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[1] [2]

1-4 (13) (p.9)


(12) Lagrangian L (13)

)
(
)
(

L=
+ ieA
ieA m2
F F
16
x
x

S =

dt

dVL

0
(
)
(
(
)
)

S =
dt dV
F F ieA
ieA + ieA
+ ieA
8
x
x
(
)
(
)

=
dt dV
F
A A + e j A
8
x
x
)
(

1
F A + e j A
=
dt dV
4
x
[
]

1 F

=
dt dV
+ e j A
4 x
2 3 F
F
3 4
F = 0

F = 4e j

[1]
(1973 )
[2] L. D. Landau, E. M. LifshitzThe Classical Theory of Fields Third Revised English Edition
Pergamon Press.