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Lesson Cycle

Lesson Title/Topic:
• Sentence–Ending Detectives
Target Concept:
• Use ending punctuation marks correctly for different types of sentences.
Standards/Rationale:
• TEKS 110.12 English Language Arts and Reading, Grade 1
21 (C) recognize and use punctuation marks at the end of declarative, exclamatory, and
interrogative sentences.
Lesson Objectives:
Assessment:
• After finding the three different
• The student will complete a 2-part
sentences in a book, the student will
activity: finding sentence-endings
apply the correct sentence-ending
in a book and writing their own
punctuation to 3 pre-made
sentences with the correct sentence
sentences and to their own made-up
endings.
sentences with 90% accuracy.
Materials:
• Computer (YouTube)
• Fill-in-the-blank notes handouts
• Anchor charts (4)
• Poster board picture
• Squares to cover up the picture
• Sticky tack to attach squares to the picture
• Cards with a question mark, period, and exclamation point
• Overhead with the sentences for the GP
• Books (one per student)
• Construction paper for the IP activity
• Worksheets for the IP activity
Lesson Cycle: (Direct instruction)
The teacher will:
The student will:
Focus/Mental Set:
Focus/Mental Set:
• The teacher will play the YouTube
• Students will watch the YouTube
video titled “The Electric Company,
video.
Pass It On.”
• They will then contribute to the
• It is a video about periods,
brief class discussion, answering
exclamation points, and question
questions such as
marks.
• What did you think about the
video?
• www.youtube.com/watch?v
=Sv73b56n4HQ
• What do you think we’ll be learning

about today?
The teacher will lead a very brief
discussion about the video, asking
• What happened each time they had
the students questions like:
a new sign?
• What did you think about the
video?
• What do you think we’ll be learning
about today?
• What happened each time they had
a new sign?
Teacher Input:
Teacher Input:
• The teacher will ask a student to
• Students will pass out the notes for
pass out the notes for the day.
the day.
• The teacher will ask the class what
• The students will answer the
comes at the end of a sentence, and
question “What comes at the end of
then explain that some sentences
a sentence?”
have something else at the end.
• The students will repeat the names
of the three types of sentences.
• The teacher will show the anchor
chart with all 3 types of sentences
• The students will write the names in
listed, and explain that there are
their notes.
telling sentences, asking sentences,
• The students will repeat the phrase
and exclaiming sentences. The
and the motions of the teacher for
teacher notes that they all have
“telling sentences make a statement.
different punctuation marks at the
They tell something.”
end of their sentence.
• The students will copy this phrase
• The teacher will ask the class to
in their notes, based on the
repeat the names of the sentences
teacher’s example.
with her, and then write the names
• The students will then copy the
in their notes.
example sentence into their notes.
• The teacher will show the telling
• The students will tell the teacher
sentences chart and explain that
what ending punctuation to use for
some sentences are telling
the second example.
sentences; they make a statement.
• The students will repeat the teacher
• The teacher asks the class to mirror
with the phrase “asking sentences
with words: “telling sentences make
ask a question. They want to know
a statement. They tell something.”
something.”
• The teacher shows an example of a
• The students will copy this phrase
telling sentence without ending
in their notes, based on the
punctuation. The teacher explains
teacher’s example.
that telling sentences end with a
• The students will then copy the
period. The teacher demonstrates
example sentence into their notes.
this with the example sentence.
• The students will tell the teacher
• The teacher shows another example
what ending punctuation to use for
of a telling sentence, asking the
the second example.
class what the sentence ends with,
• The students will repeat the teacher
and then puts in the correct
with the phrase “exclaiming
punctuation.
sentences are exciting. They show

The teacher will show the asking
sentences chart and explain that
some sentences are asking
sentences; they ask a question.
The teacher asks the class to mirror
with words: “asking sentences ask a
question. They want to know
something.”
The teacher shows an example of an
asking sentence without ending
punctuation. The teacher explains
that asking sentences end with a
question mark. The teacher
demonstrates this with the example
sentence.
The teacher asks the students to
practice writing the question mark a
few more times. The teacher will
check the students’ work.
The teacher shows another example
of an asking sentence, asking the
class what the sentence ends with,
and then puts in the correct
punctuation.
The teacher will show the
exclaiming sentences chart and
explain that some sentences are
exclaiming sentences; they show
emotion.
The teacher asks the class to mirror
with words: “exclaiming sentences
are exciting. They show emotion.”
The teacher shows an example of an
exclaiming sentence without ending
punctuation. The teacher explains
that asking sentences end with an
exclamation point. The teacher
demonstrates this with the example
sentence.
The teacher asks the students to
practice writing the exclamation
point a few more times. The teacher
will check the students’ work.
The teacher shows another example
of an exclaiming sentence, asking
the class what the sentence ends


emotion.”
The students will copy this phrase
in their notes, based on the
teacher’s example.
The students will then copy the
example sentence into their notes.
The students will tell the teacher
what ending punctuation to use for
the second example.

with, and then puts in the correct
punctuation.
Guided Practice:
Guided Practice:
• The teacher will tell the class they
• The students will listen as the
teacher explains the directions to
are Sentence-Ending Detectives
the guided practice activity.
hired to solve the mystery: “What
• The students will each receive 3
are we doing for my birthday?”
cards with the different sentence
• The teacher will explain that they
endings on them.
will read sentences to help solve the
• The teacher will call each student
mystery; however, each of these
up individually.
sentences is missing the sentence• When it is the student’s turn, they
will stand up, listen to the sentence,
ending punctuation mark!
and tell the class what punctuation
• The teacher will explain that every
mark is needed.
student will get a chance to solve
• While the student is thinking, the
part of the mystery by coming up to
class will silently hold up their own
the front and choosing the correct
cards to indicate which punctuation
punctuation mark for the sentence.
mark they believe is correct.
• The teacher will explain that the
• If the student needs help, they can
ask a buddy for assistance.
rest of the class will silently hold up
• Once they give the teacher the
what they think is the correct
correct answer, they will reveal a
answer too.
piece of the mystery picture.
• The teacher will read a sentence
• This will be repeated until all of the
(and show it on the overhead), have
students have had a turn, and the
the student answer the problem
picture is revealed/mystery is
correctly, and then have the student
solved.
reveal part of the mystery picture.
• The teacher will do this until all
students have had a turn and the
picture is revealed.
Independent Practice:
• The teacher will explain that they
are still sentence-ending detectives,
and they have another case to work
on.
• The teacher will give verbal
instructions for the independent
practice.
• The teacher will explain: You will
take a book and read it, looking for
the three sentence types. You will
then write down an example from

Independent Practice:
• The students will listen while they
hear the verbal directions from the
teacher.
• The students will then choose a
book from the ones the teacher has
given them to work with.
• The students will read the book,
looking for the three types of
sentences/sentence endings.
• The students will then write down
an example of each of the sentences


the book of each type of sentence.
And then you will write an example
sentence, that you make up
yourself, for each of the sentence
types.
The teacher will monitor the class
while they do their work.
The teacher will offer
assistance/guidance when needed.

from the book on construction
paper.
The students will finish the activity
by writing their own telling, asking,
and exclaiming sentences –
complete with the correct sentenceending punctuation marks (on
construction paper).
If the student needs
guidance/assistance, they will ask
the teacher or their shoulder buddy
for help.

Closure:
Closure:
• The teacher will have a “ticket out
• The student will put the correct
the door.” The ticket will be 3
ending- punctuation for 3 sentences.
sentences with missing punctuation
• The student will give this to the
at the end.
teacher on the way out, and will
receive any guidance necessary for
• The teacher will collect these before
the students leave, making sure they
wrong answers.
are correct.
Options:
Enrichment:
• The student who has mastered the
content will be able to explore the
three types of sentences even
further.
• The student will record a video at
the computer station.
• This video will include the student
explaining the three sentences and
their ending punctuation.

Modifications/Correctives:
• Any modifications will follow the
individual child’s IEP.

References:

Reteach:
• For those students who do not fully
grasp the content, the teacher will
take them aside to a small group.
• The students will each read about
the sentence types and the sentence
endings.
• The students will then receive a
piece of paper with several
sentences on it.
• They will trace the punctuation
marks, and then highlight each of
the three ending punctuation marks
in a different color.
• They will then match the sentence
types to the punctuation marks,
using the same highlighter colors.

Sentence-­‐Ending  Detectives  –  Clues    
 
 
 
1. Yipee,  today  is  my  birthday      

 

 

 
 
2. I  am  7  years  old  today      

 

 
 
3. Do  you  know  what  we  will  do  for  my  birthday    
 
 
4. I  like  to  go  fishing  with  my  dad    

 

 

5. I  like  playing  outside      

 

 

6. Do  you  like  to  play  outside      

 

   

7. Woohoo  for  cake  and  ice  cream      

 

 

 
 

 
 

 
 
 

 

 

 

 
 
8. My  mom  said  it  will  be  okay  if  we  make  a  mess    

 

 

 

9. Do  you  know  why  my  dad  is  packing  clothes      

 

 

 

10. I  think  we  will  be  sleeping  somewhere  for  my  birthday      

 

 
 

 
 

 
 
11. Oh  yum,  my  mom  is  bringing  chocolate    

 

 

 

12. Did  my  dad  put  marshmallows  in  the  car    

 

 

 

13. I  like  to  eat  chocolate  and  marshmallows    

 

 

 

14. Oh  no,  my  flashlight  is  not  working    

 

 

 
 

 
 

 
 
 

 
 
15. Can  you  fix  my  flashlight      

 

 

 
 
16. My  mom  says  I  will  need  my  flashlight      

 

17. Dad  said  we  will  need  bug  spray      

 

 

18. What  kind  of  bugs  do  you  like    

 

 

 

19. Do  you  know  what  we  are  doing      

 

 

 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
20. Yes,  we  are  going  camping  for  my  birthday