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Emily Simnam, 6.

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Project Update Report – Discover Part 2
Design Project: The main purpose for the design is to adopt nature’s strategies into a water collector
that provides clean water to low- income areas. The home should work as a living organism balanced
with nature. It will work inter-dependently with natural systems and its own. The focus will be on water
collection and thermo-regulation of the home.
The purpose for this report is to understand one of the main functions of the design, thermo-regulated
temperature. For this function, it is necessary for water to be free of particles and disease. It is not
suitable for water to be in a state where bacteria or insects can thrive in, which is mainly warm stagnant
water. Therefore it is suitable to have cool drinking water to hydrate a person, especially in warmer
tropic areas. To keep the water cool and prevent any contamination from insects or particles, three
strategies were researched according to function.

1. Honey bees (beehive):

AskNature. Accessed 07/13/15. .
Author/Photographer/Artist: Brian Fuller. Source: Flickr. Uploaded: 2014-02-20 01:40:50

Looking at the walls of the honey beehive, it can inspire changes in wall structure for homes that
will work as a natural cooling factor. Honeybees are in constant climate changes challenging
their thermoregulatory ability. They use evaporative cooling from water to regulate their hive. It
is not the function of evaporation that works in cooling; it is the whole system of regulating heat
in the colony that works. System meaning that water forging is regulated according to the
current demand in the colony. To maximize energy efficiency, honeybees use a gain/cost rule.
As a rule, there is a balance between energy expenditure of foragers with the net energetic
gains of the colony. This type of thermal strategy should be incorporated into the home to
efficiently regulate its temperature without expending too much energy.

2. Green Birdwing Butterfly

AskNature. Accessed 07/13/15.
Author/Photographer/Artist: David Bygott Source:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/davidbygott/2431423800/lightbox/. Uploaded: 2011-11-23 20:05:11

The greenbirdwing buttery winged structure and color helped regulate its body heat.
Thermoregulation in the wings occur through a combined effect of color pigmentation of
skeletal structures supplemented with behavioural heat and regulation habits. The wings
postures are based on sun exposure and heat transfer as well. By having these strategies
working together the butterfly is able to not over heat during intense radiant heat.
3. Elephant (skin):

AskNature. Accessed 07/13/15.
Author/Photographer/Artist: Antoine. Source: Flickr. Uploaded: 2014-02-17 22:17:55

If building a large water collection tank, using an elephant as an example for thermo-regulated
temperature will help resolve some of the issues that the design has. Like any large structure it
is difficult to regulate temperature without the use of high energy systems. While reading this
research article, the main topic was to examine thermoregulation of active elephants where
they are subjected to a wide range of environmental heat loads. Unlike other animals, elephants
do not sweat to cool down; they will wallow in water or mud to protect their bodies from the
harsh rays of the sun. The results show that the effectiveness of variable tissue insulation was
key to regulating temperature. Due to the high vascular blood flow in the insulated skin, the
heat would radiate from the body core to the skin surface.

These strategies will be considered into the design due to its unique properties and processes working
within warmer climates. The structure can be harmed by intense direct sunlight causing malfunction of
processes or de-contamination of the water. Trying to conceptually create an outer protective coating as
like the elephant skin will offer protection and regulated temperature with no need of an electric
system. Incorporating a honey comb style outer layer (roof) and using the systematic processes from
honey bees can naturally and efficiently cool a home. It will be able to instinctually change due to the
needs of the home.

Function: Cooling
Sources:

Honey bees (beehive): Helmut Kovac, Anton Stabentheiner, Sigurd Schmaranzer. J Insect Physiol. 2010
December. Thermoregulation of water foraging honeybees—Balancing of endothermic activity with
radiative heat gain and functional requirements. accessed 07/12/15.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2981874/

Green birdwing butterfly: Milad Arkian. Temperature Control Mechanism by Butterfly Wings. accessed
07/12/15. http://issuu.com/aerandir4/docs/thermoregulation_by_butterfly_wings

Elephant: M. F. Rowe, G. S. Bakken, J. J. Ratliff and V. A. Langman. Heat storage in Asian elephants during
submaximal exercise: behavioral regulation of thermoregulatory constraints on activity in endothermic
gigantotherms. January 19, 2013. accessed 07/12/15. http://jeb.biologists.org/content/216/10/1774.full