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PRE-U TEXT STPM INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

ISBN: 978 983 3879 83 0

PRE-U TEXT
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Chapter 5 – Nitrogen
Practice 5.1 Nitrogen and its compounds
Reinforce your understanding and knowledge of the physical and chemical properties of
nitrogen and its compounds, by elaborating the key words given below:
STPM
Reference

: 1999, P1/Q24, 24, 26,P2/Q6(b)(i), (ii); 2000, P1/Q25, Q53; 2001, P1/Q24;
2002, P1/Q23;2003, P1/Q25, P2/Q7(a), (b), Q8(b)(i), 2004, P1/Q22
: Pages 307 to 316

Guide

General properties
 Proton number
 Electronegativity
 Solubility in water

Extraction of nitrogen from air

Preparation of nitrogen in the laboratory

Chemical properties of nitrogen
 Reactivity
 Formation of compounds

Ammonia
 The Haber process
 Laboratory preparation of ammonia
 Physical properties of ammonia
 Chemical properties of ammonia
o As a weak base
o As ligands in complex formation
o As a reducing agent
o Combustion of ammonia
o Heating of ammonium salts
 Uses of ammonia

© Pearson Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. 2007

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Bhd. 2007 ISBN: 978 983 3879 83 0 2 .PRE-U TEXT STPM INORGANIC CHEMISTRY ► Oxides of nitrogen  Nitrogen monoxide  Nitrogen dioxide and dinitrogen tetraoxide ► Nitric(V) acid  Industrial preparation – The Ostwald Process  Physical properties of nitric(V) acid  Chemical properties of nitric(V) acid o As a strong acid o As an oxidising agent  Uses of nitric acid ► Heating of solid nitrate(V) ► Atmospheric pollution ► Catalytic converter © Pearson Malaysia Sdn.