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PRE-U TEXT STPM INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

ISBN: 978 983 3879 83 0

PRE-U TEXT
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Chapter 4 – Group 14 elements: C, Si, Ge, Sn, Pb
Practice 4.1 Physical and chemical properties of Group 14 elements
Reinforce your understanding and knowledge of the variation of physical and chemical
properties of Group 14 elements by elaborating the key words given below:
STPM
Reference

: 1998, P1/Q29, 1999, P1/Q22, Q23;, 2000, P1/Q22, Q23, P2/Q2(a);
2001, P1/Q21, Q23; 2002, P/Q22, P2/Q8(b)(ii), 2003, P2/Q3(a);
2004, P1/Q47; 2005, P1/Q21, Q43
: Pages 57 to 60

Guide

The Group 14 elements

The electronic configuration of the valence electrons for all elements

Physical properties of the Group 14 elements
 The variation of atomic radius when going down Group 14
o Nuclear charge
o Screening effect
o Effective nuclear charge
 The variation of first ionisation energy when going down Group 14
o Atomic size
o Effective nuclear charge
 The variation of electrical conductivity when going down Group 14
o From giant covalent structure to giant metallic structure
 The variation of melting point when going down Group 2
o Strength of forces holding particles in the solid state
o The arrangement of particles in the solid state
o Lattice structure

General chemical properties of Group 14 elements
 Oxidation states of +2 and +4
 Relative stability of the +2 and +4 oxidation state
 Formation of complex ions

© Pearson Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. 2007

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silicon and carbon ► Silicon(IV) oxide or silica  Structure of silica  Chemical properties of silicon(IV) oxide  Uses of silica.PRE-U TEXT STPM INORGANIC CHEMISTRY ► Tetrachlorides of Group 14  General properties  Physical properties of the tetrachlorides  Thermal stability of the tetrachlorides  Hydrolysis of tetrachlorides ► Oxides of Group 14: Monoxides  The thermal stability of the monoxides  The acid/base nature of monoxides ► Oxides of Group 14: Dioxides  The thermal stability of the dioxides  The acid/base nature of dioxides ► Catenation ► The allotropes of carbon ► The uses of tin.ions  Silicates with one shared oxygen atom  Silicates with two shared oxygen atoms  Silicates with three shared oxygen ► Aluminosilicates © Pearson Malaysia Sdn. 2007 ISBN: 978 983 3879 83 0 2 . silicon(IV) oxide ► Glass  Soda-lime glass  Potash glass  Flint/ lead glass  Borosilicate glass (pyrex)  Aluminosilicate glass ► Silicates  Silicates with discrete SiO42. Bhd.