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RENR3819-07

August 2009
Pi1

Pi4

FLUID POWER SYMBOLS

Pi2

BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS
MAIN

PUMP OR MOTOR

FLUID CONDITIONER

SPRING

CONTROL VALVES

VARIABILITY

SPRING
(ADJUSTABLE)

LINE RESTRICTION
(VARIABLE)

PRESSURE
COMPENSATION

RESTRICTION

LINE RESTRICTION
(FIXED)

AUX

PUMP
(2 - SECTION)

PUMP
(VARIABLE & PRESSURE
COMPENSATED)

HR
HL

ONE POSITION

TWO POSITION

aR5

aR4

aR3

aR2

aR1

aL1

aL2

aL3

ATTACHMENT

VALVE PORTS

THREE POSITION

TWO - WAY

THREE - WAY

CONTROL VALVES
AB

LINE RESTRICTION
(VARIABLE & PRESSURE
COMPENSATED)

VALVES

VALVE ENVELOPES

R3

HYDRAULIC
PNEUMATIC
ENERGY TRIANGLES

FOUR - WAY

CHECK VALVES

A B

aL4
P T

P T

NORMAL POSITION

SHIFTED POSITION

BASIC
SYMBOL

INFINITE POSITION

SPRING
LOADED

SHUTTLE

PILOT
CONTROLLED

FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

23
AR5

22
AR4

21
AR3

20

18

19

AR2

AR1

Pi4

16

30
AL1

15

14

AL2

13

AL3

320C Excavator
Hydraulic System

AL4

17

PRESSURIZED

VENTED

PRESSURE

BR5

BR4

BR3

BR2

BR1

BL1

BL2

BL3

R2

BEA1-UP
FBA1-UP
GAA1-UP
GLA1-UP
MAA1-UP
PAA1-UP
ANB1-UP
BCB1-UP
BDB1-UP
MAB1-UP
PAB1-UP
AMC1-UP
BBC1-UP
BDC1-UP
HBC1-UP
CCD1-UP
BDE1-UP

Pi3

ALF1-UP
DBG1-UP
GNG1-UP
JTG1-UP
AKH1-UP
AXK1-UP
BBL1-UP
EGL1-UP
BCN1-UP
SBN1-UP
BER1-UP
BPR1-UP
HKT1-UP
RAW1-UP
BRX1-UP
BMZ1-UP

© 2009 Caterpillar, All Rights Reserved

bR5

bR4

bR3

bR2

bR1

DST

bL1

bL2

bL3

RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL

RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL

ROTATING SHAFTS

MEASUREMENT

TEMPERATURE

FLOW

UNIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

COMBINATION CONTROLS

SOLENOID

SOLENOID
OR MANUAL

SOLENOID
& PILOT

SOLENOID &
PILOT OR MANUAL

SERVO

THERMAL

DETENT

MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS

MANUAL SHUTOFF

PUSH - PULL LEVER

GENERAL MANUAL

EXTERNAL RETURN

INTERNAL RETURN

GAS CHARGED

SIMPLIFIED

LINES CROSSING

COMPLETE

VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON-COMPENSATED

FIXED
DISPLACEMENT

SINGLE ACTING

LINES JOINING

UNIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

DOUBLE ACTING

INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS
INFINITE
POSITIONING

VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT
NON-COMPENSATED

UNIDIRECTIONAL

INTERNAL
SUPPLY PRESSURE

HYDRAULIC & PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS

HYDRAULIC MOTORS

HYDRAULIC PUMPS

SPRING

REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

CROSSING & JOINING LINES

ACCUMULATORS

FIXED
DISPLACEMENT

PEDAL

PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS

RELEASED PRESSURE

SPRING LOADED

PUSH BUTTON

3 POSITION

FLOW IN ONE
DIRECTION

PARALLEL
FLOW

CROSS
FLOW

2 POSITION

FLOW IN
EITHER
DIRECTION

Printed in U.S.A.

bL4

ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS TABLE
HYDRAULIC SYMBOLS (ELECTRICAL)

10

G
TRANSDUCER
(GAS / AIR)

GENERATOR

ELECTRIC MOTOR

PRESSURE SWITCH

PRESSURE SWITCH
(ADJUSTABLE)

TEMPERATURE
SWITCH

ELECTRICAL WIRE

P1
RD3
ELECTRICAL SYMBOLS (ELECTRICAL)

P2

45

PIN

T

RD4
PRESSURE
SWITCH

TEMPERATURE
SWITCH

LEVEL
SWITCH

FLOW
SWITCH

Pi2
46

PSA2

T-OUT(2)

47

WIRE NUMBER IDENTIFICATION CODES
ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC EXAMPLE

HYDRAULIC SCHEMATIC EXAMPLE

CURRENT STANDARD

CURRENT STANDARD

DR5

HARNESS IDENTIFICATION CODE THIS EXAMPLE
INDICATES WIRE 135 IN HARNESS “AG”

48

PSA1

WIRE

T-OUT(1)

CIRCUIT NUMBER
IDENTIFICATION

325-AG135 PK-14

DRG

CIRCUIT NUMBER
IDENTIFICATION

DR2

WIRE
COLOR

WIRE GAUGE

325-PK

PREVIOUS STANDARD
WIRE

WIRE COLOR

B

325-PK-14

PAC

f04860

WIRE COLOR

PILOT OIL MANIFOLD

CIRCUIT NUMBER
IDENTIFICATION

41

WIRE GAUGE

A

(EXAMPLE VALVE)

16 Page,

TRANSDUCER
(FLUID)

(Dimensions: 34 inches x 24 inches)

M

KENR5084-01

MAIN CONTROL VALVE

. RENR3819-07 31 HL bL4 Pi2 Di2 (R) (OUT) bL3 Pi3 Di3 (FWD) (FWD) DST bL1 bL2 PL 32 (RAISE) bR4 (OPEN) PR bR2 bR1 34 33 bR3 (OUT) Di1 bR5 A8 B8 A2 B1 A1 44 DR M2 FR 41 40 U 42 P2 P1 51 A P2 46 47 Pi1 Pi2 NO1 (TRAVEL) (SW PARKING) PSA1 Pn2 49 P1 A2 PsM2 S3 PSA2 PAC G4 43 50 Dr2 S1 B D DR1 DR2 DR3 DR4 DR5 DR6 PIN TOUT1 Line Relief Valve (Bucket Cylinder Rod End) 32 Line Relief Valve (Bucket Cylinder Head End) 3 Right Travel Motor 33 Boom Regeneration Valve 4 Stick Cylinder 34 Line Relief Valve (Boom Cylinder Rod End) 5 Travel Brake Valve (Left) 35 Pilot Control Valve (Travel) 6 Travel Brake Valve (Right) 36 Pressure Switch 7 Bucket Cylinder 37 Pressure Switch 8 Boom Cylinder 38 Pilot Control Valve (Swing and Stick) 9 Swivel 39 Pilot Control Valve (Boom and Bucket) 10 Main Control Valve 40 Pressure Switch 11 Stick Drift Reduction Valve 41 Pilot Oil Manifold 12 Boom Drift Reduction Valve 42 Accumulator 13 Boom II Control Valve 43 Reducing Valve (Boom/Swing Priority Mode) 14 Stick I Control Valve 44 Pressure Sensor (Left Pump) 15 Swing Control Valve 45 Travel Speed Solenoid Valve 16 Left Travel Control Valve 46 Swing Parking Brake Solenoid Valve 17 Straight Travel Control Solenoid 47 Valve 18 Main Relief Valve 48 Solenoid Valve (Hydraulic Activation) 19 Right Travel Control Valve 49 Left Pump 20 Attachment Control Valve 50 Pilot Pump 21 Bucket Control Valve 51 Slow Return Check Valve 22 Boom I Control Valve 52 Bypass Check Valve 23 Stick II Control Valve 53 Return Filter 24 HR Right Pump Negative Flow Control Relief Valve 55 Oil Cooler G3 26 Stick Regeneration Valve 56 Hydraulic Tank PsM1 27 Stick Unloading Valve 57 Case Drain Filter 28 Line Relief Valve (Stick Cylinder Head End) 58 Pilot Relief Valve 29 Variable Swing Priority Valve 59 Pilot Filter 30 Straight Travel Control Valve 60 Pressure Sensor (Right Pump) A1 E 31 Left Travel Motor 54 Ps1 53 F Swing Motor 2 Negative Flow Control Relief Valve C G 1 25 Dr1 52 Component Ps2 48 NO3 (LOCK) Item No. 27 26 28 30 29 A1 B1 A2 B2 A3 B3 A4 B4 A5 C B5 A6 B6 A7 B7 UP DOWN OPEN CLOSE L R IN OUT (Dimensions: 34 inches x 24 inches) 16 Page. Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for Troubleshooting. Specifications. B2 RR 45 G2 Component 54 TOUT2 IN OUT Pi A3 55 Pn1 T M1 G1 Pm f04859 56 THIS SCHEMATIC IS FOR THE 320C EXCAVATOR 57 58 59 60 MEDIA NUMBER: RENR3819-07 PART NUMBER: 158-8176 Components are shown installed on a fully operable machine.4 1 2 3 10 56 55 8 PG 4 7 DR 9 MU 5 6 Pp3 8 T T B 7 Pp3 A A B B A 9 10 11 12 35 5 BP2 SPi 2 6 3 54 50 49 57 59 58 53 1 BPi SP2 SDr BDr BP3 SP3 BR5 SP1 T AL4 aL4 ST R2 BL3 BL2 aL3 AL3 aL2 (IN) (RAISE) Di4 BL1 AL2 14 15 aR1 AL1 BR1 AR1 aR2 BR2 AR2 BR3 aR3 AR3 (CLOSE) (REV) AR4 Pi1 aR4 (LOWER) AR5 BT BP1 BR4 aR5 R3 R1 (REV) (L) 13 Pi4 aL1 17 16 19 18 21 20 22 24 23 MAIN CONNECTOR LINE (IN) PILOT LINE DRAIN LINE 36 PB2 DB2 DB1 37 DB6 COMPONENTS PD6 39 PB1 25 38 Item No.