Eng. Ahmed Bakhsh

Course Outline
Principles of Engineering Management Applications of these Principles in Engineering Organizations

The importance of management to engineers, Various forms and functions of organizations Operation and Quality Management Planning Project Management

Engineering and Management

What is an Engineer? Ingenium: Talent, natural capacity, or clever invention.
Early applications of Clever Inventions based on Military Builders of Ingenious military machines??

Engineering and Management

The first issue (1866) of the English Journal Engineering The art of directing the great sources of power in nature, for the use and convenience of man. Is it an art or profession?

Engineering and Management

Modern Definition of Engineering By ABET (Accrediting Board for Engineering and Technology)
The profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience, and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize, economically, the materials and forces of the nature for the benefit of mankind. Engineer: A person applying his mathematical and science knowledge properly for mankind

It is a discipline not an art.

Engineering and Management

What is a system?
. Interrelated components which come together for some purposes.

interface Interrelations inputs
Components Outputs Boundary




Engineering and Management

What is Management?
• Directing the actions of a group to achieve a goal in most efficient manner • Getting things done through people • Process of achieving organizational goals by working with and through people and organizational resources

Engineering and Management

Management Levels
Top-level management (president, executive vice president) Middle managers (chief engineer, division head etc.) First-line managers (foreman, supervisor, section chief)

Engineering and Management
Level • • First-line Managers • Type of Job Directly supervise non-managers. Carry out the plans and objectives of higher management using the personnel and other resources assigned to them. Short-range operating plans controlling what will be done tomorrow or next week, assign tasks to their workers, supervise the work that is done, and evaluate the performance of individual workers. Manage through other managers. Make plans of intermediate range to achieve the long-range goals set by top management, establish departmental policies, and evaluate the performance of subordinate work units and their managers. Provide and integrating and coordinating function so that the short-range decisions and activities of first-line supervisory groups can be orchestrated toward achievement of the long-range goals of the enterprise. Responsible for defining the character, mission, and objectives of the enterprise. Establish criteria for and review long-range plans. Evaluate the performance of major departments, and they evaluate leading management personnel to gauge their readiness for promotion to key executive positions.

• •

Middle Management •

• Top Management • •

Engineering and Management
Managerial Skills: Managers need three types of skills: Technical: Specific subject related skills such as engineering, accounting, etc… Interpersonal: Skills related to dealing with others and leading, motivating, or controlling them

Conceptual: Ability to discern the critical factors that will determin as organization’s success or failure. Ability to see the forest in spite of the trees.

Engineering and Management Managerial Level Lowest Middle Top
kills ical S echn T kills nal S o rpers Inte kills al S ceptu Con

Engineering and Management Managerial Roles (What Managers Do)

• Interpersonal roles • Informational Roles • Decisional Roles

Engineering and Management Managerial Roles (What Managers Do)

• Interpersonal roles Figurehead role: Outward relationship Leader role: Downward relation Liaison role: Horizontal relation


Engineering and Management Managerial Roles (What Managers Do)

• Informational Roles
Monitor Role: Collects information about internal operations and external events. Disseminator Role: Transforms information internally to everybody in organization (like a telephone switchboard) Spokesman Role: Public relations

Engineering and Management Managerial Roles (What Managers Do)

• Decisional Roles
Entrepreneurial Role: Initiates changes, assumes risks, transforms ideas into useful products. Disturbance Handler Role: Deals with unforeseen problems and crisis. Resource Allocator Role: Distributing resources Negotiator Role: Bargains with suppliers, customers etc. in favor of enterprise

Engineering and Management Functions of Managers •Planning: Selecting missions and objectives. Requires decision making. •Organizing: Establishing the structure for the objective. •Staffing: Keeping filled the organization structure •Directing: Influencing people to achieve the objective •Controlling: Measuring and correcting the activities

Engineering and Management Management: Is it an art or science? Management has a body of specialized knowledge. This knowledge need not to be obtained in formal disciplined programs.

Somewhere between art and science. Engineering Management (Discipline + art) Somewhere between art and science.

Engineering and Management

What is Engineering Management? Narrow definition: Directing supervision of engineers or of engineering functions.

Proper Definition of Engineering Manager:
Engineer possessing both abilities to apply engineering principles and skills in organizing and directing people and projects.

Engineering and Management

Why Engineering Managers? Competition is global and companies need these people to compete successfully

Engineering and Management Advantages of Understanding Technology in Top Management • Really understanding the business • Understanding technology driving the business today and technology that will change the business in future • Treating Research and Development as investment not an expense to be minimized • Spending more time on strategic thinking • Dedicating a customer’s problem (true marketing via customer relations) • Place a premium on innovation

Engineering and Management

Management & Engineering Career
Engineering Management Production and operations management project Engineering Marketing Accounting Finance Economics Administration Business Plant & industrial engineering

Advanced design and research