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Species

Activity

Birds

Surveys
Mitigation

Jan

Feb

Winter bird survey

Mitigation
Surveys

Bats

Mitigation
Surveys

Dormice

Otters
Red
Squirrels

Mitigation

Great
Crested
Newts
Natterjack
Toads

Breeding and migrant bird surveys

Jun

July

Aug

Breeding bird surveys

Sept

Oct

Migrant bird surveys

Nov

Dec

Winter bird surveys

All survey methods can be used at any time of year however surveys are more effective in Spring, Autumn/Winter
Construction of artificial setts.
See Jan to
Disturbance of existing setts blocking off entrance holes, sett destruction
No disturbance of existing setts at this time
June
Survey of hibernation, tree and building
Preliminary
Survey of hibernation, tree
Inspection of building roosts. Activity surveys. Emergence counts.
roosts
Survey
and building roosts
Maternity roost works until
Hibernation roost works
Maternity roost works
mid-May. Hibernation roost
Hibernation roost works
until Nov. Maternity roosts
Maternity roost works
works from mid March
from mid-Sept.
Nut and nest surveys
Nut search and Nest survey
Nest tube and nest box surveys till mid-Oct. Nest surveys & Nut searches from Sept.
(optimum)
Works in
Clearance works in dormice habitat Works in dormice habitat Clearance works in dormice
dormice habitat
No clearance works in dormice habitat
small scale
large scale (optimum)
habitat - small scale
- large scale
Surveys for otters can potentially be conducted all year round, though vegetation cover and weather conditions may limit the times at which surveys can be carried out

Mitigation

Mitigation can potentially be conducted in any month. Where otters are found to be breeding disturbance should be avoided

Surveys

Surveys may be conducted all year round weather permitting. Optimum time is spring and summer. Surveys for breeding females from December to September.

Mitigation

Mitigation

Works should preferably be


See Jan
conducted at this time
Sept.
Initial
All survey methods can be used during this period, though vegetation cover and weather
Initial
Reduced
Reduced
surveys
conditions may limit the times at which surveys can be carried out. (Optimum time: March to June)
surveys
activity
activity
possible
possible
Works in
Works in
Avoid all works in water
Avoid all works in water vole
Suboptimal timing - works dependant on
water voles
water voles
vole
habitat
results of trapping protocol i.e. no breeding
habitat
habitat
habitat
animals encountered
possible
possible
Pond surveys for adults: Four survey visits between
Larvae surveys to
No surveys newts
March and mid-May. Egg surveys April to midTerrestrial habitat / refuge
No surveys newts
mid-August. Terrestrial habitat /
in hibernation
June. Larvae surveys from mid-May. Terrestrial
surveys
in hibernation
refuge surveys
habitat / refuge surveys.
No trapping / translocation
No trapping / translocation
Newt trapping programmes
of newts. Pond / habitat
Newt trapping on land only
of newts. Pond / habitat
in ponds and on land
management only
management only
Surveys for adults on land. Surveys of breeding ponds for adults. Surveys for tadpoles from
No surveys - toads in hibernation
No surveys - toads in hibernation
May onwards.
Trapping of adults on land. Trapping of adults in ponds from April to July. Trapping of
Pond management works
Pond management works
tadpoles from May to early September
No surveys reptiles in
Activity surveys from March to June and in September / October. Surveys are limited by high temperatures during July and
No surveys reptiles in
hibernation
August. Peak survey months are April, May and September.
hibernation
Capture and translocation programmes can only be conducted whilst reptiles are active (March to June and September /
Scrub clearance
Scrub clearance
October). Trapping is limited by high temperatures during July / August .Scrub clearance

Surveys

Optimum survey period

Mitigation

Surveys
Mitigation
Surveys
Mitigation
Surveys

Reptiles

May

Surveys

Surveys

Water
Voles

Apr

No tree, hedgerow or scrub removal during breeding bird season without breeding bird survey

Surveys

Badgers

Mar

Avoid works where red squirrel are found to be breeding

Flora
Mitigation

Fresh
Surveys
Water Pearl
Mitigation
Mussels

Scrub clearance
Weather & river conditions can prevent
surveys being undertaken

Scrub clearance
Optimum survey period
Mitigation can potentially be conducted in any month.

Weather & river conditions can prevent


surveys being undertaken

Section 42 Species
Species

Activity

Brown
Hare

Surveys

Surveys for brown hares can potentially be conducted all year round, though weather conditions may limit the times at which surveys can be carried out .

Mitigation

Mitigation can potentially be conducted in any month. Where brown hares are found to be breeding disturbance should be avoided.

Polecat
Pine
Marten
Harvest
Mouse

Surveys

Jan

Feb

Mar

Initial surveys possible

Apr

Optimal Survey Period

May

Jun

July

Aug

Surveys avoided during breeding season

Sept

Oct

Nov

Initial surveys
possible

Optimal Survey Period

Mitigation

Mitigation can potentially be conducted in any month. Where polecats are found to be breeding disturbance should be avoided

Surveys

Surveys for pine martens can potentially be conducted all year round, though weather conditions may limit the times at which surveys can be carried out

Mitigation

Mitigation can potentially be conducted in any month. Where pine martens are found to be breeding disturbance should be avoided

Surveys

Initial surveys possible


Weather
dependant
period

Mitigation
Surveys

Optimal Survey Period

Mitigation can potentially be conducted in any month. Where harvest mice are found to be
breeding disturbance should be avoided

Initial surveys
possible

No surveys hibernation

Hedgehog

Weather
dependant
period

Mitigation

Dec

Weather
dependant
period

Optimal Survey Period


Mitigation can potentially be conducted in any month. Where hedgehogs are found to be
breeding/hibernating disturbance should be avoided

No surveys hibernation
Weather
dependant
period

BRE Environmental Assessment Method & Code Sustainable Home Assessments


BREEAM
& CSH

Surveys

No Survey / Mitigation Works

Initial surveys possible

Suboptimal Period

Optimal Period

Optimal Survey Period

Initial surveys possible