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NONDESTRUCTIVE CONDITION

ASSESSMENT OF CONCRETE
RAILROAD TIES

Paul Fisk, NDT Corporation

CORPORATION

Nondestructive Concrete Testing Services


18 Years-600+ projects
Developed Sonic/ultrasonic NDT Equipment

BACKGROUND

1.Union Pacific Railroad Call


2.Test Out of Service Ties
3.Test Siding Ties
4.Test Plymouth Commuter Rail
5.Comparison of Impact Velocity
Results with AMTRAK Rating

Impact Velocity and Echo Measurem

Impact Velocity Measurements


Compressional, Shear and Surface Wave Ve
Moduli Values
Average Dynamic Strength
Crack Density
Impact Echo Measurements
Thickness
Delaminations

Impact Velocity

Impact Echo

Properties Detected by
SONIC/ULTRASONIC Testing
Velocity

Concrete Condition (strength,


cracking)
Thickness Resonant
Frequencies
Thickness
Delamination
Signal Attenuation
Delamination

Sample Test Data

CONCLUSION
Sonic/ultrasonic results can be used to evaluate and

document the current condition of concrete railroad


ties
Ties can be classified as

Functional
Marginally Functional-should be retested in the near future
Non-Functional- take out of service

Automated Testing
Estimated 1 tie per sec

SUMMARY
Sonic/ultrasonic pulse velocity data can be used to

evaluate and document the current condition of


concrete railroad cross ties
Ties classification correlates with systems currently

used by rail roads


Automated Sonic/ultrasonic data acquisition is fast

(1 sec/tie)

QUESTIONS ????