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Dam-Break Flood Risk Management :

Nakdong River Case Studies

Soontak LEE
Professor of civil and Hydrosystems Engineering
Dean, Graduate School of Industrial Sc. & Tech.
Yeungnam University
Daegu 712-749, Korea

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Dam, like all structures, will be broken in the end


just as all people will die in the future. It is the purpose
of the medicine and engineering to postpone these
occurrence for a decent interval.
(J. F. Gordon)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Modern dam safety regulations


! Risk assessment at downstream floodplains
! Consideration of potential damages due to dam-break
to increase the safety level along the river basin against
abnormal floods caused by dam accidents
! Following items should be considered by dam managers or
exploitants :
dam risk classification
design flood selection criteria
inundation maps and zoning
basin vulnerability to floods

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Main objectives
! To improve the engineering capability for dam-break flow
analysis and prediction on real complex situations
! To develop methodologies and guidelines for dam-break flood
risk management in Nakdong River, Korea, as a first step
toward a new integrated flood safety system based on structural
and non-structural measures
! To create a new concept for operational crisis control and
integrated dam safety management

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Integrated dam safety concept


supported by three pillars :
! Technical - operational
dam design, construction and exploitation
minimize the failure probability
! Monitoring
opportunity to observe and control the dam behavior
! Emergency and risk management
planning and organization along the basin and all emergency
procedures in order to anticipate and mitigate the
downstream dangers from a dam accident
" To develop new methodologies for this third aspect

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream risk level - a new concept

DRL

IA
ED
DM
AN
ION
AT
N
TIO ITS
ICIP
RT
MA EF
PA
OR EN
IC
INF CAL B
BL
PU
LO

CO
NST
RA
INT
SA
ND
RE
SAF
GU
E
LAT
OP DE
ERA SIG
ION
S
TIO N A
N
ND

DAM OWNERS

SOCIETY BENEFITS
BETTER PROTECTION
PUBLIC PARTICIPATION AND MEDIA

AUTHORITIES

PUBLIC

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Social sciences contributions to dams and


safety management at downstream basins
To know in order to define and support intervention
Risk
communication

UNDERSTAND
UNDERSTAND

informing
without alarming

Specific features of communities in floodable areas


Who is at risk ?
Dam break risk public perception

People living in

Sociological, demographic
and housing knowledge

People beliefs, attitudes, judgments and


feelings towards dams
dam s risks, benefits and safety

SocioSocio - geographical
SocioSocio -structural
Diagnoses of vulnerabilities

Local authorities
disaster support institutions

Socio
Socioocio -demographic
SocioSocio -cognitive

AIMS
AIMS
Promote acceptability and viability
of warning systems against spillways
And dam break risk
Guarantee the efficiency of emergency plans
in case of dam break

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Nakdong river basin channel system with dams


Nakdong River system with
a catchment area of 23,393.7km2
and a river length of 509.7km

Andong Dam
Dalji
Imha Dam
Andong

largest river system in river

Sabeol

length and 2nd in catchment area


Nakdong

7 large multi-purpose dams in


Gumi

operation
Youngcheon Dam
Goryeunggyo
Unmun Dam

Milryang Dam

Hapcheon Dam
Jeokpogyo
Namgang Dam
Jindong

Samrangjin

Gupo

Estuary
Estuary
barrage

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Dams in Nakdong river basin


Dam

Andong

Imha

Hapcheon

Namgang

Milryang

Yeungcheon

Unmun

ECRD

ECRD

CG

CFRD

CFRD

ECRD

ECRD

Dam height(m)

83.0

73.0

96.0

34.0

89.0

42.0

55.0

Total storage
capacity(106m3)

1,248.0

595.0

790.0

309.2

73.6

96.4

135.3

PMF peak inflow (m3/s)

9,913.0

9,362.0

8,984.0

14,892.0

3,054.0

2,959.0

7,594.0

Reservoir area in
HWL(km2)

60.0

31.0

30.3

53.0

2.5

7.2

7.8

Dam crest length(m)

612.0

515.0

472.0

1,126.5

535.0

300.0

407.0

Dam crest width(m)

8.0

10.0

10.0

7.5

10.0

10.0

10.0

Dam upper slope(1V:H)

2.0

2.2

0.1

1.5

1.4

2.7

2.2

Dam down slope(1V:zH)

1.7

1.8

0.8

1.5

1.4

2.0

1.8

Core mean slope


(1V:zH)

0.18

0.25

0.25

0.30

0.20

0.20

Dam foundation
width(m)

200.0

200.0

75.0

135.0

230.0

160.0

138.0

Index
Dam type

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

DAM-BREAK FLOOD SIMULATION

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Choice of the breach model

Model depend on the objectives :


! To simulate a more accurate outflow for flood mapping and for a
risk assessment analysis ;
! To support crisis management (including a potential evacuation
action) during a dam incident with a threat of dam overtopping or
piping ;
! To reproduce a dam incident with failure and opening of a breach

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Dam-break flood simulation model

Models used :
! Parametric model (DAMBRK model)
! Physical - parametric model (BREACH model)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Dam - break mechanism and outflow hydrograph

! Breach formation (breach width, time and shape) assumed or


estimated
! Different flood hydrograph types and flood peak values
(including PMF) as well as reservoir water level before dambreak considered
! Dam-break flood peak values and outflow hydrographs
estimated and compared with results by empirical estimation

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Dam - break flood peak discharges by


different models
Unit : m3/s
Dam

Andong

Imha

Hapcheon

Namgang

Milryang

Yeungcheon

Unmun

BREACH

92,964

78,749

20,522

51,327

BREACH + DAMBRK

105,598

79,143

26,609

38,778

55.3

48.3

61.0

17.0

59.3

28.0

36.7

1.0

154,159

108,423

(0.1hr)
94,686

(0.1hr)
23,667

(0.1hr)
159,000

25,717

42,596

2.0

145,645

98,959

(0.2hr)
94,206

(0.2hr)
23,716

(0.2hr)
129,723

22,717

37,291

3.0

137,568

90,088

(1.0hr)
24,063

(1.0hr)
40,345

20,094

32,017

110.7

97.7

122.0

34.0

118.7

56.0

73.3

1.0

221,818

145,400

(0.1hr)
148,682

(0.1hr)
35,690

(0.1hr)
217,403

35,133

58,556

2.0

204,309

125,153

(0.2hr)
146,321

(0.2hr)
35,653

(0.2hr)
163,388

29,173

47,116

3.0

187,839

106,580

(1.0hr)
35,343

(1.0hr)
43,494

24,027

37,145

166.0

146.0

183.0

68.0

178.0

84.0

110.0

1.0

283,917

166,193

(0.1hr)
280,616

(0.1hr)
48,907

(0.1hr)
263,248

43,528

72,551

2.0

254,371

135,274

(0.2hr)
276,699

(0.2hr)
47,660

(0.2hr)
184,169

33,580

53,231

3.0

226,701

113,929

(1.0hr)
46,589

(1.0hr)
45,512

25,808

39,129

Model

Bavr

Bb(m)
T(hr)

1Hd

Bavr

Bb(m)
T(hr)

DAMBRK
2Hd

Bavr

3Hd

Bb(m)
T(hr)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Uncertainty analysis of dam - break flood


peak discharges

100, 000

P e a k Outf lo w(m / s )

1, 000, 000

Hagen(19 82, Envelope Eq. based on S *Hd)


MacDonald and Langridge- Mono polis(1984 , based on S *Hd)
Costa(1 985, based on S *Hd)
BREACH
BREACH+DAMBRK
DAMBRK(BREACH + 1Hd)
DAMBRK(BREACH + 2Hd)
DAMBRK(2 Hd, 1 hr)
DAMBRK(2 Hd, 2 hr)
Fro ehlich(1995 a)

10, 000

1, 000
1. E+06

1. E+07

1. E+08

1. E+09

1. E+10

1. E+11
4

To ta l Re s e rv o ir S to ra g e ( S ) *Da m he ig ht( Hd) ( m )

1. E+12

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Dam - breach shape (Andong dam)

L = 612.0m
EL. 166.0m

Bt = 332.0m

EL. 151.0m

1:1

Bb = 166.0m

83.0m

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Dam - breach shape (Imha dam)

L = 515.0m
Bt = 292.0m
EL. 151.0m

1:1

Bb = 146.0m

EL. 168.0m
1:1

73.0m

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Dam - breach shape (Hapcheon dam)

L = 472.0m

EL. 181.0m

Bt = 183.0 m
EL.166.0m

Bb = 183.0 m

96.0m

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Dam - break flood outflow hydrograph

300,000

Ando ng dam Qp = 283, 917c ms

Dis c ha rg e (m3 / s e c )

250,000

200,000

Imha dam Qp = 166, 193c ms


150,000

Hapc he o n dam Qp = 148, 682c ms


100,000

50,000

0
0.00

1.00

2.00

3.00

4.00

5.00

Time (hr)

6.00

7.00

8.00

9.00

10.00

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

DAM - BREAK FLOOD WAVE ANALYSIS


AND
INUNDATION MAPPING

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Flood wave simulation model


Models used :
! HEC-RAS Version 3.1.1
! DAMBRK model
compared in solution of governing equations,
use of GIS and input of channel cross section data
found HEC-RAS .3.1.1 more efficient in GIS application
and geographic data input

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Geographical - spatial simulation by GIS


Models used :
! Terrain model (Arc View)
! HEC - GeoRAS
Numerical maps syntheses
Convert to shape file
TIN composition (3-D surface model)
Stream section abstraction
HEC-RAS import
Formulated dam downstream section, dam-break flood
simulation and inundation mapping

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Numerical maps syntheses

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Shape file in Arc View

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Elevation layer shape file

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

TIN composition

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Stream section abstraction

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

HEC-RAS import in GIS format

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Formulated stream section

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Flood wave mapping

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Dam-break scenarios
The following three scenarios were assumed :
! Sc-A : Single dam-break
! Sc-B : Two dam-break (Andong + Imha)
! Sc-C : Three dam-break (Andong + Imha + Hapcheon)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

River channel system and dams

Andong dam
Dalji

Imha dam

Andong

Sabeol

Nakdong

Gumi

Youngcheon dam
Goryeunggyo

Unmun dam
Hapcheon dam
Namgang dam

Jeokpogyo
Jindong

Milryang dam
Samrangjin
Gupo

Estuary barrage

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

River channel cross sections applied in


simulation

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

River channel longitudinal profile

Imha dam
Hapcheon dam

Andong dam

Hwang river
Nakdong river

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Single dam-break simulation


! Andong dam-break results by extreme flood(PMF)
Stations

Peak
Discharge(m3/sec)

Max.
flood W.L.(EL.m)

Flood wave
arrival time(hr)

Max. flood W.L.


arrival time(hr)

Andong dam

283,917

141.16

0.00

0.00

Andong

175,584

116.19

0.25

1.05

Sabeol

69,408

68.31

2.63

5.47

Ilseongyo

64,890

45.00

4.38

8.42

Gumi

59,081

40.45

5.32

11.82

Waegan

52,721

38.31

5.63

13.10

Goryenggyo

45,711

33.98

7.75

18.98

Jeokpogyo

36,702

24.34

12.23

28.27

Jindong

35,590

17.67

14.30

33.20

Samrangjin

35,313

12.94

22.15

42.30

Gupo

33,324

10.40

23.26

50.60

Estuary barrage

30,441

10.31

23.35

51.02

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream flood hydrograph


by Andong dam-break

300,000

Andong dam

Dis c ha rg e ( m / s e c )

250,000

200,000

Andong
Goryenggyo

150,000

Jeokpogyo
Sabeol

Jindong

100,000

Samrangjin
Estuary barrage
50,000

0
20

40

60

80

S imula tio n Time ( hr)

100

120

140

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream longitudinal flood profile


by Andong dam-break

Andong dam
Sabeol

Jeokpogyo
Jindong

Estuary barrage

Goryenggyo

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream flood inundation map (1/2)


by Andong dam-break

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream flood inundation map (2/2)


by Andong dam-break
Hyenpung 1:5,000

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Two dam-break(Andong + Imha) simulation


! Andong + Imha dam-break results by extreme flood (PMF)
Stations

Peak
Discharge(m3/sec)

Max.
flood W.L.(EL.m)

Flood wave
arrival time(hr)

Max. flood W.L.


arrival time(hr)

Andong dam

283,917

142.59

0.00

0.00

Imha dam

166,193

136.76

0.00

0.00

Andong

278,190

122.38

0.72

1.03

Sabeol

105,328

71.59

2.75

4.75

Ilseongyo

93,646

47.96

4.15

7.47

Gumi

81,029

43.00

5.05

10.60

Waegan

69,958

40.78

6.17

11.85

Goryenggyo

59,529

36.34

7.93

18.97

Jeokpogyo

43,816

25.99

12.58

27.80

Jindong

42,605

18.84

14.38

32.33

Samrangjin

41,104

13.60

21.53

42.22

Gupo

38,487

10.67

24.48

51.22

Estuary barrage

34,706

10.57

25.72

51.63

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream flood hydrograph


by Andong + Imha dam-break

350,000
Andong dam
Andong

D is c h a rg e ( m

/sec)

300,000
250,000
200,000

Imha dam

150,000

Goryenggyo
Jeokpogyo

Sabeol

Jindong

100,000

Samrangjin
Estuary barrage

50,000
0
20

40

60

80
S imu la tio n Time ( h r)

100

120

140

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream longitudinal flood profile


by Andong + Imha dam-break

Andong dam
Imha dam
Sabeol

Jeokpogyo
Jindong

Estuary barrage

Goryenggyo

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream flood inundation map (1/2)


by Andong + Imha dam-break

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream flood inundation map (2/2)


by Andong + Imha dam-break
Gumi 1:5,000

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Three dam-break
(Andong + Imha + Hapcheon) simulation
! Andong + Imha + Hapcheon dam-break results by extreme flood (PMF)
Stations

Peak
Discharge(m3/sec)

Max.
flood W.L.(EL.m)

Flood wave
arrival time(hr)

Max. flood W.L.


arrival time(hr)

Andong dam

283,917

142.59

0.00

0.00

Imha dam

166,193

136.76

0.00

0.00

Hapcheon dam

148,682

124.15

0.00

0.00

Andong

278,190

122.38

0.72

1.03

Sabeol

105,328

71.59

2.75

4.75

Ilseongyo

93,646

47.96

4.15

7.47

Gumi

81,029

43.00

5.05

10.60

Waegan

69,958

40.78

6.17

11.85

Goryenggyo

59,529

35.93

7.93

18.97

Jeokpogyo

91,259

31.11

10.50

19.15

Jindong

52,062

21.14

18.17

23.90

Samrangjin

66,266

15.32

20.90

31.83

Gupo

50,692

11.67

22.43

41.47

Estuary barrage

49,552

11.52

23.33

41.85

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream flood hydrograph


by Andong + Imha + Hapcheon dam-break

300, 000

Andong dam
Andong

Dis c ha rg e (

m3 / s e c )

250, 000

200, 000

Imha dam
150, 000

Hapcheon dam

Sabeol

Goryenggyo
Jeokpogyo
Jindong

100, 000

Samrangjin
Estuary barrage
50, 000

0
20

40

60

80

S imula tio n Time ( hr)

100

120

140

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream longitudinal flood profile


by Andong + Imha + Hapcheon dam-break

Andong dam
Imha dam
Hapcheon dam

Sabeol

Jeokpogyo

Jindong

Estuary barrage

Goryenggyo

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream longitudinal flood profile


by Andong + Imha + Hapcheon dam-break (time-1)

Andong dam
Imha dam

Sabeol
Hapcheon dam
Jeokpogyo
Jindong
Estuary barrage

Goryenggyo

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream longitudinal flood profile


by Andong + Imha + Hapcheon dam-break (time-2)

Andong dam
Sabeol
Hapcheon dam
Jeokpogyo
Goryenggyo
Jindong

Estuary barrage

Imha dam

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream longitudinal flood profile


by Andong + Imha + Hapcheon dam-break (time-3)

Andong dam

Sabeol
Hapcheon dam
Jeokpogyo
Jindong
Estuary barrage

Goryenggyo

Imha dam

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Convert HEC-RAS simulation bitmaps to an AVIfile


by Andong + Imha + Hapcheon dam-break
300,000

Andong dam Qp = 283,917cms


2010/7/21 23:16

Dis c h a rg e ( m3 / s e c )

250,000

Imha dam Qp = 166,193cms


2010/7/21 23:00

200,000

150,000

Hapcheon dam Qp = 148,682cms


2010/7/22 14:20

100,000

50,000

0
0.00

1.00

2.00

3.00

4.00

5.00

Time(hr)

6.00

7.00

8.00

9.00

10.00

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream flood inundation map (1/2)


by Andong + Imha + Hapcheon dam-break

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Downstream flood inundation map (2/2)


by Andong + Imha + Hapcheon dam-break
Jindong 1:5,000

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

EMERGENCY
ACTION
PLANS
For dam-break flood risk management

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Internal and External EAP

IEAP
Dams owner

EEAP
Civil Protection

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Main action for EAP


! Detection
! Decision making - - - - - - - - - - IEAP
! Alert
! Warning
! Evacuation

- - - - - - - - - - EEAP

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Interaction between IEAP and EEAP

! Definition of alert levels


! Alert and warning systems

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Alert levels (1/4)

- Authority
(MOCT, KOWACO)
- Dam owner

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Alert levels (2/4)

- Authority
(MOCT, KOWACO)
- Dam owner
- Civil Protection

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Alert levels (3/4)

- Authority
(MOCT, KOWACO)
- Dam owner
- Civil Protection

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Alert levels (4/4)

- Authority
(MOCT, KOWACO)
- Dam owner
- Civil Protection

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Warning system (1/2)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Warning system (2/2)


30. 00
Imha Dam

5. 00

Gumi

Andong

Sabeol

Samrangjin

Gupo
Estuary barrage

10. 00

Waegan

15. 00

Jindong

Ando ng + Imha + Hapc he o n Dam

Goreunggyo

Ando ng + Imha Dam

20. 00

Jeokpogyo

Ando ng Dam

0. 00
0
Imha

Tra ve l Tim e ( hr)

25. 00

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

Dis ta nc e ( km)

Flood arrival time to downstream areas of the dam

400

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Key points for EAP


! Inundation maps - Dam owners or managers
dam-break flood simulation
flash floods, abrupt waves
! Risk zoning criteria
water levels
velocities
times of flood arrival
! Basin vulnerability criteria
land use
social and
economical characterizations

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Basin vulnerability
Downstream zoning criteria

! Vulnerability
defined as a measure of the level of exposure and of damage
susceptibility toward the dam-break flood
physical vulnerability and socioeconomic vulnerability
should be included for each sub-zone downstream of the dam

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Physical vulnerability
should include a quantification of the dam - break flood
impact as a function of variables like the following :
!

maximum depth (water levels) (D)

maximum flow power (V*D)

maximum depth gradient

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Socioeconomic vulnerability
be a weighted function of several characteristics factors :
! Social
families (number of members)
individual (age, education)
! Property
buildings
economic activities
! Strategic infrastructures
power and water networks
hospitals
! Warning and emergency system
! Civil protection response (including training)
! Psycho-social (public perception)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

External EAP
! Means and resources allocation
for each vulnerability zone
! Actions of entities involved in crises management
Water organization or authority (Ministries, Institutes)
Civil protection national service
Dam owner or manager
! Action of entities involved in emergency
Civil protection national service
(National disaster prevention organization)
Civil protection agents
Municipalities
! Type of evacuation
by own people means
help of civil protection agents

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Information system
DAM INFO

Dam-break flood simulation


Flood wave analysis
Inundation

EAP

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

EAP in Nakdong River Basin

! EAP for dam-break flood risk management in Nakdong river


is being developed
! All dams will dispose of emergency action plans, with
proper alert and warning systems, in compliance with the
legistration

Dam-Break Flood Risk Management :


Some Dam Break Accidents

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Teton dam failure


! Location :
Teton river, Madison county, Southeast Idaho, U.S.A.
! Dam type :
305-foot high earthfill dam
! Failure time :
11:57 AM, 5 June , 1976
! Damage :
Loss of 14 lives
Cost estimated to be nearly $1 billion

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Teton dam failure (1)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Teton dam failure (2)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Teton dam failure (3)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Teton dam failure (4)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Teton dam failure (5)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Teton dam failure (6)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Teton dam failure (7)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Teton dam failure (8)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Teton dam failure (9)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

St. francis dam failure


! Location :
Santa clarita, California, U.S.A.
! Dam type :
185 feet high curved concrete gravity dam
! Failure time :
12 March , 1928
! Damage :
Lost 450 people
Destroyed 1,200 homes and 10 bridges

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

St. francis dam failure (1)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

St. francis dam failure (2)

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Sheffield dam failure


! Location :
Base of the Santa ynez mountains,
northern end of Santa barbara, California, U.S.A.
! Dam type :
720 feet long, 25 feet high concrete gravity dam
! Failure time :
1925
! Failure cause :
Earthquake

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Sheffield dam failure

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM University, Daegu, KOREA

Other dam-break examples (1/2)

Other dam-break examples (2/2)

THANK YOU
FOR
YOUR ATTENTION

Water Resources Research Center


YEUNGNAM Univ., DAEGU, KOREA