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White-collar crime refers to financially motivated nonviolent crime committed by business and

government professionals. Within criminology, it was first defined by sociologist Edwin


Sutherland in 1939 as "a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in
the course of his occupation". Typical white-collar crimes includefraud, bribery, Ponzi

schemes, insider trading, embezzlement, cybercrime, copyright infringement, money


laundering,identity theft, and forgery.

A non-violent crime that is committed by someone, typically for financial gain.


The typical white-collar criminal is an office worker, business manager, fund
manager or executive. Forensic accountants, auditors and whistle blowers
identify and report white-collar crimes
Examples of white-collar crimes include securities fraud (the misrepresentation
of investment information), embezzlement (misuse of funds), corporate fraud
(dishonest and/or illegal actions by a company employee or executive) and
money laundering (giving criminally-obtained funds the appearance of having a
legitimate source).