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STRONGYLOIDES STERCORALIS

Common Name: Threadworm
Eggs:
Host/s:

Habitant: Duodenum
Diagnostic Stage: Rhabditiform
Infective Stage: Filariform
MOT: Skin Penetration
MOI:
Morphology:

CAPILARIA
PHILIPPINENSIS
Pudoc
TYPICAL FEMALE:8-10, single row
ATYPICAL FEMALE:40-45, 2-3 rows
FH: Man
IH: Ipon Fish
‘Hypselotris bipartita’
[bagsang, bagtu, bagsit, birot]
Jejenum

2nd stage larva inside Ipon fish
ingestion
MALE: 2-4 mm L
-chitinized spicule
-stichosome (esophagus)
-stichocyte (secretory cells)

TRICHENELIA
SPIRALIS
Muscle worm
1,500 per lifetime
FH:Rats
Brown: rattus rattus black: rattus
norwegicus
AH: man
IH: Pig
Adult: SI(subepithelial villi)
Larva: Striated muscle/ skeletal M.
Encysted larva
Encysted larva
ingestion
MALE: 1.5-3.5 mm L
-1 testis posteriorly located
Posterior portion: 2 pairs conical
papillae
FEMALE: 3.5 mm L
Viviparous
LARVA: 900-1,300 micra
-spear like anterior burrowing tip

Disease: Conchin China Diarrhea
Traveller’s Diarrhea
Vietnam’s Diarrhea
Symptoms: 1. CUTANEOUSProritus
Hemorrhagic papules
2. PULMUNARY
3. Hemorrhagic cellular infiltration

Mystery Disease

1.
2.
3.
4.

Abdominal pain
Gurling stomach
Borborygmus sound
Weight loss, anorexia, vomiting and
edema

1. ENTERIC PHASE
-intestinal invasion & incubation
-food poisoning like symptoms
-diarrhea, constipation, vomiting,
nausea, abdominal cramps

. Beck’s Xeno Diagnosis-albino rats b. tissue INTESTINAL-honeycomb mucosahyperinfection SYSTEMIC INFECTION 5. AECT. Mucosa Pathology: SKIN. INVASION PHASE -muscle invasion -periorbital edema of eyes -Fever -Dyspnea -difficulty in swallowing chewin.antigens detect antibodies c.-chronic bronchitis 4. Sprue like stool 3. EACT Treatment: Albendazole 2.pneumonia due to bronchial epi. fever Diagnosis: HARADA MORI BEAE STRING TEST(duodenal aspirate specimen) DFS: Recover of eggs and adults in stool Recovery of female adults in stool 1. speaking Albendazole Muscle Biopsy Special Tests: a. INTESTINAL INVASION Honeycomb int. ENCYSMENT & ENCAPSULATION PHASE -most critical Toxaemia -myocardial & neurological complication -congestive heart failure -meningitides -deafness -Comatose FECT.larva curens(thigh and legs) PULMUNARY. Bachman Intradermal Testsensitivity test -redness 5cm diameter=(+) Thiabendazole .Enteropathy-severe protein loss -malabsorption of fats -severe electrolytes and K loss 2. BFT(Bentonit Flocculation Tech).

Antidiarrheal drugs Prevention: Special Charateristics: Proper sewage disposal Avoid eating raw food Treat infected individual Mebendazole Albendazole Cook meat Freeze meat-kills the larva Meat inspection Rodent control Pigs in wel contructed pens .