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AllthebasicconceptsofTimespeedandDistanceapplytothischapterBoatsandstreams.Wehavetoadjustthe
speedsaccordingtothepointwhethertheboatismovingagainstthestreamorwiththestream.

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Therearetwoparametersintheseproblems.
1.SpeedoftheStream(S):Thisisthespeedwithwhichtheriverflows.
2.Speedoftheboatinstillwater(B):Iftheriverisstill,thisisthespeedatwhichtheboatwouldbemoving.
Theeffectivespeedofaboatinupstream=BS
Theeffectivespeedofaboatindownstream=B+S

3.ThespeedoftheboatinstillwaterisgivenasB=

(d + u)

,andthespeedoftheStreamS=

(d + u)

wheredanduarethedownstreamandupstreamspeeds,respectively.

SolvedExamples
1.Agirlcanswim3km/hrinstillwater.Ifthevelocityofthestreambe2km/hrthetimetakenbyhertoswimtoa
place10kmupstreamandbackis:
a.8

1
3

hrs

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b.9

NotFound

hr

c.10hrs

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d.12hrs
CorrectOption:D
Explanation:

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Speedofupstream=(32)km/hr=1km/hr
Speedofdownstream(3+2)km/hr=5km/hr
Totaltimetaken=(

10

10

hrs=12hrs

2.Agirlcanrowthreequartersofakilometeragainstthestreamin11

1
4

minutesandreturnin7

minutes.The

speedofthegirlinstillwateris:
a.2km/hr
b.3km/hr
c.4km/hr
d.5km/hr
CorrectOption:D
Explanation:
(3/4)

Speedofupstream=

=(

45/4
(

60)

km/hr=4km/hr

45

)
60

(3/4)

Speedofdownstream=

=(

15/2
(

3
4

60)

km/hr=6km/hr

15

)
60

Speedinstillwater=

(4 + 6)

km/hr=5km/hr

3.Agirlcanrow9

km/hrinstillwaterandshefindsthatittakesherthriceasmuchtimetorowupthanastorow

downthesamedistanceinriver.Thespeedofthecurrentis:
a.3

km/hr

b.3
c.1

1
9
1
4

km/hr
km/hr

d.4

km/hr

CorrectOption:D
Explanation:
Letspeedofupstream=xkm/hr
Then,speedofdownstream=3xkm/hr
Speedinstillwater=

(x + 3x)

km/hr=2xkm/hr

Speedofthecurrent=

(3x x)

km/hr=xkm/hr

2x =

28

14

orx=

= 4

km/hr

4.Thecurrentofastreamrunsat1km/hr.Amotorboatgoes35km.upstreamandbackagaintothestartingpoint
in12hours.Thespeedofmotorboatinstillwateris:
a.6km/hr
b.7km/hr
c.8.5km/hr
d.8km/hr
CorrectOption:A
Explanation:
Letthespeedinstillwaterbexkm/hr.
35

35

x1

= 12

x+1

or35(2x)=12(x
or12x

or12x

1)

70x = 12 = 0
72x + 2x 12 = 0

or12x(x6)+2(x6)=0
or(x6)(12x+2)=0
x=6km/hr
5.Amotorcovers24kmupstreamand36kmdownstreamin6hours,whileitcovers36kmupstreamand24km
downstreamin6

1
2

a.1.5km/hr

hours.Thevelocityofthestreamis:

b.1km/hr
c.2km/hr
d.2.5km/hr
CorrectOption:C
Explanation:
Letthespeedofupstreambexkm/hrandthespeedofdownstreambeykm/hr.Then,
24

36

And,

= 6 24u + 36v = 6

,whereu=1/x,v=1/y

24

36

13

36u + 24v =

13
2

Addingtheseequations,weget60(u + v) =

25

oru+v=

Subtracting,weget12(u v) =

oruv=

Solvingu+v=

anduv=

24

wegetu=

24

5
24

1
24

1
8

andv=

1
12

x=8km/hrory=12km/hr
Velocityofcurrent=

(128)km/hr=2km/hr

6.Thecurrentofstreamrunsattherateof4kmanhour.Aboatgoes6kmandbacktothestartingpointin2
hours.Thespeedoftheboatinstillwateris:
a.6km/hr
b.7.5km/hr
c.8km/hr
d.6.8km/hr
CorrectOption:C
Explanation:
Letthespeedinstillwaterbexkm/hr

Then,

6
x+4

6
x4

= 2

6(x 4 + x + 4) = 2(x

16)

or(x8)(x+2)=0.So,x=8km/hr
7.Amanrowstoaplace48kmdistantandbackin14hours.Hefindsthathecanrow4kmwiththestreaminthe
sametimeas3kmagainstthestream.Therateofthestreamis:
a.0.5km/hr
b.1km/hr
c.3.5km/hr
d.1.8km/hr
CorrectOption:B
Explanation:
Supposehemoves4kmdownstreaminxhours
Then,speedofdownstream=(

km/hr

Speedofupstream=(

km/hr

x
48

48

14 12x + 16x = 14

x =

1
2

Speedofdownstream=8km/hr
Speedofupstream=6km/hr
Rateofstream=

(8 6)

km/hr=1km/hr

8.Aboatmovesupstreamattherateof1kmin10minutesanddownstreamattherateof1kmin6minutes.The
speedofthecurrentis:
a.1km/hr
b.1.5km/hr
c.2km/hr
d.2.5km/hr
CorrectOption:C
Explanation:
Speedofupstream=6km/hr
Speedofdownstream=10km/hr
1

Speedofthecurrent=

(10 6)

km/hr=2km/hr

9.Agirlrowsupstream16kmanddownstream28km,taking5hourseachtime.Thevelocityofthecurrentis:
a.2.4km/hr
b.1.2km/hr
c.3.6km/hr
d.1.8km/hr
CorrectOption:B
Explanation:
Speedofdownstream=(

28

km/hr=5.6km/hr

Speedofupstream=(

16

km/hr=3.2km/hr

Velocityofcurrent=

(5.6 3.2)

km/hr

=1.2km/hr
10.Speedofaboatinstandingwateris6km/hrandthespeedofthestreamis1.5km/hr.Amanrowstoaplace
atadistanceof22.5kmandcomesbacktothestartingpoint.Thetotaltimetakenbyhim,is:
a.6hrs30min
b.8hrs24min
c.8hrs
d.4hrs12min
CorrectOption:C
Explanation:
Speedofupstream=(61.5)km/hr=4.5km/hr
Speedofdownstream==(6+1.5)km/hr=7.5km/hr
Totaltimetaken=(

22.5
4.5

22.5

hrs=8hrs.

7.5

11.Amancanrowat5km/hrinstillwaterandthevelocityofcurrentis1km/hr.Ittakeshim1hourtorowtoa
placeandback.Howfaristheplace?
a.2.5km
b.2.4km

c.3km
d.3.6km
CorrectOption:B
Explanation:
Speedofdownstream=(5+1)km/hr=6km/hr
Speedofupstream=(51)km/hr=4km/hr
Lettherequireddistancebexkm.
Then,

= 1 2x + 3x = 12

orx=2.4km
12.AboattravelsupstreamfromQtoPanddownstreamfromPtoQin3hours.Ifthespeedoftheboatinstill
wateris9km/hrandthespeedofthecurrentis3km/hr,thedistancebetweenPandQis:
a.4km
b.6km
c.8km
d.12km
CorrectOption:D
Explanation:
Speedofdownstream=(9+3)km/hr=12km/hr
Speedofupstream=(93)km/hr=6km/hr
LetthedistanceAB=xkm
Then,

= 3

12

2x+x=36\Rightarrowx=12$
DistanceAB=12km.
13.Amotorgoes40kmupstreamin8hoursand36kmdownstreamin6hours.Thespeedoftheboatinstanding
wateris:
a.6.5km/hr
b.6km/hr
c.5.5km/hr
d.5km/hr
CorrectOption:C

Explanation:
Speedofupstream=(

40

km/hr=5km/hr

Speedofdownstream=(

36

km/hr=6km/hr

Speedofboatinstillwater
=

(5 + 6)

km/hr=5.5km/hr

14.Ifaman'smovingratewiththecurrentis12km/hrandtherateofthecurrentis1.5km/hr,thenman'smoving
rateagainstthestreamis:
a.9km/hr
b.6.75km/hr
c.5.25km/hr
d.7.5km/hr
CorrectOption:A
Explanation:
Lettherateagainstthecurrentbexkm/hrThen,
12 x

= 1.5 12 x = 3 x = 9

km/hr

15.Ifamanrowsat5km/hrinstillwaterand3.5km/hragainstthecurrent,hisratealongthecurrentis:
a.8.5km/hr
b.6.5km/hr
c.6km/hr
d.4.25km/hr
CorrectOption:B
Explanation:
Lettheratealongthecurrentbexkm/hr
Then,

x + 3.5

= 5 x = (10 3.5)

=6.5km/hr

16.Thespeedofaboatdownstreamis15km/hrandthespeedofthestreamis1.5km/hr.Thespeedoftheboat
upstreamis:
a.13.5km/hr
b.16.5km/hr

c.12km/hr
d.8.25km/hr
CorrectOption:C
Explanation:
Letthespeedofboatinstillwaterbexkm/hr
Then,x+1.5=15 x=13.5
Speedofupstream=(13.51.5)km/hr=12km/hr
17.Thespeedofaboatinstillwateris2km/hr.Ifitsspeedupstreambe1km/hr.thenspeedofthestreamis:
a.1.5km/hr
b.3km/hr
c.1km/hr
d.Noneofthese
CorrectOption:C
Explanation:
Letthespeedofstreambexkm/hr
Then,speedofupstream=(2x)km/hr
2x=1 x=1km/hr
18.Amancanrowdownstreamat14km/hrupstreamat9km/hr.Man'srateinstillwateris
a.5km/hr
b.23km/hr
c.11.5km/hr
d.Noneofthese
CorrectOption:C
Explanation:
Man'srateinstillwater=

(14 + 9)

km/hr=

11.5km/hr
19.Agirlcanrowwiththestreamat11km/hrandagainstthestreamat8km/hr.Thespeedofthestreamis:
a.3km/hr
b.9.5km/hr

c.1.5km/hr
d.6km/hr
CorrectOption:C
Explanation:
1

Speedofstream=

(11 8)

km/hr=1.5km/hr

20.Ifamanrowsattherateof5kmphinstillwaterandhisrateagainstthecurrentis3.5kmph,thentheman's
ratealongwithcurrentis:
a.4.25kmph
b.6kmph
c.6.5kmph
d.8.5kmph
CorrectOption:C
Explanation:
Lettheratealongthecurrentbexkmph
Then,

(x + 3.5)

=5orx=6.5KMPH.

AdditionalQuestions:
21.Amanrows27kmdownstreamand18kmupstreamtaking3hreachtime.Whatisthevelocityofthecurrent?
Ratedownstream=

27

=9km/hr

Rateupstream=

18

=6km/hr

Velocityofcurrent=

(96)=1.5km/hr.

22.Amancanrowupstreamat7km/hranddownstreamat10km/hr.Findhisrateinstillwaterandtherateofthe
current.
Rateinstillwater=

(d + u)

=0.5(10+7)=8.5km/hr

Rateofcurrent=

(d u)

0.5(107)=1.5km/hr

23.AmanrowsaboatfrompointAagainstcurrentfor10minutesandthencomebackwiththecurrentfornext

10minutesandreachestoapointB.IfdistancebetweenAandBis1km,findthespeedofthecurrent.
Goingwithcurrentandagainstcurrentforthesametimemeansspeedoftheboatinstillwater
isneutralized.
Speedofcurrentonlymovestheboat.
Boatismoved1kmbythecurrentin(10+10)minutes=20minute=

hour.

Therefore,Speedofcurrent=1x3=3km/h.
24.Amancanrowaboatat6km/hinstillwaterandspeedofthecurrentis2km/h.Ifhe
takes45minutestorowtheboattoaplaceandback.Findthedistancebetweenthetwoplaces.
Speedoftheboatdownstream=6+2=8km/h
Spedoftheboatupstream=62=4km/h
Therefore,Averagespeed=

284

284

8+4

Timetaken=45minute=

45

km/h

12

hour=

60

hour

25.Amanrowsboattoaplacecovering72kmdistanceandbackin15hours.Hefindsthathe
canrow3kmwiththestreaminthesametimeas2kmagainstthestream.Findthespeedofthestream.
Speeddownstream:Speedupstream=3:2
Therefore,Timetakentorowdownstream:Timetakentorowupstream=2:3
But,totaltimetaken=15hours.
Therefore,Timetakentorowdownstream=

x15hours=6hours

And,timetakentorowupstream=156=9hours
Therefore,Speeddownstream=

72

=12km/h

And,speedupstream=

72

=8km/h

Therefore,Speedofthestream=

12 8

=2km/h

AlternativeMethod:
Let,downstreamandupstreamspeedsare3km/hand2km/hrespectively.
Then,distancecoveredin15hours=

232

15

=36km

But,actualdistancecovered=2x72km=144km(i.e.4times36km)
Therefore,Speedsare4x3=and4x2,i.e.12and18km/h
Therefore,Speedofthestream=

12 8
2

=2km/h

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