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Polytechnic University, Dept.

Electrical and Computer Engineering


EE3414 Multimedia Communication System I
Yao Wang
___________________________________________________________________________________
Homework 1 (Fourier Series and Transforms)
Reading Assignment:
Oppenheim and Wilsky, Signals and Systems, Sec. 4.2-4.3. (Fourier series and Fourier
transforms)
Optional reading (review of sinusoidal signals and complex numbers): DSP first. Sec.2.2,2.3,2.5
Written Assignment (Quiz based on this homework will be on 2/3)
1. What is the magnitude, frequency, and phase of the following sinusoidal signals?
a. 10 sin(20t / 2)
b. 10 cos(10t / 4)
2. What is fundamental frequency and Fourier series coefficients of the following signal (Hint:
You dont need to calculate any integral!). Illustrate the line spectrum of the signal.
s (t ) 10 sin( 20t ) 2 cos(40t / 3) 0.5 sin(80t / 4)

3. Determine the Fourier series expansion (i.e. all the expansion coefficients) for the following
periodic triangular wave, and illustrate the line spectrum. Compared to the line spectrum of the
square wave signal derived in the lecture, which signal has a wider bandwidth?
1 t
1 t

hint: the signal can be expressed as s (t )

0 t 1, 2 t 3,...
1 t 0, 3 t 2,...

S(t)
1

-3

-2

-1

4. Determine the Fourier transform of the following signal and illustrate the magnitude spectrum
of the signal. Compare to the spectrum of the pulse signal derived in the lecture, which signal
has a wider bandwidth?
S(t)
1

-1

5. The figure below is part of a speech waveform. As can be seen, it has a nearly periodic
structure, and within each period, there exists many fine ripples. The frequency associated with
the basic period is called the pitch, the shortest fine ripple determines the highest frequency in
the signal. Estimate its fundamental period by determining the length of a basic cycle. Also,
estimate the maximum frequency by determining the length of the shortest ripple.
Note that this signal is a discrete time signal obtained by sampling a continuous time signal. The
sampling frequency used was f_s=22050Hz. The horizontal axis of the plot indicates the sample
index k. Hence the actual time interval between two indices is the sampling interval
=1/f_s=1/22050 sec.

A Short Section of a Speech Signal

0.04

Blown-Up of the Signal

0.04

0.03

0.03

0.02
0.02

0.01
0

0.01

-0.01

-0.02
-0.01

-0.03
-0.04
2000

2100

2200

2300 2400 2500 2600 2700


k, t=k , =1/fs ,fs=22050Hz

2800

2900

3000

-0.02
2450

2460

2470

2480

2490

2500

2510

2520

2530

2540

2550