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Name: __________________

Middle East Unit Test

Part I (18 points): Identify the following countries and bodies of water on the map:

Countries

Bodies of Water
1. ________________________

__

A. _________________________
_

2. ________________________
__

B. _________________________
_

3. ________________________
__

C. _________________________
_

4. ________________________
__

D. _________________________
_

5. ________________________
__

E. _________________________
_

6. ________________________

Countries: Saudi Arabia, Iran, Israel/Palestine,

__
7. ________________________
__

Egypt, Iraq,Syria, Afghanistan, Pakistan,
Turkey, Libya, Tunisia, Jordan, Lebanon

8. ________________________

__

Bodies of water: Suez Canal, Persian Gulf,
9. ________________________

__

Red Sea, Arabian Sea, Mediterranean Sea

10. ________________________
__
11. ________________________
__
12. ________________________
__
13. ________________________
__
Part II (9 points): Matching
Match the term with the correct definition
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

_____ Temple/Synagogue
_____ Mosque
_____ Church
_____ Torah
_____ Bible
_____ Qur’an
_____ Passover

8. _____ Easter
9. _____ Ramadan

A. Muslim place of worship
B. Christian Holy Book
C. Jewish place of worship
D. Christian place of worship
E. Muslim Holy Book
F. Jewish Holy Book
G. Christian celebration of Jesus’
rising from the dead
H. Islamic month of fasting, study,
and self-discipline
I. Jewish celebration of freedom
from slavery in Egypt, the 10
Commandments, and the Jewish
Exodus

Part III (8 points): Short Answer
Name one similarity between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam:
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
Name a unique belief from each religion that is not shared by others:
Judaism:___________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________
Christianity:_________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
Islam:______________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________

Part IV (10 points): Fill in the blank
Fill in the ethnic group and at least one country (2 or more for bonus points) where they live:
Ethnic Group

Country(s)

P
A
T
I
Others: K

Part V (10 Points): Matching
Match the year with the events:
1. _____ 1948

A. Huge Palestinian uprising, known as the
1st Intifada, began in Gaza and spread
through the West bank; used civil
disobedience and stone throwing, Israeli
soldiers respond.

2. _____ 1967
B. Israel is created, the day after neighbors
declare war; ceasefire borders established.
Egypt kept Gaza Strip, Jordan got East
Jerusalem and West Bank.
3. _____ 1987

C. After threats from its neighbors Israel
launches a preemptive attack on Egypt; in
Six-Day War Israel gained lots of territory,
which is declared illegal by the UN.
4. _____ 2002
D. Terrorist group Hamas’ political branch
wins elections in Gaza; Israel goes to war in
Lebanon with Hezbollah terrorist group.
5. _____ 2006
E. Israel reoccupies the West Bank after
increased violence; begins building the wall,
which has continued despite criticism.
Part VI (15 points): Short Answer
In your opinion, what are the 3 most important years in the Israeli/Palestinian conflict? Defend
your answer (3 points each).
1. Year:____________
Reason:______________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
2. Year:____________
Reason:______________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
3. Year:_____________
Reason:______________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
Thinking about what you’ve learned about the Israeli/Palestinian conflict, what do you think
could be done to bring peace to the land? (6 points)
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________

Part VII (15 points): Multiple Choice
Write the correct letter

1. _____ This country is a strong member of OPEC and has ¼ of the world’s oil
reserves.
A. Iran
B. Saudi Arabia
C. United Arab Emirates
D. Egypt

2. _____ This country receives large amounts of aid money from the United States.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Israel
Egypt
Iran
All of the Above
Just A & B

3. _____ This country’s leader is currently trying to stay in power, while civil war continue
many have been displaced and killed due to conflict.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Syria
Iraq
Iran
Afghanistan

4. _____ This country took Americans hostage for over a year in 1979 and has been a
concern to many because of their research in developing nuclear weapons.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Egypt
Saudi Arabia
Iraq
Iran

5. _____ This country has had past ties with the terrorist group Al Qaeda and Osama bin
Laden, which led to a US invasion in 2001.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Iraq
Afghanistan
Pakistan
Iran

6. _____ This country has a strategic/important location between Asia & Europe and has
US military bases.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Turkey
Syria
Lebanon
Israel

7. _____ This country, formerly ruled by Saddam Hussein, currently has Sunni and Shiite

Muslims fighting against each other.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Libya
Tunisia
Iraq
Iran

8. _____ This country, home to one of the region’s smallest ethnic groups, has been
involved in many conflicts with its neighbors.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Iran
Iraq
Saudi Arabia
Israel

9. _____ This area is struggling to become a country of its own, however it has run into
many issues with its neighbor, Israel, who is occupying much of its territory.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Jordan
Lebanon
Palestine
Egypt

10. _____ This country is currently struggling with the terrorist group ISIS taking over
its territory.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Iraq
Syria
Saudi Arabia
All of the above
Just A & B

Part VIII (15 points): Essay
Write a 5-8 sentence paragraph on one of the following topics:
1. Identify and explain 2-3 major sources of conflict in the Middle East.
2. Explain how having various ethnic groups in the Middle East has impacted
culture, conflict, and perspective in the region.
3. Take the perspective of an Israeli or Palestinian citizen and describe your
thoughts on the wall Israel is putting up in the West Bank. Give reasons for your position.
4. Explain the United States’ role in the region by referring to 2-3 specific countries
relationship to the USA.
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