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A G N I H OT R I E N G G . & G AT E C L A S S E S
Unit โ€“ I , Topic - Fourier Series & Fourier Transform

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Q.1) Find the Fourier series of the function f(x) = ๐‘’ ๐‘ฅ
a) In the interval ๏€ญ ๏ฐ ๏€ผ x ๏€ผ ๏ฐ
b) In the interval 0 < x < 2ฯ€
โˆ’๐‘ฅ
Q.2) Find the Fourier series of the function f(x) = ๐‘’
a) In the interval ๏€ญ ๏ฐ ๏€ผ x ๏€ผ ๏ฐ
b) In the interval 0 < x < 2ฯ€
Q.3) Find a series of sines and cosines of multiples of x which will represent x + x2 in interval ๏€ญ ๏ฐ ๏€ผ x ๏€ผ ๏ฐ and hence
show that ๐œ‹

2
6

1

1

= 1 + 22 + 32 + โ‹ฏ

Q.4) Find a Fourier series to represent function x โ€“ x2 in ๏€ญ ๏ฐ ๏€ผ x ๏€ผ ๏ฐ and also deduce ๐œ‹

2
12

= ๐œ‹

2

1
12
1

โˆ’

1
22

+

1

1
32

โˆ’

1

1
42
1

+

1
52

โ€ฆ

1

Q.5) Find the Fourier expansion for function f(x) = 2x - x2 in (0, 3) and hence deduce 12 = 12 โˆ’ 22 + 32 โˆ’ 42 + 52 โ€ฆ
1

1

1

1

Q.6) Expand f(x) = 1๏€ญ cos x in 0 < x < 2ฯ€ and hence evaluate 1.3 + 3.5 + 5.7 + 7.9 + โ‹ฏ
Q.7) Expand f(x) = xsinx for 0 < x < 2ฯ€ in a Fourier series?
๏ƒฌ๏€ญ K , ๏€ญ ๏ฐ ๏€ผ x ๏€ผ ๏ฑ ๏ƒผ
Q.8) Find the Fourier series for the function f ( x) ๏€ฝ ๏ƒญ
๏ƒฝ such that f(x + 2๏ฐ) = f(x)
๏ƒฎK , 0 ๏€ผ x ๏€ผ ๏ฐ ๏ƒพ
1 1 1
๏ฐ
and hence show that 1 ๏€ญ ๏€ซ ๏€ญ ๏€ซ ...... ๏€ฝ
3 5 7
4
0 , ๏€ญ๏ฐ ๏€ผ x ๏€ผ 0
Q.9) Find the Fourier series of function f(x) = { ๐‘ฅ ๐‘’
, 0<๐‘ฅ<๐œ‹
โˆ’๐œ‹ ,
โˆ’๐œ‹ <๐‘ฅ <0
Q.10) Find the Fourier series expansion of f(x), when f(x) = { ๐‘ฅ
,
0<๐‘ฅ<๐œ‹
1
1
1 ๐œ‹
2
Hence deduce 12 + 32 + 52 โ€ฆ = 8
0, โˆ’๐œ‹ โ‰ค ๐‘ฅ โ‰ค0
Q.11) Find the Fourier series to represent the function f(x) = { ๐‘ ๐‘–๐‘›๐‘ฅ
, 0 โ‰ค ๐‘ฅ โ‰ค ๐œ‹
1
1
1
1
Hence show that 1.3 + 3.5 + 5.7 + โ‹ฏ = 2
Q.12) Expand the function f(x) in a Fourier series in the interval (-ฯ€, ฯ€).
2๐‘ฅ ,
0โ‰ค๐‘ฅโ‰ค๐œ‹
f(x) = { ๐‘ฅ
, โˆ’๐œ‹ โ‰ค๐‘ฅ โ‰ค0
ฯ€x ,
0โ‰ค๐‘ฅโ‰ค1
Q.13) Find the Fourier series of f(x) = {
ฯ€(2 โˆ’ x) , 1 โ‰ค ๐‘ฅ โ‰ค 2
Q.14) Find the Fourier series to represent the function f (x) , given by
Deduce that

for 0 ๏‚ฃ x ๏‚ฃ ๏ฐ
๏ƒฌx
f ( x) ๏€ฝ ๏ƒญ
๏ƒฎ2๏ฐ ๏€ญ x for ๏ฐ ๏‚ฃ x ๏‚ฃ 2๏ฐ

1 1
1
๏ฐ2
๏€ซ
๏€ซ
๏€ซ
..........
..
๏€ฝ
8
12 32 5 2
2๐‘ฅ

1+ ๐œ‹ ,
Q.15) Obtain the Fourier series for the function given by f(x) = {
2๐‘ฅ
1โˆ’ ๐œ‹ ,

โˆ’๐œ‹ โ‰ค๐‘ฅ โ‰ค0
0โ‰ค๐‘ฅโ‰ค๐œ‹

1 1
1
๏ฐ2
Deduce that 2 ๏€ซ 2 ๏€ซ 2 ๏€ซ ............ ๏€ฝ
8
1
3
5

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0,
โˆ’ 2 < ๐‘ฅ < โˆ’1
โˆ’1<๐‘ฅ <1
Q.16) Find the Fourier series of the function f(x) = { ๐‘˜,
0,
1<๐‘ฅ<2
Q.17) Express f(x) = x as a Fourier series in the intervalโˆ’๐œ‹ < ๐‘ฅ < ๐œ‹. ๐œ‹
2

1

1

1

1

1

Q.18) Find a Fourier series to represent ๐‘ฅ 2 in the interval (-ฯ€, ฯ€) & deduce 6 = 12 + 22 + 32 + 42 + 52 โ€ฆ
โˆ’๐‘ฅ , โˆ’ ๐œ‹ < ๐‘ฅ โ‰ค 0
Q.19) A function is defined as f(x) = { ๐‘ฅ
,
0<๐‘ฅโ‰ค๐œ‹ ๐œ‹

4 ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘ ๐‘ฅ ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘ 
3๐‘ฅ ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘ 
5๐‘ฅ
1 ๐œ‹
2
Show that f(x) = โˆ’ [ 2 + 2 + 2 + โ‹ฏ ] and deduce โˆ‘โˆž
= ๐‘›
=1
2
2 ๐œ‹

1

3

5

โˆ’๐‘ฅ + 1 ,
Q.20) Expand as Fourier series to f(x) = { ๐‘ฅ
+ 1,

โˆ’๐œ‹ โ‰ค๐‘ฅ โ‰ค0
0 โ‰ค ๐‘ฅ โ‰ค โˆ’๐œ‹

(2๐‘›โˆ’1)

8

1

and deduce โˆ‘โˆž ๐‘›
=1 (2๐‘›โˆ’1)2 = ๐œ‹

2
8

Q.21) Expand function f(x) = xsinx as a Fourier series in the interval โˆ’๐œ‹ โ‰ค ๐‘ฅ โ‰ค ๐œ‹ and deduce that
1
1
1
1 ๐œ‹
โˆ’2
โˆ’ + โˆ’ +โ‹ฏ=
1.3

3.5

5.7

7.9

4

Q.22) Obtain Fourier series in (-ฯ€, ฯ€) for f(x) = xcosx.
1

1

1

Q.23) For a function f(x) defined by f(x) = |๐‘ฅ| , โˆ’๐œ‹ < ๐‘ฅ < ๐œ‹. Obtain Fourier series and deduce 12 + 32 + 52 + โ‹ฏ =
1

1

1

1 ๐œ‹

โˆ’2

1

1

1

1

4 ๐œ‹
โˆ’2

Q.24) If f(x) = |๐‘๐‘œ๐‘ ๐‘ฅ|, expand f(x) as a Fourier series in the interval (-ฯ€, ฯ€),Deduce 1.3 โˆ’ 3.5 + 5.7 โˆ’ 7.9 + โ‹ฏ =
Q.25) If f(x) = |๐‘ ๐‘–๐‘›๐‘ฅ|, expand f(x) as a Fourier series in the interval (-ฯ€, ฯ€),Deduce

1.3

โˆ’ 3.5 + 5.7 โˆ’ 7.9 + โ‹ฏ = ๐œ‹

2
8

4

Q.26) a) Express f(x) = x as half range sine series in 0 < ๐‘ฅ < 2.
b) Express f(x) = x as half range cosine series in 0 < ๐‘ฅ < 2.

๏ฐ2

๏ƒฆ cos 2 x cos 4 x cos 6 x
๏ƒถ
๏€ญ๏ƒง 2 ๏€ซ
๏€ซ
๏€ซ ............๏ƒท
2
2
6 ๏ƒจ 1
2
3
๏ƒธ
kx ,
0 โ‰ค ๐‘ฅ โ‰ค ๐‘™/2
1 ๐œ‹
2
Q.28) Obtain half range cosine series for f(x) = {
& hnce Deduce โˆ‘โˆž
= ๐‘›
=1
2
(2๐‘›โˆ’1)
8
k(l โˆ’ x) , ๐‘™/2 โ‰ค ๐‘ฅ โ‰ค ๐‘™
1
โˆ’ ๐‘ฅ , 0 < ๐‘ฅ < 1/2
Q.29) Express f(x) as the Fourier series of sine term f(x) = { 4 ๐‘ฅ
โˆ’ 3/4 , 1/2 < ๐‘ฅ < 1
Q.30) Obtain the half range sine series for f(x) = 2-x for 0 < ๐‘ฅ < 2.
|๐‘ฅ| < 1
1,
โˆž ๐‘ ๐‘–๐‘›๐‘ฅ
Q.31) Find the Fourier Transform of f(x) = {
hence evaluate โˆซ0 ๐‘ฅ ๐‘‘๐‘ฅ.
|๐‘ฅ| > 1
0,
Q.27) Expand ฯ€x - ๐‘ฅ 2 , 0 < ๐‘ฅ < ๐œ‹ and show that x(๏ฐ ๏€ญ x) ๏€ฝ

Q.32) Find the fourier Transform of ๐’†

โˆ’ ๐’™๐Ÿ ๐Ÿ

|๐‘ฅ| < 1
โˆž ๐‘ฅ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘ ๐‘ฅโˆ’๐‘ ๐‘–๐‘›๐‘ฅ ๐‘ฅ

1 โˆ’ ๐‘ฅ2,
hence evaluateโˆซ0 ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘ 
๐‘‘๐‘ฅ.
3 ๐‘ฅ

2
|๐‘ฅ| > 1
0,
Q.34) Find the Fourier cosine transform of 3๐‘’ โˆ’3๐‘ฅ +2๐‘’ โˆ’4๐‘ฅ
Q.35) Find Fourier Cosine transform of sinax
Q.36) Find Fourier Cosine & Sine transform of ๐‘ฅ ๐‘›โˆ’1
Q.33) Find the Fourier transform of f(x) = {

โˆž ๐‘ฅ๐‘ ๐‘–๐‘›๐‘š๐‘ฅ

Q.37) Find the Fourier sine transform of ๐‘’ โˆ’|๐‘ฅ| hence show that โˆซ0 1+๐‘ฅ 2 ๐‘‘๐‘ฅ = ๐‘ฅ
,
0<๐‘ฅ<1
Q.38) Find the Fourier cosine transform of f(x)= {2 โˆ’ ๐‘ฅ, 1 < ๐‘ฅ < 2
0, ๐‘ฅ
>2 ๐’†
โˆ’๐’‚๐’™
Q.39) Find the Fourier sine transform of ๐’™ ๐œ‹๐‘’

โˆ’๐‘š
2

,๐‘š > 0

Q.40) Find the Fourier sine transform of ๐’†โˆ’๐’ƒ๐’™ ๐Ÿ

Q.41) Find the Fourier cosine transform of f(x) = ๐Ÿ+๐’™๐Ÿ

Q.42) If FC (s) = ๐‘’

โˆ’๐‘Ž๐‘  ๐‘ 

, Find f(x)

Classes on ED, BEEE, M1, M2, M3, NA, CONTROL, DSP & other GATE oriented Engg. Subjects
By :- Agnihotri sir, B. E. (Hons), M.Tech. (7415712500) B.T.I. Road Sherpura, Vidisha

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