osumi river park

RESEARCH BY DESIGN: EXPLORING RESILIENT WAYS OF ‘URBAN BY NATURE’
Test Site: Osumi Island in Berat, Albania
AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

1

BERAT

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

2

ATTRACTIONS/ EXISTING
NETWORK / ACCESSIBILITY/ PATHS
& CONNECTIONS

FUNCTIONS & ACCESIBILITY

Legend

009

Main vehicle axis
Secondary vehicle axis
Accessibility in the city
Dead Ends

016
015

Paths ending on squares in the historical site

010

Pedestrian Area
Historic Buildings

014
012
011

013

012

Restaurants

001

Handcraft

008
007

Hotels/ Hostels
001
002

005

001
002
003

003
002

004

004

005

005
006

006

005
006

006

002

004

001

010

003

001

004
003

005

002
003

001
002
003

008
006

006
001

007

004
004
009

005

009 005

001
Pedestrian

008

004
013
007

006
Gorica bridge

PROJECT SITE
003
002
003

011

005

004
011

010

006

Osum river

007

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

Onufri Museum
Ethnographics
Museum
Edward Lear
003
Art Gallery
004
Public Library
005
Municipality
006
Tourist Info Center
007
Prefecture
Christian Orthodox Churches
St. Michael
001
002
St. Spiridoni
007 St. Thoma
003
St. George
004
Holy Trinity
005
St. Demetrios
006
007
St. Evangelios
St. Jani
008
009
St. Sophia
St. Theodor
010
St. Nicolas
011
012
St. Mary Vlaherna
013
St. Bitri Cathedral
001

007
002

Islam Cult Objects
Bachelor Mosque
Hamam
Helveti Teqe
Leaden Mosque
White Mosque
Red Mosque
Cultural and Public Institutions

002

008

3

NATURAL & HISTORICAL ATTRACTIONS

U2

T1
G2

BERAT

U1
U URBAN ATTRACTIONS

T2

U1 Central urban attractions
U2

Less fraquented urban area

U3

ISLAND main urban attraction

U3

T

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

T1

CASTLE lack of direct access

T2

MANGALEM most accessed area

T3 GORRICA lacks of access fluidity
T4

G

B

GREEN ATTRACTIONS

the OSUMI RIVER PARK

OBSERVATION AREA/ EXPOSING
THE HISTORICAL PART

G1

Most accessed green area

G2

Lack of access in the green area/ most visual impact in
the city

G3

Most accessed natural area reaching the river

G4

NEW GREEN ATTRACTION
RECREATIONAL AREA

G5

WILD VEGETATION RECREATION AREA

B1

U3
T4
G4

B2

G5

G4
T4

B2

G5

G5

B2

URBAN - NATURAL
RECREATION AREA
KEEP IT NATURAL

INCREASING THE IMPORTANCE OF THE PUBLIC/
NATURAL AND HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

T3

B1

G1

G3

4

TOURISM IN BERAT

Locals
Tourists

65.000 banore
25.000 turiste

TOURISTS INFORMATION

PERIOD

PROVENANCE

70%
Tourists October - May
Tourists May - September

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4
SEASONAL ACTIVITIES

90%
Tourists from other parts of Albania
Tourists from foreign countries

AGE

ORGANIZATION

50%
Tourists < 25 years old
Tourists > 45 years old
Tourists 25- 45 years old

50%
Tourists with organized tours
Tourists without organized tours

5

COMMON ACTIVITIES

AGE ORIENTED FUNCTIONS

ORGANIZED ITINERARIES

ACTIVITIES

SEASONAL ACTIVITIES
DIFFERENT PATHS

COMMON ACTIVITIES

AGE ORIENTED FUNCTIONS

ORGANIZED ITINERARIES
INFO POINTS

ANNUAL GROWTH IN PERSONS

35000

30% more tourists

30000
25000

10%

20000
15000

2008

2010

2012

2014

2013

INCOMES

2016

2018

tourists
growth annually

2020

INCOMES GROWTH

x 40Euro x 3days = 120Euro
per day

25.000

10Mln

( average )

= 3 MILLIONEuro

8Mln

330%

2030

INCOME GROWTH

x 50Euro x 4days = 200Euro
per day

50.000

3Mln

( average )

= 10 MILLIONEuro
2013

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

2020

2030

6

ACTIVITIES

TOURIST GROWTH

SEASONAL ACTIVITIES
SEASONAL
ACTIVITIES
DIFFERENT
PATHS
DIFFERENT PATHS

COMMON ACTIVITIES
COMMON ACTIVITIES

AGE ORIENTED FUNCTIONS
AGE ORIENTED FUNCTIONS

ORGANIZED ITINERARIES
ORGANIZED
ITINERARIES
INFO POINTS
INFO POINTS

ANNUAL GROWTH IN PERSONS
ANNUAL GROWTH IN PERSONS

35000
35000

more tourists
3030
%%
more tourists

30000
30000
25000
25000

tourists
1010
% %tourists
growth annually

20000
20000
15000
15000

growth annually

2008
2008

2010
2010

2012
2012

2014
2014

2030 2013
2030 2013

INCOMES
INCOMES

2016
2016

2018
2018

2020
2020

INCOMES GROWTH
INCOMES GROWTH

x 40Euro x 3days = 120Euro
x 40Euro x 3days = 120Euro
per day

per day

25.000
25.000

10Mln
10Mln

( average )

( average )

= 3 MILLIONEuro
= 3 MILLIONEuro

8Mln
8Mln

330
330
%%

INCOME GROWTH
INCOME GROWTH

x 50Euro x 4days = 200Euro
x 50Euro x 4days = 200Euro
per day

per day

50.000
50.000

( average )

3Mln
3Mln

( average )

= 10 MILLIONEuro
= 10 MILLIONEuro
2013
2020
2030
2013
2020
2030

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

7

ACTIVITIES

TOURIST GROWTH

SEASONAL ACTIVITIES
SEASONAL ACTIVITIES
ACTIVITIES
SEASONAL
DIFFERENT PATHS
DIFFERENT
PATHS
DIFFERENT PATHS

COMMON ACTIVITIES
COMMON ACTIVITIES
ACTIVITIES
COMMON

AGE ORIENTED FUNCTIONS
AGE ORIENTED
ORIENTED FUNCTIONS
FUNCTIONS
AGE

ANNUAL GROWTH
IN PERSONS
ANNUAL
ANNUAL GROWTH
GROWTH IN
IN PERSONS
PERSONS

35000
35000
35000

more tourists
3030
%%
more
more tourists
tourists

30000
30000
30000
25000
25000
25000

tourists
1010
% %tourists
tourists
growth
annually
growth
annually

20000
20000
20000
15000
15000
15000

growth annually

2008
2008
2008

2010
2010
2010

2012
2012
2012

2014
2014
2014

INCOMES
INCOMES
INCOMES

2030
2030 2013
2013
2030 2013

INCOMES

ORGANIZED ITINERARIES
ORGANIZED ITINERARIES
ITINERARIES
ORGANIZED
INFO POINTS
INFO
POINTS
INFO POINTS

2016
2016
2016

2018
2018
2018

2020
2020
2020

INCOMES GROWTH
INCOMES
INCOMES GROWTH
GROWTH

x 40Euro
x 3days
= 120Euro
x
x 40
40Euro
Euro x
x3
3days
days =
= 120
120Euro
Euro
per day
per day
per day

25.000
25.000
25.000

10Mln
10Mln
10Mln

( average )
( average )
( average )

Euro
= 3 MILLION
=
MILLIONEuro
Euro
=3
3 MILLION

8Mln
8Mln
8Mln

330
330
%%

INCOME GROWTH
INCOME GROWTH
INCOME
GROWTH

x 50Euro
x 4days
= 200Euro
x
x 50
50Euro
Euro x
x4
4days
days =
= 200
200Euro
Euro
per day
per day
per day

50.000
50.000
50.000

( average )
( average )
( average )

3Mln
3Mln
3Mln

Euro
= 10 MILLION
=
MILLIONEuro
Euro
= 10
10 MILLION
2013
2020
2030
2013
2020
2030
2013
2020
2030

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

8

CHALLENGES

HOW CAN WE DEVELOP THE LANDSCAPE
OF OSUMI ISLAND IN BERAT?

HOW CAN WE DEVELOP LOW COST/HIGH
IMPACT SOLUTIONS?

CAN WE SAVE THE BIODIVERSITY?

HOW CAN DESIGN SHAPE THE POTENTIAL
OF THE ISLAND?

WHAT WAYS WILL MAKE SURE THAT THE RIVERSIDE REGION IS RESILIENT ENOUGH TO REBOUND
FROM FUTURE FLOODING ?

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

WHAT DESIGN SOLUTIONS WILL PROTECT THE
RESIDENTS FROM FUTURE CLIMATE EVENTS?

9

STRATEGIES

COST

STRATEGY 1

IMPLEMENTATION USABILITY
TIME

BIODIVERSITY IMPACT IN THE MAINTENANCE
CITY
IMPACT

DAMS
WING DYKES
CHANNEL STRAIGHTENING
ARTIFICIAL CHANNELS
CHANNEL WIDENING
EXCAVATIONS
LINING THE BANKS

VS

STRATEGY 2
ECOLOGICAL FLOODING
CONNECTIONS / FOOTBRIDGES
AFFORESTATION
PATHS

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

10

STRATEGIES

COST

STRATEGY 1

IMPLEMENTATION USABILITY
TIME

BIODIVERSITY IMPACT IN THE MAINTENANCE
CITY
IMPACT

DAMS
WING DYKES
CHANNEL STRAIGHTENING
ARTIFICIAL CHANNELS
CHANNEL WIDENING
EXCAVATIONS
LINING THE BANKS

VS

STRATEGY 2
ECOLOGICAL FLOODING
CONNECTIONS / FOOTBRIDGES
AFFORESTATION
PATHS

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

11

STRATEGIES

COST

STRATEGY 1

IMPLEMENTATION USABILITY
TIME

BIODIVERSITY IMPACT IN THE MAINTENANCE
CITY
IMPACT

DAMS
WING DYKES
CHANNEL STRAIGHTENING
ARTIFICIAL CHANNELS
CHANNEL WIDENING
EXCAVATIONS
LINING THE BANKS

VS

STRATEGY 2
ECOLOGICAL FLOODING
CONNECTIONS / FOOTBRIDGES
AFFORESTATION
PATHS

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

12

AERIAL VIEW

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

13

NEW CONNECTIONS

Pedestrian

Gorica bridge

Osum river

EXISTING TRAJECTORIES
PROPOSED ACCESS

OSUMI RIVER PARK

RRETHI

EMPHASIZING THE ACTUAL TRAJECTORIES
PROPOSING NEW CONNECTIONS AND A
CENTRAL LOOP
AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

14

EXISTING GREEN

1

tall vegetation, different tree types

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

2

lower vegetation, grass

3

mud land

15

RIVER CONFIGURATIONS THROUGH TIME

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

16

FLOODING
PROBLEMS

Flooding

Maksimum historic level
Raised level
lowest level

SOLUTIONS

Flash Rain

Maksimum historic level
Raised level
lowest level

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

17

tle
as

L

VISION

T

L

L

T

T

i

T

T

L

tion

T

Di

etra

T

pen
L

gre

on

cti

U

en

re

T
T

R

Tir

U

L

U

U

L

an

L
U

R

T
T

R

L
U

ion

Sk

rap

ar

R

T

i

T

U
L

FOOT BRIDGE

L

ect

L

ped

T

Gorica Bridge

L

Dir

U

R

estr

ian

pat
h

a
Pedestrian

T

L

U

R

T
L

R

Osum River

T

L

L

T
U

R
R

L

T

T

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

18

PLAN
1:500

50.7

53.0

54.8
55.2

52.8
51.4

56.3
56.3

55.2
53.9

53.3
57.3

55.8

54.5

52.7
53.4
55.3
57.3
54.3

56.2
54.7

JA

N

20

03
NO

V

53.9

54.9

NO

20

05

V2

005

54.5

NO

V

54.7

20

05

53.9

003

JAN 2

54.2

JA

N

JA

N

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

20

03

20

03

19

SECTION A-A

SECTION B-B

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

20

SUMMER PLAN

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

21

WINTER PLAN

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

22

RIVER FLOW

01
River Flow
The scenario where the bridge is supporting the
water flow. The intensity of water fills up the river bed
and floods the wetlands. The river brings eluviation
such as soils and pebbles.

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

23

SEDIMENTS DEPOSITION

02
Sediments Depositions
Because of the eluviation the river deposits on
the bridge pylons sediments that create smaller
compositions of land.

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

24

NATURAL ADDITION LANDSCAPE

03
Natural Addition Landscape
With the passing of time the deposition of sediments
will augment and cause a natural growth of wild
vegetation. Such a way there will be a natural
addition of the landscape.

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

25

b

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

26

AXONOMETRIC SECTIONS

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

27

1 RIVER FRONT

BARRIERS

RIVERFRONT

ramp

greenery

stairs

greenery

ramp

entrance

ramp

greenery

stairs

greenery

ramp

level 3
level 2
level 1

river

ramp

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

footbridge

stairs

28

CONCEPT
01
Current flows
There is no connection
between the existing
urban fabric and the
riverfront at the present
day.

03
Defining the edge
The circle sews up
the city of Berat with
the island by a new
riverfront.

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

02
Concept
The circle as element
of union, landmark and
natural shape.

04
New connections
The circle generates a
new flows system along
the riverfront and inside
the island, activating the
whole area.

29

TOOLKIT
TOOLKIT

TOOLKIT

AREAS IN RISK OF FLOODING

CITY
NORTH-WESTERN PARTS OF ALBANIA

CITY

SOLUTIONS

(LEZHA , SHKODRA ETC)

SOLUTIONS

1 RIVER FRONT
2
3

BARRIERS

1 RIVER FRONT

RIVER

CLEANING OF THE SEDIMENTS OF
THE RIVER CHANNELS

ISLAND

2

RIVER

3

ISLAND

BARRIERS

CLEANING OF THE SEDIMENTS OF
THE RIVER CHANNELS

CONNECTIONS
AFFORESTATION WITH
EXCISTING VEGETATION

SOUTH-WESTERN PARTS OF ALBANIA

CONNECTIONS

STRENGTHEN OF THE BORDERS

(FIER, NOVOSELE, BERAT, TEPELENE, PERMET, ETC)

AFFORESTATION WITH
EXCISTING VEGETATION
STRENGTHEN OF THE BORDERS

1 RIVER FRONT

ramp

greenery

stairs

greenery

2

BARRIERS

ramp

entrance

ramp

greenery

stairs

greenery

RIVER

3

CLEANING OF THE SEDIMENTS

1 RIVER FRONT

BARRIERS

river

ramp

greenery

stairs

greenery

ramp

entrance

ramp

greenery

stairs

greenery

RIVER

AFFORESTATION WITH
EXCISTING VEGETATION CLEANING OF THE SE

ramp

river

afforestation

stairs

ramp

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

2

STRENGTHEN OF THE BORDERS

level 3
level 2
level 1

footbridge

CONNECTIONS

ramp

level 3
level 2
level 1

ramp

ISLAND

footbridge

stairs

strengthen of the borders

30

VIEW FROM GORICA

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

31

ENTRANCE OF OSUMI RIVER PARK

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

32

OSUMI RIVER PARK

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

33

VIEW FROM FOOTBRIDGE

AZPML+ STUDIOARCH4

34

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.