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A+ - computer technician

A+ - computer technician

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Published by: fluxcountry on Feb 21, 2010
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08/06/2013

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Definition:

A serial connection is a personal computer connection that transfers data one bit at a time over
a single wire. Serial connections support two-way communications and are typically used for
devices such as fax machines or external modems. Serial ports have either 9-pin (DB-9) or
25-pin (DB-25) male connectors. A serial cable ends with a female connector to plug in to the
male connector on the system unit. On system units that have color-coded ports, the serial port
is teal-colored.

Example:

Figure 1-21: Serial connections.

Serial Transmissions

In a serial transmission, data is sent and received one bit at a time over a single wire. To
accomplish this, the serial communication process:

1. Disassembles bytes into bits on the sending end of the communication.

2. Sends the bits across the communication wires.

3. Reassembles the bits into bytes at the receiving end.

Serial Ports

Serial ports are typically called COM1, COM2, COM3, and COM4, where COM is short for
communications port. In modern systems, only one or two serial ports will be present. This
port is being phased out in favor of other standards, so you might find some systems with no
serial ports at all.

Other Uses for Serial Connections

Serial connections can be used for direct PC-to-PC connections and to connect some mice,
printers, and Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) devices.

CompTIA®

A+®

Certification:AComprehensiveApproachforall2006ExamObjectives

Lesson1:PersonalComputerComponents 35

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