Group 18 Pig Kingdom Farm Section 2 Miss Krittaya Miss Chutima Miss Chetsopit Miss Nattharin Miss Prapatsorn

Mr. Aekapong Miss Siriporn Miss Pirada Warasit Yaotanee Tongsawat Yaem-Uthai Luangpuangtong Temsirimongkol Chinnawong Mora ID: 5031205003 ID: 5031205025 ID: 5031205026 ID: 5031205030 ID: 5031205043 ID: 5031205098 ID: 5031205186 ID: 5031205207

Chapter 1: Introduction Background and significance of the project Swine farm is a kind of business that is quite interesting for the investors. It is one of the businesses that can gain high profit easily in the districts called Chiang Saen. Besides, almost 95% of Chiang Sann citizens consume pork. Chiang Saen district has been chose to be the target place in locating the swine farm. In Chiang Saen, there are estimated 8,070 people who live in Chiang Saen. In other words, the estimated amount of household in Chiang Saen is 2,117. In addition, the numbers of the pork consumers in Chiang Saen are increasing because the Chiang Sann district is likely to be close to the area that has high expanded level of the business industry such as the Laos border. When the business industry expands, the amount of people living in that area will also increase. The advantages that the swine farm will get from the location of the district are the business growth as well as the improvement of the business industry. The swine farm project is an effective business. The profit can gain in both way; direct and indirect. The direct way to get the profit from the swine farm is swine, a core product. We can sell the swine to butchers in the market of Chiang Saen district. The middle man will turn a pig to the pork and sell to the 2,117 households that live in Chiang Saen. Chiang Saen district is divided in 9 villages. The 2 villages are located in the central part of the district called “Wiang”. The 7 villages are located in the outer area of Chiang Saen. Apart from the direct product which is the swine, we can gain more profit from dried pig excrement transformed into organic fertilizer which is the indirect product. The organic fertilizer from the pig excrement can be sold to the agriculturists and farmers in the area of Chiang Saen district. More than 70% of people in the district are the agriculturists. The estimated amount of the agriculturist in the district is 17,894. Therefore, this indirect product is quite valuable because the agriculturist can earn 15 baths per a kilogram of the pig excrement. The key to succeed in this project composes of the good planning, the preparation of facing with the unexpected problems, the solutions, and the importance of the capital together with profit. The monetary matters are very important. We can calculate the income of the business and its profit in each day. After computing the rate of profit in each month, we find that the swine farm can earn about 638,715 baht per month. The expenses of the farm are not included income during the first period. This amount of income can help business in the long term development. The swine farm can be expanded

and covered many areas in future. The swine farm can be grown and expanded rapidly in the period of 5 years. When the target is being the best farm among the others, the farm doer has to respond to the needs of the consumer and prevent the farm from the risky effect such as the epidemic in swine, the price rate of the pig in the down economy situations. However, these kinds of problem affect directly to the people who want to invest in the farm industry. It might degrade the desire of the investors. Another main thing that we can notice is the need for the big amount of fund in doing the swine farm. This business needs big amount of money to support the business when it turns into critical situations. There are a lot of difficulties in starting the swine farm, but this kind of investment provides the long term benefit which it is still worth to do. Project objectives 1. To study the significant of swine farm. 2. To know about the benefit of swine farm. 3. To practice planning and writing a frame of activities / time in Gantt chart. 4. To study about the environment of swine farm business. 5. To study how to analysis about the marketing of swine farm. 6. To study which factor is concerned about swine farm business. 7. To analysis the nature of industry and situation of the swine farm. 8. To practice development planning for swine farm. 9. To practice process planning for wine farm. 10. To analysis the process of the swine farm establishment. 11. To study which strategy of management suits for the swine farm business. 12. To analysis about the competition (3C Analysis). 13.To study the importance of financial analysis to operate resources. 14.To practice for writing the financial statement of the swine business. 15. To study how to do sale forecast and how to estimate profit. Benefit of project This project focuses on explaining analytical methods and useful techniques in different facets of capital budgeting. The explanation makes us know how to plan marketing method and we also analyze in each factor of marketing, measure of the strategy of business and qualitative. The numerous examples have been included to illustrate the method that can evaluate about growth of business and also prepare

themselves to face some situation which may happen. We study techniques and organizational considerations which impact on capital budgeting decision. It also describes and evaluates the business practices in various areas.

Activities / Time frame

Month Process
1 2

1
3 4 5 6

2
7 8 9 10

3
11 12 13 14

4
15 16 17 18

5
19 20

1. Brainstorm and choose the swine farm. 2. Study the information of the swine farm and survey the market demand. 3. Survey he area for establishing the swine farm and checking the price at Chiang Sean District, CR. 4. Study the Evaporative Cooling System farm. 5. Provide the constructor, make an agreement & agree to a price 6. Construct the Evaporative Cooling System farm. 7. Set the equipment such as electric system, cleaning system. 8. Require to cattle for license to open the farm. 9. Spray the anti- microorganism 10. Survey to find the swine breeding and piglet sources. 11. Make an agreement of price and buy 500 piglets. 12. Purchase of swine the one lot

Month Process 21 13. Purchase the one lot of swine 14. Purchase the swine the two lot 15. Period of sale the one lot 16. Purchase the three lot of swine 17. Period of sale the one lot Month 11 41 18. Period of sale the two lot 19. Purchase the four lot of swine 20. Period of sale the two lot 21. Period of sale the three lot 22. Purchase the five lot of swine 23. Period of sale the three lot 24. Period of sale the four lot 25. Purchase the six lot of swine 42 43 44 45 46 12 47 48 49 50 13 51 52 53 54 14 55 56 57 58 15 59 60 22 6 23 24 25 26 7 27 28 29 30 8 31 32 33 34 9 35 36 37 38 10 39 40

Process

Month Process 61 26. Period of sale the four lot 27.Period of sale the one lot 28. Purchase the seven lot of swine 29. Period of sale the five lot 30. Period of sale the six lot 31. Purchase the eight lot of swine 32. Period of sale the six lot Month 21 81 33. Period of sale the seven lot 34. Purchase the nine lot of swine 35. Period of sale the seven lot 36. Period of sale the eight lot 37. Purchase the ten lot of swine 38. Period of sale the eight lot 39. Period of sale the nine lot 40. Purchase the eleven lot of swine 82 83 84 85 86 22 87 88 89 90 23 91 92 93 94 24 95 96 97 98 25 99 100 62 16 63 64 65 66 17 67 68 69 70 18 71 72 73 74 19 75 76 77 78 20 79 80

Process

Mouth Process Process 41. Period of sale the nine lot 71. Period of sale the nineteen lot 42.Period of sale the ten lot 72.Period of sale the twenty lot 43. Purchase the twelve lot of swine 73. Purchase the twenty-two lot of swine 44. Period of sale the ten lot 74. Period of sale the twenty lot 45. Period of sale the eleven lot 75. Period of sale the twenty-one lot 46. Purchase the thirteen lot of swine 76. Purchase the twenty-three lot of swine 47. Period of sale the eleven lot 77. Period of sale the twenty-one lot Process Process 48. Period of sale the twelve lot 49. Purchase the fourteen lot of swine 78. Period of sale the twenty-two lot 50. Period of sale the twelve lot 79. Purchase the twenty-four lot of swine 51. Period of sale the thirteen lot 80. Period of sale the twenty-two lot 52. Purchase the fifteen lot of swine 81. Period of sale the twenty-three lot 53. Period of sale the thirteen lot 82. Purchase the twenty-five lot of swine 54. Period of sale the fourteen lot 83. Period of sale the twenty-three lot 55. Purchase the sixteen lot of swine 84. Period of sale the twenty-four lot 85. Purchase the twenty-six lot of swine Month 28 29 30 10 46 10 10 10 10 47 10 10 10 10 48 11 11 11 11 49 11 11 11 11 50 11 11 120 14 1 14 2 14 3 14 4 14 5 14 6 14 7 14 8 14 9 15 0 15 1 15 2 15 3 15 4 15 5 15 6 15 7 15 8 15 9 160 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 26 27

31 12 1 16 1 16 2 12 2 51 16 3 12 3 16 4 12 4 16 5 12 5 16 6 12 6 52

32 12 7 16 7 16 8 12 8 16 9 12 9

Month Month 33 13 0 53 17 0 17 1 13 1 17 2 13 2 17 3 13 3 17 4 13 4 54

34 13 5 17 5 17 6 13 6 17 7 13 7 17 8 13 8 55

35 13 9 17 9 180 140

Process 18 1 86. Period of sale the twenty-four lot 87. Period of sale the twenty-five lot 88. Purchase the twenty-seven lot of swine 89. Period of sale the twenty-five lot 90. Period of sale the twenty-six lot 91. Purchase the twenty-eight lot of swine 92. Period of sale the twenty-six lot

46th 18 18 2 3

18 4

18 5

47th 18 18 6 7

18 8

18 9

Month 48th 19 19 0 1

19 2

19 3

49th 19 19 4 5

19 6

19 7

50th 19 19 8 9

200

Chapter 2: Industry Profile Nature of Industry The swine industry in Thailand Pork has become the second most important meat in Thai consumption, with average consumption in the late 1990s of about 4.7 kg per person per year. This consumption would have been much higher were it not for the government’s restrictive policies towards the slaughtering industry in the view of Siamwalla, Setboonsarng and Patamasiriwat (nd). They point out that the restriction on the slaughtering industry also has disadvantaged the beef industry. Development of pig production started in 1960 when the first groups of exotic pig breeds were imported by the Department of Livestock Development from the United Kingdom. These were Large Whites, Tamworth and Berkshire breeds. Later, Landrace and Duroc Jersey breed pigs were imported from the United States. Up until these exotic breeds were introduced, farmers relied on the relatively slow growing native pigs that had the desirable quality of not needing much in the way of traded inputs. The imported pigs were used for breeding improvement and were cross bred with the native pigs (Kanto 1991). Throughout the 1960s and 1970, crossbred pigs were raised by backyard producers for consumption by the farm family and also as a source of income. Kehren and Tisdell (1996) point out that while pigs generated the largest value added in the livestock sector in 1975, the virtual stagnation of the industry up through the 1980s was to a large degree due to government intervention that discouraged private investment in the pig industry. Sornnuwat (1994) says that swine production in Thailand follows a cycle, determined by the pig price. This can lead to boom-bust cycles of the type that occurred in the early 1980s. As a result of an oversupply of pigs in 1984 and 1985, pig raisers suffered heavy losses (Sornnuwat 1994). Heavy losses were expected again in 1987 had it not been for an outbreak of swine disease in the Central, Thailand’s main producing region (Table 5.1). This region has about 50 percent of Thailand’s pig population. The Southern has the smallest number of pigs, possibly reflecting the higher cost of pig fattening because of a shortage of feed in this region. An alternate explanation could be that the southern part of Thailand has a relatively high Muslim population for whom

consuming pork is prohibited. Most of the pork produced in Thailand is consumed domestically because of the presence of foot and mouth disease in some of the producing areas in Thailand. Export markets are limited to Hong Kong, Vietnam and Singapore. Finished (processed) pig meat based products are more widely exported. Most of the industry’s output comes from small or medium sized farms as these dominate the industry (Table 5.1). According to Kanto (1991), modern swine feeding and management systems from western countries have been accepted by farmers. As we know most Thai people consume pork, so there are many entrepreneurs who do the swine farm because this business provides more profits, The CPF was the biggest company that does this business, they provide 70 farms around the country and gain 20 percent of market share in swine industry (Prachachat Business) and 80 percent of market share was the independent farm around the country. However, CPF can reduce the cost of swine industries because they do this business in backward integration and forward integration that affect to other entrepreneurs to close their business because they have high cost and they do not have the distribution channels like the CPF. The swine farm consists of two systems which are an Evaporative Cooling System or closed system and an opened system. In developing areas, an Evaporative Cooling System is appropriate for entrepreneurs. Although, it needs a lot of money in an investment, but it provides clean, quality, and sterile. It also meets the standard of livestock laws. On the other hand, the opened system is popular in the rural areas among the local people because they can start the business with less investment and it lets swine live and eat their feed with the nature. However, the quality of pork is different from closed system due to uncontrolled the diseased from the nature, so it makes swine get sick and become a pig pestilence. The Swine Influenza or Pig Flu has been affected extremely the swine industry and made entrepreneurs close down their business. Moreover, the lack of pork in the market and many problems occur following the Pig Flu crisis. Nowadays, the impact of Pig Flu makes the swine industry drive difficulty, but it still has the opportunity to carry on this business because the livestock department creates the law to control the situation and also set up the standard of swine house. Thus, it helps entrepreneurs still survive in this industry. This creates more confidence of consumers and increases the demand of the market as soon as everything will be better again. Although, the swine industry is not in a perfect condition and doing this business is not easy, but we see a chance to do the business because we can get profit not only

from sell swine, but can also use and sell many utilities that we get from the swine farm; for example, wastes from swine can be transformed into organic fertilizer and sell for agriculturists or farmers and the biogas pond can produce the electric current and use in the pig house. Situation of industry From the survey, we found both problems and benefits which are happening in the market of swine industry. Increasing the tend of swine export and import It is not only the demand of domestic consumers, but there are also the needs of neighboring countries, especially China. The China government faces the Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) problem and they have changed a policy from domesticating swine for households into commerce. Therefore, the amounts of swine decrease and are not enough for consumers within the country. These are the cause why they need to import swine from Thailand. In addition, Japan is another country that believes in the quality and standard of processed pork in Thailand, so it makes the swine export from Thailand expand. However, Thailand has the pork imports from other countries to produce the frozen food because the price of pork import is lower than the price of pork in Thailand. This will cause the economic linkage problem; therefore, the swine business is the business which has the opportunity to grow in the future because the demand of swine, pork, and other pig products is high.

STATISTICS OF IMPORT / EXPORT FOR SWINE AND PRODUCT (Jan – Dec 2008)

No 1

Menu Swine Breeder Piglet Fattening Pork Frozen pork meat Cool pork meat Other

Unit Head Head Head Head Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Dose Kg Kg Kg

Import Quantity 257 257 Baht 16,294,629 16,294,629 Quantity 189,930 104,023 56,752 29,155 5,747,604

Export Baht 717,750,990 518,803,100 79,590,890 119,357,000 538,342,811 153,257,947

2

2,803

1,142,245

2,803

1,142,245

25,695 8,234,684

383,928,607 1,156,257 1,457,462,007

3 4

Meat product Cook pork meat Other product Semen Visceral organ Hair Hide Total

690 1,127,319 35,210 8,596,852 9,766,191

1,435,337 36,011,448 6,833,471 338,476,624 417,630,628

15 136 29,146 14,417,140

1,800 80,798 928,854 3,970,580,263

Source: Number 1, 2, 4 International Animal Quarantine Station, Bureau of Disease Control and Veterinary Service : Number 3 Offices of Livestock Standard and Certification

Source: http://www.dld.go.th/ict/stat_web/yearly/yearly51/imex51/graph/graph_7.pdf http://www.dld.go.th/ict/stat_web/yearly/yearly51/imex51.htm

Product (in general) Pig Kingdom Farm selects the American Landrace of swine which is our core product. The characteristics of American Landrace are as follows: - White hair and skin. Some black spots on the skin are seen, however. - Black hair can be grounds for removal - Long Deep Sides, flat backs, straight snout, trim jowl, and large drooping ears. Landrace are known for their ability to cross with other breeds and are known for their length of body. Sows are prolific and farrow large litters. They also have good

mothering ability. Landrace are medium in size and have good feed efficiency. They also have meaty carcasses. Dried pig excrements which are our supporting product can be processed to manure, compost, organic fertilizer, as well as bio-fertilizer or bio-extracts which it can generate indirect profit to our farm by selling to farmers or agriculturalists. Furthermore, we can use it to make our corn and wheat cultivation grows, so it is the other way to reduce costs for a pig feed when the price of food raw materials is more expensive. Vision of organization We are going to be the best swine farm which concern problems about air pollution, water pollution, and soil pollution. Moreover, we will maintain the health and quality of swine to become the high standard farm and we also expect that consumers can consume the high quality and sterile pork. Mission - We will gain profit from selling core product. - We deliver the high quality of swine in Chiang Saen and Chiang Rai. - We transform dried pig excrements into manure for using in our farm. - We sell manure to agriculturists or farmers. - We bring manure to use within the farm. - We control and manage swine farm following the standard of Animal Husbandry Department, including fresh and clean, quality and healthy of swine.

Strategy - Corporate level Concentration Growth Strategy Because of the opportunity of pig kingdom farm in the Chiang Saen market, we will select concentration growth strategy which emphasizes the study of researches, production processes, and marketing for the study of the possibility of Pig Kingdom Farm development and market expansion in the future. When beginning the business, we use

horizontal growth strategy to expand the business by controlling major competitors in the Chiang Saen area. After we ensure the stability in the business we will select vertical growth strategy to hold our own input, process, and output. Moreover, we use backward integration to do the business in the form of a distributor or a supplier by using a fertilizer produced from dried pig excrements for our wheat and corn cultivation. Therefore, pig feed production can make us completely control the business and also reduce costs of the pig feed and the deficiency of feed. In addition, we can get money from selling our pig feed to other swine farms or agriculturalists. Diversification Growth Strategy We use concentric diversification which is production of a new product by using technologies or knowledge related with the core product. Pig kingdom farm sell swine which is the core product and also sell organic fertilizer produced from dried pig excrements to agriculturalists or farmers which are the supporting product. - Business level Cost focus There are many swine farms in Chiang Rai and we still lose the capability to overcome competitors, so we use focus strategy which is to exploit a narrow target’s difference from the balance of the industry by serving swine near the area where we chosen which is reducing the cost about the transportation and try to reduce the cost at the production level. Therefore, pig kingdom farm reduce the cost by transforming dried pig excrements into organic fertilizer using for plants which can be the feed for swine such as wheat and paddy. Moreover, we aim to maintain the high quality and standard of swine and the price is nearby competitors in Chiang Saen area. - Functional level Human Resources We want to generate the income to the community by hiring employees from the local community. We do not need to hire the knowledge people to work in the farm because this job only needs the patience people. Moreover, when we hire the local people to take care of the swine farm, it can save costs in term of having human resources

department. According to the organization strategy, the vision is to develop and expand the swine farm business into the Chiang Rai market and to be the number one of the swine farm. Therefore, we need to train and give the knowledge to them about how to take care the swine in the right way, the way to artificial insemination, how to feed the swine with cleanliness, and the way to protect the diseases of the pig so on. Marketing In this part, we did not plan the complex strategy because the swine farm business like Pig Kingdom Farm are in the type of SMEs Business and at this moment, there were the problem about Swine Flu which affects to the market demand. It made the swine farm business all the regions of Thailand receive the effect of the Pig Flu crisis. Thus, Pig Kingdom Farm sets the strategy to solve the problem and to reduce the negative impact to the swine business. We always keep the standard of swine in Pig Kingdom Farm. However, we must have the certificate from the Livestock Department to confirm that our farm concerns about quality of swine and cleanliness of the farm without the disease 100 percent. For the target group of customer, we focus only 2 groups; the agriculturists who sell the pork in a small or retailers and the slaughter houses or wholesalers. Operation This part is about the management and organizing functions in the swine farm. We divide it into four departments which are the swine caretaker, the general labor head, the assistant of manager, and the animal nourishing in the farm and the swine caretaker needs to use the human resource to be the main source of a farm and clean the farm, feed the swine, hybridize, and protect the diseases of the pig. The general labor head control and monitor everything in the farm instead of us. They will response about take care of and contact the consumers, the process to feed the swine, look forward to buy and sale the breeders for the farm, ability to order and give the advice to the under level to work, take care of the equipment and new technology that use in the farm, give the information and train the under level to work and meet the standardization of the quality swine farm, and summary the report and present the operational management of the production processes. The assistant of manager is very important in every size of business. For Pig Kingdom Farm we have to have the financial information deeply in every detail. However, the Pig Kingdom Farm are just a small business, so we no need to hire the accountant of the company and we transfer this function to the assistant of manager

responsibility who control the income statement and balance sheet of the company and monitor everything following the general labor head. The animal nourishing man who must create the confidence for consumers have to take care of the swine to be clean and sterile and meet the standard of the livestock department. Finance For the investment of Pig Kingdom Farm, we loan the money from investors for 5 years and we have the policy to refund the principal and interest on time. Moreover, the land for 2 rai in Chiang Saen is guaranteed to the investor and we expect that the operation cost in the short-time must have a lot of money to build the farm, buy the pig breeders, the feed, the hire the labor etc. Therefore, we use cost focus strategy at the business level for reducing the cost. At the first time, we spend more money and after we get the first lot of swine, we can create the secondary product from the savage of the swine by processing it to be the fertilizer and sell to the agriculturists. Moreover, the biogas can change to be the electricity and use in the farm 100 percent. These can create the indirect income from supporting product and we can save the cost of the swine feed by growing wheat and paddy which can be the feed for swine.

Chapter 3: Market Feasibility Study Market analysis - General environment analysis Politic For the government policies that effect the swine farm in many ways as following:

1. Special charge (Surcharge fee) import the raw materials for swine food that also effect the high cost of production so the agriculturists loss profits. 2. The property tax, water bowels, social objectionable tax, etc. That can create more cost for agriculturalists. 3. Set up and control the swine price by not concern about cost of production and the way to survive of agriculturalists so it effect the income of the agriculturists and many of them were closed their business because cannot hold all the costs. 4. Solve the problem of high price of swine by take care and satisfy the consumers by arrow the agriculturalists to import the swine and sell in the country. That will be effect to the agriculturalists that spend less budgeting because when the swine cost drop down, the government does nothing to control the price or find the international market. 5. The way to control the mouth and foot rot disease were not completely such as high cost of vaccine, lack of vaccine, and low quality of vaccine that have been the problems to export the swine. 6. The government doesn’t pay any compensation for the agriculturalists who face with the pestilence problem while doesn’t have any punishment for the first persons who discover the swine pestilence but didn’t warning so the agriculturalists need to protect themselves by decrease the cost and quickly sold the swine from the farm to the slaughter that can expand the swine pestilence and danger for the consumer.

Pollution Control Department The Pollution Control Department tries to help the swine farm’s environment by coo-working with another departments and go into the areas and educate the agriculturalists for understanding of the environmental law and can help them following the law correctly, moreover there will be the Understanding Environmental laws and regulation Helping Center in the pollution areas like swine farm for appropriated to investment. Ministry of Energy

The ministry of energy are supporting for the swine farm owners, produce the biogas from sewage water for the renewable energy and environment concern and that can be decrease the cost of production and pollutions that create by swine farm. Ministry of Agriculture There are the policies of the clean food and good taste for the quality product without the residue and concern the standardization both inside and outside country. So there are controlling and operating of production from farm level until consumer level especially the agriculturalist’s farm treatment and change the approaches of feed and treatment so that can be make the providers improve and develop the management system and increase production quality. The current situation The current situation of Ministry of Commerce announcement the policies of the importation of the Soybean residue of year 2010 that will be enforcement from the 1st of January, 2010 but still unprogressive and if there have no announce in the beginning of the year the private sectors have to pay the taxation from 2 percent to 10 percent if the Ministry of Commerce delay of announcing, that will affect the cost of production to be 27 baht per kilograms so the price of pock increase to be 105 – 110 baht a kilograms. At the same time, the government still support and help the agriculturalists by the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives has policies to support and development the standard of swine production and check up the certification for swine providers all the regions of Thailand by give the knowledge of swine diseases and the way to treatment to meet the standard for increase the quality and make more profitable. The exporting of piglet and swine increase quickly by in the year 2008 the number of swine export were 428,170 swine 1,316 million baht an in 2009, between January to October export the swine 384,867 swine 850 million baht and Pock exporting products in 2009 between January to October were 9,036 tons about 1,662 million baht. Therefore, can expect that the trend of export the pocks and products in 2010 will be continuous expand 14 percent in 2009 were expand 12 percent. Source: http://courseware.rmutl.ac.th/courses/110/unit302.html http://www.phtnet.org/news52/view-news.asp?nID=658

http://www.thaibiogas.net/th/node/290 http://www.oknation.net/blog/print.php?id=58528

Economic There are many factors which have affected to the Thai economy since 2005 – 2008 such as an increase in worldwide price of patrol and fuel, natural disaster, and political issues. Therefore, the image of Thailand economy is unreliable which impacts on a decrease in the number of investors who want to invest in Thailand. However, the production process of food industry is increasing from 51 percent in 2005 to 57 percent in 2006. The production factors of each group are as following: - The group of livestock: They are affected after epidemic spreading of bird’s flu in Europe. The epidemic spreading also affected to the Thailand’s manufacture industry of chicken. The manufacturing of it increase rapidly. It raises the value of Thai livestock as well as Thailand economy. The increasing rate is at 8.5 percent. There is the possibility in rising of the manufacturing from 2005 which is at 59.5 percent to 63.8 percent in 2006. The feed for animal is increasing in manufacture at 11.7 percent which is the impact from the decrease of epidemic of bird’s flu. Other livestock and chicken farming system are expanding their manufacture which is influent by the demand of market. In other hand, the manufacture of feed for animal is also expanding especially the manufacture of chicken’s feed increase to 6.5 percent and the manufacture of swine’s feed increase to 19.8 percent. - Domestic marketing in 2006 - 2008, the average selling condition of food industry has increased from the past year at 7.5 percent. Even though the rise in price of fuel and patrol is directly affected to the capital cost and logistic, it can lead to the inflation economy. The inflation has the influence on a price and the cost of raw material. However, the level of the interest on a loan and deposit does not change, so the number of sales will increase at 7 percent of livestock and at 8.4 percent of food for swine. The effects of FTA bring the imported products to the country and it definitely becomes the competitor of domestic products. - Domestic marketing in 2009, the amount of selling in Thailand was increasing at 2.9 percent at the same time in last year. It is caused by the proclamation of the government which is related to the 6 way of distress mitigation with the changeability of patrol and fuel price. It can affect directly to a price decline for some good. Moreover, the

consumption is increasing in August to September and the overview of Thai economy looks better. If we compared the 2008 and 2009, we will found the food marketing increases at 1.4 percent. It shows that number of pork consumption is increasing which tells us to plan for the future. The tendency of the effects in the future has low possibility. However, the impact will affect in short time after investment. Thai economy will develop well in 3 – 5 years in the future based on the world’s economy. Social Chiang Saen is the big district in Chiang Rai. There are 47,141 persons that live in Chiang Saen. Most local people in Chiang Saen breed swine in their house, but they do not have enough money to build swine house or improve the area for swine. They do not concern about the quality and safety of swine, so swine may get the disease which it affects to people around the area. Nowadays, Chiang Saen district lack the swine farm which get the standardization, cleanliness, and good management. Therefore, Pig Kingdom Farm will be the best swine farm which provides the high quality of swine to consumers in Chiang Saen. For trade of swine in Chiang Saen, it is not enough because pork butchers and swine wholesaler in Chiang Saen still buy the swine from outside Chiang Saen district. However, Pig Kingdom Farm can attract them to purchase our swine which have the high quality and they get convenience in going to buy the swine because our swine farm is located in Chaing Saen district.

Environment The area in Chiang Saen is suitable to do the swine farm business because our swine farm can be located far away from the community area around 2 kilometers according the rule of the swine farm establishment. Therefore, we can decrease some problems that occur from our swine farm such as air pollution and water pollution. Moreover, Pig Kingdom Farm it can reduce the petition of communities about the smell, sound and wastewater to government. Technology

1. The biogas plant The biogas plant consists of two components: a digester (or fermentation tank) and a gas holder. The digester is a cube-shaped or cylindrical waterproof container with an inlet in which the fermentable mixture is introduced in the form of liquid slurry. The gas holder is normally an airproof steel container by floating like a ball on the fermentation mix, cuts off air to the digester (anaerobiosis), and collects the gas generated. In one of the most widely used designs, the gas holder is equipped with a gas outlet, while the digester is provided with an overflow pipe to lead the sludge out into a drainage pit.

2. Wastewater Treatment pond The covered lagoon is the system that spends low cost to build. It does not need to overtake care and it is appropriate with the farm which needs to use a lot of water a day. This system does not need to use the air because it is not a complex system to build and this system has high performance of wastewater treatment.

3. Air flow system in the swine house The function of ventilator or fan in the swine house is to vacuum air inside the house to outside by setting up the honeycomb panel (the honeycomb panel will absorb the water on the wall) in one side of the wall of a house and another side of the wall is the ventilator. The damp from the honeycomb panel will spread around the house and make the air in the house become cool; these will make the swine healthy, happy to eat more food.

4. Dynamo The gas from the biogas pond will be transferred to the generator and the generator will produce the electricity to use in the farm.

STP Analysis Competition Analysis (3C Analysis) - Competitor Analysis Pig Kingdom Farm selects Evaporative Cooling System used the closed-system and the advantages of closed-system are the cleanliness of the swine house more than opened-system, the smell not bothers the local people than opened-system and we can better control the swine diseases, so the swine in closedsystem will be more high quality as the large swine industry and stronger of investment. Although the price of swine will a bit higher than competitors but we has the ability to get into the retailers by provide the quality, clean and sanitary of pock near local community. That is the reason that the consumer decide to buy our product and service. - Customer Analysis Consumers of Pig Kingdom Farm are the retailer in the district and in a nearby district. Local people in Chiang Saen district currently feed themselves swine in their household or buy from a nearby district. However, a demand for swine in each day is not enough in the district and swine still lack good quality and standard. According to the survey, the numbers of pock provider are 20 shops and the quantities of consumer are 60 swine a day; however, the qualities of swine farm with good management are the importance for consumers. Therefore, Pig Kingdom Farm has to provide confidence and reliability for consumers. - Competitive Analysis The competitors of Pig Kingdom Farm can be divided into; . Local pork providers are the main competitors of Pig Kingdom Farm in Chiang Saen district. There are about 40 local swine farms which use opened-system and run business by themselves. The advantage of opened-system of swine farm is low cost of investment, but swine is easy to get disease. 2. Some pork providers buy pork from Tesco Lotus in Mae Chan district and Macro in Ban Du district in order to sell because pork is already packaged up an the price of pork is cheaper than buying from wholesalers. They sell pork in cheaper price, so pork providers can gain more profits without concerning about the quality of pork.

STP Analysis - Segmentation Pig Kingdom Farm is the business which is different from other general business. This business cannot separate the segmentation in various sectors, but our swine farm divides the characteristic of our customers according to the customers’ demands as following: - The minor group of customer who needs 1 – 2 swine for their household consumption. - The group of customer who needs swine in a few amounts is classified into retail group. - The group of customer who needs swine in a numerous amounts is classified into wholesale group.

R etailer

M Group inor w holesaler
Figure: The customer segmentation From the chart, we present the market segmentation of Pig Kingdom Farm. The green color shows that the wholesaler is our main customer and we can get the most profit from them because they need swine in the large amount. The wholesaler which we focus on is the slaughter. The red and yellow color show the demand of market segmentation respectively that are the small group who needs swine in the small number. It is the second benefit which is less than the wholesaler. The customer that we focus in this group is the butcher, villagers, or local people because they can purchase swine directly from the swine farm. - Target Market

From the research and the survey, the target market of Pig Kingdom Farm is people who need the quality and standard swine. However, Pig Kingdom Farm is a new farm, so we take a direct interest to people who relate with the swine industry. The main target is wholesale group and the secondary target is retail group. We separate the target from the occupations of customer that they have different demand. Thus, we divide the target into: - Slaughter - Butcher - Villagers or local people - Product Positioning

Figure: The positioning of Pig Kingdom Farm - Pig Kingdom Farm is the standard swine farm which we have the management and operation systematically in sterilization, so we are one of the best swine farms in Chiang Rai which our swine has the higher quality. Moreover, we can easily access our customers. - The customers can have confidence of our swine which have the high quality standard and safe from an epidemic because we have the effective control system. - Because of the higher demand of swine in the market at the present, many farms sell swine in the low weight which it is without standard. However, when we compare with competitors like a CP and a local farm, we are confident

in our ability to access customers which is better, faster, and easier than competitors and we also have the higher standards of swine farm than a local farm. Marketing Mix Strategy - Product The products of pig kingdom farm are divided in 2 groups as following: Core product The core product of pig kingdom farm is swine that have the age around 5 month to 1 year. Swine from Pig kingdom farm has high quality and safety because we use staffs to taking care, clean and check their health. Moreover, we use an evaporative cooling system in swine house and our swine are guaranteed from livestock department.

Supporting Product The supporting product of Pig Kingdom Farm is organic fertilizer produced from pig excrement. We sell organic fertilizer to farmers or agriculturalists and it also is used within the Pig Kingdom Farm. - Price From the observation of the market price to set swine price as following: Core product: Swine price

Swine’s Age 5 months – 1 year

Weight /Kg. less than 100 More than 100

Price 55-57 58-59

Unit Baht Baht

Source of price: DIT, Department of Internal Trade changed depend on the market price) Supporting product: Organic fertilizer price Weight /Kg. 2.5 12 50 Price 10 30 120

(The setting price can be

Unit Baht Baht Baht

Source of price: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (Thailand) Pig Kingdom Farm use cost-plus pricing strategies to set the price by calculating of average cost (AC) plus a mark up and it is not over the standard price. Moreover, we use psychological pricing strategies to set the price which respond to the consumer perception; for example, we have the cost which is 50 baht per kilogram and the standard price is 61 baht per kilogram. Therefore, we will set the price at 59.99 baht because we use psychological pricing strategies to make it cheap. - Place Direct selling is the best way to sell our swine which leave out the marketing intermediaries. Pig Kingdom Farm is located between Mae Chan and Chiang Saen district. Therefore, we do not lose a proportion of the price which is paid to middleman and our customers within Mae Chan and Chiang Saen district also receive the better price. - Promotion Pig Kingdom Farm promotes swine directly to our customer in order to reduce the cost of intermediaries. Word of mouth is the channel for promoting our swine farm to customers and billboard in font of the farm is another way to promote our swine farm. Furthermore, we are the sponsor of communities’ activities surrounding our swine farm

such as sport events and festival. This way can create the good relationship between our swine farm and communities and it also reduces conflict between us.

Sale forecast / Profit Estimation In the first ten months, we establish the farm and feed the swine. Sales will gradually increase and we will get profit in the beginning of eleventh month. We estimate the demand of market tin first month about 5 percent for our farm and it will increase in every month. In the fifth month, we will gain about 10 percent of market share and it will increase to 50 percent. Moreover, it will decease to 17 percent in some month because of the insufficiency of the amount of swine, decrease in demand, or diseases. However, Pig Kingdom Farm has high performance in the safety, so the sale will increase and market share will increase against.

Sale Forecast in Year 1

Sale forecast in Year1
Jan Feb. Mar Apr May 2,400 2,400 Jun 2,400 2,400 Jul 2,400 2,400 Aug 2,400 2,400 Sep 1,464,000 2,400 1,466,400 Oct 1,586,000 2,400 1,588,400 Nov 1,464,000 2,400 1,466,400 Dec 1,586,000 2,400 1,588,400 Total 6,100,000 19,200 6,119,200

sale swine fertilizer Total

Sale Forecast in Year 2

Sale forecast in Year2

Sale Swine fertilizer Total

Jan 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Feb 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Mar 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Apr 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

May 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Jun 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Jul 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Aug 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Sep 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Oct 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Nov 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Dec 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Total 18,300,000 28,800 18,328,800

Sale Forecast in Year 3

Sale forecast in Year3

sale swine fertilizer Total

Jan 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Feb 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Mar 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Apr 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

May 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Jun 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Jul 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Aug 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Sep 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Oct 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Nov 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Dec 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Total 18,300,000 28,800 18,328,800

Sale Forecast in Year 4

Sale forecast in Year 4

Sale Swine fertilizer Total

Jan 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Feb 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Mar 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Apr 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

May 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Jun 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Jul 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Aug 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Sep 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Oct 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Nov 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Dec 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Total 18,300,000 28,800 18,328,800

Sale Forecast in Year 5
Sale forecast in Year5

sale swine fertilizer Total

Jan 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Feb 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Mar 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Apr 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

May 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Jun 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Jul 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Aug 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Sep 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Oct 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Nov 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Dec 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400

Total 18,300,000 28,800 18,328,800

Marketing Expense (Sales Incentive) Pig Kingdom Farm spend money about 3 percent of income for increasing sale by taking care the stakeholder; for example, we promote customer to know our product which have the highest quality in Chiang Rai and take care local community about air pollution to build the reputation and image of the farm. Moreover, we spend money to buy a gift and provide to our customer in a special events which make them happy and also create customer loyalty, as well as increasing sales.

The Chart of Marketing Expense in Year1

Marketing Expense year1 Month 9 10 11 12 Marketing Expense 6,437 6,437 6,437 6,437 Profit 214,550 214,550 214,550 214,550

The Chart of Marketing Expense in Year 2

Marketing Expense year2 Month 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Marketing Expense 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 Profit 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650

The Chart of Marketing Expense in Year 3

Marketing Expense year3 Month 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 Marketing Expense 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 Profit 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650

The Chart of Marketing Expense in Year 4

Marketing Expense year4 Month 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 Marketing Expense 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 Profit 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650

The Chart of Marketing Expense in Year 5

Marketing Expense year5 Month 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Marketing Expense 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 19,310 Profit 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650 643,650

The chart show the marketing expense in 5 years, in every month the chart show the average of marketing expense that has pay in the years therefore the expense will be stable. Chapter 4: Technical Feasibility Study Product and operation analysis

- Product characteristics Core product

General characteristics of American Landrace Swine - A white hog of long body length, - Having sixteen or seventeen pairs of ribs - The arch of back is much less pronounced than on most other breeds of swine - The hair colour must be white. - Dark skin spots are considered undesirable. - A few freckles on the skin are allowed but black hairs are not.

Gender

Characteristics - The back is almost flat. - Long head rather narrow and clean jowl. - Large and heavy ears carried close to the face. - Admirable meatiness about them on foot and particularly

Hog

on the rail. - Long rumps comparatively level and plump hams but trim. - Long sides, of uniform depth, and well let down in the flank. - Milk producing abilities

Sow

- Top milk production after five weeks of lactation

The various strains of Landrace swine are the descendants of the famous Danish Landrace hogs that were developed in Denmark. The development of the breed began in about 1895. It resulted from crossing the Large White hog from England with the native swine. It was largely though the use of the Landrace that Denmark became the great bacon-exporting country, with England as the chief market. The American Landrace is a white hog of long body length, having sixteen or seventeen pairs of ribs. The arch of back is much less pronounced than on most other breeds of swine. For some hogs the back is almost flat. The head is long and rather narrow and the jowl is clean. The ears are large and heavy and are carried close to the face. There is an admirable meatiness about them on foot and particularly on the rail. The rumps are long and comparatively level and the hams are plump but trim. The sides are long, of uniform depth, and well let down in the flank. The sows are prolific and satisfactory mothers. The sow has always been noted for their milk producing abilities. Studies have shown that they reach their top milk production after five weeks of lactation which is later than other breeds compared. The hair colour of the American Landrace must be white. Dark skin spots are considered undesirable. A few freckles on the skin are allowed but black hairs are not. Source: http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/swine/americanlandrace/index.htm Supporting product The supporting product of Pig Kingdom Farm is organic fertilizer produced from pig excrement. We sell organic fertilizer to farmers or agriculturalists and it also is used within the Pig Kingdom Farm, so it can help to generate indirect income and reduce the cost within the farm. Organic fertilizer process from pig excrement

Selling to Farmers

Using within our farm

Organic Fertilizer

Swine

Dried pig excrement

Pig excrement

Biogas pond

Sewage from pig excrement

Wastewater pond

There are five organic fertilizer processes from pig excrement as following: 1. Excrement from swine. 2. Pig excrement preparation to the biogas pond. 3. Pig excrement is fermented in the biogas pond. 4. The dregs of pig excrement are brought to dry out. 5. Dried pig excrement is transformed to organic fertilizer. - Specification, Feathers, Dimension, Life Time etc. Specification

Pig Kingdom Farm provides high quality of swine including standardization and cleanliness of swine, swine house, and food for swine. The breed of swine: we select “American landrace” because it is the best breed of other swine for consumption; moreover, sows have high ability to caring their piglets. The age of swine: At the first period, we buy piglets at 20 to 40 days of age for breeding during 4 to 6 months, and then we will sell it to customers. Moreover, we have around 10 swine breeders and we breed them for giving more piglets which have high quality. Organic fertilizer: In Pig Kingdom Farm, we bring organic fertilizer produced from dried pig excrement to use with corn and wheat which our farm plant in the little area. Corn and wheat can be the food for swine instead of the main food which the price is expensive. It also helps our farm save the cost of food for swine Features The advantage of our farm is the quality of breeding, great food for swine, good swine house, management of taking care of swine, and prevention of disease. - Breeding: the food for swine which we select has the high nutrition for swine. We have to pay more attention about food for piglets and we will change food which is appropriate for hogs and sows - Good swine house: this one is important to swine because swine house will be clean and standard. For the feature of swine house, we select to build double roofs style. This style can shade sunshine and rain. It is high and airy and it also releases some pollution to outside. All of these can help pig have a good healthy. - Taking care of swine: we clean pig and swine house for impurity protection and try as much as possible to reduce the bad smell from swine which affects to social problems. - Prevention of disease: we concern about safety, so we have to vaccinate and check swine’s health regularly.

- Production process Swine breeding

Taking care of piglets after weaning - When piglets after weaning during 28 days of age, around 6 kilograms, we should move sows out from piglets, but piglets still stay in the same corral around 3 to 5 days. After that we will move piglets to take care in the corral of piglets for the prevention of stress among piglets. Moreover, vitamins or antibiotic dissolved in water should be used to piglets after weaning around 3 to 5 days. - Piglets are vaccinated at 6 weeks of age to protect Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS). Sows and hogs are also vaccinated every 6 months (vaccine to be available during 6 to 12 months). - Piglets are vaccinated at 7 weeks of age to protect mouth and feed rot. Sows and hogs are also vaccinated repeatedly every 4 to 6 months (vaccine to be available during 4 to 6 months) - Piglets at half 2 months should take vermifuge and 21 days late give vermifuge again. Sows and hogs should also take vermifuge every 6 months. Source: http://www.dld.go.th/service/pig/pigpig.html Feeding food to swine in each period A period of weaning piglets When piglets wean milk around 28 days and their weight are around 6 kilograms, the food for piglets which we feed them has 20 percents protein to them until 2 months A period of swine, weight 20 – 35 kilograms The food for swine has 18 percents protein. The food quantity for swine is 1 to 2 kilograms per day. A period of swine, weight 35 – 60 kilograms The food for swine has 16 percents protein. The food quantity for swine is 2 to 2.5 kilograms per day. A period of swine, weight 30 kilograms – delivery to market The food for swine has 14 to 15 percents protein. The food quantity for swine is 2.5 to 3.5 kilograms per day.

Source: http://www.dld.go.th/service/pig/pigpig.html - Swine disease Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS)

Ear oedema, a symptom of PRRS in older pigs

Stillborn piglets with PRRS

Mummified PRRS piglet

PRRS is important pandemic disease caused by virus. It has also known as blue ear disease. PRRS infects all types of herd which are high or ordinary health status and both indoor and outdoor units, irrespective of size. The virus spread rapidly in a herd within 7 days and it may spread throughout the farm. Acute disease is seen in dry sows, lactating sows, sucking piglets, and growers when the virus first enters the breeding herd. General symptoms of PRRS include the body temperature elevated to 103 – 105 °F, reluctance to eat, lethargy, in appetence, discoloration of the skin and pressure sores associated with small vesicles, diarrhea and so forth. When swine get disease, the death rate of swine is up to 90 percents because they are not still immune, so they have not stopped passing on immunity to their offspring. The disease prevention is to produce vaccine for piglets at 6 weeks of age; moreover, the vaccine for swine breeders should be produced every 6 months. However, the vaccine should be avoided for a feeble swine, a sick pig, or pregnant sows which are far gone in pregnancy.

Large unruptured vesicle on nose

Unruptured vesicle on nose

Ruptured vesicle on nose

Unruptured vesicle on foot

Ruptured vesicle on foot

Foot and Mouth: Underside of feet

Foot and mouth rot disease is severe pandemic disease which is contracted rapidly in artiodactyls such as cattle, sheep, goats, and swine. Swine of all age can inflect with this disease in the high rate, but the death rate is low. Foot and mouth rot disease is caused by Picornavirus which O, A, and Asia-1 are found in Thailand. When the virus spreads rapidly in a herd, it takes up 3 – 6 days for symptoms which the appearance a little later of vesicles up to 30 millimeters around a nose tip, mouth, tongue, lips, gill and hoofs are symptoms of this disease. Moreover, the symptoms of this disease are increased body temperature about 40.5 ºC, reluctance to eat, dribbling saliva, chomping their jaws, painful legs, and losing weight. The disease prevention is to produce vaccine for piglet at 7 weeks of age and produce it again 2 week later. For swine breeders, the vaccine is produced every 4 – 6 months. Source: http://www.dld.go.th/service/pig/pigpig.html http://www.thepigsite.com/diseaseinfo/97/porcine-reproductive-respiratory-syndromeprrs http://www.thepigsite.com/articles/?AREA=FeaturedArticle&Display=305

- Medicine and a cure for swine

The way to use drug for swine to protect and heal can be many type of medicines, it is sensitive with swine so we have to have a suggestion from the doctor. 1. Antibiotics; it is extracted from some type of microorganism that can stop the growing of diseases or destroying that diseases. The antibiotics actually is used to protect and heal such as Pneumonia, Bronchitis, Scar fen, Gastrointestinal disease, Urinary tract infections, Uterine inflammation, and Anemic etc. 2. Sulfa Drugs; it is extracted for protecting and healing and the medicine of this group is Trisulfan, Travertine, Vazlong, Sulfa Merasin, Sulfa quinnoksaleen, Sulfadiazine, Sulfanilamide and Sulfa Tiazone etc. 3. Stimulant; it is almost the medicine in Phosphorus, Calcium, Magnesium, Glucose and all vitamins and mineral that are necessary for health. It can help to stimulate the absorption of Digestive System. The groups of medicine are Tonoforcefan, Arizil, Katozal, Vitalex, Aminolite, Vitamin A, and Vitamin B complex multi – vitamins etc. 4. Disinfectant; it is used to clean the swine house such as Isla, Sanctus saffron, Iodine, Formalin, Copper sulfate, Light liquid zone, Caustic soda, Corrine, Lime, Onecline, and Battles Biocline, etc. There will be the approach and limitation to use in the different way, so we should educate the medicine before using. 5. Pesticide external parasite; it is used for killing a Scabies, flea, Dry Scabies in swine such as Engo, Yen go, Forestry, Malafresh, Marathon, Survins, Yermax, Nekuwon, Ivomax Inject or Purge, etc. 6. Pathology cathartic; the medicine which kills all the Pathology in the large intestine in the animal is the Pipperracine, Carbondatatra chloride Pilantialtarlate, Tiabandasol and the commercial name is called Verbal down cline Hoktosan worm-ex banminz Ivomek (for injection) Lamisol 10% Lava side Laevulin 10%, etc. 7. The medicine for filling up the mouth of the piglet; It protects piglets from diarrhea such as Farmosin on the tongue of piglet (putting the medicine to piglet by Chlortetracycline and Hydrochloride) Celia-card (using Streptomilezinzalfate Sanfatiazone Atrofinsilfate) Liquid Diatreem (using with the Tripreamsulfardiacine) Liquid Norodine (use with Sanfadiacinetrimetopream) and so on. Moreover, we can use the medicine melt with water for the piglet or use Neomix 325 KD-Neo.

8. Drugs for wound; it is used for fresh wound and Chronic wound such as Tincture Iodine and Rouge fresh wound (yellow drug), Jencialviolate (violate drug) Salphanilamild Negasunt (for killing the worm in the chronic wound) Sclorworm Salphanilamide Wax and Sulfur, Alcohol, etc. 9. Hormone; this hormone is used for stimulating sows while they are travailing such as Occitocine Hormone and the Prostaglandin F2Elpha Hormone which are the hormone used to inject the sow for specifying the travail month. It is easy for management of using in the case that sows meet the date of travail already (114 days), but not travail yet after injecting. It will help sows to travail in 36 hours and if we use special hormone, we need to have the suggestion from the doctor before using. 10. Iron; it protects the pale blood of piglets such as Fidex Miofure pigdrik Iron Drextran Rona.

Source: http://www.dld.go.th/service/pig/pigpig.html

- The growth of swine Food per pig and per day (Kilogram) 0.30 0.50 1.0 1.4 1.5 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.0

The Age of Swine (Day) 30 42 60 70 82 94 106 120 133 145 158 170

The weight of Swine (Kilogram) 6.5 9.0 15.0 22.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0

The growth rate of swine 150 330 500 600 650 700 720 750 780 800 800 800

The efficiency of using food supplement 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 3.0 3.0

The quantity of food supplement 0.4 5.0 15.0 27.0 45.0 67.0 90.0 125 155 190 225 260

Table: The weight and growth rate of swine and the quantity of food for swine Source: http://www.dld.go.th/service/pig/pigpig.html

- Vaccine injection for swine breeders

The Age of Swine

Type of Vaccine

Dose and Injection Intramuscular

Note Vaccine injection every 6 months in the next time and when vaccine dissolves already, using within 1 hour Vaccine injection every 4 months in the next time

6 weeks

Mouth and Feed rot

injection 1 c.c. per pig

Porcine 7 weeks Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) Subcutaneous injection

Source: http://www.dld.go.th/service/pig/pigpig.html

- Location

8 7 6 5 4

1 2 3

1. Mae Fah Luang University 2. Route of Mae Chan District 3. Route of Mea Sai District 4. Ban Kiwproa 5. Ban Pangmohpong ** 6. Ban Phaton, Santart district 7. Chiang Saen district 8. Mae Kong River The market of Pig Kingdom Farm is the main target groups from Chiang Saen, and Mae Chan because they are expanding pig industry, so the location of Pig Kingdom Farm is located in Phaton village at Chiang Saen district, Chiang Rai province where is near customers. The advantage of this location is easy for trade and distribution and also has opportunities to expand our business due to an increase in the number of people living in Chiang Saen. Therefore, the demand of people also increases. We emphasis on the area where provides convenient access and transportations and it can also protect environment, control disease outbreaks from outside into the farm. It is far away from the community around 2 kilometers which must be consented by local government administration and the centre of government that show our business does not cause negative impacts to society. Moreover, the location should have water source which is adequate for consumption throughout the year.

- Facility Layout Pig kingdom farm has the area around 2 Rai located in Chiang Saen district, so we have to think how to use the area effectively. Good facility layout is very important to the business. We separate the area into 3 parts which consists of resident area, breeding area, and planting area.

Behind the swine farm

In front of the swine farm

The side of the swine farm 1. The first area, we use around 2000 square meters for build breeding area there are swine’s house, treatment area and storehouse of feed. - Swine’s house It is important part for our farm, swine need to live with hygienic practice because it will make the swine healthy and they will not pressure so they will eat a lot of feed. We use this area around 1700 square meters for 2 building of swine’s house. We build swine’s house follow main key of good characteristic, which is easy to manage in each of sty, have an area for drain wastewater and far from the community around 2 kilometers, and each of inside swine’s house have 24 sties for swine living in the number that feel cramped.

Building We choose Evaporative System for building because it can control appropriate environment of swine’s living such as temperature, humidity, ventilate and bright light. The building is high around 9 meters, 4meters for wide and 100 meters of range. Roof For the roof we choose double triangle style of roof, this style is popular because it is safety and good ventilate of inside, we use the tile for roofing, although this style is expensive but it is worth for swine’s life.

Floor We use concrete for lay the floor because it is cheap and easy to clean; moreover if we lay slop floor and leave a space for put water for swine’s relax. Staffs of swine have to change water in the morning everyday. - Treatment system area We set up treatment area around 200 square meters behind swine’s house. It consists of 3 ponds; there are pig’s excrement ferment pond, wastewater pond, and biogas pond. The pig excrement and wastewater is brought to the wastewater pond for treatment.

- Storehouse of feed This area is around 100 square meters for building the storehouse. We use storehouse to keep feed of swine and the equipment that involve with swine.

2. The second area is around 500 square meters. It consists of 2 buildings which are staff house and office. - Staff house Pig kingdom farm employs people in the community around 2 - 3 person to be the staff in swine farm, so we have to build a house for them. The location which we select for resident is separated from swine house.

- Office The office is located beside the staff house. It is clean and suitable for work in that place. Our farm have veterinarian for checking swine health. Moreover, we have farm management manual which shows about record information in order to protect and

control the disease of swine and the way to taking care of swine. The head worker and accountant (also assistant of head worker) work at the office.

3. The third area is plantation area which is used to plant corn and wheat in order to be the feed for swine. The area is around 700 square meters and is divided into 2 parts; the area of the first part for corn plantation is around 300 square meters and the area of the second part for wheat plantation is around 400 square meters.

Machine / Tools / Equipments - Principle of Evaporative Cooling System Evaporative Cooling System is designed to be friendly with environment. The water evaporation exchanges heat in the air by the water flowing pass the cooling pad. When the water flowing pass the cooling pad, it will increase the area and decrease the squeeze between the water an air which makes the water immediately evaporate. After that heat from the air around the cooling pad is brought to use in the evaporative and when the air absorbs the heat, the temperature decline. However, the temperature decline

more or less depending on the moisture in the air temperature at that time and the wind speed which flow through the cooling pad and the wind chill affects the system.

Figure: Evaporative Cooling System

- Evaporative Ventilation Air Cooler "Hybrid Cool Unit" is like air condition and safe electric as fan by innovation technology. It is designed based on the natural concept which is friendly with environment and also protect contamination. It does not have water spray and uses only 10 percent of electricity. The method of Evaporative Ventilation Air Cooler 1. When the squeeze pass through the Inlet Valve, it will drop into the water tray until the pendulums is driven up. 2. The system will order water pump and make the water flow through the cooling pad, but the water still flow through the Inlet Valve until the level of the water are highest peak. Therefore, the system will cut the water itself. 3. The Motor of fan will take the cooling wind into the wind distributor system following each distributor. When it works completely in 9 hours, the Auto Wash Mod System will working and the order controlling set outlet Valve will open to drainage the water.

Figure: The Evaporative Ventilation Air Cooler

- Performance of highest properties of cooling pad 1. Indentation in the appropriate skin for the area increase. 2. Having appropriate thickness because if it is too thin, it will be spray out and if it is too thickness, the pressure drop will occur. 3. Cleaning without dust, lichen and sediment. 4. Useful life of the cooling pad is about 3 years or 10,000 hours The air flowing through the system must flow through the dust filtration

Figure: Cooling Pad

The advantage of the cooling pad The usage objective 1. To improve the environment in the work area 2. To decrease the temperature in the work area about 4 – 10 degrees Celsius by distributing the cooling wind directly to the target area. 3. To protect the heat from outside the swine house. 4. To add the fresh air flowing inside the swine house. 5. To create the positive pressure to protect the dust, bad smell, and bugs. 6. To save the energy and decrease the cost of electricity.

Figure: Comparison of the Incretion of Temperature Having Humidity 50 percent - Air System Ventilation 1. To save the energy when compare with normal air condition system with the same performance of cooling capacity over 1,250% a year. 2. To save the energy because uses electricity only 10 percent when compares with the normal air condition. 3. Can be mixed-design with the normal air condition system which saves the electricity about 40 percent to 60 percent in the case of needing to control the temperature often. 4. Low maintenance cost because it is not complex system and easy to maintain. It does not need the advice from specialist. 5. Friendly with environment without the CFC chemical to create the cooling air and uncreated green house effect which is the main cause of global warming. 6. Can be designed to decrease the volume of humidity in the air. Ventilation Air Flow System makes it occur less.

7. Can be designed to build to be Positive Pressure or Negative Pressure and create the air barrier to protect the contaminant from outside. 8. Can be designed to create wind chill effect the distributor, that make the air touch with the skin the temperature feel decrease about 2 – 3 degrees Celsius. 9. Can use both inside and outside. 10. Has portable movement.

Figure: Air System Ventilation

Source: http://evaporative-hybridcool.blogspot.com/

- Dynamo

The electricity which we generally use in the household and the business is the electric stream from dynamo

The main component of dynamo is as following: 1. The magnetic for creating the magnetic field. 2. The coil of wire that covered by insulator. 3. The sub equipments in the motor (brush, ring). The dynamo uses rotating coils of wire and magnetic fields to convert mechanical rotation into a pulsing direct electric current through Faraday's law. A dynamo machine consists of a stationary structure called the stator which provides a constant magnetic field, and a set of rotating windings called the armature which turn within that field. On small machines the constant magnetic field may be provided by one or more permanent magnets; larger machines have the constant magnetic field provided by one or more electromagnets, which are usually called field coils. The commutation was needed to produce direct current. When a loop of wire rotates in a magnetic field, the potential induced in it reverses with each half turn, generating an alternating current. However, in the early days of electric experimentation, alternating current generally had no known use. The few uses for electricity, such as electroplating, used direct current provided by messy liquid batteries. Dynamos were invented as a replacement for batteries. The commutation is a set of contacts mounted on the machine's shaft, which reverses the connection of the windings to the external circuit when the potential reverses, so instead of alternating current, a pulsing direct current is produced. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dynamo - Exhaust Fan

An exhaust fan is a mechanical ventilation device that helps to draw out stale and impure air from factory and bring in fresh air, thereby improving the quality of indoor

air. Exhaust fans are typically ducted to the exteriors of factory, through which bad indoor air can effectively be removed from the factory. Exhaust fans are classified into various types, mainly depending on the type of mount and the location where you need to install the fans. There are different types of exhaust fan, but our swine farm use wall mounted exhaust fans. These exhaust fans are installed on walls. Since they are installed on exterior walls of the factory and not on interior walls, the stale air has a direct route to the outside of your home and thus no duct work is required in installing these exhaust fans. Source: http://lib.store.yahoo.net/lib/rewilliams/ventilationfanguide.html - Logistics Management - Location planning The main target group of Pig Kingdom Farm is people who live in Chiang Saen and Mae Chan. Therefore, the location of Pig Kingdom Farm is located in the Phaton village at Chiang Saen district, Chiang Rai province because it is the center of distribution which provides more convenience to our customers when they come to our farm for buying swine. It can also help our farm save time and costs when we go to the swine farm located in Santhat district, Chiang Khong to buy piglets. - Transportation and Traffic Pig Kingdom Farm focuses only on outbound logistics which is the process of piglet imports from the swine farm located in Santhat district, Chiang Rai into our farm. A truck is used to transport piglets because it can contain a lot of piglets. - Warehousing and Inventory Control Our swine farm pays attention to the quality of warehousing and inventory control. We always have swine sufficiently for our customers all the time which they have all confidence in our quality of swine because we have the effective management in the disease control and prevention and we also cooperate with Department of Livestock Development in order to check the quality of each pig and environment every month to meet the standard on cleanliness.

- Procurement and Purchasing The processing of purchasing the American Landrace breed of piglets and swine breeders is very important for costs and the quality of products. We select the swine farm located at Santhat district, Chiang Rai province to order swine because this farm has the swine which meets our demands and has high quality. These swine can be ordered direct from the swine farm at Santhat district. We select a truck to transport piglets from that place to our farm because it can save time and costs. - Material handing and transportation

- Transportation preparation To protect the accident which can happen to swine, truck floor has to be laid by straw, dried grass, banana tree, or sandy soil. We should prepare a cage for hogs and should prepare a separated stall to protect swine from overlapping each other when transporting a lot of swine. However, a separated stall is essential for the back of a truck; moreover, a truck roof and shading net are important for sunlight and rain protection.

- Swine management after getting in a truck We should pour the water over swine during transport because it can help to reduce the heat in swine. In addition to water, big ice which is pounded can be laid on truck floor covered by straw. It can help to reduce stress among swine. While we are transporting swine, we should not stop a truck if it is not necessary. Moreover, if swine show the sign that they feel hot; we have to stop a truck to pour water over swine’s head and swine body. Most importantly we should transport swine in good weather condition during evening or night. - Swine management when reaching the destination After swine are herded together into a pig kraal, we should provide the short period of time to swine for relaxation and should not give water and food immediately for them. After that we give clean water which is mixed Iodine and vitamins together for them during the first 3 to 5 days. In addition, we must separate swine to protect the spread of disease over 15 day period. - Waste Minimization & Quality control The way of prevention and eliminating smell and waste from the swine farm consists of 4 processes. Biogas pond The Large swine farm which has more than 1,000 swine should build biogas pond to keep pig excrement and bring gas from biogas pond transformed into electricity. It can be applied within the farm, cooking, or nursing a brood of piglets.

Wastewater pond The swine farm should have wastewater pond system, especially swine farm located near the river. Wastewater pond system consists of fermenting pond, dregs thick liquid pond, and the area for dried pig excrement.

Pig excrement pond Thee swine farm of agriculturist who cannot build biogas pond or wastewater pond should build pig excrement pond. The size of pond depends on quantity of breeding swine. Characteristic of pig excrement pond is similar to wastewater pond.

Using Microbe Chemical The swine farm should blow Microbe chemical such as E.M. (Effective Microorganisms) around swine house, pig excrement or blow around wastewater pond because E.M chemical can decrease smell in the swine farm. Source: http://www.dld.go.th/service/pig/pigpig.html

- Facility Management Environmental management - Types of waste generated by the swine farm 1. Waste 2. Swine carcasses 3. Pig excrement 4. Wastewater Waste disposal - Large amount of pig excrement 1. Set the total amount of food which is proper for types or ages of swine 2. A mixture of food which has recipes to reduce the amount of waste - Ineffective food distribution system for swine - Change equipments for food distribution to protect the food falling from the food distribution system. - Ineffective food systems management - Always check the quality of food for swine - Use the existing food for swine before opening a new food bag - Mixing food for swine and shipping scatteringly - Without waste reduction - Pig excrement transformed into organic fertilizer - Fresh pig excrement to be the food for fishes - Produce biogas from wastewater - Worker’s ignorance of - Raise awareness of workers - Have a plan for workers to operate

Noxious odors management - Principle and practice for the swine house and the a pig kraal We should build a pig kraal which is proper for swine. The area for defecating should be located behind a pig kraal due to easy cleaning.

Principle and Practice Keeping pig excrement Cleaning a swine house Releasing water from the area of defecating Using enzyme ionic plasma

The Amount of Time At least 2 times / day At least 2 times / day At least 1 times / day 1 time / day

- Taking pig excrement from the area for defecating

We have to take pig excrement from the area for defecating before cleaning up. A pig kraal should be suitable for each type and age of swine. The proper area for defecating should be located behind a pig kraal because it is easy to clean and it should also be a bright area, ventilation, and damp.

- Cleaning a swine house

The area of a pig kraal which is not the area for defecating should be dried all the time, so we should wash a pig kraal at least 2 times per day.

Equipment which can help to reduce the size of the tip of rubber tube should be installed in order to help water flow rapidly. Moreover, it can decrease water quantity and save time in cleaning. - Principle and practice for the wastewater treatment Wastewater generated by the swine farm mostly comes from cleaning a pig kraal which can cause noxious odors.

Wastewater Treatment - Keep pig excrement, dregs, food scraps at least 2 times per day. - Wash the channel for water drainage together in The channel for water drainage cleaning a pig kraal at least 2 times per day. - The quantity of wastewater drainage per day. - The channel for wastewater drainage is proper with wastewater drainage within the swine farm. - Keep garbage, weed, and plastic scrap within the biogas pond or wastewater pond. Wastewater treatment system - Install sieve to sift out dregs at the area of draining wastewater - Should have plastic or lid to cover the wastewater pond A large amount of wastewater - Wasting water caused by ineffective cleaning - Clean pig excrement at least 2 times a day - Build a pig kraal which is appropriate for eating behavior and defecating in swine and. The area for defecating should be located behind a pig kraal because it is easily to clean; moreover, it must be clean, damp, and has good ventilation. - Overuse of water - Decrease water loss from any equipment related to water - Wash a pig kraal by water from the wastewater treatment system - Water drainage system and wastewater drainage system Separate the channel for water drainage and wastewater drainage in order to reduce wastewater quantity. Source: http://ptech.pcd.go.th/present-pig/

Cost of Investment - Pre – operation cost Landscape cost Swine Sale permission in the province Others Total 200,000 Baht 100 Baht 20,000 Baht 220,100Baht

Source: http://www.dld.go.th/inform/law/minis_order/duty2546.html

Investment cost According to the information that we has received from …..ลุงถา ….. The owner of close system swine farm in Mae Lao district Chiang Rai province that has investment cost;
Price per 1 unit 300000 1,350,000 100,000 10,125 100,000 10,000 25,000 385,000 2,800 650,000 2,500 2,800 3,500 20,000 1,150 10,000 2,800 1,200 30,000 No of unit 1 2 1 4 1 2 4 1 30 1 12 30 10 2 16 1 20 8 1

No 1 2 3 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Land office

List

price 200,000 300,000 2,700,00 0 100,000 40,500 100,000 20,000 100,000 385,000 84,000 650,000 30,000 84,000 35,000 40,000 18,400 10,000 56,000 9,600 30,000 4,962,50 0

Percent 4.03% 6.05% 54.41% 2.02% 0.82% 2.02% 0.40% 2.02% 7.76% 1.69% 13.10% 0.60% 1.69% 0.71% 0.81% 0.37% 0.20% 1.13% 0.19% 0.60% 100%

Swine house Warehouse storage Biogas pond Housing Workers ลานตากขีหมู ้ Dynamo Truck swine cage Pick-Up Car ที่กันลูกหมู ้ Breeder pound Stud cage Treatment pond Fee Exhaust fans bowels of the earth fee ที่ใส่อาหารหมู cooling pad Computer Total

Depreciation

Depreciation Investment Office Swine house Warehouse storage Biogas pond Housing Workers Breeder pound ลานตากขีหมู ้ Dynamo Truck Swine cage Pick-Up Car ที่กันลูกหมู ้ Stud cage Treatment pond Fee Exhaust fans bowels of the earth fee ที่ใส่อาหารหมู cooling pad Computer Total Amount 300,000 .00 2,700,000 .00 100,000 .00 40,500 .00 100,000 .00 84,000 .00 20,000 .00 100,000 .00 385,000 .00 84,000 .00 650,000 .00 30,000 .00 35,000 .00 40,000 .00 18,400 .00 10,000 .00 56,000 .00 9,600. 00 30,000 .00 4,792,500.00 Depreciation 20 years 20 years 20 years 20 years 20 years 20 years 21 years 5 years 5 years 5 years 5 years 5 years 5 years 5 years 5 years 5 years 5 years 5 years 3 years Annual Depreciation 15,000.00 135,000.00 5,000.00 2,025.00 5,000.00 4,200.00 1,000.00 5,000.00 19,250.00 4,200.00 32,500.00 1,500.00 1,750.00 2,000.00 920.00 500.00 2,800.00 480.00 1,500.00 239,625.00 Monthly Depreciation 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350.00 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350.00 2,708.33 125.00 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40.00 125.00 19,968.75

Depreciation year 1 Investment Office Swine house Warehouse storage Biogas pond Housing Workers Breeder pound ลานตากขีหมู ้ Dynamo Truck Swine cage Pick-Up Car ที่กันลูกหมู ้ Stud cage Treatment pond Fee Exhaust fans bowels of the earth fee ที่ใส่อาหารหมู Cooling pad Computer Total Amount 300,000.0 0 2,700,000.0 0 100,000.0 0 40,500.00 100,000.0 0 84,000.00 20,000.00 100,000.0 0 385,000.0 0 84,000.00 650,000.0 0 30,000.00 35,000.00 40,000.00 18,400.00 10,000.00 56,000.00 9,600.00 30,000.00 4,792,500.00 Jan 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Feb 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Mar 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Apr 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 May 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 June 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 July 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Aug 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Sep 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Oct 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Nov 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Dec 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Total 15,000.00 135,000.00 5,000.04 2,025.00 5,000.04 4,200.00 999.96 5,000.04 19,250.04 4,200.00 32,499.96 1,500.00 1,749.96 2,000.04 920.04 500.04 2,799.96 480.00 1,500.00 239,625.12

Depreciation year 2 Investment Office Swine house Warehouse storage Biogas pond Housing Workers Breeder pound ลานตากขีหมู ้ Dynamo Truck Swine cage Pick-Up Car ที่กันลูกหมู ้ Stud cage Treatment pond Fee Exhaust fans Bowels of the earth fee ที่ใส่อาหารหมู Cooling pad Computer Total Amount 300,000.00 2,700,000.00 100,000.00 40,500.00 100,000.00 84,000.00 20,000.00 100,000.00 385,000.00 84,000.00 650,000.00 30,000.00 35,000.00 40,000.00 18,400.00 10,000.00 56,000.00 9,600.00 30,000.00 4,792,500.00 Jan 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Feb 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Mar 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Apr 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 May 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 June 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 July 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Aug 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Sep 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Oct 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Nov 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Dec 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 125 19,968.76 Total 15,000.00 135,000.00 5,000.04 2,025.00 5,000.04 4,200.00 999.96 5,000.04 19,250.04 4,200.00 32,499.96 1,500.00 1,749.96 2,000.04 920.04 500.04 2,799.96 480.00 1,500.00 239,625.12

Depreciation year 3 Depreciation year 4 Investment Amount Investment Office Office Swine house Warehouse Swine house storage Warehouse pond Biogas storage Biogas pond Housing Workers Housing Workers Breeder pound Breeder pound มู ลานตากขีห ้ ลานตากขีหมู ้ Dynamo Dynamo Truck Truck Swine cage swine cage Pick-Up Pick-Up Car Car ที่กันลู่กันลูกหมู ้ ที ก้ หมู StudStud cage cage Treatment Treatment pond Fee pond Fee Exhaust Exhaust fansfans Bowels of Bowels of the earth fee the earth fee ที่ใส่อาหารหมู ที่ใส่อาหารหมู Cooling pad pad Cooling Total Computer Total Amount 300,000.00

Jan Jan 1,250.00

Feb Feb 1,250.00

Mar 1,250.00Mar

Apr Apr 1,250.00

May May 1,250.00

June June 1,250.00

July July 1,250.00

Aug Aug 1,250.00

Sep Sep 1,250.00

Oct Oct 1,250.00

Nov Nov 1,250.00 1,250.00 11,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 416.67 168.75 168.75 416.67 416.67 350 350 83.33 83.33 416.67 416.67 1,604.17 1,604.17 350 350 2,708.33 2,708.33 125 125 145.83 145.83 166.67 166.67 76.67 76.67 41.67 41.67 233.33 233.33 4040 19,843.76 125 19,968.76

Dec Dec 1,250.00 1,250.00 11,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 416.67 168.75 168.75 416.67 416.67 350 350 83.33 83.33 416.67 416.67 1,604.17 1,604.17 350 350 2,708.33 2,708.33 125 125 145.83 145.83 166.67 166.67 76.67 76.67 41.67 41.67 233.33 233.33 40 40 19,843.76 125 19,968.76

Total Total 15,000.00 15,000.00 135,000.00 135,000.00 5,000.04 5,000.04 2,025.00 2,025.00 5,000.04 5,000.04 4,200.00 4,200.00 999.96 999.96 5,000.04 5,000.04 19,250.04 19,250.04 4,200.00 4,200.00 32,499.96 32,499.96 1,500.00 1,500.00 1,749.96 1,749.96 2,000.04 2,000.04 920.04 920.04 500.04 500.04 2,799.96 2,799.96 480.00 480.00 238,125.12 1,500.00 239,625.12

300,000.00 1,250.00 1,250.00 1,250.00 1,250.00 1,250.00 1,250.0011,250.00 1,250.00 11,250.00 1,250.00 11,250.00 1,250.00 11,250.00 1,250.00 2,700,000.00 11,250.00 11,250.00 11,250.00 11,250.00 11,250.00 11,250.00 2,700,000.00 416.67 11,250.00 416.67 11,250.00 416.67 11,250.00 416.67 11,250.00 416.67 11,250.00 416.67 11,250.00 100,000.00 100,000.00 168.75416.67 168.75 416.67 168.75 416.67 168.75 416.67 168.75 416.67 168.75 416.67 40,500.00 40,500.00 168.75 168.75 168.75 168.75 168.75 168.75 100,000.00 416.67 416.67 416.67 416.67 416.67 416.67 100,000.00 416.67 416.67 416.67 416.67 416.67 416.67 84,000.00 350 350 350 350 350 350 84,000.00 83.33 350 83.33 350 83.33 350 83.33 350 83.33 350 83.33 350 20,000.00 20,000.00 83.33 83.33 83.33 83.33 83.33 83.33 100,000.00 416.67 416.67 416.67 416.67 416.67 416.67 100,000.00 416.67 416.67 416.67 416.67 416.67 416.67 11,250.00 416.67 416.67 168.75 168.75 416.67 416.67 350 83.33 350 83.33 416.67 416.67 11,250.00 416.67 416.67 168.75 168.75 416.67 416.67 350 83.33 350 83.33 416.67 416.67 11,250.00 416.67 416.67 168.75 168.75 416.67 416.67 350 83.33350 83.33 416.67 416.67 1,604.17 1,604.17 350 350 2,708.33 2,708.33 125125 145.83 145.83 166.67 166.67 76.67 76.67 41.67 41.67 233.33 233.33 40 40 19,843.76 125 19,968.76 11,250.00 416.67 416.67 168.75 168.75 416.67 416.67 350 350 83.33 83.33 416.67 416.67 1,604.17 1,604.17 350 350 2,708.33 2,708.33 125 125 145.83 145.83 166.67 166.67 76.67 76.67 41.67 41.67 233.33 233.33 40 40 19,843.76 125 19,968.76

385,000.00 1,604.17 1,604.17 1,604.17 1,604.17 1,604.17 1,604.17 1,604.17 1,604.17 385,000.00 1,604.17 1,604.17 1,604.17 1,604.17 1,604.17 1,604.17 1,604.17 1,604.17 84,000.00 84,000.00 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350 350

650,000.00 2,708.33 2,708.33 2,708.33 2,708.33 650,000.00 2,708.33 2,708.33 2,708.33 2,708.332,708.33 2,708.33 2,708.33 2,708.33 2,708.33 2,708.33 2,708.33 2,708.33 30,000.00 30,000.00 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 145.83 145.83 166.67 166.67 76.67 76.67 41.67 41.67 233.33 233.33 40 40 19,843.76 125 19,968.76 125 125 145.83 145.83 166.67 166.67 76.67 76.67 41.67 41.67 233.33 233.33 40 40 19,843.76 125 19,968.76

35,000.00 35,000.00 145.83145.83 145.83 145.83 145.83 145.83 145.83 145.83 145.83 145.83 145.83 145.83 40,000.00 166.67166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 40,000.00 18,400.00 18,400.00 76.67 76.67 76.67 76.67 76.67 76.67 76.67 76.67 10,000.00 41.67 41.67 41.67 41.67 10,000.00 41.67 41.67 41.67 41.67 76.67 76.67 41.67 41.67 76.6776.67 41.67 41.67

56,000.00 56,000.00 233.33233.33 233.33 233.33 233.33 233.33 233.33 233.33 233.33 233.33 233.33 233.33 9,600.00 9,600.00 4,762,500.00 30,000.00 4,792,500.00 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40

19,843.76 125

19,843.76 125

19,843.76 125

19,843.76 125

19,843.76 125

19,843.76 125

19,968.76

19,968.76

19,968.76

19,968.76

19,968.76

19,968.76

Depreciation year 5 Investment Office Swine house Warehouse storage Biogas pond Housing Workers Breeder pound ลานตากขีหมู ้ Dynamo Truck Swine cage Pick-Up Car ที่กันลูกหมู ้ Stud cage Treatment pond Fee Exhaust fans bowels of the earth fee ที่ใส่อาหารหมู Cooling pad Total Amount 300,000.00 2,700,000.00 100,000.00 40,500.00 100,000.00 84,000.00 20,000.00 100,000.00 385,000.00 84,000.00 650,000.00 30,000.00 35,000.00 40,000.00 18,400.00 10,000.00 56,000.00 9,600.00 4,762,500.00 Jan 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 19,843.76 Feb 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 19,843.76 Mar 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 19,843.76 April 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 19,843.76 May 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 19,843.76 June 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 19,843.76 July 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 19,843.76 Aug 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 19,843.76 Sep 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 19,843.76 Oct 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 19,843.76 Nov 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 19,843.76 Dec 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 416.67 1,604.17 350 2,708.33 125 145.83 166.67 76.67 41.67 233.33 40 19,843.76 Total 15,000.00 135,000.00 5,000.04 2,025.00 5,000.04 4,200.00 999.96 5,000.04 19,250.04 4,200.00 32,499.96 1,500.00 1,749.96 2,000.04 920.04 500.04 2,799.96 480.00 238,125.12

Depreciation year 6

Investment Office Swine house Warehouse storage Biogas pond Housing Workers Breeder pound ลานตากขีหมู ้ Total

Amount 300,000.00 2,700,000.00 100,000.00 40,500.00 100,000.00 84,000.00 20,000.00 3,344,500.00

Jan 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 13,935.42

Feb 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 13,935.42

Mar 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 13,935.42

Apr 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 13,935.42

May 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 13,935.42

June 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 13,935.42

July 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 13,935.42

Aug 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 13,935.42

Sep 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 13,935.42

Oct 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 13,935.42

Nov 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 13,935.42

Dec 1,250.00 11,250.00 416.67 168.75 416.67 350 83.33 13,935.42

Total 15,000.00 135,000.00 5,000.04 2,025.00 5,000.04 4,200.00 999.96 167,225.04

Operation Cost Raw material Cost Our farm was breeding the swine in lot and there are 500 pigs in one lot therefore we will estimate raw material per lot Piglet Pig Food Total Direct Labor Cost We will employ 1 family that was unemployment and does not have anything to do and provide income for them about 6,000 baht per month. We will provide house and food for them. Veterinarian fee Foreman Foreman assistant Total 6,000 Baht/Month 5,000 Baht/Month 4,000Baht/Month 21,000Baht/Month 1000/a pig 455 baht/ a bag 500 pigs = 500,000 Baht 2600 bags = 1,183,000 Baht 1,683,000 Baht

Management analysis - Administration cost We estimate the administration cost per month.

No 1 2 3 4

List Electricity Telephone Internet others Total

Amount 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 10,000

Percent 30% 10% 5.9% 54.1% 100%

Chapter 5: Financial Analysis Income Statement

Income statement of year 1

Month 1 Jan

Month 2 Feb 0 0

Month 3 Mar 0 0

Month 4 Apr 0 0

Month 5 May 2,400

Month 6 Jun 2,400 2400

Month 7 Jul 2,400 2400

Month 8 Aug 2,400 2400

Month 9 Sep 240 1,464,000 2,400 1466400 240,000

Month 10 Oct 260 1,586,000 2,400 1588400 260,000 1,328,400

Month 11 Nov 240 1,464,000 2,400 1466400 240,000 1,226,400

Month 12 Dec 260 1,586,000 2,400 1588400 260,000 1,328,400 Total 1,000 6,100,000 19,200 6,119,200 1,000,000 5,119,200 -

Sale in Units Sale revenue sale fertilizer Total Sale Less Cost of goods sold Gross margin Operating expenses Pig food cost Operating income Marketing expense Administration expense Salaries Electricity Telephone Internet Others Total Administrative Total Marketing administrative Expense EBIT Interest Interest income Tax income Net income

0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

2400

2,400

2,400

2,400

2,400

1,226,400

1,183,000 -1,180,600 2,400 -

1,183,000 -1,180,600 2,400 -

1,183,000 43,400 43,920 1,328,400 47,580

1,183,000 43,400 43,920 1,328,400 47,580

4,732,000 387,200 183,000 -

0 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 10,000 10,000 -10,000 33,333 -43,333 -13,000 -30,333

0 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 10,000 10,000 -10,000 33,333 -43,333 -13,000 -30,333

0 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 10,000 10,000 -10,000 33,333 -43,333 -13,000 -30,333

0 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 10,000 10,000 -10,000 33,333 -43,333 -13,000 -30,333

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 31,000 -1,211,600 33,333 -1,244,933 -373,480 871,453

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 31,000 -28,600 33,333 -61,933 -18,580 -43,353

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 31,000 -1,211,600 33,333 -1,244,933 - 373,480 - 871,453

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 31,000 -28,600 33,333 -61,933 -18,580 -43,353

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 74,920 -31,520 33,333 -64,853 -19,456 -45,397

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 78,580 1,249,820 33,333 1,216,487 -364,946 851,541

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 74,920 -31,520 33,333 -64,853 -19,456 -45,397

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 78,580 1,249,820 33,333 1,216,487 -364,946 1,581,433

168,000 24,000 8,000 4,720 43,280 248,000 431,000 -43,800 266,667 -310,467 -823,032 512,565

Income statement of year 2

Month 13 Jan

Month 14 Feb 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Month 15 Mar 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Month 16 Apr 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Month 17 May 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Month 18 Jun 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Month 19 Jul 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Month 20 Aug 260 1,586,000 2,400 1,588,400 260,000 1,328,400

Month 21 Sep 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Month 22 Oct 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Month 23 Nov 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Month 24 Dec 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 3,010,000 15,379,800 Total 3,010 18,361,000 28,800

Sale in Units Sale revenue Sale fertilizer Total Sale Less Cost of good sold Gross margin Operating expenses Pig food cost Operating income Marketing expense Administration expense Salaries Electricity Telephone Internet Others Total Administrative Total Marketing administrative Expense EBIT Interest Interest income Tax income Net income Income statement of year 3

250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

1,183,000 94,400 45,750 1,277,400 45,750

1,183,000 94,400 45,750 1,277,400 45,750

1,183,000 94,400 45,750 1,277,400 45,750

1,183,000 94,400 45,750 1,328,400 47,580

1,183,000 94,400 45,750 1,277,400 45,750

1,183,000 94,400 45,750 1,277,400 45,750

7,098,000 8,281,800 550,830

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 78,580 1,249,820 33,333 1,216,487 364,946 851,541 Month

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month

21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month

252,000 36,000 12,000 7,080 64,920 372,000 922,830 7,358,970 400,000 6,958,970 2,087,691 4,871,279

25 Jan Sale in Units Sale revenue Sale Fertilizer Total Sale Less Cost of goods sold Gross margin Operating expenses Pig food cost Operating income Marketing expense Administration expense Salaries Electricity Telephone Internet Others Total Administrative Total Marketing administrative Expense EBIT Interest Interest income Tax income Net income Income statement of year 4 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month 37 1,183,000 94,400 45,750 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

26 Feb 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

27 Mar 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

28 Apr 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

29 May 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

30 Jun 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

31 Jul 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

32 Aug 260 1,586,000 2,400 1,588,400 260,000 1,328,400

33 Sep 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

34 Oct 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

35 Nov 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

36 Dec 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 Total 3,010 18,361,000 28,800 18,389,800 3,010,000 15,379,800 7,098,000 1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month 48 8,281,800 550,830 252,000 36,000 12,000 7,080 64,920 372,000 922,830 7,358,970 400,000 6,958,970 2,087,691 4,871,279

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month 38

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month 39

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month 40

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month 41

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month 42

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month 43

1,328,400 47,580 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 78,580 1,249,820 33,333 1,216,487 364,946 851,541 Month 44

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month 45

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month 46

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month 47

Jan Sale in Units Sale revenue Sale Fertilizer Total sale Less Cost of goods sold Gross margin Operating expenses Pig food cost Operating income Marketing expense Administration expense Salaries Electricity Telephone Internet Others Total Administrative Total Marketing administrative Expense EBIT Interest Interest income Tax income Net income Income statement of year 5 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month 49 Jan 1,183,000 94,400 45,750 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Feb 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Mar 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

Apr 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

May 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

Jun 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Jul 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

Aug 260 1,586,000 2,400 1,588,400 260,000 1,328,400

Sep 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

Oct 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Nov 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

Dec 250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

Total 3,010 18,361,000 28,800 18,389,800 3,010,000 15,379,800 7,098,000

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month 50 Feb

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month 51 Mar

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month 52 Apr

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month 53 May

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month 54 Jun

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month 55 Jul

1,328,400 47,580 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 78,580 1,249,820 33,333 1,216,487 364,946 851,541 Month 56 Aug

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month 57 Sep

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month 58 Oct

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978 Month 59 Nov

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122 Month 60 Dec

8,281,800 550,830 252,000 36,000 12,000 7,080 64,920 372,000 922,830 7,358,970 33,333 6,958,970 2,087,691 4,871,279

Total

Sale in Units Sale revenue Sale fertilizer Total Sale Less Cost of goods sold Gross margin Operating expenses Pig food cost Operating income Marketing expense Administration expense Salaries Electricity Telephone Internet others Total Administrative Total Marketing administrative Expense EBIT Interest Interest income Tax income Net income

250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000 94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978

250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

260 1,586,000 2,400 1,588,400 260,000 1,328,400

250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400 1,183,000

250 1,525,000 2,400 1,527,400 250,000 1,277,400

3,010 18,361,000 28,800 18,389,800 3,010,000 15,379,800 7,098,000

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978

1,328,400 47,580 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 78,580 1,249,820 33,333 1,216,487 364,946 851,541

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122

94,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 17,650 33,333 -15,683 -4,705 -10,978

1,277,400 45,750 21,000 3,000 1,000 590 5,410 31,000 76,750 1,200,650 33,333 1,167,317 350,195 817,122

8,281,800 550,830 252,000 36,000 12,000 7,080 64,920 372,000 922,830 7,358,970 400,000 6,958,970 2,087,691 4,871,279

Statement of Cash Flow

Statement of cash flow Year 1 Cash flow from operating activity Cash inflow Cash received on cash sale Adjust depreciation Adjust for income tax Other Cash inflow from operating activity Cash out flow Purchasing inventory Cash paid for operating expense Cash paid for income tax Other cash expense Cash out flow from operating activity Net cash flow from Operating activity Cash flow from selling and administrative activity Cash outflow Marketing expense Administrative expense Cash outflow from S and A activity Net cash flow Cash flow from financing activity cash inflow Borrowing cash Other Cash inflow from financing activity cash outflow Repayment the principle Interest payment Cash outflow from financing activity Net cash flow from investment activity Net cash increase or decrease Beginning cash Ending cash

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

22,677 22,677 -13,000 -13,000 9,677

22,677 22,677 -13,000 -13,000 9,677

22,677 22,677 -13,000 -13,000 9,677

22,677 22,677 -3,000 -13,000 -16,000 6,677

2,400 22,677 720 25,797 1,183,000 -21,000 -373,480 1,577,480 1,551,683

2,400 22,677 720 25,797 -21,000 -18,580 -39,580 -13,783

2,400 22,677 720 25,797 -1,183,000 -21,000 -373,480 -1,577,480 -1,551,683

2,400 22,677 720 25,797 -21,000 -18,580 -39,580 -13,783

1,466,400 22,677 439,920 1,928,997 -1,183,000 -21,000 -19,456 -1,223,456 705,541

1,588,400 22,677 476,520 2,087,597

1,466,400 22,677 439,920 1,928,997 -1,183,000 -21,000 -19,456 -1,223,456 705,541

1,588,400 22,677 476,520 2,087,597

-21,000 -364,946 -385,946 1,701,651

-21,000 - 364,946 -385,946 1,701,651

-10,000 -10,000 -10,000

-10,000 -10,000 -10,000

-10,000 -10,000 -10,000

-10,000 -10,000 -10,000

-31,000 -31,000 -31,000

-31,000 -31,000 -31,000

-31,000 -31,000 -31,000

-31,000 -31,000 -31,000

-43,920 -31,000 -74,920 -74,920

-47,580 -31,000 -78,580 -78,580

-43,920 -31,000 -74,920 -74,920

-47,580 -31,000 -78,580 -78,580

8,000,000 8,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-33,333 -33,333 8,033,333 8,055,688 8,055,688

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 -10,979 8,055,688 8,044,708

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 -10,979 8,044,70 8 8,033,72 9

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 -10,979 8,033,729 8,019,750

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,590,219 8,019,750 6,429,531

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 -52,319 6,429,531 6,377,212

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 -1,590,219 6,377,212 4,786,993

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 -52,319 4,786,993 4,734,673

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 597,288 4,734,673 5,331,961

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,589,738 5,331,961 6,921,699

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 597,288 6,921,699 7,518,987

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,589,738 7,518,987 9,108,724

Statement of cash flow Year 2 Cash flow from operating activity Cash inflow Cash received on cash sale Adjust depreciation Adjust for income tax Other Cash inflow from operating activity Cash out flow

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297

1,588,400 22,677 476,520 2,087,597

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297

Purchasing inventory Cash paid for operating expense Cash paid for income tax Other cash expense Cash out flow from operating activity Net cash flow from Operating activity Cash flow from selling and administrative activity Cash outflow Marketing expense Administrative expense Cash outflow from S and A activity Net cash flow Cash flow from financing activity cash inflow Borrowing cash Other Cash inflow from financing activity Cash outflow Repayment the principle Interest payment Cash outflow from financing activity Net cash flow from investment activity Net cash increase or decrease Beginning cash Ending cash

-1,183,000 - 21,000 -4,705 1,208,705 799,592

- 21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

-1,183,000 - 21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

- 21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

-1,183,000 - 21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

- 21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

-1,183,000 - 21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

- 21,000 -364,946 -385,946 1,701,651

-1,183,000 - 21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

- 21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

-1,183,000 - 21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

- 21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 756,175 9,108,724 9, 864,900

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 9,864,900 11,3 91,919

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 11,391,91 9 12,0 81,427

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 12,081,42 7 13,6 08,446

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 13,608,44 6 14,2 97,955

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 14,297,95 5 15,8 24,974

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 15,824,97 4 16,5 14,482

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,589,738 16,514,482 18, 104,220

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 18,104,220 18,7 93,729

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 18,793,729 20, 320,748

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 20,320,74 8 21, 010,256

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 21,010,256 22, 537,275

Statement of cash flow Year 3 Cash flow from operating activity Cash inflow Cash received on cash sale Adjust depreciation Adjust for income tax Other Cash inflow from operating activity Cash out flow Purchasing inventory Cash paid for operating expense Cash paid for income tax Other cash expense Cash out flow from operating activity Net cash flow from Operating activity Cash flow from selling and administrative activity Cash outflow Marketing expense Administrative expense Cash outflow from S and A activity Net cash flow Cash flow from financing activity cash inflow Borrowing cash Other Cash inflow from financing activity cash outflow Repayment the principle Interest payment Cash outflow from financing activity Net cash flow from investment activity Net cash increase or decrease Beginning cash Ending cash

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297 -21,000 -350,195 - 371,195 1,637,102

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297 -21,000 -350,195 - 371,195 1,637,102

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297 -21,000 -350,195 - 371,195 1,637,102

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

1,588,400 22,677 476,520 2,087,597 -21,000 -364,946 -385,946 1,701,651

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

1,527,400 22,677 458,220 2,008,297

-21,000 -350,195 - 371,195 1,637,102

-21,000 -350,195 - 371,195 1,637,102

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-33,333 -33,333 33,333 756,175 22,537,27 5 23,293,45 1

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 23,293,45 1 24,820,46 9

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 24,820,46 9 25,509,97 8

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 25,509,97 8 27,036,99 7

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 27,036,99 7 27,726,50 6

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 27,726,50 6 29,253,52 4

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 29,253,52 4 29,943,03 3

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,589,738 29,943,03 3 31,532,77 1

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 31,532,771 32,222,280

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 32,222,280 33,749,298

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 33,749,29 8 34,438,80 7

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 34,438,807 35,965,826

Statement of cash flow Year 4 Cash flow from operating activity Cash inflow Cash received on cash sale Adjust depreciation Adjust for income tax Other

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,588,400 22,677 476,520

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

Cash inflow from operating activity Cash out flow Purchasing inventory Cash paid for operating expense Cash paid for income tax Other cash expense Cash out flow from operating activity Net cash flow from Operating activity Cash flow from selling and administrative activity Cash outflow Marketing expense Administrative expense Cash outflow from S and A activity Net cash flow Cash flow from financing activity cash inflow Borrowing cash Other Cash inflow from financing activity cash outflow Repayment the principle Interest payment Cash outflow from financing activity Net cash flow from investment activity Net cash increase or decrease Beginning cash Ending cash

2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

2,008,297 -21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

2,008,297 -21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

2,008,297 -21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

2,087,597 -21,000 -364,946 -385,946 1,701,651

2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

2,008,297

2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

2,008,297

-21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

-21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-33,333 -33,333 33,333 756,175 35,965,82 6 36,722,00 1

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 36,722,00 1 38,249,02 0

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 38,249,02 0 38,938,52 9

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 38,938,52 9 40,465,54 8

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 40,465,54 8 41,155,05 6

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 41,155,05 6 42,682,07 5

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 42,682,07 5 43,371,58 4

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,589,738 43,371,58 4 44,961,32 2

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 44,961,322 45,650,830

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 45,650,830 47,177,849

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 47,177,84 9 47,867,35 8

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 47,867,358 49,394,377

Statement of cash flow Year 5 Cash flow from operating activity Cash inflow Cash received on cash sale Adjust depreciation Adjust for income tax Other

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,588,400 22,677 476,520

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

1,527,400 22,677 458,220

Cash inflow from operating activity Cash out flow Purchasing inventory Cash paid for operating expense Cash paid for income tax Other cash expense Cash out flow from operating activity Net cash flow from Operating activity Cash flow from selling and administrative activity Cash outflow Marketing expense Administrative expense Cash outflow from S and A activity Net cash flow Cash flow from financing activity cash inflow Borrowing cash Other Cash inflow from financing activity cash outflow Repayment the principle Interest payment Cash outflow from financing activity Net cash flow from investment activity Net cash increase or decrease Beginning cash Ending cash

2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

2,008,297 -21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

2,008,297 -21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

2,008,297 -2,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

2,087,597 -21,000 -350,195 -385,946 1,701,651

2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

2,008,297

2,008,297 -1,183,000 -21,000 -4,705 -1,208,705 799,592

2,008,297

-21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

-21,000 -350,195 -371,195 1,637,102

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-45,750 -31,000 -76,750 -76,750

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-33,333 -33,333 33,333 756,175 49,394,37 7 50,150,55 2

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 50,150,55 2 51,677,57 1

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 51,677,57 1 52,367,08 0

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 52,367,08 0 53,894,09 8

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 53,894,09 8 54,583,60 7

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 54,583,60 7 56,110,62 6

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 56,110,62 6 56,800,13 5

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,589,738 56,800,13 5 58,389,87 2

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 58,389,872 59,079,381

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 59,079,381 60,606,400

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 689,509 60,606,40 0 61,295,90 9

-33,333 -33,333 -33,333 1,527,019 61,295,909 62,822,927

Balance sheet

Balance sheet 1 Asset Current asset Cash Inventory Office suppliers land Other current asset Total current asset Fixed Asset Operating fixed asset ( Accumulative depreciation) Administrative asset ( Accumulative depreciation) Total fixed asset Total asset Liability and Equity Liability Tax payable Long term note payable Other Total liability Equity Retain earning Owner equity Total owner equity Total liability and Equity

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

8,000,000 30,000 200,000 8,230,000 1,065,000 -4,438 4,377,500 -18,240 5,419,823 13,649,823

29,167 200,000 2,417,021 2,646,188 1,065,000 -8,875 4,377,500 -36,479 5,397,146 8,043,333

28,333 200,000 2,440,531 2,668,864 1,065,000 -13,313 4,377,500 -54,719 5,374,469 8,043,333

27,500 200,000 2,464,042 2,691,542 1,065,000 -17,750 4,377,500 -72,958 5,351,792 8,043,334

2,400 591,500 26,667 200,000 2,734,772 3,555,339 1,065,000 -22,188 4,377,500 -91,198 5,329,115 8,884,453

2,400 591,500 25,833 200,000 2,290,663 3,110,396 1,065,000 -26,625 4,377,500 -109,438 5,306,437 8,416,834

2,400 591,500 25,000 200,000 2,787,373 3,606,273 1,065,000 -31,063 4,377,500 -127,677 5,283,760 8,890,033

2,400 591,500 24,167 200,000 2,337,683 3,155,750 1,065,000 -35,500 4,377,500 -145,917 5,261,083 8,416,833

1,466,400 591,500 23,333 200,000 544,338 2,825,571 1,065,000 -39,938 4,377,500 -164,156 5,238,406 8,063,978

1,588,400 591,500 22,500 200,000 1,252,868 3,655,268 1,065,000 -44,375 4,377,500 -182,396 5,215,729 8,870,997

1,466,400 591,500 21,667 200,000 937,725 3,217,292 1,065,000 -48,813 4,377,500 -200,635 5,193,052 8,410,344

1,588,400 591,500 20,833 200,000 2,029,780 4,430,513 1,065,000 -53,250 4,377,500 -218,875 5,170,375 9,600,888

13,000 8,000,000 5,606,490 13,619,490 30,333 30,333 13,649,823

13,000 8,000,000 8,013,000 30,333 30,333 8,043,333

13,000 8,000,000 8,013,000 30,333 30,333 8,043,333

13,000 8,000,000 8,013,000 30,333 30,333 8,043,333

13,000 8,000,000 8,013,000 871,453 871,453 8,884,453

373,480 8,000,000 8,373,480 43,353 43,353 8,416,833

18,580 8,000,000 8,018,580 871,453 871,453 8,890,033

373,480 8,000,000 8,373,480 43,353 43,353 8,416,833

18,580 8,000,000 8,018,580 45,397 45,397 8,063,977

19,456 8,000,000 8,019,456 851,541 851,541 8,870,997

364,946 8,000,000 8,364,946 45,397 45,397 8,410,343

19,456 8,000,000 8,019,456 1,581,433 1,581,433 9,600,889

Balance sheet 2 Asset Current asset Cash Inventory Office suppliers land Other current asset Total current asset Fixed Asset Operating fixed asset ( Accumulative depreciation) Administrative asset ( Accumulative depreciation) Total fixed asset Total asset Liability and Equity Liability Tax payable Long term note payable Other Total liability Equity Retain earning Owner equity Total owner equity Total liability and Equity Balance sheet 3 Asset

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

1,527,400 591,500 20,000 200,000 529,086 2,867,986 1,065,000 -57,688 4,377,500 -237,115 5,147,698 8,015,684

1,527,400 591,500 19,167 200,000 1,704,229 4,042,296 1,065,000 -62,125 4,377,500 -255,354 5,125,021 9,167,316

1,527,400 591,500 18,333 200,000 576,106 2,913,339 1,065,000 -66,563 4,377,500 -273,594 5,102,344 8,015,683

1,527,400 591,500 17,500 200,000 1,751,250 4,087,650 1,065,000 -71,000 4,377,500 -291,833 5,079,667 9,167,317

1,527,400 591,500 16,667 200,000 623,127 2,958,694 1,065,000 -75,438 4,377,500 -310,073 5,056,989 8,015,683

1,527,400 591,500 15,833 200,000 1,798,271 4,133,004 1,065,000 -79,875 4,377,500 -328,313 5,034,312 9,167,317

1,527,400 591,500 15,000 200,000 670,148 3,004,048 1,065,000 -84,313 4,377,500 -346,552 5,011,635 8,015,683

1,588,400 591,500 14,167 200,000 1,833,462 4,227,529 1,065,000 -88,750 4,377,500 -364,792 4,988,958 9,216,487

1,527,400 591,500 13,333 200,000 717,169 3,049,402 1,065,000 -93,188 4,377,500 -383,031 4,966,281 8,015,683

1,527,400 591,500 12,500 200,000 1,892,313 4,223,713 1,065,000 -97,625 4,377,500 -401,271 4,943,604 9,167,317

1,527,400 591,500 11,667 200,000 764,190 3,094,757 1,065,000 -102,063 4,377,500 -419,511 4,920,927 8,015,684

1,527,400 591,500 10,833 200,000 1,939,333 4,269,066 1,065,000 -106,500 4,377,500 -437,750 4,898,250 9,167,316

4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 10,978 10,978 8,015,683 January

350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 February

4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 10,978 10,978 8,015,683 March

350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 April

4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 10,978 10,978 8,015,683 May

350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 June

4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 10,978 10,978 8,015,683 July

364,946 8,000,000 8,364,946 851,541 851,541 9,216,487 August

4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 10,978 10,978 8,015,683 September

350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 October

4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 10,978 10,978 8,015,683 November

350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 December

Current asset Cash Inventory Office suppliers land Other current asset Total current asset Fixed Asset Operating fixed asset ( Accumulative depreciation) Administrative asset ( Accumulative depreciation) Total fixed asset Total asset Liability and Equity Liability Tax payable Long term note payable Other Total liability Equity Retain earning Owner equity Total owner equity Total liability and Equity Balance sheet 4 Asset Current asset 10,978 10,978 8,014,403 January 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 February 10,978 10,978 8,014,403 March 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 April 10,978 10,978 8,014,403 May 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 June 10,978 10,978 8,014,403 July 851,541 851,541 9,216,487 August 10,978 10,978 8,014,403 September 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 October 10,978 10,978 8,014,403 November 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 December 3,425 8,000,000 8,003,425 350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 3,425 8,000,000 8,003,425 350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 3,425 8,000,000 8,003,425 350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 3,425 8,000,000 8,003,425 364,946 8,000,000 8,364,946 3,425 8,000,000 8,003,425 350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 3,425 8,000,000 8,003,425 350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 1,527,400 591,500 10,000 200,000 809,931 3,138,831 1,065,000 -110,938 4,377,500 -455,990 4,875,573 8,014,404 1,527,400 591,500 9,167 200,000 1,986,354 4,314,421 1,065,000 -115,375 4,377,500 -474,229 4,852,896 9,167,316 1,527,400 591,500 8,333 200,000 856,951 3,184,184 1,065,000 -119,813 4,377,500 -492,469 4,830,219 8,014,403 1,527,400 591,500 7,500 200,000 2,033,375 4,359,775 1,065,000 - 124,250 4,377,500 -510,709 4,807,541 9,167,316 1,527,400 591,500 6,667 200,000 903,972 3,229,539 1,065,000 -128,688 4,377,500 -528,948 4,784,864 8,014,403 1,527,400 591,500 5,833 200,000 2,080,396 4,405,129 1,065,000 -133,125 4,377,500 -547,188 4,762,187 9,167,317 1,527,400 591,500 5,000 200,000 950,993 3,274,893 1,065,000 -137,563 4,377,500 -565,427 4,739,510 8,014,403 1,588,400 591,500 4,167 200,000 2,115,587 4,499,654 1,065,000 -142,000 4,377,500 -583,667 4,716,833 9,216,487 1,527,400 591,500 3,333 200,000 998,014 3,320,247 1,065,000 -146,438 4,377,500 -601,906 4,694,156 8,014,403 1,527,400 591,500 2,500 200,000 2,174,438 4,495,838 1,065,000 -150,875 4,377,500 -620,146 4,671,479 9,167,317 1,527,400 591,500 1,111 200,000 1,045,590 3,365,601 1,065,000 -155,313 4,377,500 -638,386 4,648,802 8,014,403 1,527,400 591,500 556 200,000 2,221,736 4,541,192 1,065,000 -159,750 4,377,500 -656,625 4,626,125 9,167,316

Cash Inventory Office suppliers land Other current asset Total current asset Fixed Asset Operating fixed asset ( Accumulative depreciation) Administrative asset ( Accumulative depreciation) Total fixed asset Total asset Liability and Equity Liability Tax payable Long term note payable Other Total liability Equity Retain earning Owner equity Total owner equity Total liability and Equity

1,527,400 591,500 6,667 200,000 814,544 3,140,111 1,065,000 -110,938 4,377,500 -455,990 4,875,573 8,015,683

1,527,400 591,500 6,111 200,000 1,989,410 4,314,421 1,065,000 -115,375 4,377,500 -474,229 4,852,896 9,167,317

1,527,400 591,500 5,556 200,000 842,770 3,167,226 1,065,000 -119,813 4,377,500 -474,229 4,848,458 8,015,684

1,527,400 591,500 5,000 200,000 2,035,875 4,359,775 1,065,000 -124,250 4,377,500 -510,709 4,807,541 9,167,316

1,527,400 591,500 4,444 200,000 907,474 3,230,818 1,065,000 -128,688 4,377,500 -528,948 4,784,864 8,015,683

1,527,400 591,500 3,889 200,000 2,082,340 4,405,129 1,065,000 -133,125 4,377,500 -547,188 4,762,187 9,167,316

1,527,400 591,500 3,333 200,000 953,940 3,276,173 1,065,000 -137,563 4,377,500 -565,427 4,739,510 8,015,684

1,588,400 591,500 2,778 200,000 2,116,976 4,499,654 1,065,000 -142,000 4,377,500 -583,667 4,716,833 9,216,487

1,527,400 591,500 2,222 200,000 1,000,405 3,321,527 1,065,000 -146,438 4,377,500 -601,906 4,694,156 8,015,683

1,527,400 591,500 1,667 200,000 2,175,271 4,495,838 1,065,000 -150,875 4,377,500 -620,146 4,671,479 9,167,317

1,527,400 591,500 556 200,000 1,047,426 3,366,882 1,065,000 -155,313 4,377,500 -638,386 4,648,802 8,015,683

1,527,400 591,500 278 200,000 2,222,014 4,541,192 1,065,000 -159,750 4,377,500 -656,625 4,626,125 9,167,317

4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 10,978 10,978 8,015,683

350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 817,122 817,122 9,167,317

4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 10,978 10,978 8,015,683

350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 817,122 817,122 9,167,317

4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 10,978 10,978 8,015,683

350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 817,122 817,122 9,167,317

4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 10,978 10,978 8,015,683

364,946 8,000,000 8,364,946 851,541 851,541 9,216,487

4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 10,978 10,978 8,015,683

350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 817,122 817,122 9,167,317

4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 10,978 10,978 8,015,683

350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 817,122 817,122 9,167,317

Balance sheet 5

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Asset Current asset Cash Inventory Office suppliers land Other current asset Total current asset Fixed Asset Operating fixed asset ( Accumulative depreciation) Administrative asset ( Accumulative depreciation) Total fixed asset Total asset Liability and Equity Liability Tax payable Long term note payable Other Total liability Equity Retain earning Owner equity Total owner equity Total liability and Equity 10,978 10,978 8,015,683 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 10,978 10,978 8,015,683 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 10,978 10,978 8,015,683 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 10,978 10,978 8,015,683 851,541 851,541 9,216,487 10,978 10,978 8,015,683 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 10,978 10,978 8,015,683 817,122 817,122 9,167,317 4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 364,946 8,000,000 8,364,946 4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 4,705 8,000,000 8,004,705 350,195 8,000,000 8,350,195 1,527,400 591,500 30,000 200,000 791,211 3,140,111 1,065,000 -110,938 4,377,500 -455,990 4,875,573 8,015,684 1,527,400 591,500 29,167 200,000 1,966,354 4,314,421 1,065,000 -115,375 4,377,500 -474,229 4,852,896 9,167,316 1,527,400 591,500 28,333 200,000 838,231 3,185,464 1,065,000 -119,813 4,377,500 -492,469 4,830,219 8,015,683 1,527,400 591,500 27,500 200,000 2,013,375 4,359,775 1,065,000 -124,250 4,377,500 -510,709 4,807,541 9,167,316 1,527,400 591,500 26,667 200,000 885,252 3,230,819 1,065,000 -128,688 4,377,500 -528,948 4,784,864 8,015,683 1,527,400 591,500 25,833 200,000 2,060,396 4,405,129 1,065,000 -133,125 4,377,500 -547,188 4,762,187 9,167,317 1,527,400 591,500 25,000 200,000 932,273 3,276,173 1,065,000 -137,563 4,377,500 -565,427 4,739,510 8,015,683 1,588,400 591,500 24,167 200,000 2,095,587 4,499,654 1,065,000 -142,000 4,377,500 -583,667 4,716,833 9,216,487 1,527,400 591,500 23,333 200,000 979,294 3,321,527 1,065,000 -146,438 4,377,500 -601,906 4,694,156 8,015,683 1,527,400 591,500 22,500 200,000 2,154,438 4,495,838 1,065,000 -150,875 4,377,500 -620,146 4,671,479 9,167,317 1,527,400 591,500 21,667 200,000 1,026,315 3,366,882 1,065,000 -155,313 4,377,500 -638,386 4,648,802 8,015,684 1,527,400 591,500 20,833 200,000 2,201,459 4,541,192 1,065,000 -159,750 4,377,500 -656,625 4,626,125 9,167,317

กำำหนดโครงสร้ำงหนี้ เงินก้้ระยะสัน (Fixed Loan Structure Settings) ้

Loan Amount Interest Rate per year

8,000,000 Baht 5% per month

งวดที่ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

ปี ท่ี 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

จำานวนเงินผ่อนชำาระ (Installment) ผ่อนชำาระ ผ่อนชำาระ รวมเงินผ่อน ดอกเบีย ้ เงินต้น ชำาระ 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333 33,333

เงินต้นคง เหลือ(Principal) 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000 8,000,000

Chapter 6: Risk management External forces - Economic condition

The trend towards the rising price of swine in 2008 In 2008, the number of swine which Thailand could produce was 14.062 million swine. It shows that the amount of swine production was slow down from 2007. However, a growing trend towards the price for swine increased continually during 2007 midyear due to many factors. 1. A downward trend of the amount of swine raisers Swine raisers faced with a fall in profits during 2007 midyear because of a decline in swine production and an increase in production cost. According to price increases of swine, swine raisers had to reduce swine production or go out of business. The high price of oil and the high cost of food raw material for swine were the cause which affected price increases of swine. It made swine raisers lose money rather than gaining profit for nearly 4 months. They must sell at only 100 baht per 3 kilograms of pork while the human consumption was decreasing. Therefore, the amount of finishing swine which was sold to the market decreased. 2. The epidemic condition Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED) spread in piglets during November 2007 to February 2008. PED caused damage to them which reduced the number of piglets in markets. Therefore, the forecast of the amount of swine was not sufficient for the market demand during 2008 midyear. In addition, the high cost of food raw materials for swine caused the low immunity in swine because swine raisers cannot seek food raw materials which had high quality. Some swine farm did not have vaccine for swine. Therefore, all swine farms in the country got high risk of Foot and mouth rot disease within 2008. 3. An upward trend of the export of swine and its product It was not only the demand of domestic consumers, but there were also the needs of neighboring countries, especially China. The China government faced with the Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) problem and they had changed a policy from domesticating swine for households into commerce. Therefore, the amounts of swine decreased and were not enough for consumer within the country. These were the cause why they needed to import swine from Thailand. In addition, Japan was another country that believed in the quality and standard of processed pork in Thailand, so it expanded the swine export from Thailand. 4. A growing tend of the feed price Raw materials for the animal feed rose up continuously as a result of the rise of the crude oil price. It made the production cost increase because the cost of animal feed had the

proportion approximately 70 percent of cost of swine production. The important factor which made the raw material price to produce animal feed higher is competition for taking raw materials to produce ethanol in the world market. Therefore, raw materials which were used for the animal feed production were not enough and also influenced to the feed. Year 2008 2008 The price of piglets, 16 kilograms The price of finishing swine The price of pork Average 1,400 53 115 Highest 1,800 59 130 Lowest 1,000 42 100 Average Cost 1,300 53 -

In 2008, the average swine price was 53 baht / kilogram. However, the cost of swine production was very high because of an increase in the price of food raw materials and rising in death rate of swine. Forecast for 2009 2009 The price of piglets, 16 kilograms The price of finishing swine The price of pork Average 1,400 54 115 Highest 1,700 58 125 Lowest 1,100 46 100 Average Cost 1,200 51 -

There are many external factors which affects to the price of swine. The main factor is the rising crude oil prices which impacts on the rise in food raw materials for swine. All swine farms in Thailand normally cannot avoid facing the variable swine price. Therefore, risk acceptance is the best way that Pig Kingdom Farm selects to manage the risk because we do not have the power to control the swine price. However, we try to reduce the cost of our farm whether the price of swine fluctuates or not. There are several ways that can help our farm save costs. For example, dried pig excrements that are fermented inside a biogas pond are changed to an electric current to use within households. Dried pig excrements can also be

processed to organic fertilizer which can be sold to farmers or agriculturalists and can be used to enrich plants which are taken to be a food for swine. Thus, this is the way that can reduce costs for a pig feed when the price of food raw materials increases. Low swine prices Low and expensive swine prices are the issues which have happened a long time ago in Thailand. The fluctuations in swine prices are called “the cycle of swine” or “the cycle of swine prices”. The major cause of the cycle of swine results from the biological characteristics of swine. The winter is the best period of swine growth and the summer is the slow period of swine growth because they eat less food. The most of swine raisers in Thailand also plan to breed and produce swine depending on current prices of swine. It is the determination of breeding the next lots of swine which should be increased or decreased. Furthermore, the very good swine prices which increase in swine production are the main motivation for new agriculturalists to do swine farm business. Therefore, the end result of these situations is a flood of swine in a market which are the main cause of problem of low swine prices. Pig Kingdom Farm uses the risk acceptance to manage the risk by reducing swine prices for a sale. In addition, we must deliver swine to our customers for free in order to release swine from our farm in a difficult situation. Source: http://www.thaivetcentral.com/veterinarywithanimals/economicaniml/72-pig-2551.html http://www.cpffeed.com/%E0%B8%82%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A7%E0%B8%AA %E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A3/%E0%B8%82%E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A7%E0%B8%AA %E0%B8%B2%E0%B8%A3/tabid/64/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/285/--.aspx http://www.nidambe11.net/ekonomiz/2007q2/2007may18p6.htm http://www.scb.co.th/LIB/th/article/mong/2550/m1954.html Government stability Ministry of Commerce Thailand sets the standard in solving the problem of price rise for swine. - Marketing and the price of swine - Track and check the retail price of swine very closely. - Meet institute involved with swine such as Department of Livestock, Office of Agricultural Economics, Swine Thailand, Swine raisers. They have to consider the price of living swine and the wholesale and retail price of pork which suit the cost of

production in each a production period. Moreover, the consideration of the price issues should provide benefits to a person who involve with swine such as swine raisers, entrepreneurs, and consumers. - Marketing management by direct contact between swine raisers and pork sellers in order to sell the special price for consumers - Build the confidence of people or consumers in the cases of swine influenza. Although government tries to solve the problem of price rise for swine, there are many people still get a lot of impacts in the difficult situations, especially minor swine raisers and minor swine sellers. Pig Kingdom is one of the minor swine raisers which receive the adverse effect of price rise for swine; therefore, we decides to accept the risk because we have less power to negotiate with government while major swine raisers have more power to bargain. They can adjust themselves to the bad situation better than minor swine raisers. Moreover, they can manage the effective operation, especially sanitary control standard for production system which can help to reduce the cause of pig disease epidemic. Source: http://www.ryt9.com/s/cabt/564023 A decrease in the number of customer needs There are many factors which maybe reduce the customer needs in Chiang Saen district. The main factors which we see are the rise of swine price as a result of the rise of crude oil price. The disease epidemic condition of swine, especially swine influenza is another problem which makes consumers loses confidence in pork consumption. Hence, risk reduction is the way that Pig Kingdom Farm selects to manage the risk. Firstly, pig excrements are useful for our farm. It can be helped to save costs within the farm and it also is the supporting product of our farm. Secondly, we reduce the swine production in the condition of customer need decrease. Lastly, if we are in a difficult situation, we have to sell swine in large amount with the cheap price in order to release swine from our farm. Swine disease The disease is one factor of external force that has more effect to swine farm business because if the swine get virus disease and bacteria, it can make swine get sick and then it will be the negative impact for our business. There are two mains of disease that can damage the swine farm.

- Swine influenza Swine influenza is breathing system communicable disease and infect between swine, it is occurring from Virus A and there are many type of virus H1N1 H1N2 and H3N2 (it can infect from swine to people). Normally it will contract in swine; however it can be direct contract to people which the swine get pathogen (virus) from environment and the group that high opportunity to get risk to be infect with this virus is swine raisers, swine provider, swine merchant and consumer that consume half-cooked of food. This reason can be most important problem that effect to Pig Kingdom swine farm but if swine raisers attend about breeding, cleanliness of swine’s house, feed of swine and health of swine, it will be safety and reprieved from Swine influenza. - Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) It is serious epidemic of swine that damage to economic because it will happen all swine of age and spread out rapidly so swine raiser have to find the way to protect this disease such as checking the cleanliness of swine’s house, pig’s excrement and urinate. Although this disease don’t have vaccine but we can decrease the risk that emphasize for control the factor cause of PRRS such as concern about sterilize before come into swine’s house area. For the protection, we have to manage in the right way there are cleaning swine’s house everyday, limited the number of swine in each of sty and vaccinate protect disease follow vaccine program. Diseases problem can make Pig Kingdom Farm get negative impact including direct impact and indirect impact. Direct impact is a decreasing in the number of customer or sale decrease, when the news of Swine influenza spread widely in society many people do not consume pork because they concern about their safety so swine seller have to decrease order to buy swine from swine farm. Indirect impact is unceasingly from direct impact, if customer do not to buy pork; swine seller decrease the number to buy swine and then will remain many swine in swine farm so this situation influence to the price of swine decrease. All of the reason Pig kingdom Farm choose risk reduction for maintain and prevent these problem that can occur in every time so Pig Kingdom Farm have to pay more attend about feeding hygienic practice including with cleaning of swine, swine’s house, sty and environment. If Pig Kingdom Farm perform like this, it will safety and keep our high quality of swine as well. Competitors

The number of the middle size of swine farm in the area of Chiang Saen district, is still less. The quality control of the swine farm is not good enough. The management within the organization includes the human resource and the financial management is not accurate. In addition, the ability to solve the problems in the farm is still not correct. The errors that occur will consequently change the faults to the way of learning and developing new skills which can be applied to use positively. Another thing that the errors will help is increasing of the competition among the entrepreneurs. However, there is one more reason that helps in decreasing of the risk condition for the business is the entrepreneurs and customers know more about the root of the problems and they can solve it accurately. In other words, the entrepreneurs and the customers are able to buy the product they choose, so we can forecast that the owner of the swine farm in Chiang Sean will be increased in amount. Due to the facts of the customer numbers increasing continuously and the people moved to live in Chiang Saen for more job opportunity, the topic of doing this business in the Chiang Saen area attracts the investors. More people included the farmer of the neighbor districts, such as the farm from the San That village; want to invest the swine farm business in this particular district. the market share. The risk condition that occurs is the way to the standard and the quality control of our swine farm. Learning and observing the strategies of the competitor to adapt and develop our strategies will be the good idea. Moreover, being friendly and having the nice relationship with the customers and the suppliers will help in the way to run the business because the customers, the suppliers, and our company can be the supporter for each other. It is good because there will always be the movement and developing of the business. All will be result as the decreasing of pig price but increasing in

Legal and regulatory risk We have to practice following the law and regulation of Animal Husbandry Department. The swine farm should concern about the regulation strictly. If farm does not practice following the regulation, it will get risk to go out of business because this business can create many problems to environment, communities, sellers and consumers

For the swine farm establishment, there are many things which we have to practice following the regulation of Animal Husbandry Department such as register for the swine farm establishment, the swine farm management, and swine health management. - Register for the swine farm establishment Every entrepreneur of swine farm must request for register and then send the aim and the involved evidence such as, facility layout, certificate and license of veterinarian to Animal Husbandry Department in that area. There are many benefits for register for the swine farm establishment; for example, the swine farm can sell swine to slaughterhouse and Animal Husbandry Department will send veterinarian to local farm and give vaccine which is suitable for the quantity of swine in the farm. - Managing in Swine farm We can divide in to 3 parts; there are management of swine house, human resources, and swine feeding. Management of swine house Swine house and food container for swine have to clean and dry all the time. We can use sterile liquid medicine suitably according to the control of Animal Husbandry Department. Moreover, we have to check and repair the swine house in order to provide safety for swine and workers. Management of HR Swine farm does not need to use more human resource, but we need enough labor for the quantity of swine. We separate the duty and responsibility of each person clearly and every worker should receive health check program every year. Veterinarian who control and take care of swine health must have the license for healing animal disease and the permission from Animal Husbandry Department to work in swine farm. Management of swine feeding We have to concern about the quality. If we want to buy feed for swine, we should buy from a seller who has the permission. However, if we want to mix feed for swine by ourselves, we have to make sure that the feed have the high quality and

nutrient following legislation of quality control of animal fee. Furthermore, the site for storing the feed should clean and dry and free from bugs. - Management of swine health This is the important things for every swine farm because if swine is healthy, it means that our farm pay more attention to swine. The swine will have the standard of weight, so we can sell them to customer and make them satisfy in our product. We must control the system for disease prevention, including the sterilize system before entering to the swine house, the system for damaging bacteria and controlling the disease, the system for protecting the swine infection. - Managing of environment This part is important for swine farm because this is critical problem that can provide the negative impact on environment and other sectors who involve with swine farm. Thus, we must have the treatment system for garbage, pig excrement, swine carcass, and wastewater. We also have to control the treatment system in order to prevent impact on t communities and environment. - Garbage: cleaning and eliminating the garbage at sanitation district. - Pig excrement: transforming the pig excrement transform to organic fertilizer which can reduce the noxious odor. - Swine carcass: managing the swine carcass in the right hygienic conditions. - Wastewater: having the appropriate and standard wastewater system. - Rules and other legal regulations 1. The animal medical control regulation (ISO 7001-1997) 2. The act of legislation concerns the animal’s remedies control 1962 3. The act of legislation concerns the animal feed quality 1982 4. The standard and quality of the swine farm’s waste water 5. The standard and quality of the swine farm’s using water From the rule and regulation of the swine establishment, Pig Kingdom Farm selects risk control to be the way for solving the problem and practicing strictly in our farm. In addition, we have to pay attention about the new rule that Animal Husbandry Department may launch to practice in the farm. If we do not follow the rule and regulation, we will get the risk and we may get out of business.

Source: http://natres.psu.ac.th/department/animalscience/515-408/word_files/standard%20of %20farm.htm http://www.dld.go.th/certify/certify/page/knowledge/data/7001-2540.doc http://www.kodmhai.com/m4/m4-2/H2/m13-22.html http://www.acfs.go.th/km/act_food_animal_quality_2525.php http://www.pcd.go.th/Info_serv/reg_std_water04.html Internal forces - Operational risk Communities Swine farm always creates more pollution which consists of odor, sound, pig excrement as well as wastewater. These pollution can affect to communities located surrounding Pig Kingdom Farm. Local people may stage a protest against our swine farm and they may petition the government to close the farm. Pig Kingdom Farm selects risk reduction to reduce and protect the swine farm from problems which disturb local communities. The first problem is odor from swine which we use microbe chemical such as Effective Microorganisms (E.M.) to strew in the area of swine house, pig excrements, wastewater pond as well as around the swine farm. The second problem is wastewater within the swine farm which we try to prevent and eliminate the problem by using the effective wastewater pond. It consists of fermenting pond, dregs thick liquid pond, and the area for dried pig excrement which reduce the effect on communities. The last problem is the sound from the swine farm. However, we can reduce this problem because our swine farm is located far from communities more than 2 kilometers. It can help to reduce the problem which impacts on local communities. It can help to reduce the problem which impacts on local communities. In addition, Pig kingdom farm always check and control our farm system quality in every two week to control the quality and problem and it can reduce problem which affects communities. Pig Kingdom farm will be the sponsor in many activities of communities around the farm such as in festival event, sport event, or many important events. This way can increase the interaction and good relationship with

community and it can reduce the petition problem about the smell, sound and wastewater to government. The risk of technology used in the farm We should regularly check all the equipments in the farm in order to protect the risk which can occur within the farm, environment, and communities. The users need to carefully learn how use and control machine and equipment.

Exhaust Fan The good ventilation is the system which creates air flow performance. The air transfers a balance between inside and outside. There are 2 systems of ventilation; natural ventilation and fan ventilation. The ventilation fan or exhaust fan is popular to use in 2 sizes which are 36 inches and 48 inches. The 36 inches of fan has the absorption performance about 181 – 255 cubic meters per minute and the 48 inches of fan has higher absorption performance about 538 – 623 cubic meters per minute. When the fan is set up, we have to consider the air flow in the farm and where is appropriate place to set up the fan and bring the air to inside.

The way to clean and protect the exhaust fan 1. Prepare the old newspaper for lay all the fan materials, to protect the items from sewage. 2. Remove the cover by roll Clockwise and remove the blade, it is better to wear the grooves to protect your hands. 3. Remove the outside cover until sees the screw that sticks with the base of fan by using screwdriver. 4. Remove the fan base out of the outside cover. 5. Clean the blade by using water and dishwashing liquid or detergent but should not use with strong thing to rub because it will create the mark. How to control of the exhaust fan We always clean the blade and grating. The fan should be set in the appropriate speed because it will help to absorb the air in the farm and save the cost of electricity. We should set up the exhaust fan in the appropriate size for the good healthy swine. A worker can

reduce the cost of electricity by regularly checking the equipments and repairing as soon as possible if it is ruined because it can take the risk in the swine farm. Source: http://store.tkc.go.th/multimedia/webmaster/New %20TKC/Evap/chicken_feed_closed_system.html http://www.panasonic.co.th/web/pid/2652 http://www.patana-chai.com/index.php? option=com_content&view=article&id=6&Itemid=12 Cooling pad The cooling pad is made from paper or synthetic fabrics that have the ability to absorption. It links a waterspout into the cooling pad in front of the exhaust fan when the fan works by absorbing the heating water inside the farm to the outside. The gravitation of fan will absorb the air flow from the opposite side through the wet cooling pad and make the air flow to inside the farm become cool. The way to clean the cooling pad has 2 ways to do as following; 1. Use the water spraying to clean the dust. 2. Let the cooling pad dry and use the soft brush clean the outside of the pad to clear the dust, and then open the water to clean the dirt again. Source: http://www.u-saveplus.com/faq.htm http://evaporative-hybridcool.blogspot.com/

Dynamo Dynamo is the important one of the farm system because the dynamo generate electricity machine to use in the farm. The way to control dynamo is one thing that we should consider by checking from

1. Lamp and Control Panel equipments. 2. The protecting joints equipment. 3. The ground connection and the system of line correct or not. 4. Fuel, lubricant, and cooling water. 5. Air filter, belts, and resin pad. 6. The barrier of ventilation air system. 7. Battery and charger that need to be cleaned every 6 months. Dynamo is very important to the swine farm and is the source of energy all the whole farm, so we should take care regularly every 6 month.

Source: http://www.u-saveplus.com/faq.htm http://evaporative-hybridcool.blogspot.com/

Investment cost and income of Pig Kingdom farm Year 1

Investment cost is in the first fourth month that we have establish the Pig kingdom farm therefore for the firth fourth month we do not have income to the farm.

Month 1

Number 1 Land Others

List

Income

Expense 500,000 20,000

Total

Total 2 2 1 1 1 Swine house Storage where house Office worker housing others Total 3 4 2 8 4 4 50 Fermentation gas wells Wastewater treatment pond Ventilators cooling pad dynamo Water tank, Food tray water and electricity system Others Total 4 2 1 1 1 2 Dried swine excrement panel computer Telephone Pick-Up car Labor cost Administration cost others Total 5 1 12 500 Truck Piglet iron restraint Piglet #1 385,000 30,000 500,000 20,000 25,000 3,000 650,000 3,000 20,000 20,000 250,000 250,000 9,200 4,800 100,000 67,200 50,000 800,000 100,000 250,000 100,000 20,000

-520,000

-1,270,000

-731,200

-738,000

5

Labor cost for move swine swine food

2,500 1,183,00 0 21,000 20,000 20,000

2

labor cost administration cost others Total

-1,740,500 2,500 21,000 20,000 20,000

6

5

Labor cost for transport Labor cost Administration cost Others Total

-63,500 500,000 1,183,00 0 21,000 20,000 20,000

7

500

Piglet #2 Piglet food labor cost Administration cost others Total

-1,244,000 21,000 20,000 20,000

8

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,464,0 00 2,4 00

-61,000

9

240

Sell swine #1 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #3 Piglet food

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total -260,100 1,586,0 00 2,4 00

5

Labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others

10

260

Sell swine #1 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,586,0 00 2,4 00

21,000 10,000 10,0 00 1,547,400

11

260

Sell swine #2 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #4 Piglet food

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total 138,100 1,464,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,0 00 1,425,400 3,793,600

5 2

Labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others

12

240

Sell swine#2 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total Total of years 1

From the table have show the investment and income of Pig kingdom in year 1.After we have calculate the different of income and cost of investment is 3,792,600 baht that we lost in the first year of Pig kingdom farm.

Year 2 In years 2 the farm has own regular customer therefore the sale quit stable and the farm has buy their own swine breeder that can help to decrease the cost of piglet.

Month 13

Number 250

List Sell swine#3 Sell swine excrement

Income 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

Expense

Total

500

Piglet #5 Piglet food

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

500,0 00 1,183,0 00 2,5 00 21,0 00 10,0 00 10,0 00 -199,100

14

250

Sell swine#3 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration Others Total 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,486,400

15

250

Sell swine #4 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #6 Piglet food

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 - 199100 Total 1,525,0 00

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others

16

250

Sell swine #4

Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost

2,4 00 21,000 10,000

Others Total 17 250 Sell swine #5 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #7 Piglet food 5 2 labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 18 250 Sell swine #5 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 19 250 Sell swine #6 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #8 Piglet food 5 2 labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 20 250 Sell swine #6 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

10,000 1,486,400

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -199,100

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,486,400

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -199,100

21,000 10,000 10,000

Total 21 250 Sell swine #7 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #9 Piglet food 5 2 labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 22 250 Sell swine#7 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 23 250 Sell swine #8 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #10 Piglet food 5 2 labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 24 250 Sell swine #8 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

1,486,400

-199,100

1,486,400

-199,100

1,486,400

total of years 2 cost from years 1 Total profit of operation in 2 years

7,723, 800 3,793,600 3,930, 200

The sum of profit in year 2 is 7,723,800 baht and the average profit in years 2 is 643,650 baht moreover that show the farm can get every cost that has investment back and get pro fit 3,930200 baht from the operation in 2 years.

Year 3

In years 3 after the farm have their own regular customer; the sale will be stable .And after operating in 2 years past the cost in every lot of swine quit stable there for the profit of every lot quit stable.

Month 25

Number 250

List Sell swine #9 Sell swine excrement

Income 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

Expense

Total

500

Piglet #11 Piglet food

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total -199,100 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total 1,486,400 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total -199,100 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others

26

250

Sell swine #9 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others

27

250

Sell swine #10 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #12 Piglet food

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others

28

250

Sell swine #10 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,486,400

29

250

Sell swine#11 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #13 Piglet food

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total -199,100 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total 1,486,400 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total -199,100 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others

30

250

Sell swine #11 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others

31

250

Sell swine #12 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #14 Piglet food

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others

32

250

Sell swine #12 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost

Administration cost Others Total 33 250 Sell swine #13 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #15 Piglet food 5 2 labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 34 250 Sell swine #13 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 35 250 Sell swine #14 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #16 Piglet food 5 2 labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 36 250 Sell swine #14 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

10,000 10,000 1,486,400

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -199,100

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,486,400

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -199,100

21,000 10,000

Others Total Total pro fit of years 3 Profit from 2 Years Before Profit of operation in 3 Years

10,000 1,486,400 7,723, 800 3,930, 200 11,654, 000

The total profit in years 3 is 7,723,800 baht, and the average profit per month in years 3 is 643,650 baht per month. The total profit for operating in 3 years is 11,654000 baht.

Year 4 In Years 4 the income and cost will stable therefore the profit of years 4 is stable.

Month 37

Number 250

List Sell swine #15 Sell swine excrement

Income 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

Expense

Total

500

Piglet #17 Piglet food

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total -199,100 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total 1,486,400 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total -199,100 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others

38

250

Sell swine #15 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others

39

250

Sell swine #16 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #18 Piglet food

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others

40

250

Sell swine #16 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others

Total 41 250 Sell swine #17 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #19 Piglet food 5 2 labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 42 250 Sell swine#17 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 43 250 Sell swine #18 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #20 Piglet food 5 2 labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 44 250 Sell swine#18 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

1,486,400

-199,100

1,486,400

-199,100

1,486,400

45

250

Sell swine #19 Sell swine excrement

1,525,0 00 2,4 00 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

500

Piglet #21 Piglet food

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

-199,100

46

250

Sell swine #19 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,486,400

47

250

Sell swine #20 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #22 Piglet food

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total -199,100 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total 1,486,400 7,723, 800

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others

48

250

Sell swine #20 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Other

Total pro fit of years 4

Profit from 3 Years Before Profit of operation in 4 Years

11,654, 000 19,377, 800

The profit of firth years of year 4 is 7,723,800 baht and the average profit per month is 643,650 baht and the total profit for operation in 4 years is 19,377,800 baht.

Years 5 In Years 5 the income and cost will stable therefore the profit of years 5 is stable.

Month

Number

List

Income

Expense

Total

49

250

Sell swine #21 Sell swine excrement

1,525,0 00 2,4 00 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

500

Piglet #23 Piglet food

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

-199,100

50

250

Sell swine #21 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,486,400

51

250

Sell swine #22 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #24 Piglet food

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total -199,100 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total 1,486,400 1,525,0 00

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others

52

250

Sell swine #22 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others

53

250

Sell swine #23

Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #25 Piglet food 5 2 labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 54 250 Sell swine #23 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 55 250 Sell swine #24 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #26 Piglet food 5 2 labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 56 250 Sell swine #24 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 57 250 Sell swine #25 Sell swine excrement

2,4 00 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -199,100 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,486,400 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -199,100 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,486,400 1,525,0 00 2,4 00

500

Piglet #27 Piglet food

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total -199,100 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total 1,486,400 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total -199,100 1,525,0 00 2,4 00 21,000 10,000 10,000 Total 1,486,400 7,723, 800 19,377, 800

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others

58

250

Sell swine#25 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others

59

250

Sell swine #26 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #28 Piglet food

5 2

labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others

60

250

Sell swine #26 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others

Total pro fit of years 5 Profit from 4 Years Before

Profit of operation in 5 Years

27,101, 600

The profit of firth years of year 4 is 7,723,800 baht and the average profit per month is 643,650 baht and the total profit for operation in 4 years is 27,101,600 baht

The graph show the profit in 5 years

Conclusion Pig kingdom farm was investment the first fourth month and after that from month fifth to month twelfth in the first years the pig kingdom farm has the different from the cost and income is -3,793,600 baht and in the second years the pig kingdom farm giant the profit is 7,723,800 baht and in the third years The farm gain the highest pro fit is 7,723,800 baht and the fourth years, fifth years the pig kingdom farm giant profits 7,723,800 baht and the sum of profit when minus the cost in five years is 27,101,600 baht.

The problem in sale decrease Sale decrease can be occurs by many things such as epidemic in swine, new competitors, problem in operation of the farm and others. These table will show the profit when sale decrease 5 percent in each month.

Investment cost and Income of Pig Kingdom farm Year 1 Investment cost is in the first fourth month that we have establish the Pig kingdom farm therefore for the firth fourth month we doesn’t have in come to the farm. In month fifth we start to pick the piglet to the farm and begin to tack care the piglet therefore in this month we doesn’t have the income and after we take care the swine in first lot 2 month we will pick the second lot of swine to the farm.

Month 1

Number 1

List Land Others Total

Income

Expense 500,000 20,000

Total

-520,000 800,000 100,000 250,000 100,000 20,000

2

2 1 1 1

Swine house Storage where house Office worker housing others Total

-1,270,000 250,000 250,000 9,200 4,800 100,000 67,200 50,000

3

4 2 8 4 4 50

Fermentation gas wells Wastewater treatment pond Ventilators cooling pad dynamo Water tank, Food tray water and electricity system Others Total Dried swine excrement

-731,200 20,000 25,000 3,000 650,000 3,000 20,000 20,000

4

2 1 1 1 2

panel Computer Telephone Pick-Up car Labor cost Administration cost Others Total

-738,000 385,000 30,000 500,000 2,500 1,183,00 0 21,000 20,000 20,000

5

1 12 500 5

Truck Piglet iron restraint Piglet #1 Labor cost for move swine swine food

2

Labor cost administration cost Others Total

-1,740,500 2,500 21,000

6

5

Labor cost for transport Labor cost

From the table have show the investment and income of Pig kingdom in year 1.After we have calculate the different of income and cost of investment is 4,025,760 baht that we lost in the first year of Pig kingdom farm.

Year 2 These tables show the sale decrease 5 percent per month from the sale forecast that we have established.

Month 13

Number 250

List Sell swine#3 Sell swine excrement

Income 1,448,7 50 2,2 80

Expense

Total

500,0 500 Piglet #5 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 14 250 Sell swine#3 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration Others Total 1,448,7 15 250 Sell swine #4 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #6 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 16 250 Sell swine #4 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 10,000 50 2,2 80 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030 00 1,183,0 00 2,5 00 21,0 00 10,0 00 10,0 00 -275,470

Total 1,448,7 17 250 Sell swine #5 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #7 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 18 250 Sell swine #5 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 19 250 Sell swine #6 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #8 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 20 250 Sell swine #6 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost 50 2,2 80 21,000 50 2,2 80 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 10,000 50 2,2 80 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

1,410,030

-275,470

1,410,030

-275,470

Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 21 250 Sell swine #7 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #9 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 22 250 Sell swine#7 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 23 250 Sell swine #8 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #10 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 24 250 Sell swine #8 50 50 2,2 80 50 2,2 80 50 2,2 80

10,000 10,000 1,410,030

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470

2,2 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total total of years 2 cost from years 1 Total profit of operation in 2 years 80 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030 6,807,3 60 3,793,600 3,013,7 60

From the table have show the profit from sale decrease 5 % per month they get in years 2 is 6,807360 baht and the average profit per month is 567,280baht The profit was decrease 916,440 baht per year and decrease 76,370baht per month when compare with the sale forecast. Year 3 These tables show the sale decrease 5 percent per month from the sale forecast that we have established.

Month 25

Number 250

List Sell swine #9 Sell swine excrement

Income 1,448,7 50 2,2 80

Expense

Total

500

Piglet #11 Piglet food labor cost of

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470 1,448,7

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others

26

250

Total Sell swine #9

50 2,2 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 27 250 Sell swine #10 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #12 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 28 250 Sell swine #10 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 29 250 Sell swine#11 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #13 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost 50 2,2 80 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030 50 2,2 80 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470 80 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030

Others Total 1,448,7 30 250 Sell swine #11 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 31 250 Sell swine #12 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #14 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 32 250 Sell swine #12 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 33 250 Sell swine #13 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #15 Piglet food labor cost of 5 transport 50 2,2 80 50 2,2 80 50 2,2 80 50 2,2 80

10,000 -275,470

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7

21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 10,000

34

250

Sell swine #13 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7

1,410,030 50 2,2 80 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

35

250

Sell swine #14 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #16 Piglet food labor cost of

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7

-275,470 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 10,000

36

250

Sell swine #14 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total Total pro fit of years 3 Profit from 2 Years Before Profit of operation in 3 Years

1,410,030 6,807,3 60 3,013,7 60 9,821,1 20

From the table have show the profit from sale decrease 5 % per month they get in year 3 is 6, 807,360 baht and the average profit per month is 567,2800baht. The profit was decrease 916,440 baht per year and decrease 76,370baht per month when compare with the sale forecast.

Year 4 These tables show the sale decrease 5 percent per month from the sale forecast that we have established.

Month 37

Number 250

List Sell swine #15 Sell swine excrement

Income 1,448,7 50 2,2 80

Expense

Total

500

Piglet #17 Piglet food labor cost of

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7

-275,470 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 10,000

38

250

Sell swine #15 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7

1,410,030 50 2,2 80

39

250

Sell swine #16 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #18 Piglet food labor cost of

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7

-275,470 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 10,000

40

250

Sell swine #16 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7

1,410,030 50 2,2 80 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

41

250

Sell swine #17 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #19 Piglet food labor cost of

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7

-275,470 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030 1,448,7

42

250

Sell swine#17 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others

43

250

Total Sell swine #18

50 2,2 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #20 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 44 250 Sell swine#18 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 45 250 Sell swine #19 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #21 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 46 250 Sell swine #19 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 50 2,2 80 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030 80 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470

Others Total 1,448,7 47 250 Sell swine #20 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #22 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 48 250 Sell swine #20 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total Total pro fit of years 4 Profit from 3 Years Before Profit of operation in 4 Years 50 2,2 80 50 2,2 80

10,000 1,410,030

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030 6,807,3 60 9,821,1 20 16,628,4 80

From the table have show the profit from sale decrease 5 % per month they get in years 4 is 6, 807,360 baht and the average profit per month is 567,2800baht. The profit was decrease 916,440 baht per year and decrease 76,370baht per month when compare with the sale forecast.

Year 5

These tables show the sale decrease 5 percent per month from the sale forecast that we have established.

Month 49

Number 250

List Sell swine #21 Sell swine excrement

Income 1,448,7 50 2,2 80

Expense

Total

500

Piglet #23 Piglet food labor cost of

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7

-275,470 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 10,000

50

250

Sell swine #21 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7

1,410,030 50 2,2 80 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470 1,448,7

51

250

Sell swine #22 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #24 Piglet food labor cost of

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others

52

250

Total Sell swine #22

50 2,2 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 53 250 Sell swine #23 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #25 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 54 250 Sell swine #23 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 55 250 Sell swine #24 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #26 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost 50 2,2 80 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030 50 2,2 80 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470 80 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030

Others Total 1,448,7 56 250 Sell swine #24 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 57 250 Sell swine #25 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #27 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 58 250 Sell swine#25 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7 59 250 Sell swine #26 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #28 Piglet food labor cost of 5 transport 50 2,2 80 50 2,2 80 50 2,2 80 50 2,2 80

10,000 -275,470

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,410,030

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,448,7

21,000 10,000 10,000 -275,470 50 2,2 80 21,000 10,000 10,000

60

250

Sell swine #26 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total Total pro fit of years 5 Profit from 4 Years Before Profit of operation in 5 Years

1,410,030 6,807,3 60 16,628,4 80 23,435,8 40

From the table have show the profit from sale decrease 5 % per month they get in years 5 is 6, 807,360 baht and the average profit per month is 567,2800baht. The profit was decrease 916,440 baht per year and decrease 76,370baht per month when compare with the sale forecast.

Sale Forecast - 3,763,600 7,723,800 7,723,800 7,723,800 7,723,800 27,131,600

Decrease 5 % - 4,025,760 6,807,360 6,807,360 6,807,360 6,807,360 23,203,680

different of sale decrease 5% -262,160 916,440 916,440 916,440 916,440 3,927,920

Conclusion Pig kingdom farm was investment the first fourth and after that from month fifth to month twelfth in the first years the pig kingdom farm has the lost is 3,763,600 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 5 percent in each month the result is the lost increase 262,160 baht in first years. And in the second years the pig kingdom farm giant the profit is 7,723,800 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 5 percent in each month the result is the pro fit will decrease 916,440 baht and in the third years The farm gain the highest pro fit is 7,723,800 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 5 percent in each month the result is the pro fit will decrease 916,440 baht and the fourth years the pig kingdom farm giant the profit 7,723,800 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 5 percent in each month the result is the pro fit will decrease 916,440 baht , fifth years the pig kingdom farm giant profits 7,723,800 when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 5 percent in each month the result is the pro fit will decrease 916,440 baht and the sum of profit when minus the cost in five years is 27,131,600 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 5 percent the result is the pro fit will decrease 3,927,920 baht. These table will show the profit when sale decrease 10 percent in each month. Investment cost and income of Pig Kingdom farm Year 1 Investment cost is in the first fourth month that we have establish the Pig kingdom farm therefore for the firth fourth month we doesn’t have in come to the farm.

In month fifth we start to pick the piglet to the farm and begin to take care of the piglet therefore in this month we doesn’t have the income and after we take care the swine in first lot 2 month we will pick the second lot of swine to the farm.

Month 1

Number 1

List Land Others Total

Income

Expense 500,000 20,000

Total

-520,000 800,000 100,000 250,000 100,000 20,000

2

2 1 1 1

Swine house Storage where house Office worker housing Others Total

-1,270,000 250,000 250,000 9,200 4,800 100,000 67,200 50,000

3

4 2 8 4 4 50

Fermentation gas wells Wastewater treatment pond Ventilators cooling pad dynamo Water tank, Food tray water and electricity system Others Total Dried swine excrement

-731,200 20,000 25,000 3,000 650,000 3,000 20,000 20,000

4

2 1 1 1 2

panel computer Telephone Pick-Up car Labor cost Administration cost others Total

-738,000 385,000

5

1

Truck

12 500 5

Piglet iron restraint Piglet #1 Labor cost for move swine swine food

30,000 500,000 2,500 1,183,00 0 21,000 20,000 20,000

2

labor cost administration cost others Total

-1,740,500 2,500 21,000 20,000 20,000

6

5

Labor cost for transport Labor cost Administration cost Others Total

-63,500 500,000 1,183,00 0 21,000 20,000 20,000

7

500

Piglet #2 Piglet food labor cost Administration cost others Total

-1,244,000 21,000 20,000 20,000

8

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,464,0

-61,000 00 2,4 00 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000

9

240

Sell swine #1 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #3 Piglet food

5

Labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost

Others Total 1,427,4 10 260 Sell swine #1 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,427,4 11 260 Sell swine #2 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #4 Piglet food 5 2 Labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,317,6 12 240 Sell swine#2 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 00 2,1 60 00 2,1 60 00 2,1 60

10,000 -260,100

21,000 10,000 10,0 00 1,388,560

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 296,940

21,000 10,000 10,0 00 1,278,760 4,257,920

Total of years 1

From the table have show the investment and income of Pig kingdom in year 1.After we have calculate the different of income and cost of investment is 4,257,920 baht that we lost in the first year of Pig kingdom farm.

Year 2 These tables show the sale decrease 10 percent per month from the sale forecast that we have established.

Month 13

Number 250

List Sell swine#3 Sell swine excrement

Income 1,372,5 00 2,1 60

Expense

Total

500,0 500 Piglet #5 Piglet food labor cost of 5 transport 00 1,183,0 00 2,5 00

21,0 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 14 250 Sell swine#3 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration Others Total 1,372,5 15 250 Sell swine #4 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #6 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 16 250 Sell swine #4 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 17 250 Sell swine #5 Sell swine excrement 00 2,1 60 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660 00 2,1 60 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 - 351,840 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660 00 10,0 00 10,0 00 -351,840

500

Piglet #7 Piglet food labor cost of

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5

-351,840 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 10,000

18

250

Sell swine #5 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5

1,333,660 00 2,1 60 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

19

250

Sell swine #6 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #8 Piglet food labor cost of

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5

-351,840 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660 1,372,5

20

250

Sell swine #6 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others

21

250

Total Sell swine #7

00 2,1 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #9 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 22 250 Sell swine#7 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 23 250 Sell swine #8 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #10 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 24 250 Sell swine #8 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 00 2,1 60 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -351,840 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660 60 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -351,840

Others Total total of years 2 cost from years 1 Total profit of operation in 2 years

10,000 1,333,660 5,890,9 20 3,793,600 2,097,3 20

From the table have show the profit from sale decrease 10 % per month they get in years 2 is 5, 890,920 baht and the average profit per month is 490,910 baht. The profit was decrease 1,832,880 baht per year and decrease 152,740 baht per month when compare with the sale forecast. Year 3 These tables show the sale decrease 10 percent per month from the sale forecast that we have established.

Month 25

Number 250

List Sell swine #9 Sell swine excrement

Income 1,372,5 00 2,1 60

Expense

Total

500

Piglet #11 Piglet f labor cost of

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5

-351,840 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000

26

250

Sell swine #9 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost

Others Total 1,372,5 27 250 Sell swine #10 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #12 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 28 250 Sell swine #10 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 29 250 Sell swine#11 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #13 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 30 250 Sell swine #11 Sell swine excrement 00 2,1 60 00 2,1 60 00 2,1 60 00 2,1 60

10,000 1,333,660

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -351,840

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -351,840

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660 00 2,1 60 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

31

250

Sell swine #12 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #14 Piglet food labor cost of

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5

-351,840 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 10,000

32

250

Sell swine #12 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5

1,333,660 00 2,1 60 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

33

250

Sell swine #13 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #15 Piglet food labor cost of

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total

-351,840

1,372,5 34 250 Sell swine #13 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 35 250 Sell swine #14 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #16 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 36 250 Sell swine #14 Sell swine excrement 2,1 60 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total Total pro fit of years 3 Profit from 2 Years Before Profit of operation in 3 Years 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660 5,890,9 20 2,097,3 20 7,988,2 40 00 00 2,1 60 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -351,840 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660

From the table have show the profit from sale decrease 10 % per month they get in years 3 is 5, 890,920 baht and the average profit per month is 490,910 baht.

The profit was decrease 1,832,880 baht per year and decrease 152,740 baht per month when compare with the sale forecast. Year 4 These tables show the sale decrease 10 percent per month from the sale forecast that we have established.

Month 37

Number 250

List Sell swine #15 Sell swine excrement

Income 1,372,5 00 2,1 60

Expense

Total

500

Piglet #17 Piglet food labor cost of

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5

-351,840 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 10,000

38

250

Sell swine #15 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5

1,333,660 00 2,1 60 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000

39

250

Sell swine #16 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #18 Piglet food labor cost of

5 2

transport labor cost

Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 40 250 Sell swine #16 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 41 250 Sell swine #17 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #19 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 42 250 Sell swine#17 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 43 250 Sell swine #18 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #20 Piglet food 00 2,1 60 00 2,1 60 00 2,1 60 00 2,1 60

10,000 10,000 -351,840

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -351,840

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660

500,000 1,183,00 0

labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 44 250 Sell swine#18 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 45 250 Sell swine #19 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #21 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 46 250 Sell swine #19 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 47 250 Sell swine #20 Sell swine excrement 00 2,1 60 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660 00 2,1 60 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -351,840 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -351,840

500

Piglet #22 Piglet food labor cost of

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5

-351,840 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 10,000

48

250

Sell swine #20 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total Total pro fit of years 4 Profit from 3 Years Before Profit of operation in 4 Years

1,333,660 5,890,9 20 7,988,2 40 13,879,1 60

From the table have show the profit from sale decrease 10 % per month they get in years 4 is 5, 890,920 baht and the average profit per month is 490,910 baht. The profit was decrease 1,832,880 baht per year and decrease 152,740 baht per month when compare with the sale forecast.

Year 5 These tables show the sale decrease 10 percent per month from the sale forecast that we have established.

Month

Number

List

Income

Expense

Total

1,372,5 49 250 Sell swine #21 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #23 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 50 250 Sell swine #21 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 51 250 Sell swine #22 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #24 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 52 250 Sell swine #22 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 00 2,1 60 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -351,840 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660 00 2,1 60 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -351,840

Others Total 1,372,5 53 250 Sell swine #23 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #25 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 54 250 Sell swine #23 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 55 250 Sell swine #24 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #26 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5 56 250 Sell swine #24 Sell swine excrement 00 2,1 60 00 2,1 60 00 2,1 60 00 2,1 60

10,000 1,333,660

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -351,840

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -351,840

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660 00 2,1 60 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

57

250

Sell swine #25 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #27 Piglet food labor cost of

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5

-351,840 00 2,1 60 21,000 10,000 10,000

58

250

Sell swine#25 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,372,5

1,333,660 00 2,1 60 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -351,840 1,372,5

59

250

Sell swine #26 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #28 Piglet food labor cost of

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others

60

250

Total Sell swine #26

00 2,1 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total Total pro fit of years 5 Profit from 4 Years Before Profit of operation in 5 Years 60 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,333,660 5,890,9 20 13,879,1 60 19,770,0 80

From the table have show the profit from sale decrease 10 % per month they get in years 5 is 5, 890,920 baht and the average profit per month is 490,910 baht. The profit was decrease 1,832,880 baht per year and decrease 152,740 baht per month when compare with the sale forecast.

Sale Forecast 3,763,600 7,723,800 7,723,800 7,723,800 7,723,800 27,131,600 -

Decrease 10 % 4,257,920 5,890,920 5,890,920 5,890,920 5,890,920 19,305,760

different of sale decrease 10% 494,320 1,832,880 1,832,880 1,832,880 1,832,880 7,825,840

Conclusion Pig kingdom farm was investment the first fourth and after that from month fifth to month twelfth in the first years the pig kingdom farm has the lost is 3,763,600 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 10 percent in each month the result is the lost increase 494,320 baht in first years. And in the second years the pig kingdom farm giant the profit is 7,723,800 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 10 percent in each month the result is the pro fit will decrease 1,832,880 baht and in the third years The farm gain the highest pro fit is 7,723,800 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 10 percent in each month the result is the pro fit will decrease 1,832,880 baht and the fourth years the pig kingdom farm giant the profit 7,723,800 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 10 percent in each month the result is the pro fit will decrease 1,832,880 baht , fifth years the pig kingdom farm giant profits 7,723,800 when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 10 percent in each month the result is the pro fit will decrease 1,832,880 baht and the sum of profit when minus the cost in five years is 27,131,600 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 5 percent the result is the pro fit will decrease 7,825,840 baht.

These table will show the profit when sale decrease 15 percent in each month. Investment cost and income of Pig Kingdom farm Year 1 Investment cost is in the first fourth month that we have establish the Pig kingdom farm therefore for the firth fourth month we doesn’t have in come to the farm.

From the graft show investment cost that high in second month because we have building the swine house after that the cost decrease in third month and fourth month because in this 2 month we have investment in facility and others expends. In month fifth we start to pick the piglet to the farm and begin to tack care the piglet therefore in this month we doesn’t have the income and after we take care the swine in first lot 2 month we will pick the second lot of swine to the farm.

Month 1

Number 1

List Land Others Total

Income

Expense 500,000 20,000

Total

-520,000 800,000 100,000 250,000 100,000 20,000

2

2 1 1 1

Swine house Storage where house Office worker housing others Total

-1,270,000 250,000 250,000 9,200 4,800 100,000 67,200 50,000

3

4 2 8 4 4 50

Fermentation gas wells Wastewater treatment pond Ventilators cooling pad dynamo Water tank, Food tray water and electricity system Others Total Dried swine excrement

-731,200 20,000 25,000 3,000 650,000 3,000 20,000

4

2 1 1 1 2

panel computer Telephone Pick-Up car Labor cost Administration cost

others Total 5 1 12 500 5 Truck Piglet iron restraint Piglet #1 Labor cost for move swine swine food 2 labor cost administration cost others Total 6 5 Labor cost for transport Labor cost Administration cost Others Total 7 500 Piglet #2 Piglet food labor cost Administration cost others Total 8 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,464,0 9 240 Sell swine #1 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #3 Piglet food 00 2,4 00

20,000 -738,000 385,000 30,000 500,000 2,500 1,183,00 0 21,000 20,000 20,000 -1,740,500 2,500 21,000 20,000 20,000 -63,500 500,000 1,183,00 0 21,000 20,000 20,000 -1,244,000 21,000 20,000 20,000 -61,000

500,000 1,183,00 0

5

Labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,348,1

2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -260,100 00 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,0 00

10

260

Sell swine #1 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,348,1

1,309,140 00 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

11

260

Sell swine #2 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #4 Piglet food

5 2

Labor cost of transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,244,4

-376,360 00 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,0 00

12

240

Sell swine#2 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total Total of years 1

1,205,440 -4,490,080

From the table have show the investment and income of Pig kingdom in year 1. After we have calculated the different of income and cost of investment is 4,490,080 baht that we lost in the first year of Pig kingdom farm.

Year 2 These tables show the sale decrease 15 percent per month from the sale forecast that we have established.

Month 13

Number 250

List Sell swine#3 Sell swine excrement

Income 1,296,2 50 2,0 40

Expense

Total

500,0 500 Piglet #5 00

1,183,0 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 14 250 Sell swine#3 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration Others Total 1,296,2 15 250 Sell swine #4 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #6 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 16 250 Sell swine #4 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 428,210 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290 00 2,5 00 21,0 00 10,0 00 10,0 00 -428,210

1,296,2 17 250 Sell swine #5 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #7 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 18 250 Sell swine #5 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 19 250 Sell swine #6 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #8 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 20 250 Sell swine #6 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210

Others Total 1,296,2 21 250 Sell swine #7 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #9 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 22 250 Sell swine#7 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 23 250 Sell swine #8 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #10 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 24 250 Sell swine #8 Sell swine excrement 50 2,0 40 50 2,0 40 50 2,0 40 50 2,0 40

10,000 1,257,290

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total total of years 2 cost from years 1 Total profit of operation in 2 years

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290 4,974,4 80 3,793,600 1,180,8 80

From the table have show the profit from sale decrease 15% per month they get in years 2 is 4, 974,480 baht and the average profit per month is 415,540 baht. The profit was decrease 2,749,320 baht per year and decrease 229,093 baht per month when compare with the sale forecast. Year 3 These tables show the sale decrease 15 percent per month from the sale forecast that we have established.

Month 25

Number 250

List Sell swine #9 Sell swine excrement

Income 1,296,2 50 2,0 40

Expense

Total

500

Piglet #11 Piglet food labor cost of

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2

-428,210 50 2,0 40

26

250

Sell swine #9 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

27

250

Sell swine #10 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #12 Piglet food labor cost of

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2

-428,210 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000

28

250

Sell swine #10 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2

1,257,290 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210 1,296,2

29

250

Sell swine#11 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #13 Piglet food labor cost of

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others

30

250

Total Sell swine #11

50 2,0 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 31 250 Sell swine #12 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #14 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 32 250 Sell swine #12 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 33 250 Sell swine #13 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #15 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210 40 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290

Others Total 1,296,2 34 250 Sell swine #13 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 35 250 Sell swine #14 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #16 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 36 250 Sell swine #14 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total Total pro fit of years 3 Profit from 2 Years Before Profit of operation in 3 Years 50 2,0 40 50 2,0 40 50 2,0 40

10,000 -428,210

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210

21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290 4,974,4 80 1,180,8 80 6,155,3 60

From the table have show the profit from sale decrease 15% per month they get in years 3 is 4, 974,480 baht and the average profit per month is 415,540 baht.

The profit was decrease 2,749,320 baht per year and decrease 229,093 baht per month when compare with the sale forecast.

Year 4 These tables show the sale decrease 15 percent per month from the sale forecast that we have established.
Month 37 Number 250 List Sell swine #15 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #17 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 38 250 Sell swine #15 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 39 250 Sell swine #16 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #18 50 2,0 40 500,000 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290 Income 1,296,2 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210 Expense Total

1,183,00 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 40 250 Sell swine #16 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 41 250 Sell swine #17 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #19 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 42 250 Sell swine#17 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 43 250 Sell swine #18 50 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210

2,0 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #20 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 44 250 Sell swine#18 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 45 250 Sell swine #19 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #21 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 46 250 Sell swine #19 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210

Total 1,296,2 47 250 Sell swine #20 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #22 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 48 250 Sell swine #20 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total Total pro fit of years 4 Profit from 3 Years Before Profit of operation in 4 Years 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

1,257,290

-428,210

1,257,290 4,974,4 80 6,155,3 60 11,129,8 40

From the table have show the profit from sale decrease 15% per month they get in years 4 is 4, 974,480 baht and the average profit per month is 415,540 baht. The profit was decrease 2,749,320 baht per year and decrease 229,093 baht per month when compare with the sale forecast.

Year 5

These tables show the sale decrease 15 percent per month from the sale forecast that we have established.

Month 49

Number 250

List Sell swine #21 Sell swine excrement

Income 1,296,2 50 2,0 40

Expense

Total

500

Piglet #23 Piglet food labor cost of

500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2

-428,210 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000

50

250

Sell swine #21 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2

1,257,290 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210 1,296,2

51

250

Sell swine #22 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #24 Piglet food labor cost of

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others

52

250

Total Sell swine #22

50 Sell swine excrement 2,0 40 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 53 250 Sell swine #23 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #25 Piglet food labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 54 250 Sell swine #23 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 55 250 Sell swine #24 Sell swine excrement 500 Piglet #26 Piglet food labor cost of 5 transport 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2

21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000

56

250

Sell swine #24 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2

1,257,290 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00 0 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000

57

250

Sell swine #25 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #27 Piglet food labor cost of

5 2

transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2

-428,210 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000

58

250

Sell swine#25 Sell swine excrement

2

labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2

1,257,290 50 2,0 40 500,000 1,183,00

59

250

Sell swine #26 Sell swine excrement

500

Piglet #28 Piglet food

0 labor cost of 5 2 transport labor cost Administration cost Others Total 1,296,2 60 250 Sell swine #26 Sell swine excrement 2 labor cost Administration cost Others Total Total pro fit of years 5 Profit from 4 Years Before Profit of operation in 5 Years 50 2,0 40 21,000 10,000 10,000 1,257,290 4,974,4 80 11,129,8 40 16,104,3 20 2,500 21,000 10,000 10,000 -428,210

From the table have show the profit from sale decrease 15 % per month they get in years 5 is 4, 974,480 baht and the average profit per month is 415,540 baht. The profit was decrease 2,749,320 baht per year and decrease 229,093 baht per month when compare with the sale forecast.

Sale Forecast - 3,763,600 7,723,800 7,723,800 7,723,800 7,723,800 27,131,600

Decrease 15 % - 4,490,080 4,974,480 4,974,480 4,974,480 4,974,480 15,407,840

different of sale decrease 15% -726,480 2,749,320 2,749,320 2,749,320 2,749,320 11,723,760

Conclusion Pig kingdom farm was investment the first fourth and after that from month fifth to month twelfth in the first years the pig kingdom farm has the lost is 3,763,600 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 15 percent in each month the result is the lost increase 726,480 baht in first years. And in the second years the pig kingdom farm giant the profit is 7,723,800 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 15 percent in each month the result is the pro fit will decrease 2,749,320 baht and in the third years The farm gain the highest pro fit is 7,723,800 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 15 percent in each month the result is the pro fit will decrease 2,749,320 baht and the fourth years the pig kingdom farm giant the profit 7,723,800 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 15 percent in each month the result is the pro fit will decrease 2,749,320 baht , fifth years the pig kingdom farm giant profits 7,723,800 when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 15 percent in each month the result is the pro fit will decrease2,749,320 baht and the sum of profit when minus the cost in five years is 27,131,600 baht when compare with sale forecast that have decrease 5 percent the result is the pro fit will decrease 11,723,760 baht Summary

Sale Forecast -3,763,600 7,723,800 7,723,800 7,723,800 7,723,800

Decrease 5 % -4,025,760 6,807,360 6,807,360 6,807,360 6,807,360

Decrease 10 % -4,257,920 5,890,920 5,890,920 5,890,920 5,890,920

Decrease 15 % -4,490,080 4,974,480 4,974,480 4,974,480 4,974,480

27,131,600

23,203,680

19,305,760

15,407,840

The problem in sale decrease Sale decrease can be occurs by many things such as epidemic in swine, new competitors, problem in operation of the farm and others. The problem in the farm will be occurs when sale was decrease more than 15% per month that will cause of surplus swine in the farm around 75 swine and it will cause of decrease in sale around 222,093 baht per month that effect to profit decrease 222,093 per month more over it will effect to cash liquidity in the farm so if this situation occurs more than 3 month will effect to cash liquidity so much therefore we have 3 ways to protect and decrease this problem are 1. If the sale decrease and have the surplus swine in the farm we will decrease in buying of new piglet to the farm that will help to build the equilibrium point of demand and supply in the farm. 2. Try to sale the surplus swine from last lot before sale the new lot of swine that will help to control the age and quality for suitable for the demand of market. 3. Give the discount for the customer who buys the surplus swine, this way can help to sale swine and increase sale moreover it can help to control the number of swine in the farm to not more overcrowded and easy to control the quality of swine more than have the surplus swine in the farm.

The best ways that can help to protect the sale decrease is analyses the situation of market all time and try to find the equilibrium point of demand and supply and use it to be the way to produce the swine and the last is have to control the quality of swine.

Chapter 7: Summary Normally swine farm is quite popular business because it is dirty and has an opportunity get risk from community so this is big problem of this business. However swine farm has a few of competitor so it will be advantage of this business and from survey in Chiang Saen, tendency of swine farm in Chiang Saen will increase and target group will also

expand too. Pig Kingdom Farm is the one of business would like o gain more profit though selling quality of swine to market. The key to succeed in this business compose of good planning, preparation of facing with unexpected problem, the solution and importance of the capital together with profit. Another thing that we can notice is the need for big amount of fund to doing swine farm so we need big amount of money to support, when business turn critical situation. For our vision and mission will be identical, we are going to be the best swine farm which concern problems about air pollution, water pollution, and soil pollution. Therefore we attend to control and manage swine farm following the standard of Animal Husbandry Department, including fresh and clean, quality and healthy of swine. Although we practice follow standard of Department of Livestock Development, it not mean we will not get risk or any problem because doing real swine farm is not easy. We can find with problem that occur from external and have an effect to swine farm. For example increasing the tend of swine export and import, that is not only the demand of domestic consumers, but there are also the needs of neighboring countries, even if the number of export and import of swine in Thailand. Therefore we have to create strategy for decrease problem and will be secret of Pig Kingdom Farm to do business smoothly. However if we create good strategy but we do not have good operation include with Finance, Marketing, Human Resource and Operation, swine farm can not run on smoothly, then we have to do everything to be balance. Before we do real business, we going to know and do marketing analysis because when do the business we will find with problem that occur form external factor. The external factor can be affected to Pig Kingdom Farm both of direct and indirect. From survey, we found 9 factors that can effect to Pig Kingdom Farm, There are Technology, Environment, Social, Politic, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Agriculture, The current situation and Economic. All of factor control Pig Kingdom Farm to practice in standardization and have good management because if Pig Kingdom Farm ignore to attend follow this factor, it may be make swine farm have some problem about sale because customer do not trust and competitor will practice follow standardization. Moreover swine farm have to think about competitor analysis, there are Competitor Analysis; Pig Kingdom Farm selects Evaporative Cooling System or closed-system and the advantages of closed-system are the cleanliness of the swine house more than openedsystem, the smell not bothers the local people than opened-system and we can better control the swine diseases, so the swine in closed-system will be more high quality as the large swine industry and stronger of investment. Customer Analysis; Consumers of Pig Kingdom Farm

are the retailer in the district and in a nearby district. Local people in Chiang Saen district currently feed themselves swine in their household or buy from a nearby district. However, a demand for swine in each day is not enough in the district and swine still lack good quality and standard. Competitive Analysis; The competitors of Pig Kingdom Farm can be divided into Local pork providers are the main competitors of Pig Kingdom Farm in Chiang Saen district and some pork providers buy pork from Tesco Lotus in Mae Chan district and Macro in Ban Du district in order to sell because pork is already packaged up an the price of pork is cheaper than buying from wholesalers. After that we have to do STP analysis, for segmentation Pig Kingdom Farm is the business which is different from other general business. This business cannot separate the segmentation in various sectors, but our swine farm divides the characteristic of our customers according to the customers’ demands as 3 groups such as wholesale group, retail group and household consumption. Target group, we separate the target from the occupations of customer that they have different demand. Thus, we divide the target into 3 group,

Slaughter, Butcher and Villagers or local people. Last product positioning, we show
that Pig Kingdom Farm is the standard swine farm which we have the management and operation systematically in sterilization, so we are one of the best swine farms in Chiang Rai which our swine has the higher quality. Moreover, we can easily access our customers and customer - The customers can have confidence of our swine which have the high quality standard and safety. Moreover we attend in term of marketing mix to be clearly. We are searching about Technical Feasibility Study and Product and operation analysis. Pig Kingdom Farm have 2 product characteristics, there are core product and supporting product. Core product; we choose American landrace because they have good general characteristics of Swine such as A white hog of long body length, having sixteen or seventeen pairs of ribs, the arch of back is much less, pronounced than on most other breeds of swine, the hair color must be white, dark skin spots are considered undesirable, a few freckles on the skin are allowed but black hairs are not. Supporting product is organic fertilizer produced from pig excrement. We sell organic fertilizer to farmers or agriculturalists and it also is used within the Pig Kingdom Farm, so it can help to generate indirect income and reduce the cost within the farm. Production process We have to taking care of Swine breeding and piglets after weaning

When piglets after weaning during 28 days of age, around 6 kilograms, we should move sows out from piglets, but piglets still stay in the same corral around 3 to 5 days. After that we will move piglets to take care in the corral of piglets for the prevention of stress among piglets. Moreover, vitamins or antibiotic dissolved in water should be used to piglets after weaning around 3 to 5 days. Piglets are vaccinated at 6 weeks of age to protect Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS). Sows and hogs are also vaccinated every 6 months (vaccine to be available during 6 to 12 months). Piglets are vaccinated at 7 weeks of age to protect mouth and feed rot. Sows and hogs are also vaccinated repeatedly every 4 to 6 months (vaccine to be available during 4 to 6 months) Piglets at half 2 months should take vermifuge and 21 days late give vermifuge again. Sows and hogs should also take vermifuge every 6 months. Feeding food to swine in each period Each of period have to feeding swine in different way such as A period of weaning piglets, A period of swine, weight 20 – 35 kilograms, A period of swine, weight 35 – 60 kilograms and A period of swine, weight 30 kilograms – delivery to market. Moreover have to attend about Medicine and a cure for swine, there are 10 of medicine that have to inject to swine such as Antibiotics; The antibiotics actually is used to protect and heal such as Pneumonia, Bronchitis, Scar fen, Gastrointestinal disease, Urinary tract infections, Uterine inflammation, and Anemic. Sulfa Drugs; medicine of this group is Trisulfan, Travertine, Vazlong, Sulfa Merasin, Sulfa quinnoksaleen, Sulfadiazine, Sulfanilamide and Sulfa Tiazone etc. Disinfectant; it is used to clean the swine house such as Isla, Sanctus saffron, Iodine, Formalin, Copper sulfate, Light liquid zone, Caustic soda, Corrine, Lime, Onecline, and Battles Biocline. We have to inject vaccine follow table Vaccine injection for swine breeders. Breed swine not only to inject vaccine but have to attend about good management to be standardization and waste system. Waste Minimization & Quality control are prevention and eliminating smell and waste from the swine farm consists of 3 processes. There are Biogas pond, Pig excrement pond and Using Microbe Chemical.

For income per year after deduct expense per year 7,723,800 baht. Income after operating 5 years is 27,701,600 baht. Swine Farm has many risks that effect to business. We divided into 2 main factors there are external and internal. For example, the trend towards the rising price of swine in 2008, A downward trend of the amount of swine raisers, The epidemic condition and growing tend of the feed price. Moreover there are direct risk that related with swine farm business such as Swine disease, Competitors and Legal and regulatory risk (Register for the The Age of Swine Type of Vaccine Dose and Injection Intramuscular 6 weeks Mouth and Feed rot injection 1 c.c. per pig Porcine 7 weeks Reproductive and Respiratory Subcutaneous injection Vaccine injection every 4 months in the next time Note Vaccine injection every 6 months in the next time and when vaccine dissolves already, using within 1 hour

Syndrome (PRRS) swine farm establishment). All of them is about external risk but also has internal risk, it about management include with Human resource, swine health, swine feeding and management environment. Pig Kingdom farm is the one of business that can gain more profit to owner and investor, however swine farm have to practice follow the rule and regulation of Department of Livestock Development, then both of owner and customer will be confidence each other.

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