilled water, then it will
increase in size, volume, and mass.
If we soaking the gummy bear candies in concentrated salt water, them it
will reduce in size, volume, and mass.
Materials:
2 Beakers
Electronic Balance
Ruler
Distilled water
Concentrated salt water
2 Gummy Bears
Calculator
Weighing paper
Gloves
Lab Coat
Goggles

Procedure:
Day 1:
1. Collect materials for your group
2. Use your ruler to find the height, length, and width of each gummy bear
3. Calculate the volume of your gummy bear (LxWxH)
4. Use the electronic balance to find the mass of your gummy bear.
Remember to lay down a piece of weighing paper and set to zero.
bears prior to the experiment.
6. Fill your beaker half way with distilled water. Put one of your gummy
bears into the beaker. Set the beaker aside for one day.
7. Fill your 2nd beaker with concentrated salt solution half way. Put your
2nd gummy bear into that beaker. Set beaker aside for one day.

Day 2:
1. Collect groups beakers with gummy bears.
2. Carefully remove the gummy bears from the beakers.
3. Repeat steps 2-5 from Day 1
4. Calculate the percent change in the size of each gummy bear.
o - Percent change in height (Height after- Height before/ Height
before x 100% = ?)
- Percent change in width
o - Percent change in length

## o - Percent change in volume

o - Percent change in mass
o

Gummy
Bear 1
(Yellow)

Gummy
Bear 2
(Orange)

Dimensions

Initial:
before
soaking

Final: after
soaking in
distilled water

Initial:
before
soaking

Final: after
soaking in salt
water

Length (cm.)

2 cm.

2 cm.

2 cm.

1.8 cm.

Width (cm.)

1 cm.

1 cm.

1 cm.

1 cm.

Height (cm.)

1.1 cm.

1.2 cm.

1.2 cm.

1 cm.

Volume
(LxWxH)
(cm3)

2.2 cm3

2.4 cm3

2.2 cm3

1.8 cm3

## Data Table B: Gummy Bears Descriptions

Gummy Bear 1

Gummy Bear 2

Color: Yellow
Descriptive observations before soaking in
distilled water.
Gummy Bear 1 has a normal gummy bear
size. We can see through the gummy bear a
bit but not very clear

Color: Orange
Descriptive observations before
soaking in salt water.
Gummy Bear 2 has a normal
gummy bear size. We can see
through the gummy bear a bit
but not very clear.

## Descriptive observations after

distilled water.
The gummy bear shape has been changed.
The surface of the gummy bear is sticky
because the sugar in the gummy bear
dissolved in the distilled water. The gummy
bear is also bigger and softer.

## soaking in salt water.

The gummy bears edges
changed from orange to white
but the rest of the gummy bear
is still orange. It is also shrink
and harder.

Gummy Bear
1 (Orange)

Gummy
Bear 2
(Yellow)

Mass in
grams

Initial: before
soaking

Final: after
soaking in
distilled water

Initial:
before
soaking

Final: after
soaking in salt
water

Gummy
Bear Mass
(g.)

2.30 g.

2.60 g.

2.31 g.

2.05 g.

Gummy Bears

## Gummy Bear 2 (Yellow)

% Change in Height

0.0009090909%

-0.00166667%

% Change in Width

0%

0%

% Change in Length

0%

-0.001%

% Change in Volume

0.00090909%

-0.00181818%

Results:
Analyzing Results:

1.What happened to the gummy bear after being soaked in distilled water
of membrane transport.
ANS: The gummy bear shape had been changed to be bigger , softer and
the surface of the gummy bear was sticky. Because the distilled water
concentration is less than the gummy bear concentration so the water came into
the gummy bear then make the size of the gummy bear expand. This is called
Hypotonic solution.
2.What happened to the gummy bear after being soaked in salt water
membrane transport.
ANS: The gummy bears edges changed from orange to white but the rest
of the gummy bear is still orange. It is also shrink and harder. Osmosis will cause
of water to leave gummy bear because salt water have more concentration than
the gummy bear and then make the gummy bear shrinked, this is called
Hypertonic.
3.Define the terms diffusion, passive transport, active transport and
osmosis. In each of your definitions, describe the role of a concentration gradient.
ANS: 1.Diffusion is the substance move from high concentration to low
concentration. 2.Passive transport is the movement of chemical substances
move across a cell membrane by no using energy. 3.Active transport is the
movement of molecules across a cell membrane by requring energy. 4.Osmosis
is net movement of water is toward low water(high solute) concentration for

## equalizing the concentration on each side of membrane. 5.The role of a

concentration gradient is the region of higher concentration to the region of lower
concentration.
4.Biological membrane are said to be selectively permeable(or
semipermeable). What does this term mean, and how does this affect the way
that molecules are able to move through cellular membrane?
ANS: This term gives the way to ions or molecules to pass through it by
means of active or passive transport. Some molecules can pass through but they
need help from proteins.
5.Which type of molecule is more likely to quickly pass through a cellular
membrane via simple diffusion, polar or non-polar?Why?
ANS: Non-Polar because the membrane compose of the phospholipid
bilayer that has phospholipid and it is small and can pass easily through
membrane but other cannot pass through such as proteins or sugars, they are
the big molecule that hard to pass throughq but if they need to pass they must
break down molecules.

Conclusion:
From the experiment we was not successful because the gummy bear
candies which soaked in the concentrated salt water was disappeared because
the percentage of sugar in gummy bear was higher than gelatin so they
disappeared when we soaked them into the concentrated salt water. Also in the

distilled water the concentration inside the gummy bear was too much so the
sugar was coming out and replaced with water. For the next experiment if we
could try it again we will use the gummy bear which made of the higher
percentage of gelatin so it won't disappear when we soak it in water.