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Traditional Music of Brunei

Brunei is a southeast Asian country located on Borneo between the states of Sabah
and Sarawak which are part of Malaysia. There is a wide array of native folk music,
and dance. Brunei shares some Cultural perspectives and links with the countries of
South East Asia such as Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines.
Although Brunei has similarities with others, there are significant differences in terms
of culture and heritage including its folk music, folk dance, and folk stories. The strong
Islamic influence means that dance performances and music are somewhat restricted.

Folk music
Adai-adai is a group work song sung by fisher-people while they fished. Another folk
dance is the Benari, or Joget Baju Putih, performed during numerous festivals. It is
usually performed by three men and three women.

Kedayan music
Aduk-Aduk is a ceremonial dance performed by the Kedayan people during holidays,
especially at the end of the harvest season. Dancers wear traditional warriors attire,
in tengkolok, red belt and black clothing, and dance to the beat of silat, a
Malay martial art. This dance is accompanied by percussion instruments,
including drums and coconut shells.

Malay music
The Malay population are known for the Jipin or Zapin dance, performed by six men
and women, accompanied by instruments that include the gambus and
biola, dombak and rebana. Gongs like the Guling tangan (a set of small
gongs), duck gongs and other styles are played. Malay folk music is played by
accomplished musicians at special feats and celebrations. Responsive singing is
sometimes performed at weddings, with the guests joining in [2]. The song Alus Jua
Dindang is also an important part of Bruneian wedding music; in it, the groom (who,
in a traditional wedding does not know the bride beforehand), flatters and declares his
devotion to his new wife [3].
Temarok,
Brunei Darussalam is a ritual ceremony expressing thanksgiving and appreciation for
a plentiful and healthy harvest The music is provided by the gulintangan ensemble,
consisting mainly of the gulintang and canang, supported by the gendang labek
meningkah, tawak-tawak and the gong dua bandingan.