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Do not forget the help that we received, when in need, be patient, talk only good,
sweet words, have education, know the general code of conduct, learn (and be
intelligent), befriend those people who have good characterists.
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Being born in a noble family, increasing wealth, beauty, land-lordship, respect to
one's words, education and healthy life, do come to those who follow a good code of
conduct.
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Giving the teachers their due, doing penance, following religious sacrifices, having
good education, all these should be done in harmony to our mind+word+deed.
Otherwise, it is of no use( to us).
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Getting up early in the morning and thinking about the jobs to be done and the
benefits of doing such jobs, starting the day after getting wishes from our parents,
is what being passed on to us from our forefathers.
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Cow, learned person, fire, deity and the crown of the head, should be touched by
defiled hands.
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Those who are impure by the list described below, do not see the falling star from
the sky, dog, sun, moon and also those who are impure , during that period.
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There are 4 types of defilements.
Listed are 2 of the nature's calls, the physical intimacy and the kiss.
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Those who want to become a genius or a great person, do not read, speak or sleep
when they are out of such defilement, listed above. (only after bath, they do look
into those activities)
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After brushing the teeth and washing the face, after praying to the Lord, start doing
your work.
Do not stand and pray during the evenings.
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Before praying to the Lord, after getting bad dreams, when untidy, after vomitting,

after hair-cutting, after getting up from sleep in the morning, when those who are
dirty, touch us, after physical intimacy, after getting off the nature's calls, one
should definitely take a bath.
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Better to have a piece of cloth around oneself, while taking a bath.
With that one piece of clothing on them, one should not have food..at least 2 pieces
of cloth is necessary.
They do not wring the clothes in the water.
They do not go into a gathering with that one piece of clothing on them.
12.
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After applying oil on the head, they do not touch any other parts of the body with
that same hand.
They do not touch any dirty clothes, which was given by others.
They do not wear the sandals, even if it is given as a token of sacrifice.
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They do not see their reflections fondly, in the water.


They do not scratch the land (with their toes).
They might sprinkle some water on oil and use, on those days, they need to take oil
bath, but couldn't.
They do not see other people, before sprinkling water on themselves after the
application of oil.
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While taking a bath in the river or a lake, they do not swim, spit, play in it, or do not
immerse in water for a long time.
They do take a full bath from head to toe, not only a waist level, even if they did not
apply oil on their heads.
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They do respect the five elements of nature, along with cows, learned people, moon
and the sun. If they do not respect those, the five elements in one's body leaves
them.
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Worship, the King, one's Teacher, parents and those born before us as Devas.
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They do not practice any rituals, if it is not accepted by the above said elders.
If they are at fault, they will correct it with tireless efforts.
On full moon days, they do not even get a twig from the trees to brush their teeth.
Intelligent people do follow the above said practices.
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After taking bath, washing their feet and cleansing one's mouth, and giving proper
respect to food, one should eat their food.
If these are not followed, it is equal to some evil person snatching it away from us.
(evil person might here be referred to any disease)
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Before the feet gets dried, have your food.
After the feet gets dried, go to sleep.
20.
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Face the East while having food.
Sleeping, getting up often from the place of eating, looking into other things, talking
while having food, not giving due respect to food and scattering the food while
eating is not advisable.
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Noble minded people would have their food later after feeding the guests, elders in
the house, cows, birds and children.
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If one couldn't have their food facing East, other directions are fine too.
It is fine to have food during mid-day.
It is not good to sleep on a bed facing the entrance.
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One should not eat food, while lying down, while walking and in the open space too.
Gulping down too much of one's favourite food, eating on a bed and having
prohibited food is also not allowed.

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One
One
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should not start eating first, if any elders are present in a group.
should not even get up before the elders finished off their food.
would not talk much in front of elders.
would not sit right to the elders, even if a hefty amount is paid to do the same.

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Eat the sour items last.
Have the sweet items first.
Other tastes come in between while having food.
This is the order one should have their food.
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Do not sit near an elderly person at the dining hall, while dining.
Choose a small plate to have food and have it according to the ways it has been
intended and then clean the plate, after you are done with the food.
27.
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Rinse one's mouth inside and out without any marks.
Have 3 small drops of water and have it while uttering God's name.
Place your fingers on your two eyes, two ears and to the sides of the nose, and say
the intended prayers and wipe your mouth.
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One should not use both the hands in drinking water.
While giving away or getting something from the elders, use both the hands (as a
mark of respect)
Do not scratch your body with both of your hands.
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Do not sleep in the evening.
Do not go outside after dark.
Do not scold anyone in the evening.
Pay respects to the lamp lit before God.
Have dinner at night and be in the house (for the rest of the night)
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While lying down, pray to God and do not lie down with your head facing the North
direction and also the corner of the room.
Have a blanket always to cover the body.
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One should not walk in between 2 Gods and learned people.
If elders bless when one sneezed, fall at their feet (as a mark of respect)
If a friend comes by while one is getting ready to go out, go with that friend, wholeheartedly.
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On the grass, farming lands, cow's dung, cremation grounds, on the pathway, near
waterways, temples, shadowy areas, where cows graze, on the ashes, wise people
do not let go off either of their 'nature's calls'.
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During the day time, they do not face South direction; during the night time, they
not face North while attending to their nature's call.
One do not let go off the fire with water during the daytime.
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One who follow good priniciples, see to it that they attend to their nature's call as if
it should be done in privacy.
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One should not rinse their mouth near any water ways, near any passage or from
any stagnant water.
Unless necessary, one may not necessarily drink or rinse one's mouth from it.
One should use a vessel to get the water from its source and use it.
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Do not go in between the lamps.
Do not spit on the walls.
Do not walk in such a way that your dress touches the other person.
Do not shake your dress in front of others.
These were followed by those who respect the customs.

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Coveting other's wives/husbands, drinking liquor, robbing other's things, murdering,
gambling, all these are the pathways to hell, which is very well known by the noble
people and they do not even think about it.
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Telling lies, gossiping about others, grabbing other's properties, being jealous would
lead to poverty in this life time and then lead to the ether world and even God will
let those people down.
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Those who do service to others, do not cook only for themselves, but do cook for
many guests.
In order to serve, those people, will have their food.
They do not defile the kitchen.
They will have their food only after it has been offered to God.

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If there is anybody new in the family/relative/neighbour's circle is dining with a
elderly/noble/wise person, the latter do not seek any higher seat than those people.
They do not insult those (new) people, even though they did the same to them.
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One should clean the tools which were used to apply medicine, before giving it to
other people. (here ref. is made to the eye medication)
Should not rub both the legs.
One should keep for a second any object which is of divinity, on one's both the eyes
and head, as a matter of respect,
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As per the instructions by the researchers, husband should not even look at his wife
'on those 3 days' and after the 'bath' is taken, he should not leave her for the next
12 days. (This helps the couple in getting into the family way)
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At noon, during midnight, in the morning and evening, on Thiruvadhirai day (Lord
Shiva's star) on Thiruvonam (Lord Vishnu's star), on New Moon and Full moon days,
on the eighth day (from New Moon and Full Moon), on one's birthday, one should
not have any physical relationship with their spouses.
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One should not keep the measuring vessel on a low wooden plank ( which is used
for seating).
That plank should not be kept upside down.
One should not spread out the new clothes at the entrance.
Should not sleep at/near the entrance, where there is traffic of people in and out, is
heavy.
Do not stand in front of a stranger.
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One should not keep the broom, any dirt, flower's sepal, old stone-vessel and also a
torn bed in the marriage hall.
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In order to obtain good wealth, the house should be cleaned inside and out, early in
the morning and decorated with flowers or kolams, vessels should be cleaned and
then the stove must be lit to do the day's cooking.
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On the eighth day, New moon day, Full moon day, 14th day from the New and the
Full moon, the days when the King is in danger, when natural calamities like
earthquake and heavy rain occur, when oneself or his household is not pure, those
who recite Vedas, should not recite it.
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On wedding days, on festivals days, on the days when our fore-fathers are
remembered, on fair days, on the days when a yaagam is performed, do charity and
serve food, whole-heartedly.
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The position one holds, education, their ability and their tribe,play a role in a
person's taste for clothing, his posture, his speech and one's choice of words (while
scolding).
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Learned people, will neither scold or make fun of anyone,or nor do they sleep, in
front of a crowd.
They do not do things that which are not appropriate, in the name of helping others.
They do not speak ill of the lesser privileged people in front of others.
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To protect, one's eyes, do not stare at the lightning, look at the falling star, and to
protect one's respect, do not stare at the make-up of the harlot and do not look at
the sun's rays in the mornings and in evenings, to protect one's eyes.
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Those who are strong/stable in their mind, do not speak cunning words or useless
words or uncontrollable speech or even scold and even back-stab, anybody.
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Wise people do not throw any thing (at anybody or at any place) they do not throw
stones, make sounds at people, yell and call somebody, who is at a distance, do not
mimic others, get angry, hide things, clap their hands, do not destroy their body
parts in front of others.
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Providing food, speaking sweet words, giving water to wash the guest's feet,
providing a seat and giving them a place to relax, these things are the essentials to
look after a guest.
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Wise people, will not stand/wait for long, at the war-front, at the toddy shop, where
harlot's live, and also in a place, where conduct-less people live and also at the
water fronts where people gather.
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One should not lie/stay on a fully grown grass and in a forest.
One should not burn them either.
One should not get into an unknown forest/ place, alone.
Even during those trying times, those people who follow good principles, will not
stray away from it.
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One should not go alone, into dilapidated buildings/houses, to the temples, to the
cremation ground, to the lonely tree outside the township.
In order to have a healthy life, one should not sleep during the daytime.
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When a person is leaving from the scene, one should not call them from behind,
should not sneeze and should not question their place of destination, should not go
in front of them and converse.
While talking to the elders, one should stand on their sides and converse with them.
When you see elders, go around them, from left to right, as a matter of respect.
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One should not tell the other person, that the other person's health is very good.
Should not blow the lamp.
Will not make the kitchen fire, go away while cooking.
Should not go very near the kitchen fire to keep oneself warm.
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When an elderly person accompanies in your journey, one should not wear sandals
(if the elderly one doesn't wear them), one cannot take the transportation alone,
leaving behind them and should not have an umbrella over their head alone,
leaving out the elderly.
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One should respect the learned people as their family member.
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One should respect the elders by getting up from one's seat, when one sees them
and as a matter of respect get blessings from them and go by their words of
wisdom.
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One should cherish and protect the pure souls,( saints), should fear for the results of
wrong-doing and not to mention about their educated status in front of elders.
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Learned people, saints, those who carry heavy burdens, patients, elders, children,
cow, women, have the right of way.
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One should not spend much time with their mother, sisters and daughters, as we
cannot predict the nature of our five senses.
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Those who want to live without any trouble, if the king's guards did not allow them
into the court,they will not get angry;
Will not question the king's ownership (to the throne);
They would not withhold those divine items need to be given to the King;
Will not decorate themselves as to that of Royals;

Will not get out of this courtroom and join the other party.
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Will not tell to anyone about their vows, not of the Kings's and great men's vows
and of others vows, to the King and great men, as these will bring calamity to them.
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They do not desire what the king or the wise men desire;
They do not invite people with narrow-mindedness into their house;
Even though one is not acquainted, they do not make fun of those who are younger
to them.
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They do not show hatred towards the actions of the King and great men.
They do not stand in front of them.
They do not complain about their own short-comings to them, when they are in
private.
They do not claim that they know what is better/sweet, before they are asked for.
If those above said people claim that the crows are white in color, they do not deny

that statment.
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They do not spit in front of the King or great men.
They do not sit in a higher altar than those mentioned above.
They do not chew betel leaves, they do not speak unsuitable words, and sleep in
front of them.
PS: ..
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PS: Two kinds of great men.
One is refered to in valour is the King
The other is referred to those who perform religious austerities,
meditation and the like.
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One should not boast about his/her education, wealth, opinion or character, in front
of the King.
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Avoid giving respect to other elders, in the places of worship, king's palace, at the
time of King's procession and also at the time when Deities come in a procession,
during festival times.

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Laughing, gnawing, spitting and sneezing, if these actions done in front of Kings/
elders, it would bring shame to oneself.
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A good student is the one who gives respect to the teacher; who only exits the class
after being told so, by the teacher; who listens attentively to the subjects taught; if
the teacher keeps silent, does not raise any questions afterwards.
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In a place where elders gather, one should not remove his/her clothing; scratch
one's ears; look at women; and should not pay attention to side conversations.
76. ; ;
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Talking very fast; repeating the same over and over again, elaborating the lie,
beating around the bush, should be avoided.
Speech or talk should be in such a way that it should be said in short with meaning
intact, and also in relation to the audience's maturity.
77. ; ; ;
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Those women who adore chastity, would not look into other men's beauty other
than their own husband.
They do not notice their own beauty.
They do not let their hair loose and do not snap their fingers.
78. ;
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One should not judge people while in an conversation.
One should not over hear the Kings' words, if it happens, pretend that you heard
nothing.
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Enduring during the trying times, sharing the happiness during good times, not
entering the house where one is not welcomed--these 3 principles are followed by
those who go by principles.

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When in an angry mood, should not blame any wise men.
Should not be in an angry mood with one's wife for a long time.
Will not slander wise men.
Will not put down under-privileged people.
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Will not enter the house, through the back door.
Will not peep/eye into the king's chamber, where dance/drama is being held or into
the King's private chamber, by those who are not assigned for that job.
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Wise men will not get a house for themselves and their families, near a harlot's
house, even though they have the rights to have one in that area, due to the fact
that it will raise unnecessary misunderstanding between themselves and their
better-halves.
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One who follows a certain path in their life, do not walk side-by-side with whom they
accompany; will not stand on other's shadow; will not interrupt while the other
person is talking; will not do things that the society hates and do not publicize
King's strength of the army.
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Do not despise or be careless and give the excuse that it is young, it is
easy to do deal with or it is trained--- in dealing with snakes, King, fire and
the lion.
If not careful, these will bring disaster to oneself.
85. , , , ,
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Do not boast about one's wealth, good deeds, marriage, their efforts, and about
their family when it is better than the King himself.
This will bring calamity to that family
86. , , ,
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"What did you eat?" This is a no-no question to the King, Mother, Father, Teacher
and to one's elder brother. Those who respect all beings, will not ask the same to
the needy people as well.
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One should not wash the feet, decorate the person with flowers, and apply perfume
(sandal) and will not stand near a person, who is lying on the bed.
88.. ; ;
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Those who wants to follow the path laid down by wise men, will not boast their
charity; will not disgrace their food; will not openly declare their good deeds and
religious fastings to others.
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Those who have the true knowledge, will not seek after that is not attainable; will
not mourn over the loss; cannot be shaken with griefs they face in life.
90. ; ;
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Should not smell the flowers which is being decorated on anyone; do not adorn the
flowers that are being smelled; do not accept the cow, even if it is given by a
learned person; do not give the left-over food to the needy.(give them or buy them
'fresh food' )
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Even if you venture into a forest, you should be polite, and not arrogant,
as there might be elders to you, in that place. (Elders in the forest--here-refers to the tress)
92. , ,
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When looking out for auspicious date to start a good cause, go to the person, who is
an expert in that area.
93. ;
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When elders are present, do not clown around.
Do not pat the dust while walking.
Do not use harsh words.
Do not get in between those who are conversing.
94. ; ,
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Wise men, do not point fingers at others, while talking.
Do not write with their toes.
Do not compare those who do not have great qualities, with those who have those
and stick on to those words.
Will not receive anything from the elders while in seated position.(As a mark of
respect, will get up and receive it)
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) , , ,
, .
One's health, one's wife, things that are given to us, to be taken care of, those
things that were acquired for one's living, should be taken care of as gold.
Otherwise, one will get into trouble.

96. , , , , ,
,
,
.
, , ,
,
, , ,
,
,
, .
Only if we learn from the ants, the art of saving for the rainy days, from the weaver
birds the way to protect our house from all seasons; and from the crows to share
and live together, our life would be great.
97. , , ,
; !
, , , ,
.
Out of respect, when we talk to our elders, it is better to stand up and have our
mouth partially closed by our hands and give only the true details.
98. , ,
;
.
, , .
, .
Those who are wise, will not go to the places of gambling and also to the place
where snake dwell, if at all, they should face many problems (in the future)
99. , , - ,
!
, , ,
, , , ,
.

Wise men will not peek into, enter into or even speak in those places where
pompous and ostentation, reign; where the food is cooked (as an offering to the
Almighty) and where women is present.
100. , , ,
, , , ,
,
-
.
, , , , , ,
, , ,
.
Foreigners, poor, elders, young, dead person, one who is afraid, who is having food,
one who abides King's orders, the bridegroom are exempted from following any
observances of their family or the dictates of one's scriptures.
.