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2 Design of ramp

Grade of concrete
Grade of steel

=
=

40
500

MPa
MPa

Length of the footing by the walls

5.10

Width of the footing


Depth of the ramp

=
=

1750.0
1500

mm

5.10

=
=

=
857.84
65.63

=
=

4085.28
3204.14

0.0259

Considering 0% redistribution, K'


Since K<K', no compression reinforcement is required.

0.208

Lever arm, z

1464.84

Tension reinforcement, Ast

6411.2437703 mm2

Design for flexure


Ramp will be simply supported on the footing
Effective span
Allowable load on footing F
=
Allowable load on crane pad X 2
Allowable udl
Self weight of ramp
Total load, w = Allowable SPMT load as udl + selfweight of the ramp
Bending moment, M =wleff2/8
Max shear force, Vmax = wleff/2

m Cl.5.3.2.2, EN1992-1-1
218.75
X
2=
437.5
kN/m
kN/m
=
1256.53
kN/m
kNm
kN

Design is carried out as per Eurocode 2,

Minimum area of steel reinforcement

mm

4777.5

Maxmimum area of steel reinforcement

2625000

Spacing of

32 mm bars

219.52581421 mm

Provide

32 mm bars at

Ast, provided

002-000-PDF-566 (015311) EPF-0027


Rev 7 (1-Mar-10)

200

mm2

mm centre to centre at bottom.


=

7037.167544

mm2

Corporate Base

mm2

2 Design of ramp
Design for shear as per En 1992-1-1:2004, Cl.6.2.2
Grade of concrete
Grade of steel
Max shear force, Vsd

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Length of the ramp supported by the footings


Width of the ramp
Depth of the ramp
Design shear stress, vEd
Ast provided

40
500
3204.140625
5.10
1750
1500
1.3563
7037.17

MPa
MPa
kN
m
mm
mm
N/mm2
mm2

Cl.6.2.2

Concrete strut capacity, vRd

=
0.3612
Design shear stress is more than concrete strut capacity, hence design shear reinforcement

N/mm2

Maximum shear force that a section can carry without shear reinforcement, VRd1

VRd1

1406.91

kN

<

Vsd

VRd2

15750

kN

>

Vsd

VRd1

<

Vsd

VRd2

Hence shear reinforcement is required.

Asw

745.6972

1017.8760198 mm2

<

Area of shear reinforcement

Providing 8 legged 12 mm diameter bars, Asw

002-000-PDF-566 (015311) EPF-0027


Rev 7 (1-Mar-10)

mm2

Corporate Base