# SOL 3.

10

March 2nd, 2015

Math Newsletter: Exploring Perimeter & Area
of Polygons in Miss Mercadante’s Classroom
Here is some information to familiarize you with Perimeter and Area
Concepts the students are learning in class!
Key Terms
Polygon - A closed geometric figure with at least three straight-line
segments that do not cross.

Perimeter – Measures the distance (length) around a polygon
Measured in (centimeters, meters, inches, feet).
Area – The number of iterations of two-dimensional units needed to
cover a surface. Measured in (centimeters squared, meters squared,
inches squared, feet squared).

March 2nd, 2015

SOL 3.10

Additive Area - Finding areas of straight-lined figures by
decomposing them into non-overlapping figures and adding the
areas of the non-overlapping parts.

Example
Yellow Square: A=4
Green Rectangle: A=20
Blue Rectangle: A=6
Total Area= 30
Key Understanding: Shapes with the same area can sometimes have
different perimeters. (A=Area, P=Perimeter)

Figure 5a: A=6,
P=14
Figure 5b: A=6,
P=10
Figure 5c: A=6,
P=12

Strategies for finding the

Strategies for finding the Area

March 2nd, 2015

SOL 3.10

Perimeter
 Count the square tiles that
fill up the area of the
figure.

 Measure the distance
around the figure by using
and counting square tiles.

 Multiply to find the area of
a figure using an area
model.

 Measure the distance
around the figure using a
ruler or tape measurer.
Add up all of the sides.

Why is Perimeter and Area
Important?

Perimeter and Area are important
concepts to learn because they are
frequently used in everyday life and
many jobs use perimeter and area
(Ex. Architect)
Example: If you were putting up a
fence to fence in some rabbits in
your backyard, then you would need
to know how long the fencing needs

While at home, encourage your child
to work with perimeter and area by
that can relate to the concept.
Examples:
o Finding the perimeter of a
garden bed.
o Measuring the area of a picture
to find out what size picture
frame to put it in.

March 2nd, 2015

SOL 3.10
to be. If you do not find the
perimeter, then you would purchase
too much or too little material.
Finding the perimeter will reduce the
cost of fencing by not getting too
much of the material. The same
goes for area. If you needed to find
out how much carpet to buy at the
store, then it is beneficial to find out
the area of the floor in the room.

A good hint for helping your children
remember the concept of perimeter
is that the word rim is in perimeter.

Math Connections

This Perimeter and Area Unit connects Addition (Finding Perimeter),
Multiplication (Finding Area), Geometry (Polygons) and Measurement
(Measuring lengths and area).

Did You Know?

Mathematical connections are important for students to understand
because math ideas interconnect and build on one another to produce a
coherent whole!
When students use the relationships in and among mathematical content
and processes, they advance their knowledge of mathematics and extend
their ability to apply concepts and skills more effectively.

By the end of this unit students
should:

and Area, along with games,
activities, and worksheets
relating to our unit. Also, feel
free to contact me with any
questions on the “contact” page
of the website!

Be able to measure each side of a
variety of polygons and add the
measures of the sides to
determine the perimeter of each
polygon.
Be able to estimate and then
count the number of square units
needed to cover the surface to
determine the area of a given
surface.
Be able to solve real life problems
that involve area and perimeter.
Be able to relate area to
operations of multiplication and