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Transport is performed by modes, such as air, rail, road, water, cable, pipeline and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles, and operations.
Transport in India: Transport in the Republic of India is an important part of the nation's economy. With a land area of 3,287,240 km2 (1,269,210 sq mi), and an estimated population of 1,028,737,436, transport in India is both a necessity as well as a convenience. Since the economic liberalization of the 1990s, development of infrastructure within the country has progressed at a rapid pace, and today there is a wide variety of modes of transport by land, water and air. However, the relatively low GDP of India has meant that access to these modes of transport has not been uniform. Only around 10% of households own a motorcycle (about 102,873,744 people). Cars are owned by the wealthier few — around 0.7% of households owned one in 2007 (about 7,201,163 people).Public transport still remains the primary mode of transport for most of the population, and India's public transport systems are among the most heavily utilized in the world. Traditional transports: Walking: In ancient times, people often covered long distances on foot. For instance, Adi Sankaracharya traveled all over India.] Walking still constitutes an important mode of transport in urban areas.
Palanquin: Palanquins also known as palkis, were one of the luxurious methods used by the rich and noblemen for travelling. This was primarily used in the olden days to carry a deity or idol of a god, and many temples have sculptures of god being carried in a palki. Bullock carts and horse carriages: Bullock carts have been traditionally used for transport, especially in rural India. The advent of the British saw drastic improvements in the horse carriages which were used for transport since early days. Today, they are used in smaller towns and are referred as tongas or buggies. Victorias of Mumbai are still used for tourist purposes, but horse carriages are now rarely found in India. Bicycles: Bicycles are a common mode of travel in much of India. More people can now afford to own a cycle than ever before. In 2005, more than 40% of Indian households owned a bicycle, with ownership rates ranging from around 30% to 70% at the state level. Along with walking, cycling accounts for 50 to 75 % of the commuter trips for those in the informal sector in urban areas. In India, the word "bike" generally refers to motorcycle, and "cycle" refers to bicycle.
Hand-pulled rickshaw: This type of transport is still available in Kolkata wherein a person pulls the rickshaw by hand. The Government of West Bengal proposed a ban on these rickshaws in 2005 describing them as "inhuman". Though a bill aiming to address this issue, termed as 'Calcutta Hackney Carriage Bill', was passed by the West Bengal Assembly in 2006, it has not been implemented yet. The Government of West Bengal is working on an amendment of this bill to avoid the loopholes that got exposed when the Hand-pulled Rickshaw Owner's Association filed a petition against the bill.
Cycle rickshaw: Cycle rickshaws were introduced into India in the 1940s. They are bigger than a tricycle where two people sit on an elevated seat at the back and a person pedals from the front. In the late 2000s, they were banned in several cities for causing traffic congestion. However, environmentalists have supported the retention of cycle rickshaws as a non-polluting and inexpensive mode of transport. Trams: The advent of the British saw trams being introduced in many cities including Mumbai and Kolkata. They are still in use in Kolkata and provide an emission-free means of transport. Auto Rickshaws: An auto rickshaw is a three wheeler vehicle for hire that has no doors and is generally characterized by a small cabin for the driver in the front and a seat for passengers in the rear. Generally it is painted in yellow, green or black colour and has a black, yellow or green canopy on the top, but designs vary considerably from place to place. Public transport: Rail: Rail services in India, first introduced in 1853, are provided by the state-run Indian Railways, under the supervision of the Ministry of Railways. Indian Railways provides an important mode of transport in India, transporting over 18 million passengers and more than 2 million tonnes of freight daily across one of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world. Water and sea transport: Maritime transportation in India is managed by the Shipping Corporation of India, a government-owned company that also manages offshore and other marine transport infrastructure in the country. It owns and operates about 35% of Indian tonnage and operates in practically all areas of shipping business servicing
both national and international trades. backwaters and creeks. The total navigable length is 14,500 kilometers (9,000 mi), out of which about 5200 km of river and 485 km of canals can be used by mechanized crafts. Freight transport by waterways is highly underutilized in India compared to other large countries.
Airways : There are more than 335 (2008 est.) civilian airports in India - 250 with paved runways and 96 with unpaved runways and more than 20 international airports in the Republic of India. The Indira Gandhi International Airport and the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport handle more than half of the air traffic in South Asia.
Buses: Buses take up over 90% of public transport in Indian cities, and serve as a cheap and convenient mode of transport for all classes of society. Services are mostly run by government owned state transport corporations. Most passenger buses use the standard truck engine and chassis and are not economical for city use. After the economic liberalization, many state transport corporations have introduced various facilities like low-floor buses for the disabled and air-conditioned buses to attract private car
owners to help decongest roads. Bengaluru was the first city in India to introduce Volvo B7RLE intra-city buses in India in January 2006.
Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) (Marathi: महाराषट राजय मागर पिरवहन महामंडळ) also refereed MSRTCor simply ST is a state run bus service based in Maharashtra, India with 16,000 buses it is third largest bus service provider in India (after APSRTC and TNSTC) which services routes to other towns and cities within the same and adjoining states. Apart from inter state cities MSRTC bus service also covers destinations like Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Goa, Indore and Surat. It is one of the largest fleet owners in India. The official logo:
Government of Maharashtra :Maharashtra
Transit type: Intercity bus service within State of Maharashtra and selected states. Chief executive: Managing Director Headquarters: Mumbai Central, Mumbai Began operation: 1948 as Bombay State Road Transport Corporation (BSRTC) 1950 as Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation Operator(s): MSRTC Sudhakar Paricharak (Chairman), Omprakash Gupta, Vice-Chairman &
Number of vehicles: 15500
Early bus services in Maharashtra (then part of the states of Bombay, Madhya Pradesh and Hyderabad) were started in the early 1920s largely due to efforts of local entrepreneurs. With no regulatory laws governing public transportation services these services run in ad hoc manner. The Motor Vehicle Act of 1939 brought in amongst many other things, regulation of fares, standard routes and rules for governance and monitoring of
public transportation providers. As a result of the act individual operators were asked to form a union on defined routes in a particular area. Bus schedules were set in, pick-up points, conductors, and fixed ticket prices were mandated. Still passenger woes continued and then in 1948 Bombay State Government, started its own state sponsored road transport service called State Transport of Bombay. The first blue and silver-topped bus took off from Pune to Ahmednagar in 1948. In mean time, in 1950 the central government under the initiative of Morarji Desai the then home minister passed the Road Transport Corporation Act. This act delegated powers to states to form their individual road transport corporations, the central government would contribute up to a third of the establishment of such services. The Bombay State Road Transport Corporation (BSRTC) was formed following this, later on whose name was changed to Maharastra State Road Transport Corporation after the reorganization of the states.
Structure: The main terminal is located opposite Mumbai Central Railway Station. They are popular modes of transport for locals and tourists alike. Public service to most cities is available at 30 minute intervals, and private bus service is also available at an additional cost, with prior booking. One of their most lucrative routes is the Mumbai to Pune route, via the expressway, on which buses depart on 10-15 minute intervals. Bus Services:
Shivneri bus service operated by MSRTCMSRTC runs bus services using different brand names including Shivneri: a Dadar-Pune-Dadar Volvo bus service operating daily. The buses start at 5:30 AM and are scheduled at a intervals of 30 mins with the last bus being at 12:00 AM Thane-Swargate-Thane.
Volvo B7R,Kinglong bus service operating daily. the buses start at 5:00 AM and are scheduled at a intervals of 15 mins with the last bus being at 12:00 pm. The same service is also operating on Pune-Aurangabad-Pune route. The frequency is low on this route. Mahabus: An air conditioned bus service operating between Pune and Mumbai (Mantralay). Starts at 6:45 am and scheduled for every 30 min till mid night Asiad: Asiad bus service which runs from Dadar started in the year 1982. This was the first venture of MSRTC in providing a semi luxury bus service and has been a highly successful venture. Yatra (Festivity services): A seasonal service targeted at travelers visiting various festivities of Maharashtra. City Bus: MSRTC's branches of services which provide intercity transportation are categorized under then City Bus services. This bus service caters to the transportation needs of mid size and smaller towns which do not have their own transportation services. Parcel Courier service: MSRTC buses also provide the use of their buses for shipping cargo or courier services. Tourism packages: Along with normal bus services MSRTC provides package tours whereby you can buy a single ticket to travel a selective group of tourist places in Maharastra. The groups are mostly clubbed together based on the district they belong to. Bus fleet: MSRTC is one of the largest fleet owners in India, operating a fleet of approximately 15,500 buses. The buses are mainly made by two companies, TATA and Ashok Leyland. The Asiads in MSRTC mostly are made by TATA Motors, whereas the red st's are a mix of Tata and Ashok Leyland. Now the MSRTC has all set to come up
with a new looking and all passenger oriented fleet. They have three central workshops where the bodies of their buses are built, approximately 2000 in numbers per year, which are located in Pune, Aurangabad, and Nagpur. The organization have 9 Tire Retreading Plants. 32 Divisional Workshops. MSRTC has the best working systems. The engine performance is the best for their vehicles. Periodic maintenance is the basic reason. It is well known for the services it caters to the masses. The service is available in remote areas also.
Trivia: Mumbai - Bangalore is the longest running bus covering approximately 978 km Bhopal, Raipur, and Bangalore are the most Northern, Eastern, and Southern ends respectively reached by MSRTC bus service. Has the largest bus fleet in the world after London metro bus service before changing to trademark red color in 1967 the color of the buses was mostly blue and yellow.
Bus Depots: Swargate bus station, Pune - one of the major hubs of the MSRTC network Mumbai division Mumbai, Parel, Kurla Nehru Nagar, Panvel, Uran, [(Borivali (Sukurwadi & Nancy Colony)] Thane Division Thane,Thane-2 Vitthalwadi, Bhiwandi, Kalyan, Murbad, Shahapur, Wada
Latur Division Latur-1, Latur-2, Ahmadpur, Udgir, Ausa, Nilanga Palghar Division Palghar ,Vasai, Nalasopara, Arnala, Saphale, Boisar, Jawhar, Dahanu Raigad Division Pen, Alibaug, Karjat, Roha, Murud-Janjira, Mahad, Shrivardhan,usadi-chapegoan, Panvel Ratnagiri Division=== Devrukh Chiplun Ratnagiri Lanja Khed Mandangad Dapoli Guhagar Rajaur Ratnagiri Sindhudurg Division Kankavli, Kudal, Vijaydurg, Vaibhavwadi, Devgad, Malvan, Savantwadi, Vengurla Nashik Division Nashik, Satana, Malegaon, Kalwan, Nandgaon, Peth, Manmad, Pimpalgaon, Lasalgaon, Panchvati, Yeola, Sinnar, Igatpuri,Deola Dhule Division Dhule, Nandurbar, Shahada, Akkalkuwa , Shirpur, Dondaicha, Sindkheda, Navapur, Sakri Jalgaon Division Jalgaon, Chopda, Yawal, Raver, Muktainagar, Bhusawal, Amalner, Erandol, Jamner, Pachora, Chalisgaon Ahmednagar Division Ahmednagar, Tarakpur, Kopargaon, Akole, Sangamner, Shrirampur, Nevasa, Shevgaon, Pathardi, Parner, Shrigonda, Jamkhed
Pune Division Pune Station, Swargate, Shivajinagar, Narayangaon, Rajgurunagar, Shirur, Talegaon, Pimpri-Chinchwad, Daund, Saswad, Bhor, Baramati, Indapur Satara Division Satara, Pargaon-Khandala, Mahabaleshwar, Wai, Phaltan, Medha, Dahiwadi, Koregaon, Waduj, Patan, Karad Solapur Division Solapur, Karmala, Barshi, Kurduvadi, Akluj, Pandharpur, Sangola, Mangalwedha, Akkalkot,Mahud(b.k) Sangli Division Sangli, Atpadi, Vita, Jat, Kavathe Mahakal, Tasgaon, Islampur, Shirala, Miraj  Kolhapur Division Kolhapur, Sambhajinagar, Malkapur, Kurundvad, Ichalkaranji, Kagal, Gaganbawada, Radhanagari, Gargoti, Gadhinglaj, Ajra, Chandgad Aurangabad Division Aurangabad-1, Aurangabad-2, Soygaon, Sillod, Kannad, Vaijapur, Gangapur, Paithan Jalna Division Jalna, Jafrabad, Ambad, Partur Parbhani Division Parbhani, Hingoli, Kalamnuri, Basmat, Jintur, Pathari, Gangakhed Beed Division
Beed, Gevrai, Mazalgaon, Ashti, Patoda, Dharur, Ambejogai, Parli  Osmanabad Osmanabad, Kalamb, Bhoom, Paranda, Tuljapur, Umraga Nanded Nanded-1, Nanded-2, Mahur, Kinwat, Hadgaon, Bhokar, Kandhar, Biloli, Mukhed, Deglur Akola Division Akola-1, Akola-2, Telhara, Akot, Karanja, Mangrulpir, Washim, KaranjaMurtizapur, Risod Buldhana Division Buldhana, Khamgaon,Malkapur,Chikhali, Mehkar, Jalgaon (Jamod), Shegaon Yavatmal Division Yavatmal, Darwha, Digras, Wani, Pusad, Umarkhed, Pandharkavada Amravati Division Amravati, Chandur Bazar, Chandur Railway, Daryapur, Paratwada, Dharni Nagpur Division Nagpur-1,Nagpur-2,Umred,Katol,Saoner,Ramtek
Wardha Division Wardha,Arvi,Hinganghat,Talegaon
0 to 20 kg (in Rs)
21 to 40 kg (in Rs) 25 28 32 35 44 56 64 70 82 90 99 99 115 115 130 130 145 145
41 to 60 kg (in Rs) 30 35 45 55 68 80 92 106 116 128 145 145 165 165 185 185 205 205
61 to 80 kg (in Rs) 30 40 60 70 90 100 124 138 156 172 186 186 216 216 246 246 276 276
81 to 100 kg (in Rs) 30 45 70 90 110 130 150 170 190 210 230 230 260 260 290 290 320 350
0 to 50 51 to 100 101 to 150 151 to 200 201 to 250 251 to 300 301 to 350 351 to 400 401 to 450 451 to 500 501 to 550 551 to 600 601 to 650 651 to 700 701 to 750 751 to 800 801 to 850 851 to 900
20 Rs 20 24 26 28 30 32 36 42 44 50 50 65 65 80 80 95 98
Parcel Courier service rates:
JALGAON DHULE (144 km) (165 km)
1 5 1
A.NAGAR (118 Km)
1 3 0
PARBHANI (198 km) BEED
6 km = 1 stage 1 stage = 4 Rs.
If Beed is 130 km away from Aurangabad then 130/6 = 21.66, 21.66*4 = 86.66 Rs = 87 Rs.
Other facilities provided by MSRTC for convenience of passengers are as follows: 10% discount scheme Senior citizens scheme Students pass scheme Tour passes scheme
10% discount scheme:
This scheme gives you 10 % discount on your fare anywhere in Maharashtra state.
Senior citizens scheme:
This gives the fifty percent (50%) discount to senior citizens on their fare, after producing the age proof and the age limit is above 60 years.
Students pass scheme: This scheme gives the concession & some discount to students on their fare.
Tour passes scheme:
In this scheme two types of schemes are available; 1. 4 days pass scheme & 2. 10 days pass scheme
Tour pass schemes:
Four (4) days pass scheme Ordinary bus 450 Rs Semi luxury bus & Ordinary bus Inter state semi luxury bus 500 Rs
Ten (10) days pass scheme Ordinary bus 1100 Rs
Semi luxury bus & 1300 Rs Ordinary bus
Inter state semi luxury bus
Mr. A.P. DESHMUKH Depot manager, (Aurangabad Division)
Mr. U. M. JAJAL & Mr. R. D. DEWARE
(office and staff) Parcel department: Mr. SANJAY R. RATHOD (head of parcel dpt) Mr. RAHUL AUSARMOL (Data Entry Operator)
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