YANTRA-SHASTHRA

YANTRA
• Defination naanaaivaVanaa Salyaanaa naanaadoSaPa`baaiVnaama\ È Aahtu-maByaupayaao yastVn~aM tcca dXa-nao ÈÈ A.h.saU.25
The one which is used to remove shalya from different parts of the body is called as Yantra.

• Types of yantras
1.Swastika Yantra 2.SadnshaYantra 3.Tala Yantra 4.Nadi Yantra 5.Shalaka Yantra 6.Upayantra -24 -2 -2 -20 -28 - 25

Pradhan Yantra - hand
A~a hstmaova p`QaanatmaM yan~aaNaavagacC È ikM karNama\ yasmaawstadRto yan~aaNaamap`vaRi<arova È tdQaIna%va%aayan~aM kma-Naama ÈÈ sau.saU.7­3 As no instrument can be used without holding it in hand therefore hand if first and the most important Yantra.

Yantra Dravya
taina p`ayaXaao laaohaina Bavaint È t%p`it$pkaiNa vaa tdlaaBaao ÈÈ sau.saU.7­7
• Yantras can be made of any of the following materials like gold silver copper Vanga Shisha • Nowadays Yantras are made of stainless steel

• GUNAS OF YANTRAS

samaaihtaina yan~aaiNa Kr XlaxNamauKaina ca È sauZRaina sau$paiNa sauga`haiNa ca karyaot ÈÈ sau.saU.7­9
1] Varnabahukum 2] Mrudu 3] Sudrudh 4] Surupa 5] Sugrahita

Doshas of yantra
• • • • • • • • • • • Atisthula Asara Atideergha Atirasvha Agrahi Vishamgrahi Visham Atyunnatam Mrudukilam Mrudumukham Mrudupasham

Swastika Yantra
.

When opened they resemble a Swastik so called as Swastika yantra they are also called as Artery forceps or midwifery forceps

• Appearance
masaUra@RitiBaÁkIlÝÁAvabawaina È maulao AMkuXavat AavaR<avaarMgaaiNa ÈÈ sau.saU.7­10
These are like masoor daal joint at the center with a nail.

• TYPES
These are 24 in no. Out of which 9 are Pashumukhi and 15 are called Pakshimukhi

Swastika Yantra

9 Pashumukhi

15 Pashimukhi

isaMh vyaaV` vaRk trxa ?xa WIpI maajair EaRRgaala maRgaovaiSU a

kMk kurr caasa Baasa SaSIVatI ]laUk icallaI Syaona gaRV k`ÝcaM BaRMgaraja AMjalaI kNa-ivaBaajana naMdImauKI kMk

USE
• To remove shalya from hard structures like bone etc.

AiX)a ivadYz XalyaaowrNaa)a-ma ]pidXyato È sau.saU.7­10
• • Pashumukhi yantra are thick heavy and so they all to used to remove those Shalyas which are visible externally . Pashumukhi Yantras are like neck of birds thin slender long and so are used to remove those shalyas which are deep inside structures .

Parts of Yantras
These yantras consist of 3 parts 1. Mukha 2. Kantha 3. Varanga Mukha- It is for holding the shalya . Kantha- It is the middle portion which connects the 2 halves with a nail . Varang- It is the part for holding the yantra with the help of fingers .

According to Sushrut It is of two types • Sanigraha • Anigraha According to Modern Instruments are of 3 types • Based on inventors name E.g. Ferguson’s Forceps, Simpson’s forceps Based or usage E.g. Artery Forceps Obstetric Forceps c Cheetle Forceps Towel Forceps Based on appearance E.g. Lions forceps, Groeodyle Forceps

Naadi yantra
Definition: Naadi yantras are tubular structures with holes at one end or both the ends being hollow in the middle naaDI yaMHaaiNa naaDIvat\ mahyaaiCp`aNaI È ektao mau#aaina ]Bayatao mau#aaina ca ÈÈ Appearance: Based on the use and site these can be bent or straight also these can be open at one end or both ends

Types
These are of 12 types which are 20 in number • • • • • • • • • • • Bhagandhar Yantra Arsho Yantra Vrana Yantra Basti Yantra Mutravriddhistrava Yantra Dakodristrava Yantra Dhumanetra Yantra Niruddhiprakash Yantra Sanniruddhaprakash Yantra Alabu Yantra Shringa Yantra -2 -2 -1 -4 -2 -1 -1 -3 -1 -1 -1

Naadi yantra

Uses
According to Sushrut following functions are performed by naadi yantras 1) Vyadhidrishan - In Arsha Yoni etc. 2) Puranam - In filling up ears nose 3) Straranam -As drainage tube in urine retention, Haemorrhage, Abscess . 4) Shastrakarma Shoukyrtham- For given Shastra Kshara Agni Karma 5) Achushan- For removing various Dushirish Dustastanya 6) Pradhanam -For fumigating the nostril 7) Removal of strotogata shatya 8) Vranaidharangam -For cleaning up the wound with decoctions

Bhagandhar Yantra
• • It is of two types of Ekchadra, Dwichadra Appearance – It is having an opening in the basal part which is open till the entire length. Measurements – It is 4 Anguli long and 5 Anguli circumference for males at the base it should be the size of the thumb and the tip of the little finger and 6 Anguli long for female’s resp. Uses It is used for visualizing the Arsha Bhagandar etc. And for Kshar Agni Karma

Bhagandhar Yantra

Arsha Yantra
It is of two types Ekchadra, Dwichadra • • Appearance: It is similar to Bhagandar Yantra Measurements: It is 4 Anguli long. The circumference is 5 and 6 Anguli for males and females resp. The opening is 3 Anguli long. Uses: Dwichadra Yantra is used for Darshan of Arsha etc. And Ekchadra Arsha yantra is used for Ksharagnishastra Karma.

Arsha Yantra

Vrana Yantra
• Appearance - It is long tubular structure whose one end contains a bag made up of flesh etc. Measurements - It is 4 Anguli long according to Sushrut. The opening of the tube must be the size of a pea. Uses - It is used for giving Vranabhyang and Snehan

Basti Yantra
These are 4 in number ie a) Bal b) Yuva c) Prodha d) Vrudha • Appearance - These are similar to Vrana Yantra made up of Bastinetra and Basti pot. For Basti pot or bag - It is made up of bladder of cow, deer, buffaloes; pig etc cleaned properly with pores. It should be soft Bastinetra - It should be made up of gold, copper, tusks, iron horn etc. • Measurements For 1 year old child 6 Anguli long and diameter of Basti netra Kanishtaka Till 16 years old and diameter or circumference till that of middle finger Kulatya should be able to pass through it. For 25 years old or more - 12 Anguli long. • Uses – It is used forgiving basti with kushaya or oil etc.

Uttarbasti
It is of two types different for males and females. • Appearance: It is a tubular structure with small holes at one end and a bigger opening at the other end It is equal in diameter in entire length Measurements – For males it is 14 Anguli long For females it is 10 Anguli long Uses: It is used for Mutraghata, especially Mutrajathar, Vatashtathila, Mutragrati, Vatakundalika

Mutravistravanatham
It is the canula of Trochar-Canula. It is Yantrashastra together .

Dakodar Yantra
It is bigger sized canula • • • Appearance: It has an opening at both the ends and has a bigger diameter as compared to Mutravistravana Yantra Measurements: It is 4 Anguli long generally Uses: It is used along with Vrihmukhi in cases of Ascites, Shoth etc.

iWWara nilaka ipcCnailaka ca ]dkaodro È vaa saU.

Dhum Netra
It is used for Dhumapan Appearance and measurements: The proximal end should have circumference of little finger and the distal end that of the thumb. Length - According to Sushsutra 4014 • Snehan Dhuma - 32 Anguli • Vaicharika Dhuma - 24 Anguli • Kasaghna, Vamiyana Dhuma - 40 Anguli Proximal end is to be put inside mouth and distal end is to be burnt Number - It is of 4 types according to Sushrut Uses- For Dhumapan

Nirudhaprakash Yantra
It is of 1 type according to Sushrut

inaruwp`kaSao naaDI laaohImauBayataomauKIma\ È darvaI vaa jatukRt`aM VRtaaByaktaM p`vaSayaot ÈÈ Hyahat\ Hyahat\ s)aulatyaM samyak\naaija p`vaSayaot È sHaaotao ivavaV-yaota evaM –– – – – – – ÈÈ sau. ica 20– 43–45
• Measurements: No references available but the circumference at proximal part is more and that at distal part should be less at base Uses- It is used for dilation of Mutramarg ie. Marga Vishoyana

Nirudhaprakash Yantra

Sanniruddha Gudra Yantra [Proctoscope]
These are greater in circumference from base to the apex. These can be compared to rectal speculum • Uses - It is used for Gudamarg Vishodhan

Mutramargavishodhanartha (Urethral Bougie or Sound)
• 1 in number. • Appearance:-front is slight small & at the root slight broad. • Dimension:-front is like Maltipushpa & rounded shalaka. • Uses:-in constricted urinary passage. Mutrasharkara. stricture, etc.

Mutramargavishodhanartha [Urethral Bougie or Sound]

Sadamsha Yantra [Dissecting Forceps]
According to types ,these are 2 in numbers. But according to appearance, dimensions they may varies. In this grip of yantra is like a damsha therefore it is called sadamsha yantra.

Appearance
• These are having 2 parts • They are joined in one end & other end was free. • A metal plate bended like “U” shaped may called sadamsha yantra.

Explanation :• Like swastik yantra these are also classified into sanigraha,anigraha,sanibandhan,ninirbandhan. • According to dalhan sanigraha & sanibandhan are the one & the same.and like that anigraha means ninirbandhan. • Some others classified it in 4 types i.e.sanigraha,anigraha,vakradwibahu & kilabaha vimuktagra. • But according to sushrut these are of 2 types. • According to modern science these are called as dressing forceps, dissecting forceps.

• Vagbhat mentioned the machundi or muchuti type of sadamsha yantra. • It is having the ring near the frontal portion.

Sadamsha Yantra [Dissecting Forceps]

Alabu Yantra
It is used for Raktavasechana, Kaphavrushthi Vikara

AlaabaukTukM $xaM tIxNaMca piTkIit-tma\ È tsmaacClaoYmaaopsaRMYTo tu ihtM tdvasaocanao ÈÈ sau. saU 13–5
It is Katu Ruksha Tikshna Gunatmaka It is used for Kaphajaraktadrishti Vikar for Raktavistravana

Measurements It is 4 Anguli long with circumference of 8 Anguli. According to modern medicine it can be used for cupping

Dimensions
• 16 Anguli & 6 Anguli both are mentioned • According to need big or small yantra should be used.

Uses
• Useful in removing Twak,mamsa,sira,snayugata shalya. • For twak & snayu – sanigraha yantra is used. • For sira ,mansa ,antra – anigraha yantra is used.

Abalu Yantra

Tala Yantra [Retractors]
• According to types these are 2 in number. • According to dimension they are various in numbers.

Appearance
• Like palates of fish they are flat & slightly bending therefore these are called as Tal Yantra. • If it is bending at one side only then it is called Ektal Yantra. • If it is bending at both sides then it is called Dwital Yantra.

Explanation
According to modern these are called as scoop or ear scoop.

Dimensions
• It should be 12 Anguli in length. • These are used according to its small, large, big, broad size.

Uses
• For holding the shalya or the body parts.

Tala Yantra [Retractors]

Shalaka Yantra
Types 1] Gandupadamukhi2] Sarpafana 3] Sharpunkha 4] Badishmukhi 5] Masurdalmatramukhi 6] Karpaskrutoshnisha 7] Darvyakrut i8] Jambavvadna 9] Ankushvadna 10] Kolasthidalmatramukhi 11] Anjanartha 12] Mutramargavishodhanartha Number 2 2 2 2 2 6 3 3 3 1 1 1

Gandupadamukhi shalaka
• These are of 2 types – 1. Small 2. Big Appearance – At the one end knot like structure is there. this is also called as probe. Explanation - There are 2 types of eshani shastra are mentioned. Among them one is sharp & other is blunt.

• Dimensions – 6-8 Anguli in length. • Uses – for doing Eshan karma. for measuring length & breadth of vrana, nadivrana. used for vyuhan,chalan. • Sushruta mentioned the use of Eshan in the Bhagandar Shastrakarma.This type of yantra is called butterfly probe & director. It helps in the chedan of Bhagandar Nadi.

Gandupadamukhi shalaka

Sarpafana shalaka
• These are of 2 types • Appearance – front portion appear like snakes head. therefore name is sarpafana. • Dimension – 1] 16 Anguli 2] 12 Anguli according to vagbhat. • Uses – vyuhan • To retract the organ outside • To retract the shalya

Sarpafana shalaka

Sharapunkha
• These are of 2 types • Appearance – shape of front part like arrow. • Dimension – 10-12 Anguli, these are 2 in number. • Uses – for doing chalan karma [tongue tie]

Badishmukha
• These are of 2 types • Appearance:-This is hook like structure. 1.Swanat means good curved. 2.Natyanat means less curved. • Uses:-for Aaharan,Ashmari In females it is used in removing Mudhagarbha. This yantra is called as blunt hook & crochet. This yantra is used for Eshan,Vyuhan, Chalan, Aaharan purpose.

Masurdalmatramukha
• According to size they are 2 in number • Appearance:-at the front side it is apper like Masurdal. • Dimension:-one is 8 fingers long & another is 9 fingers long. • Uses:-Strotogata Shalya Aaharan. As a scoop.

Karpaskrutoshnisha
• These are the 6 small & large size sticks; in which cotton is wrapped around it. • Appearance:-sticks are having cotton swab at one end. • Uses:-for cleaning purpose. for Pramarjan. • Places where it can be used:for cleaning of ear, nose, anus & other body parts (swabs).

Karpaskrutoshnisha

Darvyakruti
• These are of 3 types according to their size i.e. Tea, Table, Dessert Spoons. • Appearance:-appear like Darvi means spoon like. These are in their big or small size. • Dimension:-its size is equivalent to nail of Kanishthika, Madhyama & Anamika. Length is 8 Anguli.

Darvyakruti

Jambavvadana
• Appearance:-shape is like jambav. • Uses:-for kshar & agnikarma.

Ankushvadana
• It is 3 in number. • Appearance:-shape is like Ankush. • Uses:- for kshar & Agnikarma. now a days these are not in a use

Kolasthidalamatramukhi
• It is 1 in number • Appearance:-external appearance is rough. Its front part is looks like half seed of kola phala (semicircular). • Uses:-Nasarsha. lekhan of Nasarbuda. Agnikarma. scaler,nasal curette.

Anjanartha
• It is1 in number • Appearance:-both ends are sharp & pointed. • Uses:-Anjanartha. (Lehanartha anjana shalaka-made up of Tamra. Ropanartha anjana shalaka-made up of Loha. Prasadnartha anjana shalaka-made up of swarna.)