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Abu Bakr Raa Al-Khilaafah Booklet

Abu Bakr Raa Al-Khilaafah Booklet

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Scholars agree that Abu Bakr (raa) was born after the Year of the Elephants – the year
during which Abraha marched towards Makkah with his army – which means that he was
younger than the Prophet (saaw). Beyond that general agreement, scholars disagree about
the exact date of his birth. Some scholars maintain that he was born three years after the
Year of the Elephant; others believe that he was born two years and six months after the
Year of the Elephant; and yet others say that he was born two years and some months
after the Year of the Elephant. Born and raised in a house of noble lineage, Abu Bakr
(raa) was blessed with a very respectful upbringing; from a very young age, he gained the
honor and the respect of his people.

As fro his physical attributes, he was white-skinned and skinny; some historians have
related narrations which indicate that the white color of his skin was mixed with shades
of yellow. His beard did not grow very long on his cheeks, and his back leaned forward
to a certain degree. Because of his physical make-up – his skinniness – his lower garment
would not stay in place, but would instead barley remain in place at the level of his hips.
His face was gaunt, and while his forehead protruded outwards, his eye-sockets were
deeply set in his face. And after his hair turned white, he would dye it with henna and Al-
Katm (a kind of shrub that was used for dyeing and that was similar to henna).

His Family

Abu Bakr‟s father was „Uthman ibn „Aamir ibn „Amr, and his Kunyah – by which he was
most famously known – was Abu Quhaafah (raa). Abu Quhaafah (raa) embraced Islam
on the day of the Makkah Conquest. By the time the Prophet (saaw) returned
triumphantly to Makkah, Abu Quhaafah (raa) had become a very old man. When Abu
Bakr (raa) took his father to the Messenger of Allah (saaw) in order to announce his entry
into the fold of Islam, the Messenger of Allah (saaw) said, “O Abu Bakr, should you not
have left him where he was, so that I could have went to visit him.” Abu Bakr (raa) said,
“O Messenger of Allah (saaw) he has a greater duty to come to you,” As we can clearly
see from this narration, to honor the elderly was the way of the Prophet (saaw) ; and on

another occasion, the Prophet (saaw) said, “He who does not honor the elderly among us

and does not show mercy to the young among us, is not into the fold of Islam and made
pledge to follow the Messenger of Allah (saaw). (4) It is related that he Messenger of

Allah (saaw) congratulated Abu Bakr (raa) for his father‟s entry into the fold of Islam and
that he said to Abu Bakr (raa), Change this (whiteness) in his hair (to another color).” At
the time, Abu Quhaafah‟s hair was compared to a Thghaamah – a white plant that was
then commonly compared to the whiteness in a person‟s hair.

As for the mother of Abu Bakr (raa), her full name was Salmah bint Sakhr, and her
Kunyah was Umm Al-Khair. She (raa) embraced Islam during the earlier stages of the

Prophet‟s Da‟wah,. Throughout his life, Abu Bakr (raa) had a total of four wives, who

bore for him six children: three sons and three daughters. The following were his wives.

1. Qateelah bint „Abdul-„Uzzah ibn As‟ad ibn Jaabir ibn Maalik

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

4

That Qateelah embraced Islam is not a point of agreement among scholars, the main
reason for that disagreement being that Abu Bakr (raa) had divorced her during the pre-
Islamic days of ignorance. Qateelah was the mother of two of Abu Bakr‟s children:
„Abdullah (raa) and Asmaa (raa). Although Qareelah did not migrate to Al-Madeenah,
she did go there to visit her daughter, Asmaa. She brought with her gifts, some cream and
cooking fat, but Asmaa (raa) refused not only to accept them from her, but also to grant
her entry into her home. Asmaa(raa) felt conflicted on the inside: on the one hand, she
was a Muslim and her mother was a polytheist; and on the other hand, her mother had
given her birth, raised her, and showered a great deal of love upon her. As a polytheist,

she was not deserving of Asmaa‟s respect and love; but as a mother, she had every right

to be loved and respected. Confused and uneasy about the matter, Asmaa (raa) sent a
message to „Aaisha (raa), requesting her to ask the Prophet (saaw) about her situation.
The Prophet (saaw) gave this reply: “She (i.e., Asmaa) must grant her entry (into her
home), and she must also accept her gift.” And around the same time Allah(swt) revealed

the Verse:

“Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against

you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves

those who deal with equity.” (Qur‟an 60:8)

This Verse confirmed for believers that Allah (swt) did not forbid them from being kind
and generous in their dealings towards polytheists who had not persecuted them;
furthermore, believers were informed that they should act justly with them, for indeed,

“Allah loves those who deal with equity.”

2.Umm Roomaan bint „Aamir ibn „Uwaimar (raa)

Umm Roomaan (raa) was from the Banu Kinaanah ibn Khuzaimah tribe; her husband,
Al-Haarith ibn Sakhbarah, died in Makkah, after which time Abu Bakr (raa) married her.
She was one of the early Muslims: she pledged to follow the Prophet (saaw) at an early
stage during his Da‟wah, and she had the distinction of having migrated to Al-Madeenah.
She gave birth to two of Abu Bakr‟s children: „Abdur Rahmaan (raa) and „Aaisha (raa).

Having lived a fruitful and blessed life, Umm Roomaan (raa) died in Al-Madeenah in the
year 6 H.

3. Asamaa bint „Umais ibn Ma‟bad ibn Al-Haarith (raa)

Asmaa‟s Kunyah was Umm „Abdullah, which perhaps refers to a child she had with
Ja‟far(raa). One of the first Muslims to perform migration for the sake of Allah (swt),
Asmaa embraced Islam at a very early stage of the Prophet‟s Da‟wah, even before the

Muslims turned the house of Al-Arqam into a secret meeting place. She pledged to
follow the Messenger of Allah (saaw), and then because of the persecution that she and

her husband Ja‟far ibn Abu Taalib (raa) were afflicted with at the hands of the Quraish,

they both migrated to Abyssinia. At the behest of the Prophet (saaw), they stayed in
Abyssinia for a number of years. Then, just before the conquest of Khaibar, the Prophet
(saaw) sent word to them that they should return, and they performed migration for a
second time- this time, from Abyssinia to Al-Madeenah. Shortly thereafter, Ja‟far(raa)
was martyred on the Day of Mo‟tah. Abu Bakr (raa) then married her, and she later gave
birth to one of his sons: Muhammad. Asmaa (raa) made important contributions towards

the preservation of the Prophet‟s Sunnah: She memorized sayings of the Prophet (saaw)

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

5

and then passed them on to others. Among the Companions (raa) who related narrations
from her were „Umar (raa) Abu Moosa (raa), „Abdullahibn „Abbaas (raa), and Umm Al-
Fadl (the wife of Al-„Abbaas) (raa). One thing Asmaa (raa) could be proud of was the
fact that she had such noble in-laws, such as the Messenger of Allah (saaw), Hamzah
(raa), and Al-„Abbaas (raa).

4. Habeebah bint Khaarijah ibn Zaid ibn Abu Zuhair (raa)

Habeebah (raa) was a member of the Ansaar, and more specifically, she was a member of
the Khazrau tribe. It was shortly after Abu Bakr (raa) died that Habeebah (raa) gave birth
to the last of his daughters, Umm kulthoom (raa). Abu Bakr (raa) lived with Habeebah
(raa) in As-Sunh, a district in Al-Madeenah that was inhabited by the Banu Al-Haarith
clan of the Khazraj tribe.

Abu Bakr‟s Children

1. „Abur-Rahmaanibn Ab Bakr (raa)

When one studies the biography of the Prophet (saaw) – especially the Makkan phase of
his biography – one finds many examples of families in which parents remained
disbelievers while the children entered into the fold of Islam. Rare were the examples of
parents who embraced Islam while their children remained disbelievers. Nonetheless,
Abu Bakr (raa) was the first adult male to embrace Islam, and „Abdur- Rahmaan
remained polytheist for many years afterwards. The two of them even had to face one
another during battles that took place between the Quraish and the Muslims.
The eldest of Abu Bakr‟s sons, „Abdur-Rahmaan (raa) embraced Islam on the day of the
Al-Hudaibiyyah Treaty Y6. He then became a good and practicing Muslim, and he tried
in the years that followed to constantly remain in the company of the Messenger of Allah
(swt). Among his many accomplishments, (raa) quickly became renown for his bravery
on the battlefield.

2. „Abdullah ibn Abu Bakr (raa)

„Abdullah (raa) is perhaps best remembered for his important contributions to the success
of the Prophet‟s migration to Al-Madeenah. During the days that followed the Prophet‟s
departure from Makkah, „Abdullah (raa) would stay in Makkah and gather information

from the Quraish about their plans to capture the Prophet (saaw). And during each of
those nights, he would stealthily make his way to the cave in which the Prophet (saaw)
and Abu Bakr (raa) were hiding, in order to convey to them the information he had
gathered. Years later, on the day of the siege at At-Taaif, „Abdullah (raa) was hit with an
arrow, which resulted in a wound that continued to bother him until he died a martyer in
Al-Madeenah during the caliphate of his father. (raa).

3. Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr (raa)

Son of Asmaa bint „Umais (raa), Muhammad (raa) was bon during the year of the
Farewell Pilgrimage. A Quraishee youth, Muhammad (raa) was raised in the household

of „Ali ibn Abee Taalib (raa). During the period of his caliphate, „Ali (raa) appointed

Muhammad (raa) governor of Egypt, and it was during his stay in Egypt that Muhammad
was killed.

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

6

4. Asmaa bint Abu Bakr (raa)

Older than „Aaisha (raa), Asmaa was given the name “The One with the Band.” She (raa)

was named thus because, when the Prophet (saaw) and Abu Bakr (raa) were preparing to
leave Makkah, Asmaa (raa) made a Sufrah (a mat that is used for eating) in a bag for her
father, and she then cut a piece of her ban off and tied it to the mouth of the bag. After

she did that, the Prophet (saaw) gave her the name, “The One with the Band.” Asmaa

(raa) was married to the eminent Companion Az-Zubair ibn Al-Awwaam (raa). And
when she migrated to Al-Madeenah, she was pregnant with „Abdullah ibn Az-Zubair
(raa). She gave birth to him after she arrived in Al-Madeenah, which was significant

because „Abdullah (raa) was the first Muslim child to be born after the migration of the

Prophet (saaw).
Asmaa bint Abu Bakr (raa) lived a productive and long life. Even when she reached the
old age of one –hundred, she still had her teeth, and she was still as intelligent as ever,
which is not surprising considering the fact that she exercised her brain on a daily basis.
Whereas many old people find little to do with their time, she benefited the Muslim
nation, relating Hadeeth narrations to students who visited her. Among the narrators who

related narrations from her were „Abdullah ibn „Abbaas (raa); her children,
Abdullah, „Urwah, and „Abdullah ibn Abu Mulaikan; and others. She made contributions to

the Muslim nation not just with her knowledge, but with her wealth as well, spending
generous sums of money on the poor and needy. Asmaa(raa) died in Makkah in year 73H.

5. „Aaishah (raa) –the Mother of the Believers –

One of „Aaishah‟s titles was “The Truthful One, Daughter of the Truthful One.” Her

marriage contract with the Messenger of Allah (raa) was agreed upon when she was six
years old, and their marriage together was later consummated when she was nine years

old. The Messenger of Allah (saaw) gave her the Kunyah Umm „Abdullah. „Aaishah

(raa) did not have any children, so the reader would do well to ask why she was given a
Kunyah – Umm „Abdullah, or, Mother of „Abdullah. It was a normal practice in Arab
culture and society for one to take on a Kunyah even though one did not have any
children; suffice it to say there are many examples of this throughout Arab history.

Of all women throughout the history of Islam,‟Aaishah (raa) was without a doubt, the
most knowledgeable. In regard to certain aspects of the Prophet‟s life, she was even more
knowledgeable than the most learned of; the Prophet‟s male Companions (raa). As much
as someone like Abu Hurairah (raa) tried to adhere to the company of the Prophet (saaw),

he had no access to the private, family life he learned from; the Prophet‟s wives.
„Aaishah (raa) had complete access to the private, family life of the Prophet (saaw), and
so she was ale to relate many Hadeeth narrations about that aspect of his life, something
that others were not able to do; in this regard, she surpassed all of the Prophet‟s wives.
She was young, intelligent, and blessed with an amazingly retentive memory. And after
the Prophet (saaw) died, she dedicated the rest of her life to dissemination the knowledge
She had learned from; the prophet (saaw). When the famous Taabi‟ee Masrooq would
relate a Hadeeth narration on; the authority of „Aaishah (raa), he would say, “The

Truthful One, Daughter of the Truthful One, whose innocence was confirmed (by Allah
through revelation), and who was the beloved one of the one who was beloved to Allah

(e.i., The Prophet (saaw), related to me…,” and then he would proceed to relate the
narration 2210 of „Aaishah‟s narrations are recorded in Hadeeth compilations; of those,

Bukhaaree and Muslim are in agreement about one-hundred and seventy-four Ahaadeeth;

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

7

Bukhaaree related an additional fifty-four Ahaadeeth from her, and Muslim related
another sixty-nine Ahaadeeth from her. Like her husband (saaw) and her father (raa)
before her, „Aaishah (raa) died at the age of sixty-three in the year 57 H, without ever
having given birth to a child.

6, UmmKalthoom bint Abu Bakr (raa)

Her mother was Habeebah bint Khaarijah (raa), and she was born shortly after Abu Bakr

(raa) died. At the time of Abu Bakr‟sdeath, two of „Aaishah‟s brothers were still alive,

and her only sister Asmaa, was also still alive; so needless to say she was surprised when

her father, while on his deathbed, said to her, “They are indeed your two brothers and you
two sisters.” „Aaishah (raa) said,” Here is Asmaa. I know her, but who is my other
sister?” Abu Bakr (raa) said, “She is in the stomach of (Habeebah) bint Khaarujah.It has

been cast into my mind that that child (which is in the womb of Habeenbah) is a baby
girl.” His intuitive feeling came true, for shortly after his death, Habeebah (raa) gave
birth to a baby girl – Umm Kulthoombint Abu Bakr (raa).
Talhah ibn „Ubaidullah (raa) married Umm Kulthoom (raa) but then died on the day of
Al-Jamal. During her period of waiting which followed her husband‟s death, she
performed Hajj in the company of „Aaishah (raa).

These were the members of Abu Bakr‟s blessed household- a household of Islam and
Eemaan (Faith). Abu Bakr‟s family was the only one that contained member of four

different generations who were Companions of the Messenger of Allah (saaw).
„Abdullahibn Az-Zubair (raa); his mother, Asmaa (raa); her father, Abu Bakr (raa); and
his father, Abu Quhaafah (raa) – these were all Companions of the Messenger of Allah
(saaw). Abu Bakr‟s family consisted of four generations of Companions (raa) from
another part of their family tree as well: Muhammad ibn „Abdur-Rahmaan (raa); his
father „Abdur-Rahmaan (raa); his father and his father, Abu Quhaafah (raa).
The members of Abu Bakr‟s household were all believers; not a single one of them was a
hypocrite. During the era of the Companions (raa), it would be said: “Eemaan (Faith) has
its households, and hypocrisy has its households. One of the households of Eemaan
among the Muhaajiroon is the household of Abu Bakr (raa). Some of the households of
Eemaan among the Ansaar are those of the Banu An-njjaar clan.”

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

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Abu Bakr (raa) Family Tree (map)

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

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Abu Bakr (raa) in Makah

His Islam

Upon inviting Abu Bakr (raa) to Islam, the Messenger of Allah (saaw) said, “Verily, I am

the Messenger of Allah (saaw) and His Prophet. He sent me (to invite others) to worship
Allah alone, and He has no partner. So worship Allah alone, and know that (your) loyalty

is based on obedience to Allah.” Abu Bakr (raa) responded by immediately embracing

Islam and pledging to help and support the Messenger of Allah (saaw), a pledge that he
then continued to fulfill until the end of his life. Years later, the Messenger of Allah

(saaw) said to his Companions (raa), “Verily, when Allah sent me to you, you said „You
are lying‟; meanwhile, Abu Bakr said, „He has spoken the truth.‟ He then consoled me by

sacrificing (for the cause of Islam) his self and his wealth. So will you not then leave

alone my companion for me (and abstain from bothering of harming him)?” The Prophet

(saaw) repeated these words twice.

Abu Bakr (raa) preaches the Message of Islam.

Abu Bakr (raa) went to such men and presented the teachings of Islam to them, and his
efforts reaped wonderful fruits, for all of the following men – men who became eminent
Companions in their own right – embraced Islam at his hands:
Az-Zubair ibn Al-Awwaam (raa), Uthman ibn „Affan (raa),
Talhah ibn „Ubaidullah (raa),

Sa‟ad ibn Abee Waqqaas (raa),

Utheman ibn Madh‟oon (raa),

Abu Salamah ibn Al-Jarraah (raa),

Abdur-Rahmaan ibn „Auf (raa),

Abu Salamah ibn „Abdul-Asad (raa), and

Al-Arqamibn Abee Al-Arqam (raa).

Each of them went and officially embraced Islam in the presence of the Messenger of
Allah (saaw), and each of them went on to preach the message of Islam to others.

Abu Bakr (raa) achieved success in his Da‟wah efforts not just among his circle of
friends bit also within his family. Each of the following members of his household

embraced Islam during those early days of the Prophet‟s mission: Asmaa (raa); Aaishah
(raa); „Abdullah (raa); Umm Roomaan (raa); and Abu Bakr‟s servant, ‟Aamir ibn

Fuhairah (raa).

Trials and Tribulations

When there were only 38 male Muslims, Abu Bakr (raa) urged the Messenger of Allah
(saaw) to openly preach the message of Islam, but the Prophet (saaw) responded by

saying, ”O Abu Bakr, we are (as of yet) few in number.” Abu Bakr (raa) continued to

urge the Prophet (saaw) to openly preach until, one day, the Muslims spread out in
different parts of the Masjid, with each man remaining in the midst of his clan. Abu Bakr
(raa) then stood up to deliver a sermon, while the Messenger of Allah (saaw) remanded
seated. On that day, Abu Bakr (raa) became the first person (from this nation) to deliver a
sermon in which he invited people unto Allah (swt) and His Messenger (saaw). The
Kofar (polytheists) did not idly listen to his sermon; instead, they became enraged and

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

10

charged towards Abu Bakr (raa) and the other Muslims. In various parts of the Masjid,
Quraish were giving a severe beating to the Muslims. Abu Bakr (raa) was both trampled

upon and beaten severely; using his shoes, the evildoer „Utbah ibn Rabee‟ah began

viciously strike Abu Bakr (raa) on his face and the back of his head.
Had the beating continued, Abu Bakr (raa) might have died; in fact, even as maters stood,
he (raa) did almost die. But his fellow clansmen from Banu Teem came, although
somewhat belatedly, to defend him. They pushed the attacking move away and carried
Abu Bakr (raa) to his home, feeling certain that he (raa) had died. Members of the Banu
Teem clan then returned to the Masjid and proclaimed, “By Allah, if Abu Bakr dies, we
will indeed kill „Utbah ibn Rabee‟ah.” They then returned to Abu Bakr (raa), and Abu
Quhaafah – Abu Bakr‟s father – as well as other members of Banu Tameen tried to speak
to him until he finally revived at the end of the day and spoke to them. But rather than
answer their questions, and rather than worry about his own condition, Abu Bakr (raa)
asked them how the Prophet (saaw) was dong. Since they were not Muslims, and since
they cared about Abu Bakr‟s welfare particularly because he was from their clan – as
opposed to the Prophet (saaw) – they were rather upset by what Abu Bakr (raa) had said,
and they reproached him, reminding him that he should be worried about staying alive,
for though he had regained consciousness, he was still extremely weak and bruised from
the beating he had taken.
His fellow clansmen urged his mother, Umm Al-Khair, to give him food and drink. And
when the two of them were then left alone together, Umm Al-Khair implored Abu Bakr
(raa) to partake of some nourishment, but Abu Bakr (raa) kept asking about the Prophet

(saaw). It wasn‟t surprising that no one from Banu Teem knew how the Prophet (saaw)

was doing, since it was hard to make out what had happened during the chaotic violence
that had just taken place, and since the Prophet (saaw) was, like Abu Bakr (raa), being
taken care of by his fellow clansmen, the men of Banu Hashim.

“By Allah, I have no knowledge of your companion (i.e. of how he is doing now),” said
Umm Al-Khair. Abu Bakr (raa) said, “Go to Umm Jameel (raa), daughter of Al-Khattaab
(and brother of „Umar ibn Al-Khattaab (raa)), and ask her about him.”
Umm Al-Khair likely had a sense of how Abu Bakr (raa) valued the Prophet‟s life more so
than his own, and so she acquiesced and went out in search of Umm Jameel (raa). Upon
finding her, Uma Al-Khair said, “Verily, Abu Bakr asks you abut how Muhammad ibn
„Abdullah (saaw) is doing.”
Umm Jameel (raa) said, “I know neither Abu Bakr nor Muhammad ibn „Abdullah, but if
you want, I will go with you to your son.” Umm Al-Khair said, “Yes,” and the two of
them returned to Abu Bakr (raa).

They found him to be seriously ill, and they suspected that he was on the verge of dying.
Seeing Abu Bakr‟s weak condition, Umm Jameel (raa) approached him and yelled out
loud, saying, “By Allah, those who have done this to you are indeed the people of
wickedness and disbelief. Indeed, I hope that Allah takes revenge on them for you.” Abu

Bakr (raa) then asked how the Messenger of Allah (saaw) was doing, to which Umm

Jameel (raa) responded, “Here is your mother, listening.”Abu Bakr (raa) reassured her

that she (raa) had nothing to worry about regarding his mother.

“He is safe and sound.” Said Umm Jameel (raa). Abu Bakr (raa) asked, “Where is he?”
She answered, “In the House of Al-Arqam.”

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

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Despite his own weakness and need for rest and nourishment, Abu Bakr (raa) then made
an oath that he would neither eat nor drink before going to the Messenger of Allah (saaw)
and making sure that he was well. But both Umm Jameel (raa) and Umm Al-Khair
delayed him, for they thought it was best to wait for the situation to calm down in the
streets. When things did finally calm down, they led Abu Bakr (raa) to the House of Al-
Arqam, and since he (raa) couldn‟t walk on his own, he was leaning on them for support.
As soon as they entered, the Messenger of Allah (saaw) hurried towards Abu Bakr (raa)
and kissed him; the other Muslims that were there also hurried to meet Abu Bakr (raa).
The Messenger of Allah (saaw) was greatly moved by Abu Bakr‟s condition. Knowing
that the Prophet (saaw) was worried about him, Abu Bakr (raa) said, “May my mother

and father be held ransom for you, O Messenger of Allah. The only hurt I feel is a result
of the blows that Al-Faasiq delivered to my face. And here (with me) is my mother, who
is faithful to her son. And you are blessed, so invite her unto Allah and supplicate to

Allah for her, for perhaps, through you, Allah will save her from the Hellfire.” The

Messenger of Allah (saaw) supplicated for her and invited her unto Allah (saaw), and she
(raa) responded to his invitation by embracing Islam.

How He (raa) would strive to defend the Prophet (saaw)

Once during his caliphate, „Ali ibn Abee Taalib (raa) stood up before the people and
delivered the following sermon:

“O people, who is the bravest of all people?” Those that were present answered, “You
are, O Leader of the Believers.” „Ali (raa) said, “Lo, I never entered onto a duel with

another man except that I came out victorious over him. And yet the bravest of all people
was none other than Abu Bakr (raa). We once built a command centre for the Messenger

of Allah (saaw), and we said, „Who will stay with the Messenger of Allah (saaw), so as to
prevent the polytheists from attacking him?‟ By Allah, not a single one of us approached
(to volunteer for the job) except Abu Bakr (raa), who, with his sword unsheathed, stood
over the head of the Messenger of Allah (saaw). Abu Bakr (raa) then fought against
anyone who tried to attack the Messenger of Allah (saaw), and so, yes, he was the bravest
of all people. I remember the time when I saw the Quraish opposing the Prophet (saaw)

and physically shaking him violently, and all the while they were saying to him, „Have
you taken our gods and made them into one God!‟ By Allah, not a single one of us
stepped forward (to defend him) except for Abu Bakr (raa), who struggled against and
struck one man and pushed violently another, and all the while he was saying (to them) ,

„Woe upon you, are you fighting against a man because he says: My Lord is Allah‟?”

„Ali (raa) then lifted the robe he was wearing, and he began to cry until his beard became
soaked in tears. He then continued, “I ask you by Allah, was the believer from the family
of the Pharaoh better of Abu Bakr?” The attendees of the gathering then began to cry
along with „Ali (raa), who said, “By Allah, Abu Bakr for an hour is better than the

deliver of the family of the Pharaoh even id clones of him were to fill the entire earth: the

latter kept his faith a secret while the former openly proclaimed his faith.”

According to a narration that was related by Anas (raa), the polytheists of Makah once
beat up the Prophet (saaw) until he lost consciousness. Abu Bakr (raa) then stood up and

began to call out, “Are you fighting a man just because he says, „My Lord is Allah?”

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

12

The Wealth He (raa) spent to Purchase the Freedom of Muslim Slaves.

When Bilal‟s owner, Umayyah ibn Khalaf, found out about Bilal‟s entry into the fold of
Islam, he threatened him, and when that didn‟t work, he offered him incentives to
abandon his faith. But Bilal (raa) remained steadfast, refusing to return to disbelief and
misguidance. Furious at the idea of a slave thinking that he had the right to choose his
own faith, Umayyah decided to teach Bilal (raa) a painful lesson and to make him an
example for other Muslims. Having prevented Bilal (raa) from eating and food or
drinking any water for an entire day, Umayyah took him out to the hot sands of the
desert. Then, placing Bilal‟s bare back on top of some burning sand, Umayyah ordered
his other servants to carry a huge stone and place it over the chest of Bilal (raa), whose
hands were meanwhile tied down so that he could not move. When the brutal deed was
done and Bilal (raa) lay there in extreme pain, Umayyah said, “you will remain upon this
condition until you either die or disbelieve in Muhammad and instead worship Al-Laat
and Al-„Uzah.” Rather than complain about his predicament or given to the demands of
Umayyah, Bilal (raa) simple answered in a dignified tone, “One, One.”
Umayyah and his minions continued to torture Bilal (raa) in this manner until one day,
Bilal (raa) was tortured so severely that his torturers realized that he was too weakened
from their constant beatings to be of any more use to them. Abu Bakr (raa) then walked

by and addressed Umayyah ibn Khalaf, Bilal‟s owner, saying “Will you not fear Allah
regarding this poor person? Until when (will you continue to persecute him)!”
“You are the one who corrupted him,” said Umayyah, “so you save him from his present
condition.”
“I will do so,” said Abu Bakr (raa). “I have a black slave who is stronger than him and
firmer than him upon your religion. I will trade him for Bilal.”
“I indeed accept your Offer,” said Umayyah. Once the trade was completed, Abu Bakr

(raa) declared that Bilal (raa) was now a free man. But according to another narration,
Abu Bakr (raa) did not trade his own slave for Bilal (raa), but instead purchased him for
either 7 Awaaqin (a measurement used for gold) or 40 Awaaqin of gold.

One of the slaves Abu Bakr (raa) freed was „A‟mir ibn Fuhairah (raa), who later

participated in the barrels of Badr and Uhud and was then later martyred on the day of
Bair Ma‟oonah; two others were Umm‟Umais (raa) and Zinneerah (raa). Upon being set
free, Zinneerah (raa) lost her eyesight; Quraish used the opportunity to say, “It was none
other than Al-Laat and Al-Uzzah (two of their idols) who took away her eyesight.”
Zinneerah (raa) did not waive in her faith, but instead said, “They have laid Al-Laat and
Al-Uzzah can neither harm nor benefit,” Allah (swt) then gave her back her eyesight.

Abu Bakr (raa) also freed An-Nahdiyyah (raa) and her daughter (raa). Both mother and
daughter belonged to a woman from Banu „Abd-ud-Daar clan. On the day they were set
free, Abu Bakr (raa) passed by them; they were carrying flour for their mistress. Abu
Bakr (raa) then went to speak to their mistress, asking her to set them free, but she

refused, saying, “By Allah, I will never free them.” Abu Bakr (raa) asked her to take back
her oath, and she agreed to do so, but then said, “You are the one who corrupted them, so
you set them free (i.e. buy them from me and then set them free).”

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

13

“How much will you sell them for?” asked Abu Bakr (raa). After she told him their price,
Abu Bakr (raa) said, “Then I have taken them, and they are now free (women).” He (raa)

then went back to An-Nahdiyah (raa) and her daughter (raa) in order to tell them the good

news. “Give her back her flour. “ He (raa) added. They said, “O Abu Bakr, shall we not
first finish (doing what was required of us regarding this flour) and then return it to her?”
He (raa) said, “If you want, you may do so.”

One day, Abu Bakr‟s father said, “O my son, I see that you are freeing weak slaves. If
you have to do what you are doing, then you should at least free strong men who can

protect and defend you.” Abu Bakr (raa) answered, “My father, I am doing this for Allah
„Azza Wa-Jall (the Possessor of Might and Majesty) only (and for no other purpose).”

Abu Bakr (raa) in Madinah

Badr
Ohod
Al Ahzab
Al Hodaybyah
Tabok
The First Delegation to Haj year 9
The Farwell Haj
The Death of the Prophet (saws)

The Messenger of Allah (saaw) Declares Abu Bakr (raa) to be Innocent of the Vile
Characteristic of Conceitedness

„Abdullah ibn „Umar (raa) related that the Messenger of Allah (saaw) said, “If one drags

his garment (on the ground) out of conceitedness, then Allah will not look at him on the

Day of Resurrection.” Upon hearing his warning, Abu Bakr (raa) said, “Unless I

continually hold it up, one of the two sides (of my garment) hangs low (i.e., so does the

said warning apply to me?).” The Messenger of Allah (saaw) said, “But you do not do
that out of conceitedness.”(Bukhaaree 3665).

Abu Bakr‟s Strict Adherence to Lawfully Derived Sustenance

One does well when one avoids that which is unlawful in Islam; such, in fact, is required
of every Muslim. Every Muslim should also avoid that which is doubtful; some pious
Muslims go even further – most such pious Muslims were from the early centuries of
Islam – avoiding anything that, though lawful in itself, might lead to that which is
unlawful; or anything regarding which one has the least shred of doubt.. This last quality
is known, in Arabic, as Wara‟; and Abu Bakr (raa), to be sure was a paragon of Wara‟.
Giving an account of a story that illustrates the Wara‟ of Abu Bakr (raa), Qais ibn Abu
Haasim said, “Abu Bakr had a servant, and whenever that servant brought any food, Abu
Bakr would not eat until he first asked him about it.” Or in other words, Abu Bakr (raa)
asked whether or not the food had been lawfully derived. The, if he was satisfied with his
servant‟s answer, he would eat; otherwise – if he had the least bit of doubt regarding
whether the food had been lawfully procured – he would abstain from eating Qais
continued: “One night, Abu Bakr forgot, eating the food that his servant brought to him

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

14

without asking him about it. Only afterwards did Abu Bakr ask him about the food. His
servant informed him about it, telling him that which he disliked) i.e., Abu Bakr had
doubts regarding whether the food had been lawfully derived). Right then and there Abu
Bakr inserted his hand deep into his mouth and induced vomiting. And he continued to do
so until he became certain that none of the food he had eaten was still inside of him (Az-
Zuhud, by Imam Ahmad 110; and At-Taareekh Al-Islaamee, by Al-Humaidee 13/19).

Allow Me to Join in Your Peace, Just as You Allowed Me to Join in Your War

One day, as he was visiting the Prophet‟s home, Abu Bakr (raa) heard his daughter
„Aaishah (raa) speaking in a loud voice. He hurried towards her in order to grab her, and
all the while he was saying, “Am I seeing you raise your voice while you are speaking to
the Messenger of Allah (saaw)!” He was even about to strike her on her face, but the
Prophet (saaw) prevented him from doing so by standing in between him and „Aaishah

(raa). Abu Bakr (raa) left in and angry state of mind, after which the Prophet (saaw) said,

“Did you see how I saved you from him?” A number of days passed by before Abu Bakr

(raa) visited again, and when he did, he (raa) was happy to see that their dispute had been
resolved. And so he (raa) playfully said to them, “Allow me to join in your peace, just as
you allowed me to join in your war.” The Prophet (saaw) responded, “We indeed do so.”

(Seeratus-Siddeeq, by Majdee As-Sayyid (pg. 136); and Sunan Abu Daawood (4999). It
should be noted, whoever, that Al-Albaanee, in Da‟eef Sunan Abu Daawood, ruled that
this Hadeeth is weak.

Enjoy Good and Forbidding Evil

One the Day of „Eed, Abu Bakr (raa) visited „Aaishah (raa); and much to his chagrin, she

had in her company two young girls who were singing. Upon seeing and hearing them, he
(raa) exclaimed, „Is the flute of Shaitaan (the Devil) being played in the house of the
Messenger of Allah (saaw)?” Meanwhile, the Messenger of Allah (saaw), who was home

at the time, had his face turned towards the wall and away from the young girls. He
(saaw) said to Abu Bakr (raa), “Leave both of them alone, O Abu Bakr: For indeed, each
nation has a holiday, and this is our holiday, (the holiday of) the people of Islam.”

(Muslim 892)

Based on the context of this Hadeeth, it is clear that singing, even when practiced by
young girls, was unheard of in Al-Madeenah – which is why Abu Bakr (raa) referred to
their singing as the flute of Shaitaan. The Prophet (saaw) allowed the girls to sing

because it was the Day of „Eed, a day during which young children should be allowed to

play and to enjoy themselves. In an another narration, the Prophet (saaw) gave another

reason why he was allowing the two young girls to sing: “In order for the polytheists to

know that there is spaciousness (allowance to do things, to relax on occasions, etc.) in our
religion.” (Al-Fataawaa 11/308 and Musnad Ahmad 6/233).

“This is Not the First Blessing that has occurred at Your Hands, O Family of Abu Bakr”

On a journey during which she accompanied the Messenger of Allah (saaw), „Aaishah
(raa) became the center of everyone‟s attention when, at a place called Al-Baidaa (or

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

15

Dhaata-Jaish), her necklace broke off. Not being able to find it, she informed the
Messenger of Allah (saaw) about it, and He (saaw) started to look for it. And everyone
else joined in the search. Meanwhile, another problem arose: interrupted in their journey,
the travel party had no water with them, and were stuck in a place that was void of any
water source. As a result, no one was able to perform ablution. Some of them, who were
deeply upset about the situation, went to Abu Bakr (raa) and said, “Do you see what
„Aaishah has done? She has forced the Messenger of Allah (saaw), and everyone else

along with him, to stop (here and search for her necklace); meanwhile, there is no water
source here, and we do not have any water with us.” Abu Bakr (raa) betook himself in the
direction of his daughter; when he reached her, he saw that the Messenger of Allah

(saaw) was sleeping, with his head resting on the thigh of „Aaishah (raa). Abu Bakr (raa)
said to „Aaishah (raa), “You have held back the Messenger of Allah (saaw) and everyone

else at a place that is bereft of any water source; to make matters worse, we do not have

any water with us.”

Abu Bakr (raa) continued to reproach her, and he (raa) even began to poke her on the

waist. „Aaishah (raa) later recounted, “Te only thing that prevented me from moving (at

all while he was poking me) was the fact that the Messenger of Allah (saaw) was sleeping
with his head on my thigh (i.e., I did not want to wake him up).” The Messenger of Allah
(saaw) continued to sleep until Morning Prayer – but there was no water with which he
could perform ablution. That is when being an alternate for of purification that one may
resort to – using dirt – in the absence of water.
Allah (swt) said: “Perform Tayammum with clean earth.” Qur’an 4:43

The revelation of this Verse was a great blessing from Allah (swt) for it guided Muslims
to an easy alternative to the standard ablution in situations wherein water is not available.

Recognizing this great blessing, Usaid ibn Hudair (raa) said to Abu Bakr (raa), “This is
not the first blessing that has occurred at your hands, O family of Abu Bakr.” „Aaishah
(raa) later said, “We then sent forth the camel upon which I was seated, and when it got
up, we found the necklace underneath it.”

The Prophet (saaw) Defends Abu Bakr (raa)

It is established through authentic Ahaadeeth that the Messenger of Allah (saaw) would
forbid his Companions (raa) from arguing with Abu Bakr (raa) and from harming him in
any way whatsoever. According to one such Hadeeth, Abu Ad-Dardaa (raa) described
how, one day, he (raa) was sitting with the Messenger of Allah (saaw) when he (raa)
when he (raa) saw Abu Bakr (raa) approaching in the distance. Clearly upset about some
matter, Abu Bakr (raa) was holing up the sides of his garment, so that he could walk
faster as he approached the Prophet (saaw). Knowing his close friend and companion so
well and for such a long time, the Prophet (saaw) was certain that something was wrong.

As Abu Bakr (raa) drew nearer, the Prophet (saaw) said to those that were with him, “As
for your companion (i.e., Abu Bakr (raa)), he has just returned from a heated argument.”
Abu Bakr (raa) extended greetings for peace, after which he (raa) said, “O Messenger of
Allah, („Umar) ibn Al-Khattaab and I disagreed about something, and I was quick to say
something to him that I then immediately regretted. I asked him to forgive me, but he

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

16

refused. And so that is why I have come to you.” The Prophet (saaw) then said three
times, “May Allah forgive you. O Abu Bakr.”

„Umar (raa) soon regretted his role in the argument, and so he (raa) went to Abu Bakr‟s

house, hoping to make peace with him. Having been told that Abu Bakr (raa) was not at

home, „Umar (raa) knew where he could find him. „Umar (raa), certain that Abu Bakr

(raa) was with the Prophet (saaw), was probably afraid that Abu Bakr (raa) had informed
the Prophet (saaw) about what had happened. And he (raa) certainly had every reason to
be afraid; of he had just offended the most beloved of them to the Messenger of Allah

(saaw). As he (raa) approached the Prophet‟s gathering, „Umar (raa) could not have been
unaware of the fact that the Messenger of Allah‟s face was dark with anger.
Looking back and forth between the Prophet (saaw) and „Umar (raa) Abu Bakr (raa) felt
sorry for „Umar (raa). His pity towards „Umar (raa),as well as his regret for having been
the first to speak harsh words prompted him to bend down on his knees and say, “O
Messenger of Allah, by Allah, I was more in the wrong than he was,” after which he (raa)
repeated this phrase for a second time. The Prophet (saaw) then said the following not to

„Umar (raa) in particular bit to all of his Companions (raa): “Verily, when Allah sent me
to you, you said (to me), „You are lying; meanwhile, Abu Bakr (raa) said (about me),
„He has spoken the truth. In addition to that, he comforted me (and helped me) with his
self and his wealth. So, for my sake, will you not leave my companion alone?” to add
emphasis to his point, the Prophet (saaw) the repeated these words for a second time.
Thereafter, the narrator of this story affirmed, Abu Bakr (raa) was never again harmed by

any of the Prophet‟s Companions. (Bukhaaree 3661).

Say: “May Allah Forgive You, O Abu Bakr”

One day, the Messenger of Allah (saaw) gave Rabee‟ah Al-Aslamee (raa) a plot of land,
and he (saaw) gave an adjacent plot of land to Abu Bakr (raa). After some time passed,
Rabee‟ah (raa) and Abu Bakr (raa) disagreed about a date-palm tree that was on the
boundary of their two respective properties. Rabee‟ah (raa) said, “It is on my side of the
property line,” and Abu Bakr (raa) said, “It is on my side of the property line.” In the heat

of the argument that ensued, Abu Bakr (raa) said something negative that he quickly

regretted. He (raa) then said, “O Rabee‟ah, say the same to me, and that way we will be
even.” Rabee‟ah (raa) said, “I will not do so,” to which Abu Bakr (raa) responded,
“Either you will say (what I ask you to say ) of I will ask the Messenger of Allah (saaw)
to help me against you.” Not wanting to say anything negative about Abu Bakr (raa),
Rabee‟ah (raa) refused, saying, “No, I will not do so.”

Abu Bakr (raa) declared that he was giving up his right to the disputed piece of land, after

which he (raa) headed in the direction of the Prophet (saaw); and Rabee‟ah (raa) close

behind.

Rabee‟ah‟s fellow clansmen from the Aslam tribe soon got wind of what had happened,
and so they went to Rabee‟ah (raa) and said, “May Allah have mercy on Abu Bakr! He
was the one who said something inappropriate to you, so why is he asking the Messenger

of Allah (saaw) for help against you?” Rabee‟ah (raa) replied, “Do you know who he is?

He is Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq, the second of two (in the cave of Thaur) and the most

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

17

eminent of all Muslims. So beware: Do not let Abu Bakr (raa) see you taking my side
against him, for he might become angry as a result. Then he will go to the Messenger of
Allah (saaw), who will become angry because of Abu Bakr‟s anger; and then Allah- the
Possessor of Might and Majesty – will become angry because of their anger. And as a
result of that, Rabee‟ah will become destroyed.” His fellow clansmen asked, so what do
you command us to do?” Rabee‟ah (raa) replied, “Go back.”

Rabee‟ah (raa) then followed Abu Bakr (raa) all by himself. When the two of them
reached the Prophet (saaw), Abu Bakr (raa) gave an account of what had happened.
When Abu Bakr (raa) stopped talking, the Prophet (saaw) raised his head towards
Rabee‟ah (raa) and said, “O Rabee‟ah, what has happened between you and As-
Siddeeq?” Rabee‟ah (raa) gave a similar account, after which he (raa) said, “Abu Bakr
said something to me that he quickly regretted, and he then said to me, „Say to me what I
said to you, so that we will then be even.‟ But I refused to fulfill that request,” The
Messenger of Allah (saaw) said, “Yes, indeed. And do not say similar words to him, but
instead say: „May Allah forgive you, O Abu Bakr.” Rabee‟ah (raa) the said, “May Allah
forgives you, O Abu Bakr.” The narrator of this story said that Abu Bakr (raa) then
turned around and left, and he (raa) was crying as he walked away (Musnad Ahmad 4/58,
59).

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

18

The Merits of Abu Bakr (raa)

Meaning- Sahabee (plural: Sahabah) Anyone who saw the Messenger of Allah
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam), while in the state of Imaan and breathe his last while in the
state of Muslim is known as a Sahabee (radiallahu anhu) - the Companion of Prophet
Muhammad (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) .

The Book of Allah, and the Sunnah of the Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
clearly mention the lofty position of the Sahabah - The first ones to accept Islam and to
believe in the last Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam). They
were the ones, who accepted enmity against their tribes and families and endured their
tyranny and oppression, left their homelands and migrated to Madinah, all for the sake of
practicing and spreading the religion of Allah. They fought along with the Prophet
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam), against the Kuffar, with their wealth and lives. They are the
ones, whom Allah chose to place the responsibility of preserving the religion of Islam for
the coming generations and it is through them that the Religion is preserved; they are the
Best of generation, as Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: "The best of my nation

is my generation then those who follow them and then those who follow them.”

[Saheeh Bukharee]

Allah, the All-Wise and Knowledgeable extolled their virtues in His Book saying:

Rather, the Prophet and those who believe with him fought with their property and
their lives for these are all good things, they are the successful ones and Allah has
prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow to dwell therein forever and
that is the great success
” [ (9): 88-89]

They are the best example for us after our noble Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam), he
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) symbolized them as a protection for the Muslim Ummah.
And Allah, the Exalted has praised those who follow them in faith, He described them
saying:

And the first to embrace Islam of the Muhajirun and Ansar and all those who
followed them exactly (in faith). Allah is well pleased with them and they are pleased
with Him and Allah has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow to
dwell therein forever and that is the great success
.” [Soorah at-Tawbah (9): 100]

Abi Burda reports from his father: “… He (Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihe wa-
sallam) raised his head toward the heavens and said: "The stars are the protection for
the sky - when the stars have gone, that which has been forewarned will come to the
sky. I am the protection for my
Companions (radiallahu anhu) - when I have gone,
that which has been forewarned will come to my companions. My Companions are
the protection for this Ummah - when they have gone, that which has been
forewarned will come to this Ummah."
[Saheeh Muslim]

So, the only protection for this Ummah is to stick to the way of the Companions, the first
generation - the best generation. We will now focus specifically on the status and the

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

19

virtues of the best of this best generation, Abu Bakr as-Siddiq - the first Khalifa, the
most beloved person to Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam):

Narrated Amr bin Al-Aas (radiallahu anhu): “The Prophet of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-
sallam) deputed me to lead the army of Dat as-Salasil. I came to him and said: “Who is
the most beloved person to you?
' He said: “Aa'isha” I asked “Amongst men?” He said:
Her father (Abu Bakr)...” [Saheeh Al-Bukharee v.5, no.14]

Abu Bakr As-Siddique was the closest of the Companions in relationship to the Prophet
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam). Ibn Abbas (radiallahu anhu) reports: “The Prophet
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) came out during his illness from which he died, his head

bound with a cloth. He sat on the minbar, thanked Allah, praised Him and said: “There is
no one among the people who has been more generous to me with his life and his
property than Abu Bakr ibn Abi Quhaafa (radiallahu anhu) and if I was to take a
bosom friend, I would take Abu Bakr as my bosom friend. But, the friendship of
Islam is better. Block off every door in this Masjid except the door of Abu Bakr

[Saheeh Al-Bukharee]

He (radiallahu anhu) was the first person to accept Islam amongst men. He was always
present for the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) and was the quickest to come to his
defense and to affirm and believe everything, which came from the Prophet (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam). Narrated Urwa ibn Az-Zubair: 'I asked Amr ibn Al-Aas (radiallahu
anhu): What was the most severe thing the mushrikeen ever did to Allah's Messenger
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)? He answered: “Once, when the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) was praying in the court of the Kaaba, Uqba ibn Abi Mu'eet came and put a
piece of cloth around his neck and began choking him severely. Abu Bakr came along
grabbed his shoulders and pushed him away from the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-
sallam) saying: “Do you kill a man just for saying my Lord is Allah?” [Saheeh Al-
Bukhari]

Abu Ya'la (radiallahu anhu) also narrates that Anas ibn Malik said: “They beat the

Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) one day until he lost consciousness. Abu Bakr stood
and began calling out: 'Woe to you! Do you kill a man just for saying my Lord is
Allah?
The people asked one another: “Who is this?” And they said: “That is Ibn Abi
Quhaafa the madman” [Saheeh Al-Bukhari (Hasan)]

Being the closest Companion to the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam), Abu Bakr was
also the most knowledgeable in both belief and understanding the teachings of the
Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam), as we see in the following:

Narrated Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (radiallahu anhu): “Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) sat on the pulpit and said: “Allah has given one of his slave, the choice of
receiving the splendor and luxury of the worldly life (whatever he likes) or to accept
the good (of the Hereafter) which is with Him (Allah). So he has chosen that good
which is with Allah
.” On that Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhu) wept and said: “Our fathers
and mothers be sacrificed for you. We became astonished at this
.” The people said:

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

20

“Look at this old man! Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) talks about the
slave of Allah to whom He has given the option to choose either the splendor of this

worldly life or good which is with Him, while he says, “Our fathers and mothers be
sacrificed for you.” But it was Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) who had
been given the option, and Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhu) knew it better than us.
[Saheeh Al-Bukharee v.5, no.244]

The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam), himself informed us in his traditions that Abu
Bakr (radiallahu anhu) was not a person of pride. Ibn Umar narrates: “Prophet (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam) said: "Whoever drags his clothing on the ground in pride will not
be looked at by Allah on Qiyamah."
Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhu) said: One side of my
garment always drags on the ground unless I constantly tend to it. The Prophet (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam) said to him: “You do not do that out of pride.” [Saheeh Al-Bukharee]

He (radiallahu anhu) was named „As-Siddeeq‟ - „'the true verifier‟, because he hastened
to believe the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam). He was named so after the Prophet's
journey to Jerusalem, when the Qura'ish refused to believe Prophet Muhammad's
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) journey to Jerusalem within a night, Abu Bakr (radiallahu

anhu) when he heard of it, he said: “I have always believed in his words about
heavenly revelation; how can I disbelieve him in a secondary worldly matter.

Narrated Anas ibn Malik (radiallahu anhu): “The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
was on Mount Uhud with Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman when the mountain trembled. He
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: “Stay still, Uhud for upon you are a Prophet, a
siddique and two martyrs.”
[Saheeh Bukharee]

Abu Bakr was one of those mentioned in the Qur'aan who “responded to Allah and His
Messenger after being injured
”. From Saheeh Al-Bukharee: “Aisha reports regarding
Allah's statement: “Those who responded to Allah and His Messenger (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam) after they had been afflicted with injury - to those who did good
and feared Allah among them is a great reward
.” [Soorah Aal Imraan (3): 172]

She said: "...Az-Zubair and Abu Bakr - after the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
was injured at Uhud and the mushrikeen backed off, but it was feared they would return -
the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: "Who will go after them?" Seven men
responded to that and among them were Abu Bakr and Az-Zubair." [Saheeh al-Bukharee]

In addition to telling us that Abu Bakr was the closest person in this world to himself, the
Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) bore witness to many of the virtues of Abu Bakr
and informed him and us that he is among the people of Paradise.

Once Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) offered the morning prayer and

then faced the people and said: “While a man was driving a cow, he rode over it and

beat it. The cow said: “We have not been created for this, but we have been created
to plough.”
On that the people said astonishingly: “Glorified be Allah! A cow speaks!”
The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: “I believe this, and Abu Bakr and

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

21

Umar too, believe it, although neither of them was present there.” The Prophet
(sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) added: “While a person was amongst his sheep, a wolf,
attacked and took one of the sheep. The man chased the wolf till he rescued it
(sheep) from the wolf, whereupon the wolf said: “You have rescued it (the sheep)
from me; but who will guard it on the day of the wild beasts when there will be no
shepherd to guard them
except me?” The people said surprisingly, “Glorified be
Allah! A wolf speaks!
” The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: “But I believe
this, Abu Bakr and Umar too, believe this. Although neither of them was present

there.” [Saheeh Al-Bukharee v.4, no.67 7

]

Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: "...Whoever is among the people of prayer
will be called (to paradise) from the door of prayer. Whoever is among the people of
jihad will be called from the door of jihad. Whoever is among the people of sadaqa
will be called from the door of sadaqa. Whoever is among the people of fasting is
called from the door of fasting and the door of Ar-Rayaan.
" Abu Bakr said "...Is
anyone called from all of those doors, O Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-
sallam)?" He (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: “Yes, and I hope that you will be
among them, Abu Bakr”
[Saheeh Bukhari]

Once Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) asked: “Who began this day fasting?” Abu
Bakr said: “I did.” The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: “Who participated in
a funeral procession today?
” Abu Bakr said: “I did” Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-
sallam) said: “Who fed a needy person today?” Abu Bakr said: “I did” He (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam) said: “Who visited a sick person today?” Abu Bakr said: “I did”
Then, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: “These things cannot all meet in a
single person but that they will enter Paradise.
” [Saheeh Muslim]

Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhu) was the quickest of the Companions to rush to any good
deed. Umar ibn Khattab said: “Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) ordered us to give
sadaqa. It happened to coincide with some wealth I had just acquired and I said to myself:
If I will every surpass Abu Bakr, this is the day I will surpass him. And so I came to the
Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) with half of my wealth and he (sallallahu alaihe wa-
sallam) said to me: "What have you left for your family?" I said: The same amount.
Then, Abu Bakr came with all of his wealth. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam)
said to him: "What have you left for your family?" He said: “ I have left them Allah
and His Messenger.” I said: I will never surpass you in anything.” [Abu Dawood (a

hassan hadith)]

Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhu) was the best person after the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam). The Companions were well aware of who were the first few
Companions in closeness to the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) and the Rightly-
Guided Khalifas were chosen on that basis.

Ibn Umar (radiallahu anhu) reports: “We used to discuss the best of the people during
the time of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) and we saw the best as Abu

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

22

Bakr (radiallahu anhu), then Umar, then Uthman ibn Affaan (radiallahu anhu)

[Saheeh Al-Bukharee]

Ali ibn Abi Talib (radiallahu anhu) was also very much aware of this and bore witness to
it as we see in this narration from his son, which is found in Saheeh Al-Bukharee also: “I
said to my father: „Who is the best of the people after Allah's Messenger (sallallahu
alaihe wa-sallam)?‟ He said: “Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhu)”. I said: “And then who?”
He said: “And then Umar ibn Al-Khattab (radiallahu anhu).” I was afraid that he
would say Uthman (radiallahu anhu) next, so I said: “And then you?” To which he
answered: “I am nothing but a man among the Muslims.”

The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) made no "official" appointment of a successor,
but left plenty of signs that Abu Bakr was to succeed him as his Khalifa. A woman came
to the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) and he ordered her to come back later. When

she said: “What if I come don't find you? (Indicating his death).” He (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) said: "If you don't find me, then go to Abu Bakr.” [Saheeh Bukharee]

Aisha (radiallahu anha) narrates: “Allah's Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said to
me in his final illness: "Call Abu Bakr and his brother so I can write an official
document for I fear that some desirous one may follow his desires and say: I am
more appropriate. And Allah and the believers
reject all but Abu Bakr." [Saheeh
Muslim]

Once, when the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) was very ill, he (sallallahu alaihe
wa-sallam) said: "Get another to lead the prayer." The people found Umar ibn Khattab
(radiallahu anhu) and Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhu) was not yet there and they told him to
lead the prayer. When the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) heard Umar's voice
leading the prayer, he said: "And where is Abu Bakr? Allah and the Muslims reject
this. Allah and the Muslims reject this.
” The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) then
sent for Abu Bakr and he led the people in prayer after Umar had already led them in that
same prayer. [Abu Dawood (hassan)]

Jundub (radiallahu anhu) narrates: “I heard the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) five
days before his death saying: "I declare my innocence before Allah that I should have
any bosom friend among you for Allah Most High has taken me as His friend just as
He took Ibrahim as His friend. If I were
to take any bosom friend from my nation I
would take Abu Bakr.
” [Saheeh Muslim]

So, this is the high status of Abu Bakr Siddeeq (radiallahu anhu), we are obliged to
respect him and the rest of the Companions of Prophet and refrain from criticizing them
in any way, Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: "Do not slander my
Companions, for if one of you were to spend an amount of gold equivalent to the size
of Mount 'Uhud, you would not even come halfway up to their level.
” [Saheeh al-
Bukhaari]

Abu Bakr Al-Sidique „May Allah be pleased with him‟

23

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