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Neuron motor (motor neurone)

Fungsi neuron motor adalah membawa impuls dari sistem


saraf pusat ke efektor (effector).
A motor neuron is a type of cell in the nervous system that directly or indirectly controls the
contraction or relaxation of muscles, which in most cases leads to movement. Motor neurons
are also called motoneurons or efferent neurons. While efferent neurons carry information
from the central nervous system to muscles and other systems, afferent neurons, or sensory
neurons, carry information from sensory organs and tissues such as eyes and skin back to
the central nervous system.
While it is a cell, a motor neuron has a unique design that best allows it to serve its purpose.
A neuron is composed of three parts: the dendrites; the cell body, or soma; and the axon.
The dendrites branch out from the cell body and receive the electrochemical signals from
other units of the nervous system. The cell body, or soma, contains the necessary cellular
components and genetic information needed to keep the cell functional. The axon, or nerve
fiber, is considered the most important part of the neuron; the long, thin fiber conducts
electrical impulses and sends signals where they are needed.

Neuron Motorik : Neuron motoris (eferent) adalah sel saraf yang membawa
rangsangan dari otak atau dari sumsum punggung ke otot atau ke kelenjar
yang menyebabkan mereka bereaksi (lihat gambar 1). Sel saraf motorik
berfungsi mengantarkan rangsangan ke efektor yaitu otot dan kelenjar.
Rangsangan yang diantarkan berasal atau diterima dari otak dan
sumsum tulang belakang. Berbentuk unipolar yang berfungsi : Mengirim
impuls berupa tanggapan (respon) dari saraf pusat menuju efektor (otot
atau kelenjar), Ciri :
badan selnya berada dalam saraf pusat.
dendritnya berhubungan dengan akson saraf asosiasi,
aksonnya sangat panjang, dendritnya pendek