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Conditionals

First conditional

(if + present simple, will + infinitive without to)

In these two examples, the speaker feels that there is a real possibility that they will increase
their order and that their visitors will be late.
If we increase our order, they'll give us a higher discount.
If our visitors are late, we won't be able to take them to the theatre.

Second conditional

(if + past simple, would + infinitive without to)

1) When the situation is less likely to happen or be accepted, we use the second conditional.
If we had more money to spend, we would be interested. (But we don't have more money to
spend)
2) Sometimes the condition is logically impossible to fulfil.
If she was the Queen of England, she'd sell Buckingham Palace.
Points to remember
1) The position of the “if clause” and the main clause can be changed.
I would lend him some money if he needed it.
If he needed it, I would lend him some money.
2) We cannot use will or would in the “if clause”.
*If I will go to Japan, I'll probably go to a tea ceremony.
knew

*If I would know the answer, I would tell you.
3) It is possible to use “If I were” rather than “If I was”, especially when giving advice.
If I were the Minister of Finance, I'd reduce taxation.
If I were you, I'd buy those shares now.
4) Instead of would, we can use might or could, depending on the meaning.
If he relaxed more, he might enjoy this new challenge.
If he wanted to, he could become CEO.