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Jordi Hernndez Ramrez

rea: MATHS

Unit: PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM


-

Identify right triangles and their elements

Apply properly the Pythagorean Theorem.

Identify quantifiable situations: use of measurement

Lessons: 6

techniques procedures.

Teaching
Objectives

Identify the geometric elements present in real life.

Identify bi-dimensional shapes and analyze geometric


properties and relationships.

Ed. Level: 2n ESO

TASK 1: Elaborate a presentation in gropups about


Pythagoras life and studies in order to expose it to
their classmates in class.

Final Task

TASK 2: Construct a right triangle in a geoboard, take


measurements and verify the properties of the
Pythagorean Theorem

Acquire a progressive sensitivity to the beauty that

geometric figures generate.


- To use the various technological means (calculators,
computers, etc.) properly to perform
calculations, find, treat and represent information.

Assessment
Criteria
4 assessment task along the unit.

Key
Competences

TASK 1: PRESENTATION:
Classmates assessment using a rubric.

Mathematical competence
Communicative competence
Knowledge of and interaction with the physical world.
Information processing and digital competence.
Social and civic competence.
Cultural and artistic competence.
Learning to learn.
Autonomy and personal initiative.

Measurement tools.
Computers and internet.
Projector.
Calculator.
Geoboard.

TASK 2: MEASUREMENT DEMONSTRATION:


Peer assessment + teacher assessment (using a rubric)
TASK 3: PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM
Teacher assessment (using a rubric)
FINAL TASK: MATH LAB
Peer assessment
Teacher assessment (using a rubric).

Pythagorean theorem.
Triangles.
Right triangles and its elements
Materials
Cathetus.
Hypotenuse.
Resources
Right angle.
Units of measurement.
Tools of measurement.

Recall of information.
Organization of ideas.
Manipulating.
Experimenting.
Discussing.
Using and applying knowledge.
Solving.
Constructing,
Composing,
Evaluating
Reconizing patterns

Content

Student
Learning
Outcomes

Cognition

Culture es

History: Ancient Greece.


Know one of the most important mathematicians..
Culture of Greece.
Value the geometric elements and their beauty in
real life.
Arts & Maths.

Communication

Language for the topic

Language for interaction

Vocabulary

Structures

Triangles
Right triangle
Cathetus
Hypotenuse
Formula
Relationship
Theorem
Pythagoras
Measurement
Units
Tools of measurement

Present simple, past simple, present perfect.


Exemples of giving a solution

The value of the perimeter is...


The hypotenuse is ... long.
The cathetus is ,... long.

Oral and listening skills to communicate


between classmates.
Use understandable English.
Use properly vocabulary and structures.
Oral and listening skills to answer the
teachers questions.
Communicative competence.
Students have to expose a presentation to
their classmates
They have to answer in pairs an interview to
the teacher.
Written and reading skills. Write the answers
properly.
They have to communicate themselves in

Lesson: 1 to 3

Unit: PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM


Learning Outcomes

Content

Communication

Pythagoras life and studies

Pythagorean Theorem.

Types of triangles.
Right triangle and its elements.

Introduction/
Revision

Warm up
Activities

Use understandable English.


Communicative competence.
Use properly vocabulary and
structures.
Students have to expose a
presentation.

Cognition

Recall of information.
Organization of ideas.

Culture

History: Ancient Greece.


Know one of the most
important mathematicians.
Culture of Greece.

Types of triangles.
Angles and measurements.
Oral skills.
How to perform exposition.

Searching information.
How to elaborate a digital presentation

Students work in groups of 4-5 members in order to elaborate an investigation and


performance task.
1st SESSION: Research of information about Pythagoras: His life and his studies.
2nd SESSION: Elaborate a digital presentation about the research in English.
3rd SESSION: Perform your presentation in class & assess the other expositions.

know Pythagoras life and studies.


identify types of triangles to apply Pythagoraean Theorem.
Use properly vocabulary and structures in the exposition.

Main
Activities

Want to know/
Reinforcement/
Extension

Classmates assess other presentantions in groups using the attached rubric:

Assessment/
Reflection

Materials/
Resources

Multimedia resources:

Computers.

Internet.

Projector.

Material creat i adaptat de diversos autors pel Servici dEnsenyaments en Valenci - Conselleria dEducaci.

YOUR GROUP:
2

CONTENT
COGNITION
CULTURE

Students dont
mention neither of
these items:
Pythagoras nor
triangles.

COMMUNIC
ATION

Students dont
express in English.

GROUPS PERFORMANCE
6

Students dont
mention one of
these
items:
Pythagoras or
triangles.

The presentation is
related to
Pythagoras and
triangles but not
well structured.

The presentation is
well structured and
related to
Pythagoras and
triangles.

Students only read


sentences of the
presentation.

English is
understandable but
Students doesnt
use properly
language skills

Students use
properly language
skills and their
English is
understandable.

Lesson: 4

Unit: PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM


Learning Outcomes

Content
Units of measurement.
Right triangles.
Tools of measurement.

Introduction/
Revision

Communication
Oral and listening skills to
answer
the
teachers
questions.
Communicative competence.
Use understandable English.

Cognition

Types of triangles.
Angles and measurements.
How to use tools of measurement

Change of measurement units.

Manipulating.
Experimenting,.
Discussing.

Culture

Value

the
geometric
elements
and
their
beauty in real life.

Warm up
Activities

Students work in pairs


1. Some triangles of different sizes will be collocated on the wall of the class.
2. Students have to measure their sides in pairs using different tools.
3. Students have to take notes of measurements in order to be able to develop task 3.
4. Teacher will ask them some questions about measurement.

Main
Activities

Students have to measure several kinds of triangles properly.

Want to know/
Reinforcement/
Extension

Choose the most suitable unit of measurement for each situation.

Peer assessment: Each group assess its task.


Teacher assessment: Interview: The teacher asks the students some questions about
measurement.
(see attached rubric)

Assessment/
Reflection

Materials/
Resources

Measurement tools.
Cardboards.

Material creat i adaptat de diversos autors pel Servici dEnsenyaments en Valenci - Conselleria dEducaci.

YOUR NAMES:
1

PEER
ASSESSMENT

Students measure
less than the 25%
of the triangles
correctly .

TEACHER
ASSESSMENT

Students fail most


of the questions.

Students measure
25-50% of the
triangles correctly.

2
Students answer
correctly some of
the questions.

Students measure
50-75% of the
triangles correctly.

3
Students answer
correctly most of
the questions using
properly language
skills

Students measure
75-100% of the
triangles correctly.

4
Students answer
correctly the
questions using
properly language
skills

Lesson: 5

Unit: PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM


Learning Outcomes

Content
Right triangles elements.
Pythagoreans theorem.
Application of formula

Introduction/
Revision

Warm up
Activities

Communication
Written and reading skills.
Write the answers properly.

Cognition

Using
and
knowledge.
Solving .

Pythagorean Theorem.

How to substitute values in a formula.


How to calculate a missing value in a formula

Culture
applying

Value

the
geometric
elements
and
their
beauty in real life.

Students individually
1. A worksheet with the measures of the task 2 triangles will be given to students.
2. Students have to answer the questions of the worksheet applying the Pythagorean
Theorem in order to calculate the one cathetus or the hypotenuse.
3. Calculator can be used.

Main
Activities

Students have to identify cathetus, hypotenuse and right angle.

Want to know/
Reinforcement/
Extension

They have to apply the Pythagorean Theorem properly.

Individual assessment: The teacher assess the worksheet task using the attached rubric.

Assessment/
Reflection

Materials/
Resources

Calculator.

Material creat i adaptat de diversos autors pel Servici dEnsenyaments en Valenci - Conselleria dEducaci.

YOUR NAME:

CONTENT
COGNITION
CULTURE

COMMUNIC
ATION

Student recognizes
right triangles and
if he/she can apply
the
PythagoreanTheore
m.

Student recognizes
right triangles and
substitutes the
values in the
formula correctly.

Student doesnt
write the result.

Student writes the


result incompletely.

6
Student operates
with the formula,
but doesnt give
the correct result.

3
Student writes the
result without
giving details.

8
Student operates
correctly and gives
the correct result.

4
Student writes the
result with details
in a proper
sentence.

Lesson: 6

Unit: PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM


Learning Outcomes

Content
Right triangles elements.
Pythagorean theorem.
Application of formula.

Introduction/
Revision

Warm up
Activities

Communication
Use understandable English.
Communicative competence.
Oral and listening skills to
communicate
between
classmates.

Cognition

Constructing.
Composing.
Evaluating
Recognizing patterns.

Types of triangles.
Angles and measurements.
Right triangles.
Pythagorean Theorem.

How to substitute values in a formula.


How to calculate a missing value in a formula

Culture

Arts & Math

Students work in pairs:


1. They have to construct right triangles on a geoboard using an elastic band.
2. They have to measure both cathetus (without rule) and calculate the
hypotenuse.
3. They have to check the result with a rule.

Main
Activities

Want to know/
Reinforcement/
Extension

Assessment/
Reflection

Materials/
Resources

Elaborate triangular creative construction using a special grid (GEOBOARD).

Check the results according to content they have worked in previous tasks.

They can check the result before answering.


Peer assessment: Each student assesses his or her partner.
Teacher assessment: Individual assessment
(see attached rubric)

Multimedia resources:

Geoboard

Elastic bands

Calculator

Tools of meaurement

Material creat i adaptat de diversos autors pel Servici dEnsenyaments en Valenci - Conselleria dEducaci.
(2010)

YOUR NAME:

PARTNER:
1

PEER
ASSESSMENT

The student
doesnt construct
a right triangle

TEACHER
ASSESSMENT

The student
doesnt construct
a right triangle

2
The student
constructs a right
triangle

2
The student
constructs a right
triangle

3
The student
constructs a right
triangle and gives
the measurement
of the cathetus

3
The student
constructs a right
triangle and gives
the measurement
of the cathetus

4
The student
constructs a right
triangle and gives
the measurement
of the cathetus and
hypotenuse.

4
The student
constructs a right
triangle and gives
the measurement
of the cathetus and
hypotenuse.