You are on page 1of 16

BUILDING

BACKGROUND
KNOWLEDGE:
Sustained Silent Reading

ESSENTIAL
CHARACTERISTICS

1: CONTINUOUS OVER
MANY YEARS
=
MORE THAN ONE YEAR
From Building Background Knowledge (Marzano, 2004).

THE RESEARCH
Student A: 50th
Percentile/ Without
SSR Program

Student B: 50th
Percentile / With SSR
Program

STAYS AT THE

MOVES TO THE

50 PERCENTILE!
th

81st
PERCENTILE!

“GAINS FADE
WHEN PROGRAMS
CEASE”
From Building Background Knowledge (Marzano, 2004).

2: CONFORM TO
EIGHT FACTORS

FACTOR 1: ACCESS
“Ease with which students
acquire reading material”
 Provided directly to the students instead of

bringing it from home
 Essential Question: How can you do this?
(p.8, Pilgreen, 2000, ctd. In Marzano, 2004)

FACTOR 2: APPEAL
“Students are free and encouraged to
read information that they find highly
interesting…and CAN read”
 Essential Question: How are we ensuring this?

(p.9, Pilgreen, 2000, ctd. In Marzano, 2004)

FACTOR 3: CONDUCIVE
ENVIRONMENT
“Atmosphere provided for reading…. is relaxed
and comfortable”
 “…must be protected from noise and
interruptions”
Essential Question: How are we ensuring this?
(p.10, Pilgreen, 2000, ctd. In Marzano, 2004)

FACTOR 4:
ENCOURAGEMENT
“providing students with positive feedback regarding
their topic selection and involvement in the reading
process”
 Three steps
 1: Teacher demonstrates interest in what students are reading (question/extend)
 2: Teacher is excited about own personal reading
 3: Teacher allows students to share what they have read with their peers

Essential Question: How can we do this?
(Pilgreen, 2000, ctd. In Marzano, 2004)

FACTOR 5: STAFF TRAINING
“Providing information and training that
engages all staff members”
 Everyone understands purpose
 Everyone supports it

How are we ensuring this?

(Pilgreen, 2000, ctd. In Marzano, 2004)

FACTOR 6:
NONACCOUNTABILITY
They (students should feel no obligation
associated with it”

 Not tests, but….?

How can we do this? See Factor 7
(p.15, Pilgreen, 2000, ctd. In Marzano, 2004)

FACTOR 7: FOLLOW-UP
ACTIVITIES
“allow and encourage students to interact
about the information they have read”
 Recommended, not required activities
 Purpose: to better understand and interact with info.,

not test their knowledge or track performance
How can we ensure this?
( Pilgreen, 2000, ctd. In Marzano, 2004)

FACTOR 8: DISTRIBUTED
TIME TO READ
“systematically and frequently providing
students SSR”
 At least 2 times per week (20-30 minutes)
 More than ½ of the Successful Programs: daily

How can we plan this?
(p.8, Pilgreen, 2000, ctd. In Marzano, 2004)

THE OBSTACLES
1: Fighting Over Books
Books Stolen
Can’t Read
Won’t Read-Bored,

Stubborn, Focus Issue,
Authority Issue
Time

 Solutions/Ideas
 Take Turns
 More Money
 Books in Box in Classroom

(Teacher checks in)
 System that accounts for

responsibility
 Audiobooks, Visual-Based Material
 Can you hear me? Have Ms.

Criswell call my cell phone

THE 5 STEPS
 Students Identify Topics that Interest Them
 Students Identify Reading Material
 Students Are Provided Uninterrupted Time to Read
 Students Write About or Represent the Information in Their Notebooks
 Students Interact with the Information

 hasolszewski@gmail.com