P. 1
South-East Asia Military World Recently, Likely Given

South-East Asia Military World Recently, Likely Given

|Views: 158|Likes:
Published by agungprawoto96

More info:

Published by: agungprawoto96 on Feb 20, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/25/2010

pdf

text

original

South-East Asia military world recently, likely given on a form of new cold war which one of the

signs is race of weapon. However purchasing of new weapon by some South-East Asia state which is untill spent billion dollar is true require to be give paid attention. All of them give the same reason, that is just for to rejuvenation of weapons appliance which have is worn out, however we need to take heed all kinds of interconnected possibility especially what is related with external regions of Indonesia archipelago. Purchasing of weapon by Indonesian government increasing because requirement of defence technology will be imperative new. Many factor why Indonesian government want to improve the defence technology, and than they buys like submarine 636 from German, 20 unit of tank BMP 3 , helicopter of Mi2, Mi 17, Mi 35 and jet propulsion combat type of Sukhoi from Russia.( Batam Post: 2007). That factors are : 1. Indonesia have wide of region

As biggest state in South-East Asia which have 1.904.556 square km of continent and 5,8 million square km of osean, Indonesia have smallest defence budget among nations in the same area, budget defence of Indonesia only 0,9 percentage from Gross of National Product. Even, budget defence Singapore 5,2 persent and Malaysia equal to 4 persent. Though Singapore, only owning wide of region 692,7 square km and Malaysia also only owning wide of region 329.750 square km. 2. strategic Geographical position

Indonesia have 17.504 islands which spread over from Sabang to Merauke. And consist of 7.870 islands which have is name, and also 9.634 islands which noname(dept. Trans). Indonesia have very big potency to become colonize with other Nations. Indonesia has very wide region, the position very strategies, and also the natural resources very abundance. We still remember how Malaysia grab of Sipadan and of Ligitan island. And a few year ago, we still remember how Indonesia relation Malaysia almost can be break a war, because struggling of region in Ambalat ocean. As well as with Australian State which start when they give asylum for all rebel of Papua independence organization and from this case all of Indonesian very angry with them. Indonesia still have many problem about frontier of region which include of sea and also land with the other nations which require to be finished. Because this problem related with the perfection of region and sovereignty, so we must seriously and can behave coherently.. Problem Of Border Crossing with the other like malaysia, singapore, PN, Filiphine and Timor leste can be finished with any diplomations. 3. Increasing of terrorism attack

Recently, terrorist attack very serious to be covered. We still remember BOMB Bali 1 and BOMB Bali 2 which have caused loss of material goodness and also bounce. That event which have proved that Indonesian's defense can not to prevent from terrorist attack And now many people telling "war on terrorism", more than anything in asia, which representing to be infiltrated. So that to prevent that case Indonesia state must increase the defence technology which can pledged.

4.

Increase the military power

To improvement ability and strength of Indonesia national soldier, the Indonesian government makes modernization the technology of national defense. Indonesia government increases to Purchasing of weapon, because potential conflict from intern and ekstern South-East Asia sensitively to happened. 4. To follow what is the new defense technology 5. To improvement ability and strength of Indonesia national soldier, the Indonesian government makes modernization the technology of national defense. They buy some new technology to protect this state. They buy like submarine, helicopter, jet propulsion combat, tank and etc. Asia Pacific previous, which is dominated by Australian, Japan, South Korea/ North Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan, Philippine, India, and China nowadays enter new chapter, but now TNI will take role with the new defense technology from Russia. Agreement of purchasing weapon Indonesia government from Russia should not be looked into negativity. Cause to protect all of Indonesia assets the government needs to do it. So the other state which around of Indonesia must be tolerant and respect about it. But Malaysian government assumes this is as a race of weapon. So they didn’t want to lose with Indonesian, and then they buy some defense meaning from Swede to competing with Indonesian. purchasing of French submarine, and also Poland tank-tank, beside the other of military equipments. Senjata Editor: Martin Broek Penerbit: PIPHAM, MAK, dan ENAAT, 1995, 93 hal. 1. hanya memiliki luas wilayah 329.750 km persegi. Luas wilayah Indonesia Sebagai negara terbesar di Asia Tenggara yang memiliki luas daratan 1.904.556 km persegi dan luas lautan 5,8 juta km persegi, Indonesia memiliki anggaran pertahanan paling kecil di antara negara 2. Ancaman Teroris -negara di kawasan yang sama, anggaran pertahanan Indonesia hanya 0,9 persen dari Gross National Product. Bahkan, anggaran pertahanan Singapura mencapai 5,2 persen dan Malaysia sebesar 4 persen. Padahal Singapura, hanya memiliki luas wilayah 692,7 km persegi dan Malaysia juga Dalam beberapa tahun terakhir ini, ancaman serangan dari teroris sangat sudah sangat serius. Tentunya kita masih ingat peristiwa BOM Bali 1 dan BOM Bali 2 yang telah menyebabkan kerugian baik materiil maupun mental. Dan sekarang banyak orang yang mengatakan “war on terrorism”, apalagi di daerah asia yang merupakan daerah yang mudah untuk disusupi. Sehinnga untuk menanggulangi hal tersebut negara Indonesia harus memiliki teknologi dibidang pertahanan yang dapat diandalkan.

3. Letak geografis yang strategis Indonesia memiliki 17.504 pulau yang tersebar dari Sabang sampai ke Merauke. Dan terdiri dari 7.870 pulau yang sudah bernama, serta 9.634 belum bernama.(dept. Trans). Tentunya kita masih ingat bagaimana Malaysia merebut pulau Sipadan dan Ligitan

Akibatnya, konflik di kawasan Asia Tenggara semakin potensial untuk meletus. Diam-diam Asia Tenggara kini menjadi kawasan "pasar senjata" yang sangat potensial. Hal ini sejalan dengan perkembangan ekonomi kawasan ini yang semakin meningkat. Dulu kecenderungan negara- negara ASEAN untuk meningkatkan teknologi persenjataannya sangat kecil, namun seiring dengan peningkatan kemajuan dan pertumbuhan ekonomi di negara-negara tersebut maka peningkatan akan kebutuhan teknologi dalam bidang pertahanan pun akan mengikuti. Negara-negara di asia seperti Jepang, Malaysia, Singapore dll adalah pembeli senjata pertahanan dari negara-negara NATO di Eropa dalam kurun waktu 1980-1981. "Penambahan kekuatan bersenjata di ASEAN menciptakan situasi berbahaya yang dapat menimbulkan suasana perlombaan dalam teknologi senjata pertahanan. Tetapi, menurut Amitav Acharya, perlombaan senjata sesungguhnya di Asia Tenggara adalah perlombaan pemasok senjata, seperti Rusia, Amerika, Jerman, Inggris dll. Indonesia masih mempunyai masalah perbatasan wilayah baik darat maupun laut dengan negara-negara tetangganya yang perlu diselesaikan melalui diplomasi perbatasan dalam mengatasi berbagai masalah perbatasan dan ancaman terhadap keutuhan wilayah dan kedaulatan. Masalah Lintas Batas (Border Crossing) menuntut pelaksanaan kerangka kerjasama yang lebih efektif untuk memfasilitasi kegiatan masyarakat perbatasan dengan negara-negara yang berbatasan darat seperti Malaysia, Singapura, PNG dan Timor Leste. Pelaksanaan Border Diplomacy diharapkan dapatmeningkatkan atau mempercepat akselerasi pembangunan sosial dan ekonomi kawasan perbatasan agar dapat memperkecil kesenjangan pertumbuhan ekonomi dan kondisi sosial dengan negara tetangga yang berbatasan langsung, mengingat fungsi wilayah perbatasan sebagai jendela yang merefleksikan keadaan sosial-ekonomi nasional.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->