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From: http://physics.nist.

gov/constants

Fundamental Physical Constants Physico-chemical constants


Quantity
Avogadro constant
atomic mass constant
1
m(12 C) = 1 u
mu = 12
3
= 10 kg mol1/NA
energy equivalent
in MeV
Faraday constant1 NA e
molar Planck constant
molar gas constant
Boltzmann constant R/NA
in eV K1

molar volume of ideal gas RT /p


T = 273.15 K, p = 101.325 kPa
Loschmidt constant NA /Vm
T = 273.15 K, p = 100 kPa
Sackur-Tetrode constant
(absolute entropy constant)2
5
2 3/2
kT1 /p0 ]
2 + ln[(2mu kT1 /h )
T1 = 1 K, p0 = 100 kPa
T1 = 1 K, p0 = 101.325 kPa
Stefan-Boltzmann constant
(2 /60)k 4/h3 c2
first radiation constant 2hc2
first radiation constant for spectral radiance 2hc2
second radiation constant hc/k
Wien displacement law constants
b = max T = c2 /4.965 114 231...
b0 = max /T = 2.821 439 372... c/c2

Symbol

Value

Unit

Relative std.
uncert. ur

NA , L

6.022 141 79(30) 1023

mol1

5.0 108

mu

1.660 538 782(83) 1027

kg

5.0 108

mu c2

1.492 417 830(74) 1010


931.494 028(23)
96 485.3399(24)

J
MeV
C mol1

5.0 108
2.5 108
2.5 108

k/h
k/hc

3.990 312 6821(57) 1010


0.119 626 564 72(17)
8.314 472(15)
1.380 6504(24) 1023
8.617 343(15) 105
2.083 6644(36) 1010
69.503 56(12)

J s mol1
J m mol1
J mol1 K1
J K1
eV K1
Hz K1
m1 K1

1.4 109
1.4 109
1.7 106
1.7 106
1.7 106
1.7 106
1.7 106

Vm
n0
Vm

22.413 996(39) 103


2.686 7774(47) 1025
22.710 981(40) 103

m3 mol1
m3
m3 mol1

1.7 106
1.7 106
1.7 106

S0 /R

1.151 7047(44)
1.164 8677(44)

c1
c1L
c2

5.670 400(40) 108


3.741 771 18(19) 1016
1.191 042 759(59) 1016
1.438 7752(25) 102

W m2 K4
W m2
W m2 sr1
mK

7.0 106
5.0 108
5.0 108
1.7 106

b
b0

2.897 7685(51) 103


5.878 933(10) 1010

mK
Hz K1

1.7 106
1.7 106

F
NA h
NA hc
R
k

3.8 106
3.8 106

The numerical value of F to be used in coulometric chemical measurements is 96 485.3401(48) [5.0 108 ] when the relevant current is
measured in terms of representations of the volt and ohm based on the Josephson and quantum Hall effects and the internationally adopted conventional values of the Josephson and von Klitzing constants KJ90 and RK90 given in the Adopted values table.
2
The entropy of an ideal monoatomic gas of relative atomic mass Ar is given by S = S0 + 23 R ln Ar R ln(p/p0 ) + 52 R ln(T /K).

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