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PRE-U TEXT STPM INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

ISBN: 978 983 3879 83 0

PRE-U TEXT
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Chapter 7 – An introduction to the chemistry of
d-block elements
Practice 21.1 General properties of the d-block elements
Reinforce your understanding and knowledge of the physical and chemical properties of
the d-block elements, by elaborating the key words given below:
STPM
P1/Q26,
Reference

: 1999, P1/,Q25, Q29, Q30, P2/Q1(b)(i), (ii); 2000, P1/Q26, Q28; 2001, P1/Q2(a), (b)
Q26, Q27, P2/Q2(c); 2002, P1/Q47; 2003, P1/Q46; 2004, P1/Q46; 2005,
Q46, P2/Q7(b)
: Pages 126 to 156

Guide

The d-block elements
 Electronic configuration

Transition elements

General properties of the transition elements
 Atomic radius
 Melting point and boiling point
 Density
 Oxidation state
 Formation of complex
 Distinctive physical properties of ions
 Catalytic properties

Variable oxidation states
 Relative stability of the +2 and +3 oxidation state
 Higher oxidation states of transition elements

Complex ions formation

Classification of ligands

© Pearson Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. 2007

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(x-x) represents bidantate ligands  Optical isomerism o Complexes of M(x-x)3b2 o Complexes of M(x-x)3 o EDTA Complexes [Ni(EDTA)]4 Structural isomerism ► Uses of chromium.Ma2b2 o Octahedral complexes . manganese and titanium ► Paramagnetism  Paramagnetic  Ferromagnetic  Diamagnetic © Pearson Malaysia Sdn.PRE-U TEXT STPM INORGANIC CHEMISTRY    ISBN: 978 983 3879 83 0 Monodentate ligand Bidentate ligand Hexadentate ligand ► Nomenclature of complex ions ► The geometry of complex ions  Coordination number  Linear  Tetrahedral  Square planar ► Stability of complexes  Stability constant/ formation constant ► Colour of complexes  Factors determining the colours of the complexes ► Catalytic properties  Homogenous catalysis  Heterogenous catalysis ► Isomerism in complexes  Geometrical isomerism o Square planar complexes . cobalt. Bhd.M(x-x)4b2 .Ma4b2 and Ma3b3 o Octahedral complexes . 2007 2 .