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# Year 9 Maths

## Chapter 3 Pythagoras Theorem and Trigonometry (15 lessons)

Lesson Title and Introductory Exercise Proficiency Foundation Standard Advanced Mathletics
Activities
TERM
2
1 Pre-Test
2 6.9 Simple operations with Understanding 1, 2 2a,c - Square Roots

Exercise 6I
surds 404 Fluency 3a,c,e,g,i,k 3a,c,e,g,i,k 3a,c,e,g,i,k Simplifying
4a,c,e,g,i,k,m,o 4a,c,e,g,i,k,m,o 4a,c,e,g,i,k,m,o Surds
Problem Solving 5 5a,c,e,g,i Q6a,c,e,g 5a,c,e,g,i Q6a,c,e,g Adding and
Q7a,c,e subtracting
Reasoning 8 8 8, 9 surds
Enrichment - - 10a,d,g,j Multiplying
Surds
Dividing Surds
3 3.1 Pythagoras Theorem Understanding 1, 2, - - Pythagorean

Exercise 3A
144 Fluency 4a,c,e,g,i 5a,c,e 6a,c,e 4a,c,e,g,i 5a,c,e 6a,c,e 4a,c,e,g,i 5a,c,e 6a,c,e Theorem
Lets start: Matching the 8a,c,e 8a,c,e
area of squares Problem Solving 10, 11 10, 12 11, 13
Key ideas Reasoning 15 15, 16 16, 17
Example 1, 2 Enrichment - - 18, 19
4 3.2 Finding the shorter sides Understanding 1, 2 2 - Pythagoras
Exercise 3B

## 151 Fluency 3a,c,e 4a,c,e 3a,c,e 4a,c,e 6 3a,c,e 4a,c,e 6 Theorem

Lets start: True or false Problem Solving 8, 9 8, 9, 10 9, 10, 11
Key ideas Reasoning 12 12 12, 13
Example 3 Enrichment - - 14, 15

Exercise 3C

## Theorem 156 Fluency 2, 3, 5 2, 4, 6 2, 4, 6 Triads

Lets start: The biggest Problem Solving 7, 8 8, 9 9, 10
square Reasoning 11 11 11, 12
Key ideas Enrichment - - 13
Example 4
Pythagoras Theorem
7 3.5 Trigonometric ratios 166 Understanding 1, 2a,c,e,g 3 3 - Hypotenuse,
Exercise 3E

## Lets start: Constancy of Fluency 4a,c,e,g,i 6 4a,c,e,g,i 6, 7 4a,c,e,g,i 6, 7 Adjacent,

sine, cosine and tangent Problem Solving 8, 9 9, 10 10, 11 Opposite
Key ideas Reasoning 12 12, 13 13, 14
Example 6, 7 Enrichment - - 15
8 3.6 Finding side lengths 173 Understanding 1, 2, 3 3a,c,e,g -

Exercise 3F
Lets start: Calculator start Fluency 4a,c,e,g,i 4a,c,e,g,i 4a,c,e,g,i
up 5a,c,e,g,i,k,m,o 5a,c,e,g,i,k,m,o 5a,c,e,g,i,k,m,o
Key ideas Problem Solving 6, 7 6, 8 7, 9
Example 8, 9, 10 Reasoning 10 10 10, 11
Enrichment - - 12
9 3.7 Solving for the Understanding 1a,c,e,g 2a,c,e,g,i 2a,c,e,g,i - Sin A

Exercise 3G
denominator 179 Fluency 3a,c,e,g,i,k 4a,c,e,g 3a,c,e,g,i,k 4a,c,e,g 3a,c,e,g,i,k 4a,c,e,g Cos A
Lets start: Solution steps Problem Solving 5, 6 5, 7 6, 8 Tan A
Key ideas Reasoning 9 9 9 Find unknown
Example 11, 12 Enrichment - - 10 sides

## 10 3.8 Finding an angle 185 Understanding 1, 3a,c,e,g,i 4 4 - Find unknown

Exercise 3H
Lets start: Trial and error Fluency 5a,c,e,g,i,k 6a,c,e,g,i 5a,c,e,g,i,k 6a,c,e,g,i 5a,c,e,g,i,k 6a,c,e,g,i angles
can be slow 7a,c,e,g 7a,c,e,g 7a,c,e,g
Key ideas Problem Solving 8, 10 9, 11 10, 12
Example 13, 14 Reasoning 13 13, 14 14, 15
Enrichment - - 16
11 3.9 Applying Trigonometry Understanding 1, 2, 3 3 - Elevation and
Exercise 3I
174 Fluency 4, 6, 8 4, 6, 8, 10 4, 6, 8, 10 depression
Lets start: Illustrate the Problem Solving 12, 13 12, 14 14, 16
situation Reasoning 17 17 17, 18
Key ideas Enrichment - - 19, 21
Example 15, 16, 17
12 3.10 Bearings 197 Understanding 1, 2 2 - True and
Exercise 3J

## Lets start: Opposite Fluency 3a,c,e,g,i, 4, 6 3a,c,e,g,i, 4, 6, 7 3a,c,e,g,i, 4, 6 Compass

Directions Problem Solving 8, 10 8, 11 10, 12 Bearings
Key ideas Reasoning 13 13 13, 14 Bearings
Example 18, 19, 20 Enrichment - - 15, 16
13&14 Revision:
RAP Sheet
Mathletics Practice
Test
15 Test