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Shree Khodaldham Smruti - Monthly

September - 2014

Year - 4

Issue -1

Page - 68

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e-mail : info@khodaldhamtrust.org
web : www.khodaldhamtrust.org

E-mail : shreeharioffsetrajkot@gmail.com
Printed, Published and Owned by Naresh Patel Printed at Shree Hari Offset, Sahakar Triveni, 29/38 Karan
Para, B/h. S.T. Bus Stand, Rajkot and Published at Shree Khodaldham Trust, Sardar Patel Bhavan,
New Mayani Nagar, Opp. Water Tank, Street of Malaviya Police Station, Mavadi Main Road,
Rajkot - 360 004. Editor : Naresh Patel

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Registered Under RNI No. GUJguj/2011/45510 Printed & Published on 1st of Every
Month. Postal Reg. No. RAJKOT/608/2014-2016 Permitted to post at Rajkot RMS on 7th
of Every Month

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Response to :jayvaz@gmail.com
kV$bf-2014 p

15

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17

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bpep R>, epe lpQhpy u lh AdZ ...!
kuX$udp fpd^| hpNu flu R>. Ap A S> fpdu ^|
R>, S>dy pd A^pfpu buL$ lpsu cNpX$u iey,
A sp p ApNmu L$X$u gsp'sp AV$g buL$
lpsu gpNsu. ApS> A S> fpdp pd kp
p rhv$pe L$fhpp R> A A Z pu
ApNmu L$X$p hNf...! rQsp f k|sgp p
L$iy bpgsp u. Qv$p gpL$X$p f Ou fX$u
duZbuu ApN d|L$pe R> epf Z p Quk
pX$sp u. Nk V$ip v$fhp M|g R> A
p ApN hQ kdpB e R> A pu kp
kp ApMy bpmZ Z...!
p Arv$pl Apu sd Of Aphp R>p. lh
p u lpsp. Z sd lph R>p. lsp Ap
L$fsp pX$p h^pf dpV$p B Nep lph R>p. pp
V$bg f X$gp Qdp sd sdpfu ApM d|L$u Sy>Ap
R>p. Ap A S> Qdp R>, S>dpu pu ApMpA
Ap vy$rep B lsu. p A Adp rZepbD kpQp lsp Ahy sd kdhp dpX$ R>. sdpfp
ApMp cuu pe R> A A L$pfZ Qdpp L$pQ
^|^mp B e R>. sd Qdp Dspfu Qdpy L$k

v$uL$fu bl S> kfmspu p b^y


S> Apu v$su lpe R>. Ndsp R>pL$fp
pT L$f epf Z A lp pX$su
hMs $sp L$fu gsu lpe R>,
"p lp pX$i, R>u S> g
i...!' v$uL$fp pp b^p S>
rZep MpV$p gpN R>

kfmspu L$lu iL$ R>. QL$ps bnuA gey R> L$,


"p MpV$p kprbs L$fhpdp v$uL$fp dv$pNu
Aych R>. Z p kpQp lsp Ahy kdhp
dpX$ epf Ap v$uL$fp A MpV$p kprbs L$fhp
sepf Ecp lpe R> !'
v$uL$fpp pdu pR>m gMpsy py pd g
R>u rsp pd hX$ qfgk B S>sy lpe R> A
AV$g S> A Ahp rs ip^ R> S> AgpAg
Ap p S>hp lpe. du hps A R> L$
p, v$uL$fuA ip^gp AgpAg pspp
S>hp S> S>dpB, S> v$uL$fup ds rspp X$R>pep
S> R> Au Ag lpe R>. p pspp X$R>pep
Z kl u L$fu iL$sp !

bmpB sd R>p..!' rspp dey R>u kph Y$ugu


X$u Negu reL$p Qpfp L$V$gpe qv$hkp ky^u
gpL$pu kpd Aphsu u.
rspy dey v$uL$fp dv$ bhpu q$ep ky^u gB
e R>, epf v$uL$fu A spX$u pM R>,
kgpdsup rhdpu Akgpdsuu vy$repdp aL$u
v$ R>. v$uL$fp rsp Arv$pl Ap R> A rspu
rQspu ApNdp ApkyAp k|L$hu dv$ bu e
R>. rspu rQsp v$uL$fu ApN S>hu gpN R>, S>dp
A Ay b^y S> kmNphu v$su lpe R>.
py dey AL$mphu d|L$ Ahy cepL$ lpe R>.
S>du f kppV$ k|sgp p lguhpf
ApV$gu b^u iprsu k|sp R>. Ady ifuf W$Xy$ X$u

}
Mpgp R>p. ^|^mp B Negp L$pQ g|R>ep hNf S>
Qdp L$kdp d|L$hp h R>p ep S> Adpu AL$
rbg uL$m R>. pA khpf S> Qdpp L$pQ
bv$phu pep lsp... $Q u gk MphX$pep
lsp. S>sp S>sp pA Adp Qdpu dp
L$pQ bv$gphu pep, A d S>dpu A ApMu
vy$rep sp lsp. sd ^ykL$ ^ykL$ fX$u X$p R>p,
Z lh sd ips pX$hp p tl Aph. p
A p S> R>... kpQ S> !!
grML$p kyfs qv$ecpL$fu ilf Aphrdp
X$eyV$u e|T AX$uV$f R>.
Response to : edadawala@gmail.com
kV$bf-2014 p

19

MsuhpX$u
rlf c]NfpX$uep

S>u MuS> bl cyX$u lpe, su fuS> pR>u


khpB kpfu lpe ! bfpbf rfunZ L$fuA sp
Aphp AL$ Dv$plfZp kdpS>dp dmu Aph R>.
S>y Muhy ApZ cp cpf L$fphu v$ A sy
S> fuhy pRy> dpgdpg L$fu Ap ! Z dpf sp
L$fhu R> dpZk rkhpeu kydh d^u
dpMuu hps. S>pu duWy$ L$pB lpe Ahy
duW$pdp duWy$ d^ ApZ Appf, MX|$su
Nf v$ps bu fpNey bl dpVy$ L$pd
L$fpf, Z MuZu lpe L$ R>u s L$pB
L$pfZkf Ahu iL$p X$u NB lpe L$ ApZ su
hkpls dpV$ "Md$' R>uA, sp Aphu S> b
Ap! sd dpip ? cpNhp dpX$ e iy hm ?
pQ pQ qL$gpduV$f ky^u uR>p R>pX$ l] ApZp

ipL$cpp agpdpu, cuu dpV$u, L$pv$h L$


L$uQX$dpu, epu dep epu s MpfpL$ dmhu
g R> A Ap hcph S> R> - kQe L$fhpp, A
dpZ A L$ep L$f R>.
S> Dd v$hp, Dd V$prL$ A Dd MpfpL$
NZpe R> shy, L$lp "k|Z Aplpf' NZpe shy
"d^' ! S>y bpmL$p, eyhpp A h^p v$fL$
ApMpu mhZu sp gplup iy[^L$fZ pfp
fsL$Zpu h[^ A pQsu eh[sspdp
bl dpVy$ v$p fy R> shy d^ |fy pX$hp Dfps
fNL$pd A fZL$pddp AL$fus DepNu Ahy
Ly$v$fsu "duZ' Z Ap R>.
Msup pL$pdp h^pfpp L$ip S> MQ L$ ehp
L$ep rhp dp Ap dpMuApu EW$bk A
AhfS>hfu S> sp ifuf kp QpV$u S>sp

lpQu R> A Ahpf hpf hpX$uApdp L$pd L$fsp


MX|$sp, dS|>fp A NpdhpkuAp ApL$fp X$M
MyQpX$u, epfL$ epfL$ sp 108 bpgphu v$hpMpp
cmp hy X$ Ahu qf[rsdp d|L$u v$sp lpe R>.
Ap dpV$p S>bf |X$pdp d^ Z lpX$p AL$ cey
lpe R>, Z S>hp shp S>Zy A L$pd u L$
kphS>p dpY$pdpu riL$pf pR>p MQu iL$ - A
|X$p dpgy d^ lp L$fu iL$ - lqf c!
(4) Ark BqX$L$p = ApZu v$iu d^dpMu L$fsp
L$v$dp bdZu dpV$u, fN klS> gpg X$sp A
A^L$pfpdp flhp V$hpegu lphp Dfps "pgsy'
bphu iL$pe shp kpZpp rhri$ NyZhpmu
Ap d^dpMu R>. ApZ Dfps b^u
dpMuApu spdpu Ap s S> ^^py

hpl ! Mfy L$lhpe

d^u Msu ?
bpgp !
A L$B dpY$u L$fX$su u. sp V$ R>X$ Aphgu
bpfuL$ suZu kpe S> vy$dp ifufdp Ahp
v$pbu QV$L$phu v$ R> L$ s kpe vy$dp ifufdp S>
QpV$u fl R>, A pspy V$ aV$u e R>. L$lp
ps hkpls dpV$ iluv$u hlpfu g R> ! ApZ
A MuS>hhu u-fuS>hhu R> A gpc ghp
R>, Au pku OZp b^p. lh sp ^^py dped
S> A bphu ghp dpX$p R> L$V$gpL$ MX|$sp.
v|$^u Msu, ipL$cpu Msu, ampu Msu,
dpR>guu Msu, sd lh "d^u Msu' AL$ hp
ArcNd ApL$pf gB fp R>.
A MfMf S> Msu kg Ahp NlDpN
sfuL$ Dd |fhpf B fp R>. bu ^^pu
kfMpdZuA d|X$u fpL$pZ dpd|gu, hmu s dpV$
L$pB Bdpfsp L$ h^pfpu S>dup-L$ipeu S>$fs
u. ApZ epu prL$ v$iu d^dpMuAp
MpfpL$-pZu |fp pX$hpu tQsp L$fu R> L$pBA ?
R>sp Nd epu Aphm, bphm, ApL$X$p L$
iY$ppmpu hpX$u hrs L$ hpX$up Qpfp
20 kV$bf-2014 p

fpNL$Zp pfp fpNep Apdm sp flsp


bl dpV$p L$pd pfp 20 u 30 V$L$p ky^u
Dpv$dp h^pfp B iL$ R> shy sp sS>opy
L$lhpy R>.
d^dpMu u sp :(1) kav$ guV$phpmu A Ofp fNu = ApZ
ep ep A ep TpX$u gugu X$pmuAp f,
dL$pp dpcpf L$ ep W$X$u-Nfduy dpZdp
red Aychpsy lpe shu S>epApA |X$p
bphu flpfu dpMu dpZdp Tfugu A L$v$dp
pu R>, S> ApZ v$iu d^dpMu sfuL$
kbp^uA R>uA.
(2) rX$ M dpMu = A^pfpdp pp pp |X$p
bphu flsu A Myb S> ApRy> d^ bphsu Ap
dpMu X$M v$hpu kNhX$ Ly$v$fs Apu S> u.
(3) fpL$phs dpMu = Xy$Nfpu L$fpX$p, cMX$p A
S>Ngpdp TpX$u X$pmuAp Df dpV$p dpV$p |X$p
bphu flpfu, cdfp S>hu dpV$u, fN umpi
X$su A Myb S> Tfugu Ap dpMu pX$p hfkpu
kpfp$u hpX$uAp A NpdX$pApdp Z Aphu

dped bphu iL$uA R>uA.


(5) Ark dguafp = Ark HqX$L$p L$fsp Z
O h^pf d^ Apsu A hcph ips sp
sL$guap hW$u Z Aphpk hmNu flpfu Ap
dpMu BV$pguu Apeps L$fgu R>. L$v$dp pX$u h^y
dpV$u A d^ypgp ^^pdp dped bphhpdp
h^y aph shu Ap dguafp dpMu R>. lqfepZp,
b, L$pduf A Dfcpfsdp L$V$gpe kdeu
A lh L$R>dp sd S> kpfp$dp Z s hkphu
DR>f i$ ep R>.
d^|X$pu fQp :sd "d^|X$p' epu rfep R> epfe ?
TpX$u X$pmu kp duZu fZ L$fu Z V$]NpX$g
Au ApMu hkpls ! sp bp^L$pdu gpB
ghpdp AL$ ApL$}V$L$ Auef ifdph shu
pku, Ecu, ApX$u gpBp A AL$ kfMp
jV$L$prZep S> b^p Mpp ! jV$L$pZ OpV$ iy L$pd
d^dpMu kv$ L$ep li Au L$p Aph R> ?
jV$L$pZdp h^ydp h^y hplu kdpe iL$ bk A S>
L$pfZ ! bp^L$pd ApMp |X$py AL$ kfMy S>, Z

MsuhpX$u
f fpZu kp ifuf kb^ bp^u, fpZu args
L$fu, dfZ ifZ pe R>. lh rS>v$Nu ApMu
fpZu fu S>$f X$su u. Auk HqX$L$p
fpS>p 00 u 1000 HX$p A dguafp sp
1500 u 2000 BX$p d|L$hpu ndsp ^fph R>.
(2) f dpMu = |X$pdp fdpMu sp lpe R> kph
ApR>u S>. s vy$d v$i v$hp V$ i|m Z lpsu
u. AV$g L$ kph S> AtlkL$ A r$hu !

[ [

b rhcpN. uQp cpN bpm-bQpp DR>f A


flZpL$ dpV$p, epf Dfp cpN dpg kNlp.
uQp jV$L$pZuep HX$p-bQpp pfrZep sfuL$
DepNdp g A Dfp jV$L$prZepdp fpv$p
S>$qfepsdpu bQs L$fu, ApL$[dL$ kNpdp
L$pd gpN A fpZudp sp bQp epfL$ MQ
Ecu pe sp L$pd gpN dpV$ fuT>h S>p d^ $
cfu pRy> sp f duZy kug dpfu v$ s
h^pfpdp.
ApsqfL$ ehp :hkplsy b^y S> L$pdL$pS>
d^dpMuApu Aps:fZpu he
kQprgs R>sp bl S> eh[s
ep L$fsy lpe R>. Sy>v$u Sy>v$u hpsp
L$fhpy A AL$bu dpMuAp
kop L$fhpy. kpfp-dpW$p kdpQpf
v$hpy dped S> N^ A e
bp cmp spgdg R>. A sp
ApZ Mbf u dpV$ sp b^p
NZNZpV$ A QZcZpV$ kfMp
gpN R>. lL$uL$s fpN A d^
ip^su dpMuAp, Aphp S>p L$B
qv$ipdp A L$V$gpL$ R> s
AL$bu v$MpX$hp Mpk L$pfy e L$fsu lpe
R>, $p^ cfpepy Sy>vy$ A Apq B fp fp
k B NB lpe sp sy hmu AgN L$pfy
lpe ! sy NyS> A e su kp L$pedu
klhpk L$fpfp AQ|L$ pfMu S>sp lpe R>.
dpMuApp L$pf :AL$ S> d^|X$pdp ifufp bp^pu fus Z
L$pfu dpMuAp S>f X$ R>.
(1) fpZu dpMu = L$v$dp h^pf dpV$u A Sy>v$u
sfu Aph Ahu Ap dpMu ApMu hkplsu "dp'
NZpe R>. ApMu hkplsdp fpZu AL$ S> lpe R>.
S> Apif pQL$ hjy Apeye ^fph R>. sp
ifufdpu AL$ Mpk L$pfu N^ Aphsu lpe R>.
AV$g ep fpZu lpe ep S> b^u dpMuAp flsu
lpe R>. s Mphp dpV$ MpfpL$-d^ hekhL$pA
sepf fpMgy lpe R>. fpZuA sp bk HX$p S> d|ep
L$fhpp lpe R>. Ap L$pddp fpZu epf pL$
Aych epf hkhL$p hu fpZu sepf L$fhpy
ApepS> L$f R>. HX$pdpu uL$mgu Bem Mpk
L$pfy dpVy$ Of bphu v$B, s rieg sp
MpfpL$ Mhfphu, dpV$u Bem bphu hu fpZu
sepf L$f R>. hu fpZu L$piV$p Ahp R>pX$u,
blpf Aphu, 7-10 qv$hkdp yssp p L$fu,
hkpls R>pX$u hf rhlpf DX$u e R>. L$V$gpL$
fpZuOgp blphfp bu pR>m X$ R>. L$pB AL$

jV$L$pZ OpV$ iy L$pd


d^dpMu kv$ L$ep
li Au L$p
Aph R> ? jV$L$pZdp
h^ydp h^y hplu
kdpe iL$ bk A S>
L$pfZ !

Z ApmkyX$pe AV$gp S> lp ! MpfpL$u ip^ L$fu


psp |fsy Z L$f l]. fpZu dpV$ fpMgp MpfpL$
Mphp gpNu e epf hekhL$p uR>p L$fu v|$f
cNpX$u d|L$ R>.
(3) hekhL$ dpMu = hekhL$ dpMuAp
ApMu hkplsp k|^pfp R>. ps b^p ykL$
lphp R>sp b^p S> L$pecpf r$pu kcpm R>.
d^|X$pp bp^L$pd dpV$ duZ sepf L$fhy, |X$py
bp^L$pd L$fhy, MpfpL$ ghp S>hy, d^ bphhy A
fpZu sp bQp dpV$ sp kNl L$fhp, hu fpZu
epf S>dphhu, L$V$gp f v$p L$fhp A sp

v$fL$p MpfpL$, flW$pZu ehp L$fhu sp


hkplsp vy$dpu kpd p Md iluv$u
hlpfu gB Z hkplsy fnZ L$fu kgpds
fpMhpy ApL$fy L$pd R> u kps dpky S> Apeye
^fphsp A 15 u 2 lfu dpV$u kepdp
AL$ S> hkplsdp ku flsp hekhL$py R>.
d^ L$hu fus b ? = khpf X$. k|eL$pi kh
agpe. agp dpX$ rMghp A hekhL$p agu
Av$f ku fk dpX$ Q|khp A
S>W$fp Mpk rhcpNdp dpX$
^L$ghp. sp f pe L$V$guL$
fpkperZL$ q$ep A d^ pe
sepf. bk, W$pghu v$ d^|X$pp
Dfp L$ndp. 1 qL$gp d^
bphhp d^dpMu AL$pv$ gpM
ApV$p afp dpfhp X$ ! L$hp S>Nu
yfyjp ?
ApZ ghpu L$pm = Ap
ehkpeu prdL$ dprlsu sp
spgud gu^p bpv$, d^dpMu DR>f
L$ fu Ark HqX$L$p L$ Ark
dguaf S>hu pgsy dpMuu V$u
hQpsu gphu, ApZu hpX$udp
pB L$fuA A L$V$guL$ L$pm gBA.
(1) Ap pgsy d^dpMu A^pfpdp flu, AL$ S>
d^yOf (d^V$u)dp ApSy>bpSy>dp kps |X$p
bphhpu Apv$shpmu R>. d^yOf TpX$ R>peX$,
S>duu Z aV$ KQ, hpkp X$X$p f V$X$
bphu d|L$uA.
(2) hpkp X$X$p S>du AX$u AL$ aV$ EQ
ky^u Okpeg ApBg QpX$uA S>u L$uX$u-dL$pX$p
V$u ky^u lpQhpp L$ gpL$X$pp X$X$p D^B
gpNhpp ce fl.
(3) v$f b-Z qv$hk V$u Mpgu Av$f L$pB
yL$kp L$fsp L$uV$L$p Tpmp u s B gBA.
(4) fdpMuu kep h^y X$su B NB lpe sp
s L$X$u gB v|$f dpL$gu v$BA.
(5) epL$ V$u Mpgsp L$pB |X$p s|V$u Negp dpgyd
X$ sp s v$pfpu l] Z gugu hrsp
psmp spsZpu kp^u gBA.
(6) V$uu Av$f |X$pdp Dgp-uQgp Ad b
L$n lpe R>. Dgp L$ndp d^ cfpe e AV$g
mhu Dgu pu d bv$gu gB, kQpu d^
Mfu gB, Mpgu d |X$p s|V$ sd V$udp pR>u
NpW$hu v$BA. hfk v$pX$ AL$ V$u 12u 15 guV$f
A BV$prge dpMu sp 30 guV$f S>V$gy d^
Aphp knd R>. Z s AphL$pfhpu A
hkphhpu ApZu sepfu L$V$gu ?
kV$bf-2014 p

21

tQs QdL$pf
L$ZL$ps DX$L$V$

ey-V$ gB pR>p dmu


Aphsp kb^p
rifpA rifpdp kyfNp X$u R>,
Nd epf aV$i cX$pL$pp dpZk.
- dpS> MX$qfep

dpbpBgu ap byL$dp ^fbpB S>sp kb^pp


Ap S>dpp R>. QmL$su gpBV$ kp qv$hkdp
AL$hpf dpbpBg $u f Eku Aphsp
kb^p AQpL$ S> kph Nyd B e R>. epfL$
Ahy gpN L$ dpbpBgu apbyL$ v$bpB Negp
kb^pu L$bf R>. qfN hpN A qv$g AL$ ^bL$pfp
Q|L$u e, "Ap' ap sp u ? V$hL$ d
u lpsy R>spe L$V$gpL$ bfp qT B e R>.
Nyd B S>sp kb^p R>u dpZk lpu
fMpApdp ip^sp af R>.
yibV$p AL$ iu S> kb^ ie lpe A
Z S>p v|$f gpN R>. pspu ap byL$dp
dpZk epfe pspp bf S> kh L$fsp u.
sdpfp bf sd kh L$fu epfe gey R>, "l' !
pspu e[sp bf kh L$fu gey R>, "sy' !
Ap "sy' OZu hMs MphpB e R> epf dpZk
22 kV$bf-2014 p

pspp "l' dmsp u. epfL$ L$pB e[s hjp


R>u AQpL$ dpbpBgp $u f QdL$u e R>,
qv$gdp kb^ kh L$ep lpe sp bf Aep
gpNsp u.
hu kafdp epfL$ L$V$gpL$ kb^p ApNm
uL$mu e R> A L$V$gpL$ pR>m flu e R>.
kph v$Mpsp b^ B Negp kb^ AQpL$ ey-V$
gB pR>p Aphu e sp ? ApZ QL$ L$fsp
flhy X$ R> L$ ApZ kb^pp dpN h-h sp
u L$fu pep ? L$pB kpd dm epf ApZp
lp Mygp A agpegp lpe R> ? L$ R>u b^
hpmu v$u^gu dy$u h^y c]kpB e R> ? L$pZ epf
kpcf L$ L$pZ epf kcpf Ap QpOqX$ep lpsp
u. du dyls B su u. rhv$pe A
Sy>v$pBy Z ep L$B $u lpe R> ! L$pBu f]N
hpN epf "rdk' hp v$ip, bhp N R> L$
R>u Nd AV$gp ep L$fp sp "p qfgpe' dm !
d, kb^, gpNZu epfL$ AptQsu pR>u Aphu
kpd Ecu flu e R>. pMfdp hphpTpXy$ a|L$pe
A gugpsfu EdV$u Aph Ahy Z b !

hpsphfZdp AQpL$ gV$p, kph Mpgu lsy A


b^y AQpL$ S> R>gpR>g cfpB Ney. khpg A R>
L$ pR>p hmu Aphsp kb^p dpV$ ApZ qv$gp
v$fhp Mygp fpMuA.
AL$ hsp A rS>hpsp kpQyL$gp kb^u Ap
hps R>. AL$ bp v$uL$fu AdqfL$p cZhp dpL$gu.
cZu v$uL$fu pR>u Aphu. dp-bp v$uL$fu kp
gu hps R>X$u. v$uL$fuA L$y L$, AdqfL$pdp s
AL$ R>pL$fp kp d ep. g Z su kp S>
L$fhp R>. dp-bp R>pL$fpu spk L$fu. R>pL$fp
bfpbf lsp.
v$uL$fu L$y L$, Ad A e[s epe gpNsu u.
v$uL$fu du kp g L$fhp d$d lsu. dp-bp
kdn pspp Bfpv$p es L$fu v$u^p. dp-bp
kdSy> lsp. sdZ L$y, apB. spfp rZe
ghpp s Ar^L$pf R>, R>sp Ap kb^dp Ad
epe u. Ad Ap f cfpkp u Z spfu
e[s spfu kp lpe A Z ie R>. spfu fus
s g L$fhpu R|>V$ R>. qX$rkT spfy R>. sy
Ad Bhph L$f. L$pV$ dfS> L$fu v$uL$fu pspp

tQs QdL$pf
R|>V$gp lp pR>p Aph epf OZp
gpL$p Av$b hpmu v$ R>. d A
v$psudp BV$fhg Aphu iL$ R>
du kp flhp Qpgu NB. epfL$ ApMp Z
ApNmsu gpN, Aphy S> L$BL$ dp-bp ey.
b-AY$u hj husu Nep. hpf-slhpf v$uL$fu kp
ap f hps pe. rs bu Nep R>u du
bv$gpB Nep lsp. AL$ qv$hk bp v$uL$fu ap
L$ep. Apf ey lu ? kpdu v$uL$fuA L$y L$, ApB
X$pV$ p X$X$u. Z Ahy gpN R> L$ dpfpdp fpS> pXy$
pXy$ L$BL$ dfu fy R> ! rspA L$y, v$uL$fu AV$gy
epv$ fpMS> L$ Ad huA R>uA. hu Apf ^f apf
ey Ahf. ApZ v|$f R>uA Z Sy>v$p u.
u qv$hk X$pfbg hpNu. rspA v$fhp Mpep
sp kpd v$uL$fu Ecu lsu. v$uL$fu hmNu rspA
L$y, spfp S>d ep epf ApV$gp S> lpgu s
Nm hmNpX$u lsu. L$pB S> pV$dpV$d l], L$pB

kh B iL$ Ahp kb^py s S> Nmy OpV$u


pM R>.
b^pfZdp L$V$gpL$ d|mc|s Ar^L$pfp lpe R>. Adp
AL$ Ar^L$pf Z Ddfhp S>hp R>. c|g L$fhpp
Ar^L$pf. v$fL$ dpZk c|g L$fhpp Ar^L$pf
dmhp BA. L$pB dpZk ApZu df rhfy^
L$B S> L$f Ahu v$ps hpS>bu u. c|g L$fsp
lpe Ahy gpN epf A kdhp Z
S>bfS>suu fpL$hpp L$pB dsgb lpsp u.
qv$gp b^pfZdp c|g L$fhpp Ar^L$pfu uQ
AL$ L$gd$ Ddfu fpM L$, c|g L$fu pR>p
Aphpf kcpmhpu afS> l Av$p L$fui. L$pB
kb^ ey-V$ gB pR>p Aph sp Ay hpNs
L$fhpu Dv$pfsp S> kb^pu kpL$sp R>.
R>gp ku :

S> Aakpk l], p qfNV$k. "NV$' lpe ep qfNV$


lpe. epfL$ kdep L$pB L$V$L$p L$pu aNphu
v$hpp lpe R>. |Zrhfpd A dp As u, hp
hpeu i$Aps Z lpe R>.
kb^pp L$fZp epfe |fp sp u. R|>V$gp
lp pR>p Aph epf OZp gpL$p Av$b hpmu v$ R>.
d A v$psudp BV$fhg Aphu iL$ R>. ApZp
It requires far more genius to make
gpL$p L$ped ApZp lpe R>. R>sp L$V$gpL$ dpZkp love than to command armies.
S>X$ B e R>. R>X$p apX$u pMhpy bly klgy R>,
- Ninon De Lenclos
pR>u NpW$ dpfhpy AOfy R>.
gML$ kv$i-Adv$phpv$dp A[Te|qV$h
sd epfe L$pB L$y R> L$, ApB Ad ^f apf ey ?
v|$f S>su [s dpV$ pR>p hmhpp dpN QpMp AqX$V$f R> A kv$iu |rsdp "tQsu
fpMhp. L$v$pQ A fs pR>p Ngp X$. dpZk m' pdu L$V$pf rerds rk pe R>.
Nyk B epfL$ p-AV$uy bpX$ dpfu v$ R> A Response to :kkantu@gmail.com

kV$bf-2014 p

23

dS>dV$ L$pf
v$uL$ c$

A, s, kh-NplL$ S>
sdpfp ^^py L$tbv$y R>
3. hsy ghu R> fsy s lgp s rhi h^pf
dprlsu |R>pf
4. dp kde kpf L$fu bu NplL$pp kde
bNpX$pf
5. hsydp L$pC Z fus Mpdu L$pY$pf A R>u
ksp cph Apu v$hpu Af L$fpf
6. h^ydp h^y hsyy rfunZ L$fu R>uu S>
CA R> s S> hsy gpf
7. hsy Mfuv$hpu S> R> s $u L$fu Aphpf
8. hsy AgNu fpM, R>u ghp Aphui shy
L$lpf
9. Aphsp dlu Mfuv$u L$fui shy L$lpf
Sy>v$p Sy>v$p NplL$p Aepk L$fu S> L$pfp NplL$

NplL$ sdpfp dpV$ khh R>. NplL$u lpS>fu


sdpfu Nrsp dpZ kp NpY$ fus kL$mpegu
lpe R>. NplL$ pp lpe L$ dpV$p s sd L$CL$
Apu S> e R> A Apu NplL$ rhi sdpf
yfyfu ZL$pfu dmhhu S>fu lpe R>. L$pC Z
^^pu kamsp dpV$ NplL$ L$pedu b s S>fu R>
A s dpV$ kp d ApZ NplL$ kdS>hp
X$i. rhv$ipdp hpgdpV$, V$g, dL$X$ppX$ S>hu
^fMd L$uAp h^y NplL$p L$d dmhhp s ANu
epe spgud pNpdy ApepS> L$f R>. fsy
ApZp cpfs v$idp L$uu pX$V$ h^y L$d
hQpe s ANu spgud Aphpdp Aph R> A
su S> ApZ NplL$ fuThu iL$sp u.
ApS>L$pg dpL$qV$Np OZp paig rZpsp
NplL$ ApL$jhpp ysL$p blpf pX$ R>. fsy
NplL$ ApZu pku hsy gi L$ L$d s ANy
op sp S>epf NplL$ ApZ ep b Aph epf
24 kV$bf-2014 p

S> pe R>. ApS>p NplL$dp hsy rhi Nrsy


dpZ O KQy R> s lL$uL$s epdp fpMu
^^p}A Z Ns flhy X$i. epv$ fpMhy L$
^^p} dp AL$ S> lpe R>, S>epf sp NplL$p
AL$ lpe R>. Ap kNpdp NplL$u v$yrepdp
hi L$fu NplL$u CR>p-ArR>p, NdpAZNdp, kv$Nu-pkv$Nu hNf rhi
ANpDu Zu ghy CA. NplL$ cprhs
rl, hcprhs bphu AphL$pfp. S>qfepsp
D$ch A NplL$u hsL$p d sb$p R>.
epfbpv$ NplL$ S> hsyu S>qfeps R> s
ANu dprlsu sp kL$dp Aphsp gpL$p pku
L$ lfpsp dped pfp dmh R> A R>u
hsyu Mfuv$u sfa sy ep e R>. hsyu
Mfuv$u dpV$ Sy>v$p Sy>v$p hcph Ofphsp L$V$gpL$
NplL$pp ApZ Dv$plfZ CA.
1. NyZhsphpmu $ hsy kv$ L$fpf
2. h^y A kp^pfZ qL$dsu hsy kv$ Lpf

ApS>p NplL$dp hsy


rhi Nrsy dpZ
O KQy R> s
lL$uL$s epdp
fpMu ^^p}A Z
Ns flhy X$i
lpe su kp su AyLy$mspu, ^ufS>u, d
hs L$fu s L$pedu ^pfZ pspp NplL$
bphu iL$p R>p. ep NplL$ L$V$gp kde Aphp s
sd dp Aychu S> Mbf X$i.
ApS>p kdedp NplL$p dNS> Df [Qdu
kL$rsu Akf hp dpX$u R> A Ap kp s kp
d pspu S>qfeps hlgu kspjpe e shp
Apie lpe R>. b^p AL$ kfMp NplL$p lpC iL$
rl s hps Z epdp fpMhp S>hu R>. OZu
hMs hp Dpv$ AN L$ hu V$L$pgp rhi

dS>dV$ L$pf
A su kv$Nu rhi NplL$ r^p Aychsp lpe
R>. A s hMs sd s hsyu Mfuv$u ANp
epe rZe ghpdp dv$v$ L$fu iL$p R>p. V$pV$p Ny
kQprgs $pdp, S> AL$ X$uV$g hsyApp ip d
R> ep AL$ bpX$ dpfgy lsy L$ "Arlep Ad NplL$
dp hsy rl Z su Mfuv$up Aych Z
L$fphuA R>uA.'
sdpfp rMpgk ehlpf A hsu NplL$ Df
kpfu Akf hpu R>. sdp{ dpNv$i kpQy
A r:hp li sp NplL$ sdpfp ^^pp L$pedu
ke bu S>i. rdp, lh ApZ AdyL$
NplL$gnu redp Ciy.
1. NplL$ pspp kdeu qL$ds lpe R>. s
ie lpe sV$gu TX$u khp App.
2. kv$pe sdpfp Qlfp Df [ds fpMp.
iApsdp sd sL$gua S>hy gpNi fsy R>u V$h
X$u S>i.
3. NplL$ S> hsy CA R> s S> sd App.
4. OZu hMs ap ApR>p dmsp lpe sp Z
NplL$ h^pf qX$L$pDV$ Apu L$pedu bphu
fpMp.

5. NplL$ kde dm sp S>Zphp L$ rsr$s gpL$p


sdpfu v$yL$pu hsyu Mfuv$u L$f R>.
6. NplL$ kp hs kL$ fpMp. cg R>u sdpfu
v$yL$p AL$ S> hMs dygpL$ps gu^u lpe.
7. NplL$u aqfepv$ pspu aqfepv$ bphp A
sp TX$u rL$pg gphp.
8. v$yL$pdpu L$pfpdL$ hpep lV$php S>d L$
ApS> fpL$X$p, L$pg D^pf, D^pf dpNu ifdphip
rl hNf hNf.
sd Zu Qyep R>p L$ NplL$ ^^p dpV$y L$tbv$y
R>, A ^^pp Ap^pf NplL$ Df R>. sp shp
kNpdp NplL$ kp dspu hsp A s
dlh App. L$pC Z kNpdp NplL$y Adp
L$ hsy rhi v$gugbp L$fp. Adprs NplL$
bu Z sdpf ep Aphsp fpL$i. S> sdpfp
^^p dpV$ L$pfpdL$ hgZ L$lhpi. Sy>p A hp
b NplL$py dp-kdp S>mhpe shp e_p
L$fhp A ^^pu Nrsdp ep fpMhy.

b^p AL$ kfMp


NplL$p lpC
iL$ rl s hps
Z epdp
fpMhp S>hu R>

Qpe QQp

gML$ S|>pNY$ Apeyhv$ L$pgS>dp pepL$ R>.


Response to :
drnirajdm@gmail.com

AgQu
AgQu+dkpgp
dkpgp
gd dkpgp
gp kyNf
gd
gdNpk
Nu V$u
L$pau
g V$u

206

kV$bf-2014 p

25

rhQpfpy hv$ph
p$g MMf

kpsd Ng
ApZ kps Ngp kp Qpghpu rd ep R>uA, lh l
kdN h dpV$ Apu kp b^pB Ry>. L$hu Av$c|s hps !
ApS> hps L$fhu R> AL$ ApMp
b^u S> bp^hp S>sp R|>V$u e R>
A R|>z$ d|L$p sp kfmspu b^pB
e ! "gkb^' AV$g Ahp
kb^ L$ S>u i$Aps sp
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kdeu Ap^udp
gpNZuAp pdij su
lpe Ahy gpN. iy MfMf
Ahy lpe R> ? Qpgp
spkuA...
epfL$ s ip^gp sp
epfL$ qfhpf ip^gp p
kp fZu S>hpsy lpe R>
Z... hkpu bhpu
i$Aps sp kylpNfps R>uu
khpfu su lpe R> ! Ap Z AL$
AbpNfub dv$psp R>. AL$
ApMy L$fZ R> !! Ap kb^ DV$p $d
Qpg R> sNdspu i$ B dNdsp hp ky^uu
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Nrsu... cpMpqX$ep cfsp cfsp dTug ky^u
lpQ Ap kb^.
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ApMApMp d|m kpsp gB Aphhpu OV$p AV$g
g ! A R> fppe afuu L$pB AZ v$iu
AZ dpV$udp... Aey pZu... Aep
dpmu !! epfL$ dfyc|rdp pf L$pdufp
bNuQpdp... sp epfL$ v$qfepqL$pfpu prmefu
Apkpdp S>Ngpdp fppe. epfL$ NyS>fpsp
L$k|X$p fpdfdp fppe sp epfL$ L$fpgpu AgQu
fpS>pdp hhpe A R>pX$p y: S>du
i$Aps pe R>. S> dmu s dpV$u A S> dey s
pZu Ay$ B rhL$ksp S>hy A S>
gh !
26 kV$bf-2014 p

"sy d]Y$m S>hp L$W$Z l dZu pX$pR>X$u.


sy rigpgMp Anf l S>mu bpfpMX$u'
L$lu dZu pSy>L$ hg... AX$uMd ^ufNcuf
hnu Apkpk rhL$ksu fl. S>mu QQm
bpfpMX$u rigpgM S>hp kpu f pspu
ApNhu L$iu L$fsu e. AL$ rhfp^pcpkp hQ
pNfhp gpN AL$ pfu L|$m ! S> kp DW$spb k sp, Mpsp-rsp, k| s p-Nsp...
AL$buu MpduAp-M|buAp Aphsp
Aphsp pNfsu fl ! AL$ ApL$X$p kp d
sp bu Anfp kp ! AL$ bu aX$ cph sp
bu kpD B[X$e ! AL$ aug]N s L$f
epf buSy> kug]N spep L$f. AL$ ap kp
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sp AL$ Abpg ! L$V$L$V$gu rhjdspAp... sp


Z dmsp e dp dm.
cg b X$, dfS> X$ L$ hgV$pB X$
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ApM pMu Npmgu AL$ kpS>
S> lpe dp ! cg
hfkp hQg qv$hk Z
"I LOVE YOU'
L$lhpsy lpe... Z sd
R>sp S.M.S./
Whatsapp p
X $pZ R> X $pR> X $uy
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u lpsp ? L$ u pZu S> bu
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Ahp spapu L$ AL$ S> R>pgL$dp sfbsf L$fu v$ !
sp L$pB ^ufNcuf... ips... AQg... ANp^...
lmhu kdphu g psppdp ! L$pB hmu QQm,
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ep srmey v$Mpe shp. fsy v$u sp v$u S> lpe
R>. Ap v$udp hlsu lpe R> AL$ kb^ pdu

rhQpfpy hv$ph
ph A Ap ph rhi sp Ahy Z L$lhpe L$...
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l] sp ph ps kL$X$p spap fpM R> !'
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kp Qpg R>.
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Aph p ! bp[d c|hdyhrsu.
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ep R>uA, lh l kdN h dpV$ Apu kp
b^pB Ry>. L$hu Av$c|s hps ! rs-udpu
rd bhpdp Apd Sy>Ap sp dp kps Ngpu
S> kaf ? Z fsp L$hX$p gpbp ! elp Aps
Aps k|M su l L$B v$uep... A Agbs...
v$qfepAp Z ! fsy kpQp d sp kfhsu v$u
S>hp Ny lpe R> Av$f hlsp fl kss... blpf
v$Mpe L$ Z v$Mpe ! L$V$p, L$pL$fp, W$k, W$bp,
W$pL$f Mpsp Mpsp lpQhpy kpsd Ng.
klh L$B dpMZdp Qgsu R>fu S>hy u
lpsy. kde A kNpu sphZudp sep R>u
S> kpy Ly$v$ b R>. L$B L$V$gpe hmpL$p pf

L$fsp L$fsp kpQu X$Nf f Qpghpy lpe R> A


epf R>u S> dm R> d pdu dTug.
kss d dp ApR>pep kp hsu "
les'u $ (Adsp) rhi hpey R> sd ? "ld
qv$g v$ Q|L$ kd'u vy$ (qv$u) sp epv$ S> li
Ap ! A gu "rkgrkgp'u Qpv$u epv$ R>
? d d cg gpS>hpb lpe. hyfyjp
kp Nd AV$gp gpcpdZp lpe fsy
hpsrhL$sp huL$pf A S> sp Mfp d.
dNdsp kp Nydpep R>u Z hkfu
hu i$Aps L$fu iL$pe R>. AL$ Qpp R>u
Z S>u kp kps Ngp Qpep A Qplu
iL$pe R>. dp pdhy AV$g d lu Z Aphy
AV$g Z d L$lhpe R>.
A Ap d Apu d pdhpy fle S>d

kdey Ap bX$ppf ! A AV$g S> sp


"Adsp' lpe L$ "qv$u', L$ R>u "Qpv$u'
lpQ... ldMd Ap kpsd Ng... L$ ep rs
lh kMp bep R> !! AL$ kde sp rs sfau
ApTpv$u Z dm L$ Qpg... spfp dNdsp v$qfep
pk l S> gB J spfp d d Aphu v$J !!
A epf Df qv$uApy "c|s'...!!! R>u sp
gpgQ$pL$ kpX$u, bNX$u, b]v$u, Q|X$u, kpdp
kS> B rs L$l R>... "epf L$fp Dk
kuMp p... epf rcpp Ap k kuMu l'....
A epf kprbs pe A kpsdy Ngy key !!
Aru kpnuA ^d A L$pdp afpdp rs
ApNm L$fsu u Qpp dpnp afpdp ps ApNm
pe R>... A kp Qpggp Ap kps Ngpp
kNp... dipp Ar ky^u kp rcphu e
R> ! Ap L$B Nygpbu O u L$ qv$hk DNspu
kp S> Dsfu e !! Ap sp gpgO|d d R> S>
qv$hk qv$hk Ofp sp e...
grML$p Adfgu Mps rinZ kp
kL$mpegp R>.
Response to:parul.khakhar@gmail.com

kV$bf-2014 p

27

V$L$p L$gb
Agp ApCap-6
Ag L$uA ApCap rkqfTdp R>g ApCap-5
blpf pX$p bpv$ s S>bfu kamsp dmu R>.
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L$u lh ApCap-6 dpbpCg ap gphu flu R>.
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kV$bf $u L$fhpdp Aphu R>, sp pX$p qv$hkp
bpv$ cpfsdp gpQ i. 4.7 IQu A 5.5 IQu
qX$g $uhpmp b dpX$g R>. sy qX$g iapef
gpky R>. Ap dpX$gdp buSy> O b^y R>.

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AX$pCV$ L$uV$L$V$dp ksp ap u Aphsp. Ap lqfapCdp dpfL$V$ L$hf L$fhp pCk
dpbpCg L$u dv$p Aphu R> A lpgdp lgy Ahy dpX$g blpf pX$y R> S> AX$pCX$
4.4 L$uV$L$V$ R> A su qL$ds 5500/-u Apkpk R>. 512 fd R>. 1.3 NuNp lV$k
X$yAg L$pf, 4.5 IQ $u, X$yAg kud, 3.2 dNp rkg L$dfp A 32 bu ky^u
AkpX$bg ddfu R>. lh pCk dpbpCg 2800 $repdp AX$pBX$ ap gC Aphi.

gphp hpCb TX$-Vy$ p


dpbpCgu vy$repdp gphp L$uA AgN p bpey R>.
lh gphp hpCb TX$-Vy$ p ap gC Aph
R>. R> IQu $u R>. 3 bu fd R>. 2.5
NuNp lV$k hpX$ L$pf R>. X$yAg dpC$p
kud R>. AX$pCX$ L$uV$L$V$ hT R>.
CV$fg ddfu 32 bu R>. dpfL$V$dp
gpQ ep bpv$ sp cph $u i.

kdkN Ngku pV$-4


kdkNu kyfluV$ Negu Ngku rkqfTdp h^y AL$p Ddfp C fp
R>. kdkN Ngku pV$ 2 A 3u kamsp bpv$ pV$-4 gpQ L$ep R>.
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R>. 16 bu CrbV$ ddfu R>. A Mpk hps A R> L$ sdp 16
dNprkgp L$dfp R>. Ap pV$-4p cph l ApNV$p As ky^u
lf L$fhpdp lpsp Apep.
28 kV$bf-2014 p

epp

Y$pL$ Npd rbfpS>sp

rkq rhpeL$ NZi

csp NZrs pV$L$pX$ gMu


pspu kdep, dpNZuAp
NZrsv$pv$p dpL$gphu iL$ R>.

N NZrsv$pv$pp Dkh l ldZp S>


hpS>s NpS>s |fp ep R> epf epp rhcpNdp
Ap hMs Y$pL$ Npd rbfpS>sp QdL$pqfL$ NZrs
bppu hps L$fuA.
fpS>L$pV$u 106 qL$gpduV$fp Asf DgV$p Aph
A epu S>dZu bpSy> 21 qL$gpduV$f Av$f Y$pL$
30 kV$bf-2014 p

Npd Aph. Y$pL$ Npd pQu R>, AV$gp S> pQu


sp Crslpk R>. Mpk sp Y$pL$ Npd Zusy bey,
ep rbfpS>sp rkq rhpeL$ NZrs v$pv$pp
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lf hj lgp Y$pL$ Npdy pd l pV$Z lsy.
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lsp A sp L$pfZ l pV$Z S>dudp v$V$pC


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dev$i, fpS>p krlsp fpepdpu csp
Y$pL$ NZip v$i lpQ R>.
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NZrs pV$L$pX$ gMu pspu kdep,
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R> A gpL$pp rhp V$m R>. Qpk hju Al]
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|fu kepb^ pV$L$pX$ dm R>. NZrsp
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fMX$$u

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S>fdp S>Ng: byOpX$p


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lsp, fsy sdy kpu rL$$ L$gL$ pspp rsp
iplS>lp |fp kps hj L$pfpNldp fpMhpy lsy.
eL$ BrslpkL$pfpA Ap OV$pp DgM L$ep R>.
ApqL$gMp sdp ysL$dp rhspf|hL$ hZ
L$fsp gey R> L$, ""ApfNTb sp rsp dpV$
L$pfpNldp pZu dpV$u Z epe ehp lpsu
L$fu, epf pZu hNf sX$sp iplS>lpA sp
v$eprl y AL$ gep lsp S>dp gey lsy
L$,
A rv$f s| AS>b dykgdpu,
h rv$f tS>v$p Apb sfkpu !

dphpdp Aphu R>. A BkpB dsp ""AipA


fbpu'' (Holy Communion) L$pfu S> R>.
r:kv$l tlvy$Ap lSy> ky^u rsAp rs p A
AeL$dp rhij p A Apv$fcphu L$f R>.
v$rnZp v$ipdp sp hsdpL$pmdp Z ""kh ks
sp ApdpApp qv$hk'' (All saints and All
Souls pay) du iprs A L$pdpAp dpV$
dphhpdp Aph R>.''
lgpp kdedp dyepp A Y$ rhpk lsp L$
A pspp ds |h A kb^uApp
ApdpAp ss L$fu ksy$ L$fhp rrd iy,
nu A dyep rk L$fgy Av$p L$fsp.
riM kv$pep dlpN ""N kplb''dp
pp drldp Ap dpZ R>.
Ap v$rl Q|g| cf pu.
srl tv$rl S> NNp Apu p
Aps- L$rmeyNdp Ahp yfyjp Z R>, S> he
pspp |h sp AL$ AS>gucf S>m u v$B

AL$pqv$$ L$fpsp p ""rdrL$ p''


L$l R>. L$perkp L$fhpdp Aphsp p
""L$pe p'' L$l R>. hqL$pmdp Aps
yS>d, rhhpl Apqv$dp S> p L$fhpdp
Aph R> s ""hq p'' L$l R>
Apafu bpv$ tlv$hp kv$ bpf,
d v$lv$ rv$f d|v$pfphp v$ped Apb !!
Ap Afbu iv$pp A pe R>, ""l y ! sy Z
rhrQ dykgdp R> L$ S> pspp rhs rsp
pZu dpV$ Z sfkphu fp R>. is-is hpf
ikue R> A tlvy$Ap, L$ S> pspp ds rsp
Z p pfp pZu uhX$ph R>.
pp rhjedp kL$sp S>d rhp dkd|gf
sp ysL$, ""Apepu dlpsp''dp gey R> L$,
""rlvy$Apdp pu p OZu pQu R> A
Ap^yrL$ kde ky^u Arsrh sp iyc
38 kV$bf-2014 p

iL$sp, fsy A fp cNufu tv$p L$f R>, L$


S>dZ |hp Dpf dpV$ NNpy AhsfZ L$ey.
S> gpL$p pp hpsrhL$ fle kd
rsNZp rrds p u L$fsp s ippdp
d|M L$p R>. dlpcpfsu rhvy$fursdp ^sfp$
rhvy$f L$l R> L$, ""p rsep v$v$prs,
sdpld|Y$ Qskd'' Aps- ""S> dye pspp
rsAp rrd p u L$fsp, s byqdp
dyep d|M L$l R>. Apqv$e yfpZ L$l R> L$, ""S>
dye v|$byqhi rsgpL$ Ahp rsNZ l]
dpu p u L$fsp sdp rsAp sdy

fsp L$f R>.'' pu ApheL$sp Z AL$


F>juApA ippdp Apv$i Apep R>. F>rjApp
hQ Aykpf ippdp pp AL$ cv$ R>.
fsy ApZ Al] A pp S> DgM L$fuiy L$
S> Aes ApheL$ R>.
edyfpZdp pQ L$pfp pp DgM dm R>.
re, rdrL$, L$pe, hqp A phZ.
rsqv$ L$fhpdp Aphsp p rep L$l R>,
AL$pqv$$ L$fpsp p ""rdrL$ p'' L$l R>.
L$perkp L$fhpdp Aphsp p ""L$pe p''
L$l R>. hqL$pmdp Aps yS>d, rhhpl
Apqv$dp S> p L$fhpdp Aph R> s ""hq
p'' L$l R> A Adpk rsrdp Ahp hp
kdedp S> p L$fhpdp Aph R> s ""phZ
p'' L$l R>. dpL$X$e yfpZdp F>ju dpL$X$e L$l
R> L$, ""pu s B rsNZ pL$sp
v$uOpey, ksrs, ^, rhp, kyM, fpe, hN
A dpn v$p L$f R>.'' p A rhpk|hL$
L$fgp pdp tX$ f X$gu pZuu pu byv$pu
iy-nuAp h$ X$gp rsApy pjZ pe
R>. S> L|$mdp L$ bpephpdp S> dey pep lpe
s pu aL$gu AL$ AS>gu pZuu S> ss B
e R>. py dlh sp ep ky^u R> L$, pdp
cpS> L$ep bpv$ S> ApQd L$fhpdp Aph R>
spu S> rsNZ ksy$ B e R>. sp cpB
cpXy$Ap kp L$fgp pu sp hps S> iy L$fhu ?
Ap dpZ NlpA v$eu v$hspApy, L$eu
rsNZy A Au pspp b^yApp kL$pf
L$fhp BA. rhZyfpZ L$l R> L$, ""S> L$pf
Nchsu uAp Ncu fnp pfp pspu fnp L$f
R>, A L$pf v$hNZp p pfp pspu sp
dyepu fnp L$f R>. ldpqp pNfMX$dp gey
R> L$, ""peys B pL$d L$fhpu L$hm
rsNZ S> s u sp Z bp, B, $,
b AruLy$dpf, k|e, Ar, A$hky, hpey,
F>rj, dye, iy, nu A k|qfk Apqv$
kde c|spZu ss pe R>. F>ju epohe
L$l R> L$, ""S> dye AL$ qv$hk Z p L$f R>
sp rsNZ hjcf ky^u ksy$ fl R> - A
rrs R>. dlpcpfs Ayipk h (87-917)dp rsv$pu gB Adpk ky^u eL$

pfZcpB L$. V$g

rsrdp p L$fhpp AgN-AgN am rcd


rspdl eyq^r$f bspep R>. Ap L$pf
byfpZdp Z Adpk ky^u rhrc npdp
p L$fhpp rc-rc am bspep R>. p
L$fhpu L$hm rsApu srs S> l] Z spu
pL$spAp Z rhri$ amu prs pe R>.
pQu L$pmdp dyepdp prs S>hu AsyV$
pc[s lsu shu hsdpL$pmdp dyepdp
u. ApS>L$pgp Ar^L$pi gpL$p p e
dpu u L$fsp. L$pB L$f R> sp s qfhpS>
dpu p hNf L$f R>. hsdppdp L$pNX$pAp
A rsApp eNrQp fSy> pe R> A pu
W$L$X$u DX$phpe R>. Ap rlvy$ kL$rsy Adp R>.
epv$ fl ! p A c[s|hL$ L$fgy p S>
L$epZ L$f R>. S> gpL$p kds p L$fu iL$
sdZ ApR>pdp ApRy> hjdp AL$hpf cpdrlpp
rsndp rsNZu dfZrsrA p L$fhy S>
BA. rsn kp rsApp rhij kb^ fl

R>. Apqv$eyfpZdp gey R> L$, ""L$epfpri bpv$


hqL$ iprip Apep R>u rsndp rsNZ
p pdsp rfpi B r:kpkp pMu
Nl v$p$Z ip v$B rsgpL$dp pR>p Qpep
e R>. rlvy$App ^dpZ N "hv$' R>. hv$dp
L$dL$pX$, Dpkp L$pX$ sp opL$pX$ Ap Zey
hZ dm R>. sdp dyep L$dL$pX$y S> R>.
L$dL$pX$dp hv$ps rhrh^ eopu Ay$p rsAp
R>. S>dp rseoy Z dlh|Z hs R>. Ap
rseoy buSy> pd S> p R>. rseop
dsgb R> L$ rsp-dpsp Apqv$ pqfhpqfL$
dyepp dey bpv$ su srs dpV$ p|hL$
L$fhpdp Aphsp tX$pv$L$pqv$ kds L$d
""rseo'' Ahp p L$l R>.
ipps p cpv$fhp kyv$ 15 u cpv$fhp hv$
Adpk ky^up kpm p L$lhpe R>. Ap
qv$hkpdp MX|$sp ApS> hNf pey lpe su
hu kr Ofdp Aphu lpe AV$g bpv$pv$pAp

epv$ Aph A Apdp sdu dlsp Z sdp


rlkp v$Mpe. Ap qv$hkpdp X$pNf hu B lpe
AV$g QpMpu Muf fp^u Mphpp qfhpS> lsp.
S>u Ap qv$hkpdp QpMpu p kfphhpp
qfhpS> i$ ep. fp^gp QpMpp pu rsAp
Ads Aphpu cphp lsu. su pp qv$hk
rsshpek (L$pNX$p) pu, fpNu A p-Ly$sfp
b^p S>dpX$u S>dhpp kL$ A rsApy sZ
R>. lgpp kdedp pndp bpZp
eS>dp ep pq$ep |fu sp ky^u Mpsp
lu. pp qv$hk kepku L$BZ
Aphpp qfhpS> lsp. rsAp dpV$ pp OZp
qv$hk fpep R>, Z dpspp p dpV$ as AL$
S> qv$hk pdp fpep R>. L$pfZ L$ dpV$ cpN
dpspApp dpn S> B Nep lpe R>. Aphu fus
dpkyd bpmL$p dpV$ Z ""bpmp cpmp''p
pp AL$ S> qv$hk sfk R>. OhpegpApu
Qpv$i A c|ep-Q|epApu Adpk fpMu R>.
kV$bf-2014 p

39

rL$p
Apd kdpS>dp b^py p L$fhpdp Aphsy. p
rhj OZp v$gug L$f R> L$, ""smphu blpf pMgy
pZu S>d vy$f Msfdp kL$ L$ep R>sp u
lpQsy, sd A L$fgy p Ae rsAp L$hu
fus dm ?'' Ap v$gug rhsX$phpv$u R>. rhQpf
L$fp, S>d Ofdp bW$gp dpZkpu hps sp pX$piu
u kpcmu iL$sp Z s S> hps dpbpBg
dpfas pe sp v$i-rhv$ip dpZk Z kpcm
R>, sd Al] su pq$ep fdpdp pfp pe
sp S>$f s am R>. fdpdp pfp kdZ L$fgp
iycL$dp amv$psp cNhp R>. uL$Z cNhp
Nuspdp Z L$y R> L$, ""S> Mpe, S> lpd, S> v$p
v$, S> s L$f s kh d AZ L$f'' su pdp
BfpZcph A p Arsie S>$fu R>. Ap
b rhpy gpL$gpS>u L$fgy p ram e R>,
dpV$ S> v$p v$hpy lpe, S> S>dpX$hpy lpe,
S> ss L$fhpp lpe s p A |hcphu
Apv$f kL$pfu kspjhp BA. pZup
AsfApdp ss pe epf fdpdp ss pe
R>. ippdp pL$pfu pL$pfu L$y R> L$, pdp
kNp-kb^uAp L$v$u S>dpX$hp. S> ApZu
kp L$iu ghpv$hp u shp rv$pj hp A
fdpdpdp urs lpe shp S> kspjhp.
dfpfu dfZrsrA v$u, vy$:Mu bpmL$, kp^y,
bpZ A, h A S>mu kspjhp.
rlfeL$riy dpfu tkl cNhp lgpv$ L$l
R> L$, ""l y ! spfp rspu dfZpR>mu b^u
q$ep L$f.'' epv$hpu epv$hpmu R>u ASy>
dfpf pR>m q$epAp L$fu lsu. v$ify p
ufpd L$ey lsy. rhQpf L$fp L$, AL$ L$$ hW$u S>d
Appf, DR>fpf, op, i[s c[s
Appf dpsp-rsp pR>m das dmsp pZuu
Z y sZ L$f sp L$p sp y dyM R>, L$p
sp Aopu R> Ahp A Ly$y R>. hsp dyep
v|$f lpe R>sp kL$bmu AL$buy rls kp^u
iL$ R>. shu fus pspp dey pdgp kNp,
kb^u, rlsju, iy, rd, sdS> S>Nsp
hdpy lepp rdm M|Zpdpu iyc
BR>hpu AL$buu cgu gpNZuu q$epAp,
AL$bup Apv$pgp hpefgku S>d NlZ L$f
R>. q$epdp hpTZu u Z amv$peu R>. S>d
lhpdp pMgp rhQpf L$ iv$ L$v$u pi pdsp u
A S>d kpNfdp pMgp AL$ v$p Ly$X$pmp
D L$ep rkhpe A qL$pf ^$p lpep
rkhpe flsp S> u, sd p S>hu q$epAp
ipps am Apep rhp flsu S> u. Al] Ap
Ayk^p AL$ Dv$plfZ V$pL$hy R>. Aldv$ipl
40 kV$bf-2014 p

bpv$iplp hMsdp Adv$phpv$dp qL$gp QZpsp


lsp. Ap kde Adv$phpv$dp ""dpZL$'' L$fu AL$
kp^y flsp lsp. s Adv$phpv$ S>hy bpv$iplu pd
kv$ lpsy. lh bey Ahy L$, ""qL$gp qv$hk
QZpe A fp X$u e. dpZL$kp^y qv$hk AL$
Npv$X$u V$pL$p dpV$ A fps X$sp V$pL$p L$V$L$V$ spX$,
AV$g qL$gp ^X$^X$ X$hp dpX$, bpv$ipl spk
L$fu sp qL$gp X$hpdp dpZL$ kp^y L$pfZ S>Zpep.
bpv$ipl s dpep A L$y L$, ""Nfp
dyeQpL$ l spfp pdu fpMui A Ap QpL$
""dpZL$ QpL$'' L$lhpi. dpV$ qL$gp QZhp v$.''

Ap qv$hkpdp X$pNf
hu B lpe AV$g
QpMpu Muf fp^u
Mphpp qfhpS> lsp
rQp kL$bmy Ap Dv$plfZ R>. hsp
dye pspp bpmbQp A Ly$Vy$bp dplu
pspy ^ pspp kp gB S>hp$u yev$pdp
u MfQu iL$sp b^y d|L$u dfu e R>. Ap
^p dprgL$ egp sp yp hNf sdpu
epi[s pXy$ MfQu dfpfp cphu S>ddp
klpe L$f sp A S>$f rsF>Zdpu dys pe R>.
Aiyc L$d L$fpf rsp iycL$d L$fu sp y
spfu iL$ R>. iycL$dp bm yfyjpu rspu

kv$Nrs L$fu iL$ R>. lfL$pB pspp kb^uu


iycNrs L$fu iL$ R>. Z Ap q$ep sZ psp
cuX$dp pMu, v$hy L$fu A rdgL$s hQu S>
L$fhu, gpL$dp L$urs dpV$ L$fhu. kp^ lu Z
kL$u am dm R>. S|>p Brslpkdp bpfdy L$
dpV$p S>dZhpf dfpfu pR>m L$ep lpe shy
Aphsy u. Z Ap dfpf pR>m p A
sZ kpA L$fgp R>, shy lf tlvy$ippdp dpZ
R>. cud pR>m Npd lpsy S>dpX$y Z sZ
ey R>. v$if pR>m Aepep u S>dpX$u Z
ufpd p L$ey R>. pshfp, glp, NpdS>dZ
A kp eprs dpV$ R> A hpl-hpl dpV$ R>. S>p
lepdp dfpfy kpQy rls lpe sZ sp ip
dpZ sZ-p L$fhp BA. Ap q$ep
$qY$p qfhp kp L$ip kb^ u. qfhp MpV$p
lpe Z F>rjAp frQs ip rhr^ L$v$u MpV$u
W$f. ifuf R>pX$u Negp h dy[s pep L$ bu
v$l ^ep A hps pR>mp kpdpe dyep $u
S> L$fu iL$. su dfpfu pR>m sp iyc rrd
pR>mp kNp pq$ep L$f sp su dfpf
gpc R>. p kpu S> pe sd u. fdpdp
sp v$uv$pem R>. S>u pk ^ lpe L$ hsy
lpe s dye fdpdp AV$gy S> L$l L$, ""l cy
! Adpfp kb^uy L$epZ sd L$fp A s S> $dp
lpe ep s kyM, kr A iprs dm Ahu
pp. Apd L$fhpu cy s h Ahe
kphp Ap R>. pu sy Ap kL$ p R>.
dfpf ss Ahu cphpA sZ rhr^ R>.
Asfp Ap kL$ iy A kpQp cphp lpe sp
S>$f am R>. Apu L$fgp py Al] Z am
u A fgpL$dp Z am u.

L$rj L$p

X$p. X$u. Apf. v$dpZu

k[e Msup lsy A sp dlhp ANp


v$iu h^su S>su hksu A yfy pX$hp AL$
S> S>dup Vy$L$X$p f hjdp AL$ L$fsp h^pf pL$p
ghpu kp fpkperZL$ hfpip Myb S>
dpZdp h^pfp hpu A k[e Mpsfp
DepN OV$hpu S>dudp k[e v$p Dfps
pL$ DepNu N^L$, S>ks, gpl, bpfp S>hp
kyd shpu DZ hsphp gpNu A L$rj
fkpeZpp dpV$p dpZdp ApX$^X$ hfpiu
S>du, pZu A hpsphfZdp vyyjZu Akf
hp dmu Dfps L$rj v$pidp Tfu fkpeZpy
dpZ Aphhpu rh eppf bfdp hQpZ
A rL$pk L$fhpu q$epdp dpW$u Akf pe sd
lpB k[e Msup ep h^pfhpu Myb S>
S>$fueps R>.
k[e Msu :k[e Msu AV$g L$pfMppdp Dpqv$s
fpkperZL$ Mpsfp, L$uV$piL$, aNpiL$,
tv$pdZpiL$, v$hpAp A fpkperZL$ h[^
reZL$pp DepN L$fhp bv$g dp S>rhL$
Mpsfp, S>rhL$ fkpeZp, kyd hpAp, fcnu
hrs A L$uV$L$pp DepN L$fu dp S>rhL$
A k[e v$ppp DepN L$fhpdp Aphsu
Msu k[e Msu L$lhpdp Aph R>. dpV$cpN
k[e Msudp pL$ afbv$gu, pL$p Ahijp,
pZuS>e Mpsfp, L$W$pm pL$p, gugp X$hpip
pL$p A L$rj Ap^pqfs DpNpu NpZ v$pi $
k[e v$pp, eprL$ Ms L$pep, S>rhL$ L$uV$piL$p
f Ap^pf fpM R>. S>u S>duu Dpv$
S>mhpB fl R>.
k[e Msup lsyAp :1) S>duu amsp mhu fpMu pL$
Dpv$ V$L$phu fpMhp dpV$p dye lsy R>.
2) L$rju ApX$v$pip DepN L$fu hrcf
Msup rhL$pk L$fhpp R>.
3) k[e Msu pfp S>duu Av$fy ephfZ
A S>du Dfp ephfZ sp bNpX$
AV$L$phhpp Di R>.
fpkperZL$ Mpsfpp ApX$^X$ DepNu
Akfp :1) S>dudp leydk A k[e v$ppdp OV$pX$p

fpkperZL$ A R>prZep Mpsfu dL$pBp v$pZpp Dpv$ f su Akf


dL$pB v$pZpy Dpv$ (qL$/l)
dphS>s
1-12
12-18
19-24
25-38
hj
hj
hj
hj
reZ
800
830
0
30
pBV$pS>
1700
1150
400
p+apafk
2400
2850
400
p+ap+pV$pi
3170
3230
820
120
R>prZey Mpsf
2250
2590
2750
2590
BV$pg (1998)
ep R>.
2) S>dudp kyd hpApu L$pe i[sdp OV$pX$p
ep R>.
3) pL$ S>$fu kyd pjL$shpu Mpdu S>Zphp
gpNu R>.
4) kyd hpApp Acph S>duy hs ApRy>
sy e R>.
5) S>duu Dpv$L$sp Df dpW$u Akf pe R>.
fpkperZL$ Mpsfpu kfMpdZudp k[e
Mpsfp DepNu dL$pB, OJ pL$ ^rs fp
gpbp-Npmpp kip^p qfZpdp v$iph R> L$
gpbpNpmpA fpkperZL$ Mpsfpu dL$pBp buS>

Dpv$ f dpW$u Akf eg R>. epf kss


R>prZep Mpsfp hfpiu gpbpNpm Z pL$
Dpv$dp h^pfp hp dm R>.
k[e Msup dlhp ANp:(1) pL$p Ahijpp y: DepN :
(A) Nmrsey Mpsf bphu :- Nmrsey Mpsf
sepf L$fhp dpV$ pL$p Ahijp, Msfp L$Qfp,
ipL$cpp L$Qfp, Y$pfy R>pZ, ipbhpmu dpV$u,
fpM, R>p X $p p v $X$p, gugp X$hpi,
L$pk/AfX$p/syhf/sgu L$fpW$u rhNf Dg^
v$ppp DepN L$fu Bv$pf ^rs, bgpf
^rs Ahp X$ ^rs rhNf pfp Nmrsey
kV$bf-2014 p

41

L$rj L$p
Mpsf sepf L$fu S>dudp Aphy S>$fu R>. pL$p
Ahijp kp iyApp R>pZ d|p DepN L$fu
R>prZey Mpsf Z bphu iL$pe R>. Aphp
R>prZep Mpsfp DepNu S>duu cS>
^pfZ i[s, cS>, ipjZi[s, Ape
rhrde, kyd hpApp dpZdp h^pfp sp
Amrkepu kepdp Z h^pfp pe R>. S>u
S>duu cprsL$ [rs ky^f R>.
(b) pL$p Ahijp bpmu :- L$pk, AfX$p,
syhf A sgu L$fpW$u, ifX$uu sfu, OJp
S>qX$ep, Sy>hpf/bpS>fu rhNf S>du Df bpmu
pi L$fhpdp Aph R>. S> bfpbf u L$pfZ L$
pL$p Ahijpdp flg pBV$pS>, L$pb A
N^L$ S>hp shp bmhpu lhpdp EX$u pi pe
R>. Apu pL$p Ahijp bmhp bv$g hoprL$
^rsu Nmrsey Mpsf sepf L$fu pL$ pfp
S>dudpu dmhg shp afu S>dudp S>
Ddfhpu S>duu amsp h^pfp pe R>.
(L$) pL$p Ahijp S>dudp v$pV$u :lpgdp OJ S>hp pL$u L$pZu
L$bpB lphV$fp DepNu L$fhpdp
Aph R>. S>u 50 V$L$p pL$p Ahijp
S>dudp S> fl R>. hmu ifX$u, L$pk,
AfX$p, Sy>hpf, bpS>fu rhNf pL$u
L$pZu R>u S>du fp pL$p
Ahijp fpV$phV$f pfp pp pp
Vy$L$X$p L$fu ku^p S> S>dudp cmhu
iL$pe R>. Apd L$fhpu S>duu
cprsL$ [rs ky^f R>.
(X$) S>du f AphfZ bphu :pL$u b lpf hQ pL$p Ahijp
AphfZ sfuL$ pfhpdp Aph sp S>du fu
bpuch pfp EX$u S>sy pZu S>dudp S>
kNlu iL$pe R>. S>duy ^phpZ AV$L$ R>.
tv$pdZy reZ pe R>. S>duy DZspdp
S>mhpB fl R> A S>dudp kyd hpApy
dpZ h^ R> kfhpm S>duu Dpv$L$spdp
h^pfp pe R>.
(2) pL$ afbv$gu :
Msu pL$pdp L$W$pm hNp pL$p Ae hNp pL$
kp hphsfdp pL$ afbv$gu L$fhpdp Aph sp
L$W$pm hNp pL$p d|m f Aphgu NqX$L$pAp pfp
lhpdpp dys pBV$pS>y [qfL$fZ B
S>dudp Ddfp pe R> S>duu amspdp
h^pfp pe R> pL$ afbv$guu pL$ kdspg
Aplpf dmu fl R>. ApL$[dL$ qf[rsdp pL$
Dpv$y Md OV$pX$ R> A S>dudp fpNhpsy dpZ OV$ R>. fphu tv$pdZpy dpZ
42 kV$bf-2014 p

OV$ R> Apd pL$ Dpv$dp h^pfp L$fu iL$pe R>.


(3) rb fpkperZL$ tv$pZ reZ :
(A) pL$ afbv$gu :- fphu A AdyL$ pL$
kp S> sp tv$pZpy reZ pL$ afbv$guL$
fhpu L$fu iL$pe R>. sv$Dfps tv$Z kp
lqfapB L$fsp pL$y hphsf L$fhpu tv$Zy
reZ B iL$ R>.
(b) MX$ L$pep :- pL$p hphsf lguu MX$
(prdL$ MX$), Ecp pL$dp L$fhpdp Aphsu MX$
(Apsf MX$) A pL$u L$pZu bpv$u MX$
(pR>gu MX$)u tv$pdZy reZ kpfu fus L$fu
iL$pe R>. Ecp pL$dp hphsf bpv$ 20 u 40
rv$hk lpu tv$Z L$fu AkfL$pfL$ reZ L$fu
iL$pe R>.
(L$) k[e Mpsf :- k|Z L$plhpeg Nmrsey,
v$pby L$ R>prZep Mpsfp DepN L$fhpu
tv$pdZp DNphp AV$L$phu reZ L$fu iL$pe R>.
(X$) res ^rs :- V$L$ res ^rsp

DepN L$fhpu tv$Zp Dh 60 u 70 V$L$p


ky^u OV$pX$u iL$pe R>.
(B) S>rhL$ tv$pdZpiL$ :- kyd hpy L$Qf
bphu, aNp bu dpekguy L$Qf tv$Z
Df R>pV$hpdp Aph R>. Ap Dfps Qp$k
L$pfp qL$V$L$p pfp Z reZ L$fu iL$pe R>.
v$p.s. gV$py reZ V$gpduAp aeygpkp
qL$V$L$u L$fu iL$pe R>.
(4) rb fpkperZL$ fpN-hps reZ :
1) Dpmpdp EX$u MX$ L$fhpu Nfduu qL$V$L$pp
HX$p, L$piV$p, aN rhNfp pi pe R>.
2) fpN-hpsp rsL$pf L$fhp pL$ A su
spy hphsf L$fhy. v$p.s. L$pk iL$f-8
sX$sX$uep kp rsL$pfL$ A QZp ApBkukuku37 kyL$pfp kpd rsL$pfL$ R>.
3) tS>f pL$ (V$ L$p)y hphsf L$fhy.
4) afpd V$ Ahp gpBV$ V$u qL$V$L reZ
L$fhy.

5) fhu A fcnu qL$V$L$p Ecp pL$dp


R>pX$hpu reZ pe R>. v$p.s. v$prmepu
dpgpdiuy reZ pe R>.
6) S>rhL$ fkpeZp- g]bpmuy sg, sdpLy$p
DL$pmp rhNfu S>rhL$ qL$V$L$ reZ pe R>.
7) bL$V$fuep S>hp L$ bkugk yfAkuk
(buV$u)u L$pku v$hpu Bemy reZ pe
R>.
8) aN S>hu L$ V$peL$pX$dp hufuX$u, V$peL$pX$dp lp
d rhNfu dNamu, V$dV$p, dfQu, kyNfbuV$,
ifX$udp kyL$pfp fpNy reZ pe R>.
() S>rhL$ Mpsfp :
S>rhL$ Mpsf A Ly$v$fsu Mpsf R>. S>dp kyd
hpApp AkfL$pfL$ hs L$pjp flgp R>. S>
lhpdpu pBV$pS>y S>dudp [qfL$fZ fl R>
Ahp S>dudpp Age apafk ge
h$dp (uAkAd) afhu R>pX$ Dg^ L$f
R>. pBV$pS> [qfL$fZ L$fsp hpAp S>hp L$
fpBTpbued, ATV$pbL$V$f,
ATppfugd, ATpgp A gy Nu
ANup DepN pe R>. apafk
pe h$dp afhhp dpV$ kyX$pdppk
S>hp hpApp DepN L$fhp BA
S>rhL$ Mpsfpp DepNu Mpsfu
gespdp 25 u 30 V$L$pp OV$pX$p L$fu
iL$pe R>.
(6) gugp X$hpi :
gugp X$hpip pL$ v$pY$u b drlpp
pe AV$g aN Aph epf S>dudp v$pV$u
v$hpdp Aph R>. Apdp L$W$pm hNp pL$
S>hp L$ iZ, B$X$, Nyhpf, QpMp
rhNfp kdphi pe R>. Ap pL$p pfp 40 u
60 qL$.Np. pBV$pS> rs lL$V$f Ddfpe R>.
(7) Amrkepy Mpsf :
Amrkep MpfpL$ sfuL$ k[e v$pp/R>pZp
DepN L$f R>. kp dpV$up fS>L$Zp Z Mpe R>.
Av$pS> dyS>b Amrkep pspp ifufdpu v$f hj
15 V$ S>V$gu dpV$u lNpf sfuL$ af R>. S>
S>dup bp^p ky^pf R>. Amrkepy Mpsf 1 u
2. V$/l. pL$p hphsf kde Apu iL$pe R>.
k[e Msuu D eg Mp^ v$pp DQ
NyZhsp ^fphsp, kpfp hpv$hpmp A svy$fs
dm R>. S>dp dyeu svy$fsu yL$ip $
fkpeZp lpe Aphhp k[e MpfpL$u dpN v$i
A rhv$idp kss h^su hp dm R> A NplL$p
sp h^pf cph Aphp Z fp R>. Apu Aphp
k[e Msup ArcNdu pL$ Dpv$ L$fu
h^ydp h^y And apev$p dmhu iL$pe R>.

ey aX$p
ku.Ad. hfkpZu

Of bW$p ^pdL$ funpu sepfu


dpV$pcpNp hjpu pL$fuu sgpi L$pgS> |Z
L$ep bpv$ S> L$f R> A epf S> ApZ Mbf
X$ R> L$, kpfu kfL$pfu DQ lpv$p IAS / IPS /
IFS / IRS kfnZ v$mpdp Apqakfp hNf L$
kfL$pfdp ppdp pp lpv$p S>hp L$ L$pfL|$,
sgpV$u, L$pV$bg, apfV$f hNf S>hu pL$fu
dmhhp Z ^pdL$ funp Aphu X$ R>.
A ApZ BA R>uA L$ L$pB Z pL$fuu
lfps Aph L$ syfs S> R>pp/V$u.hu. S>hp
dpedpdp M|b dpV$p pe L$pQ]N/V$yi L$gpkp
A s gNsp dV$ufueku lfpspp fpaX$p
apV$ R> A apd cep bpv$ funpu spfuM L$$
lpB ApZ fOhpep B L$pBZ sp Aepk
hNf dpOp gpk L$ dpOp A c|g cfgp
kprlep klpfp gB sdp X$pBA R>uA. S>
gu^ ApZ M|b fud, MQ A MpV$u
lpX$dpfu, Ofu v|$f flhpu-S>dhpu L$gpkdp
Aphhp-S>hpu hNf cpNhhu X$ R> A
kfhpm pL$ gpN A ^pey qfZpd dmsy u.
AV$g pkupk BA R>uA A L$p sp funp
^rs S> v$pj ApuA R>uA L$ R>u
ssp Ae f v$pjfpZ L$fsp fluA
R>uA. S>d L$ lgpu Mbf X$u, S>$fu
dV$ufuek dey, |fsy dpNv$i dey,
hpQhpp- sepfup |fsp kde S> dep.
L$gpkdp L$B L$fpey hNf. S> DrsZ u B
iL$sp sy Aphy-blppy guV$ M|b dpVy b R>.
---------S>d S>d lpv$p pp sd sd ^p h^pf s
ApZ R>g egu sgpV$uu funpdp eyS>dp Apif 1500 S>ep dpV$ 12 gpM
Ddv$hpfp lsp. AV$g L$ 0.125% kv$Nu AV$g
v$k lfdpu gNcN 13 kv$ L$fhpp.
GPSCp 351 S>ep dpV$ 26000 apd
0.067% v$k lfdpu 6 epf UPSC pfp
v$f hj ghpsu rkrhg krhrkk IAS/IPS/IFS
hNf hp- ghpe R> sdp kdN cpfsdpu
1122 S>ep dpV$ 302000 Ddv$hpfp lsp.
AV$g L$ kv$Nu 0.37% AV$g v$k lfdpu
37 kv$ ep.

------------ApZu dpV$pcpNu Msup pL$p Z-Qpf dpk


L$ ApW$-v$k dpkp S> lphp R>sp ApZ gNcN
R> u bpf dpky ApNpsfy ApepS> L$fuA R>uA.
Qpdpky pL$u gZZu bpv$ syfs S> riepmy pL$
hphhpp lpe R>. S>y ApepS> gNcN AL$ hj
lgp L$fuA R>uA L$ dNamu pL$ AV$g pZuu
kNhX$sp dpZ OJ/fy/gkZ-Xy$Nmu S>hp
pL$p dpV$ ApNgp riepmp-Dpmpdp S> pL$
dpZ S>duu/Msfu L$ Msfp cpNu

ApepS>p Acph ^pep qfZpdp dmhu iL$psp


u. Dv$plfZ sfuL$ BA sp cpfsdp ApZu
NyS>fpsu hsu V$L$p R> epf eyuAkkuu
rkrhg krhkdp kdN NyS>fpsdpu dp 1.25
V$L$p ApZ NyS>fpsy rsrr^h L$fuA R>uA.
epf rblpf S>hp L$lhpsp R>ps fpepdpu v$f
hj 100 L$fsp h^pf AV$g L$ 20-25 V$L$p Aphu
funp pk L$fu kfL$pfdp X$pe R>.
ANpsfy ApepS> ip dpV$ ?
cZu psL$ L$ AypsL$ B ApZ iy

kv$Nu sp dpV$ S>$fu rbepfZ Mpsf-pZuu


ehp M|b hlgu rhQpfuA R>uA A s
dpZ k|Z ApepS>b^ QpguA R>uA A
AV$g S> sp ApZ Msudpu L$BL$ L$dpB
ApNm Apep A Ap S> L$dpZu DpN, ^^p,
rinZdp fpL$u A ApV$g lpep R>uA.
Apd ApZ Msup A^hprjL$ L$ hprjL$ pL$ dpV$
S>hy ApepS> L$fuA R>uA shy ApepS> ApZ
ApMu rS>v$Nu cZu NZu L$pd, pL$fu, ^^p
L$fhpy R>. s dpV$ dpV$cpN L$fsp S> u A
AV$g S> ^pdL$ funpdp ApNpsfp

L$fhpy R> ? iy bhpy R> ? L$ S>u ApZ kpfy


AprL$ hmsf sp dm S>, Z kpp kp v$iu gpL$pu khp L$fhpu sL$ dm. ApMu tS>v$Nu S>
L$pd kv$ L$fhy R>, sdp L$pd L$fhpu d Aph.
kdpS>dp dp-dpcp dm, iprs dm, kyM dm
A L$BL$ kpfy L$epp Apdkspj kp kpfp L$dp
b^pe sp ApZp hi-hpfkp Z kyMu fl s
dye lpe R>.
Aphp ANep L$pd dpV$ M|b rhQpf|hL$y, M|b
ApNpsfy ApepS> A s dpZ L$pd lphy
BA.
kV$bf-2014 p

43

ey aX$p
Aep ApZ |f|fp i[sdp lphp R>sp,
ApMu tS>v$ Nu pR>m flu S>Biy A Aakpk
rkhpe L$iy l] L$fu iL$uA.
L$hy ApepS> lpe ?
ApZ ApZp kNp- AprL$
inrZL$/L$pVy$rbL$ hNf dpZ ApZp KQp ee
$u L$fu ApNm h^hy S> X$ A s ee v$p.s.
UPSC/GPSC/bL$ pfp ghpsu funp pfp
Apqakf S> bhy R> A s Apqakf bsp
ghpu funpu sdpd rhNsp dpmMy,
kdeL$, L$pj, f ^rs S>$fu kde hNf
ZhV$|hL$ kpQu S>epAu Zu s dpZ
Ap pspy kdeL$ bphu hlgpdp hlgu
sepfu L$fhp gpNu S>hpe. S>dp iy hpQhy X$i,
L$V$gy EX$pZdp kdS> A op S> s rhjep
AL$ L$fhp X$i kppkp Ap funp gNsy
S>- s rhjeu kdS> A op L$V$gy R>, A L$hu
S>$f X$i. (S> S|>p b-Qpf hju funpp
f kph L$fsp Mbf X$i.) sp Ap^pf sepfu
p S>$fu L$gpL$p $u L$fu hjhpf- drlp A
qv$hk dpZ ep rhje epf sepf L$fuiy A
qv$hkdp Z Aepk L$fsp L$ Ae L$pd L$fsp
L$fsp L$V$gp L$gpL$ bQphu R>pp/dNTu epf
hpQiy, AN/NyS>fpsu epf hpQu dlphfp
L$fuiy, ep kpdpe Aepk dpV$ S>$fu hpQ
v$ffpS> L$V$gy epf i. pspu pV$byL$, apBgp
bphhpp kde ep fli hNf ZhV$|hL$
iprsrQs bku sepf L$fhy S> X$. Aep funp
kde cpfZ h^u e A rbS>$fu fpsDNfp L$fhp X$ L$ dpv$p hpe L$ ^pep dpL$k
dmhu iL$pe A kv$Nuu S>ep dm.
ApZp ee S> funp pk L$fhpp lpe s
dpZ sepfu L$fhu BA. S>d L$ S> NyS>fpsdp
S> flhy R> A uAkku/NpZ khp kv$Nu
dX$m L$ fpep rhrh^ rhcpNp pfp su
cfsudp cpN gB kam hy R>. NyS>fps pW$
ysL$ dX$mp ^p. u 10p pW$ysL$p S>
hpQhp A kdS>hp. NpMhp rl. NyS>fpsu
cpjpy op afeps L$pB cpjpdp dp ^p.10
ky ^ uy epL$ f Z, Np N l Z, L$ l h sp ,
$qY$epNp, kdppu iv$p, X$Zu, AgL$pf,
kdpk, kr^, R>v$, hpeiyq, iv$ kdylp dpV$
pqfcprjL$ L$ kpdpreL$ iv$ kd|lp dpV$
pqfcprjL$ L$ kpdprkL$ iv$p, kprleL$pf/L$rs
hNf L$fhy. S> ^p.10p pW$ysL$pdpu dmu
e.
epf S>d UPSC / BANK / RAILWAY /
44 kV$bf-2014 p

S.S.C. hNf pfp su cfsu pfp pL$fudp


X$phy R> sd NCERTp pW$ysL$p ^p.6
u 10 ky^up hpQhp A kdS>hp. Ap Dfps
^p.11 L$pdky ApL$X$pip Z L$fhy.
AN :cpjp L$pBZ funp dpV$ M|b S> dlhu R>.
L$pfZ L$ lh L$peyV$fp DepN A op
afeps R> epf UPSC/bL$ hNfp fp
AN A rlv$udp Aph R>. uAkkudp Z
ANy dlh NyS>fpsu S>V$gy S> lpe. ANy
op S>$fu R> MfMf AN M|b S> kfm A
Qp$k A hpmu cpjp R>. rhu cpjp sfuL$
OZp v$ipdp hfpe R> A ApZ Z M|b
hpfuA R>uA. s iuMhp dpV$ :
- lL$pfpdL$ hgZ A dpV$ AN iuMhy R> s
^Ni kp dp dlphfp (Practice)

M|Zp, rL$pZ, QsyL$pZ, hsym, nam A


qfrdrs, S>p A kpV$up rhspf, L$gX$f,
hN, kepApu Zu, NZsfuu dprlsuy
AOV$.
fpS>bfpS>u OV$pAp :v$ffpS> R>pp, dNTu, V$u.hu. S>hp dpedpdp
QdL$sp funpdp |R>pe shp kdpQpfp hpQhp
A su p^ L$ L$V$]Nu AgN apBg bphhu
sp rhrh^ kpAp L$ kfL$pf pfp dNp L$
L$pris sp rhrh^ kh A su ApL$X$pL$ue
dprlsup Aepk A AOV$. S>dp
ku^u L$ ApX$L$sfu fus Akf L$fsu epS>pAp,
rrsredp, L$pev$pAp, khnZp, fp$ue A
Apsffp$ue dlhp bphp, fdsp A MgL|$v$,
v$i-MgpX$u, fdspp A rhopdp su ip^p,
epNp A ephfZ A s gNs sp afapfp
- Grammer and Usage, Article, A sp Dpep hNfp spqL$L$ lsygnu Aepk.

pronoun, adjective, verb and tense,


Active and passive voice, Degrees of
adjectives, Common erros usage,
Idioms and common pharse,
Spellings, Homonyms, synonyms
and antonyms, commonly confused
words., Comprehension, hNf L$fhpy S>

^p.10p ky^uy epL$fZ R>.


kpdpe Aepk - GENERAL
AWARNESS

S> ApZ M|b gpbp kdeu kpdpe op


sfuL$ MpV$u fus ApmMuA R>uA. s MfMf AL$
kpdpe cZg NZg dpZk pk L$V$gy kpdpe
tQs A Aepk lpe s R>. S> gNcN sdpd
funpdp QL$pkhpdp Aph R>. S>dp ^p.10 ky^u
cZgp rhjep L$u kdpS>rhp, c|Npm,
Brslpk, fpS>urs ip, rhop A NrZs
A ^p.11, 12p kpdpe hplp Aip,
ApL$X$pip.
sL$b rZe ghpu ndsp :rhri$ qf[rsdp rZep ghpu ndsp, kv$u
khpdp rZe ghpu ndsp, kyipk A
X$lpZcep rZep ghpu k|T.
NZsfu kbr^s ndsp :kep, hN, hNd|m A ^, ArhcpS>e
kepAp, Ahehp, v$ipi Aheh, dpZ,
rlkp A Qg, cpNuv$pfu, V$L$phpfu,
buS>NrZsu c|rdL$p, frML$ kduL$fZ, Ddf
kbr^s p, kffpi, Ops A OpspL$, ap A
yL$kp, rdZ A ArgNi, kpvy$ A epS>,
kde A L$pe, kde A Asf, NZp rkps,
kcrhsspp rkps, Zu A Y$u, fMp,

law of Agriculture :-

Ap ApMy rh Ly$v$fsp Aaf redp Ap^u S>


Qpg R>. S>d L$ k|ep Dv$e, As, huy afhy,
F>syQ$p, hfkpv$ X$hp A s gu^ hrsy
DNhy, aghy, apghy A s f Ap^pqfs iy
nu-pZuAp A Ap hQ$ hNf.
s S> fus Msup red Nd s v$idp Nd s
rkTdp Nd s pL$ dpV$ hjp ep AL$ S> R>. S>d
L$ S>du kpa L$fhu, Msu sepf L$fhu, rbepfZ
kv$ L$fhy, sepf L$fhy, epe Asf, DX$pBA A
hphhy, pZu, Mpsf, MX$ pfp dphS>s A
DR>f S>$f X$ tv$pdZ, hps reZ pL$
|f|fp pL$ ep ky^u fpl ep bpv$ L$php A
DepN gpeL$ sepf L$fhp.
ApS> red ApZu L$pfqL$v$u OX$sf Z gpNy
X$ R>. ApZ S>V$gp dpV$p hp L$ JQp eep
/lpp f lpQhp dpNuA sV$gu h^pf
ApepS>|hL$u gpbp Npmpu dls L$fhu X$.
Ap dls epe qv$ip A kdeb L$fsp flue
sp L$B Aie u A AOfy Z S> X$. sp
Qpgp Of bW$p L$ lpBL|$g/L$pgS>dp cZsp
cZsp S> ApZ sepfu i$ L$fuA.
ANeu hbkpBV$ :www.upsc.gov.in
www.gpsc.gujarat.gov.in
www.ojas.guj.nic.in
www.ibps.in
www.sbi.co.in
www.spcfrajkot.org
www.india.gov.in
www.gswan.gov.in
www.ncert.nic.in
www.gcert.gujarat.gov.in

Aepd

Ofdp rerds

L$pCZ ^prdL$ L$pedp iMp pv$ L$fhpy rlvy$


kL$rsdp Afy dlh R>. kv$uApu |-pW$
hMs iM aL$hpy ApZ ep dlh fy R>. iM
A gdup cpC R>, A rlkpb rh
cNhpp kpmp pe. rh cNhpp AL$
lpdp L$ped iM lpe R>. iM pR>my ip Z
Afy R>. OZp ApR>p gpL$p s hNpX$hpu rhr^,
fus bpbs Z li. cNhp L$Z dlpcpfsp
ey |h iMpv$ L$ep lsp.
v$fL$ v$hp iMy pd Z AgN AgN R>.
dlpcpfs L$pmdp pQe pX$h pk iM lsp.
rh/L$Zp iMy pd "QS>e' R> sp pQ
pX$hpdp ASy>p iMy pd "v$hv$', cudp
iMy pd "p', eyr^r$fp iMy pd "As
rhS>e', Ly$gp iMy pd "kyNlpkp' A
klv$hp iMy pd "dZuyL$' R>.
iMdpu pv$ L$fhpu kpQu fus A R> L$ |p
Apfc L$fp epf i$Apsdp Z hMs iM
hNpX$hp CA. spu hpsphfZu AiyqAp
v|$f pe R> A L$pfpdL$ Ep pi pe R>.
iM hru v$hspAp ApL$rjs pe R> A d
iprs dm R>. iM pv$u |u hsyApdp
Qsesp Aph R>, S>u | L$fpegu kpL$
NZpe R>.

iM

hNpX$hp CA...

| R>u cNhpu Apfsu L$fhu S> CA,


Apfsup Asdp Z iM hNpX$hp S>$fu R>.
Apfsu v$frdep Z iM pv$ L$fhp CA.
iMpv$u fS> A sdp pi pe R> A
khp hpl hp L$f R>. iM hNpX$su hMs A
epdp fpMhpy R> L$ iMu |R>X$up cpN

iM hNpX$pf e[su
kyjyZp pX$u Ns C
e R>, iM aL$pf
e[sp ifufu Av$f
Ar A hpeyy
kdsyg pe R>
cNhp sfa lphp CA. iM aL$pf e[sy
ep iM pv$ hMs k|Z cNhpdp d flhy
CA. ApM b^ lphu CA.
iM hNpX$pf e[su kyjyZp pX$u Ns C
e R>. iM aL$pf e[sp ifufu Av$f Ar
A hpeyy kdsyg pe R>. iM hNpX$hp A
klgp u. pku Nrs rers lphu CA.
iM hNpX$hpu A Z apev$p pe R> L$ e[sp

aakp dS>b|s b R>. kpv$u aL$ dpfhpu iM


hpNsp u. R>L$ prcdpu aL$ gC Aphhu X$ R>.
iM hru Apkpkp gpL$pu L$pfpdL$
E, MpV$p rhQpfp pi pd R>.
lp, AV$gy Mfy L$ epf iM hNpX$hpy i$ L$fp
epf ^udu i$Aps L$fhu R>u fu aL$ dpfu
AhpS>u Nrs KQ gC S>hu. iM hNpX$hpu
Apkpkp hpsphfZdp, iM hNpX$pf
e[su Av$f fS> A sd NyZp hQ i$ C
e R> A ^ud^ud L$pfpdL$ Ep pi pe
R>. L$, L$pfpdL$ i[s sy f h^pf l], s
dpV$ fpS> Ofdp iM pv$ L$fhp CA.
iMdp Z X$pbp A S>dZp Aph R>. iMdp S>
S>epA MpQ lpe s ApX$u-gpbu MpQ ApZu
S>dZu bpSy> Aph sp S>dZp iM L$lhpe A
X$pbu bpSy> Aph sp X$pbp iM L$lhpe. S>dZp
iM iyc A vy$gc dphpdp Aph R>. S>dZp
iM S>hg S> hp dm R>. Ofdp dqv$fdp fpS>
v$uhp L$fu OV$X$u hNpX$hpp A A R> L$, OV$X$u
hNpX$hpu Ofdp kfgu L$pfpdL$ E $ pd
R> A lL$pfpdL$ E Dch R>. OV$X$u ^psyu
lpe R> epf iMy rdpZ Ly$v$fs L$fgy R> A
v$qfepdpu iM dm R>. Adp Ly$v$fsu i[s lphpu
OV$X$uu kp-kp Ofdp iM pv$ L$fhp
ApheL$ R>.
kV$bf-2014 p

45

r$L$pZ
epNusp Wy$df

AL$hpf AL$ S>Ngdp riL$pfu L|$sfp riL$pfu


ip^dp afu fp lsp. OZp kdeu A L$pB
riL$pf dep lsp. A M|b c|ep lsp. Ahpdp
AZ AL$ kkgy ey. kkgp sp S> L|$sfpp
dpdp pZu Aphu Ney. A ey lpi ! ApS> OZp
hMs d-cphsy cpS> L$fhp dmi. riL$pfu
L|$sfpA kkgp L$X$hp dpV$ v$pV$ gNphu. L|$sfpp
Ngpp AhpS>u kkgy sfs S> ksL$ B Ney
AV$g A sp dpX$y cpNhp. psppdp lsu AV$gu
b^u spL$ps cNu L$fu A v$pX$hp gpey. ApNm
kkgy pR>m L|$sfp ! L|$sfp ey, Ap kkgp
sp l QV$udp L$X$u gBi. s pspu spL$ps f
Nh lsp. kkgy Z pspp h bQphhp Nd s
cpN v$pX$u fy lsy. Apd Apd L$V$gpL$ kde v$pX$
Qpgsu flu, Z kkgy L$X$pey lu. ep S>
kkgpA kpd b dpV$p fpu hQ AL$ bMpg
B. A s sfs S> Adp Oyku Ney. bMpg sp
M|b pu lsu. L|$sfp sp Adp Oyku iL$ sd
lsp. AV$g AZ ep blpf bku kkgpu fpl
hpy $u L$ey, Z kkgy sp buL$y dpey Av$f
yfpB fy. L|$sfp blpf bW$p bW$p rhQpf Apep L$
l AphX$p dpV$p, X$pr^ep, riL$pfu L|$sfp A Ap
AphX$p Adp kkgp, l ^pfy sp Ap kkgp
46 kV$bf-2014 p

Di

OX$uL$hpfdp L$X$u gJ, fsy ApS> Mbf l] L$d,


Aphy ey ? kkgp L$X$u iep. L|$sfp sp
pspu s Df ifd Aphu. Aphy ey S> L$d ?
R>hV$ AZ kkgp |R>hpy $u L$ey. sZ b|d
dpfu,
"Ae, kkgp, blpf Aph.''
kkgy sp buL$y dpey AL$ M|Zpdp gpB Ney lsy.
A bpey, l blpf lu Aphy. sy d MpB Bi.
L|$sfp bpep, l s hQ Apy Ry> L$, l s l]
MpD. dpf spfu pku AL$ d|ThZp S>hpb
BA R>.
dpV$ sy blpf Aph...
kkgp L|$sfp f rhpk Apep A A
bMpgdpu blpf uL$ey. L|$sfpA yR>eyAep, spfp L$fsp dpfu uX$ h^pf R>, l s
riL$pfu L|$sfp Ry>, s pX$u S> hpfdp L$X$u iLy$ sd
Ry>, R>sp Mbf l] L$d, ApS> s l L$X$u
iep, Ay iy L$pfZ ?

kkgpA pX$uhpf rhQpf L$ep A R>u L|$sfp


|R>ey- ""sd v$pX$sp lsp, Ay iy L$pfZ lsy ?''
L|$sfpA L$y, ""l M|b c|ep Ry>, dpf dpfy V$
cfhy R>, dpV$ l v$pX$sp lsp.''
kkgpA sfs S> L$y,
sd sdpfy V$ cfhp dpV$ v$pX$sp lsp, epf l
dpfp h bQphhp dpV$ v$pX$sp lsp.
ApZp bu v$pX$dp ApS> afL$ lsp. L|$sfp bl
kdS> X$u. AV$g AZ afuu |R>ey, AV$g ?
kkgpA L$y- S> h dpV$ v$pX$ R> s V$ dpV$
v$pX$pfp L$fsp ApNm fl R>.
sdpfp Di S>V$gp [gAf li, AV$gp sd
ApNm h^ip. L|$sfp pk bu fsp Z lsp.
kkgy L$X$pey sp L$B lu, bu L$pBL riL$pf
dmhu gBi. epf kkgp pk h bQphhp
rkhpe bu L$pB rhL$ S> lsp.
dpV$ v$fL$ e[sA pspu rS>v$Nup iy Di R>.
A $u L$fu L$pd L$fhy BA.

Npdp Qpfp

X$p. hgccpB L$uqfep

bNXy$ : NpQf dpV$y Apv$i Npd


Nfhp Nufpfu Npv$dp S|>pNY$ rS>gpy bNXy$
Npd. Ap Npd dv$fX$p A rbgMpu hQ Aphgy
R>. Ap Npddp eyhp rdpA Npkhp kdpS>u
pp L$fu R>. budpf, rfp^pf, Npepp Ape
dpV$ AL$ kfk Npipmp Qgph R>. S|>pNY$ dpV$u
lhgup hX$p u qL$ipfQ bphpup dpNv$i
lW$m yr dpN}e eyhpp Npkhpy Dd L$pe L$fu
fp R>. Npd Qpes Apgu S>dudp Npipmp
Qpg R>. ApNmp cpN eyhppA bX$-hp
hNpX$u, gpL$X$pefp pfp L$ ^prdL$ kNpA dmsp
v$p-yeu khp kdpS> pd dpV$p lpg bpep
R>. kpdpe Ly$Vy$bp g L$ Ae kNpA ""hpX$u''
sfuL$ DepN L$fu iL$ shp Apie R>. kp Np khp
dpV$ S>V$gy Z V$pL$ v$p Aphy lpe s L$pB
Apu iL$. ApNl l]. eyhpp iy X$pV$fp kp
rbdpf Npepu kpfhpf, pV$p-]X$u, Apfi
hNf L$f R> A eyhpp yeL$pedp X$pB
klepNu bu fp R>.
Ap eyhpp AL$ kfk fZpv$peL$ L$pe L$fu fp R>.
su dpf hps L$fhu R>. ldZp bNXy$ Npkhp
kdpS>dp AL$ Np iubufy ApepS> L$ey lsy.
Npfnp, Nppg, Npkh^ A Np Ap^pqfs
L$rj, ephfZ A Apfpep rhjep kp
NpipmpAp Np Dpv$p pfp hphgbu
bphhpp rhjepu QQp B Ap kp NpdX$
NpdX$ kfL$pfu NpQf S>dudp NpQf ky^pfZp dpV$
Npkhp A NpQf rhL$pk bpX$u epS>pAp rhj
dprlsu Apu. kdN rS>gpdpu D[s
NpkhL$p A NpduAp NpQf rdpZdp
epNv$p Aphp Aug L$fu, NpQf S>dudp
kpakyau L$fu kfk dp QqfepZ Ecp L$fhp
A M|b kpfu S>du lpe sp Sy>hpf, dL$pB,
dphS>hp, ^pdZ S>hp Opky hphsf L$fu gugy
A k|Ly$ Opk sepf L$fhpu rhNs QQp B.
L$pe$d |fp sp S> Npkhp kdpS>p eyhp rdpA
S>Zpey L$, sdp L$lp R>p shy NpQf rdpZ L$ey R>,
s hp Aphp. eyhppu gpNZu A khpcphp
sp L$se-fpeZsp B Ad Npdy NpQf
hp rL$ep. uk huOpu h^y NpQf S>dudp
NpX$p bphm, bpfX$u S>hp rbDepNu hnp kpa
L$fu MpX$p-MbX$pdp dpV$uy yfZ L$fu kfk dy

bNXy$ Npd NpQf S>duu dygpL$ps X$p. L$uqfep.


kdsm Msf bphu v$u^y ApS> sdp Sy>hpf Ecu
R>. riepmpdp bpSy>p L|$hpdpu pZu gB riepmy
hphsf Z L$f R>. Apd Npipmpu Npep dpV$
yfsy Opk D L$fu g R>. hrcfsp sfap
kyv$f epk ! eyhp V$ud $b$ NpQf dygpL$psu
M|b Apv$ ep. eyhpp dpd sp Mfp S>
Z kp ip[v$L$ Arcv$ Z pW$ep Ap
eyhpp lSy> h^pfpu NpQfu ky^pfZp dpV$ d
Aug L$fu. Npkhp ApepNu epS>pu Apaf
L$fu, eyhppA huL$pfu gu^u. bpSy>dp flgu 20
lV$f NpQf S>dudp kfk dy QqfepZ Dcy
L$fhpdp Aphi. S>dp Apd qv$hk v$fqdep Nphi
krls b^p S> iyAp dys fus Qf, af A
svy$fs b. kp Sy>hpf, dL$pB S>hp gugp-k|L$p
OpkQpfp Z bpfdpk dmsp fl.
ApZv$ rS>gpp ^dS> Npd Aphu S> NpQf
S>dudpu D egp gugp OpkQpfp huk
$re AL$ dZ gM iypgL$p klL$pfu ^pfZ

Aphpdp Aph R>. NyS>fpsdp NpdX$ NpdX$ NpQf


ky^pfZpu Tybi i$ B R>. fpep d
drlgp dyedu udrs Apv$ub V$g
2014-15p hj "L$rj hj' lf L$fu L$rj
A iypg rhij dlh Apey R>, epf
iyAp-Aplpf dpV$ NpQf ky^pfZp p^pe
Apu Npkhp A NpQf rhL$pk bpX$ pfp
L$pehplu Nrsdp R>.
NpdX$ NpdX$ Npkhp A Npipmp kp X$pegp
eyhpp pspp Npdu NpQf ky^pfZpu
S>hpbv$pfu DW$phu g sp gpL$cpNuv$pfu L$V$gy kyv$f
L$pe pe ! MpX$g^pd drs dNTup dpedu
NpdX$p-ilfdp hksp khpcphu eyhpp ApNm
Aph A Npkhpp yeL$pe X$pe A kdeu
spsu S>$qfeps R>.
gML$ NyS>fps fpep Npkhp ApepN
A NpQf rhL$pk bpX$p Qfd R>.
Response to: drkathiria@gmail.com
kV$bf-2014 p

47

hlZ

X$p. L$.u. L$uL$pZu

kfNhp
rhkfpsy S>sy
Ad|e hn
kfNhp "hn ipL$cp' sfuL v$i A vy$repdp
kpfu epsu ^fph R>. Ap pL$p pjL$d|ep,
Apj^ue d|ep A ApprNL$ DepN kp
Msudp AL$ fpL$qX$ep pL$ sfuL$ V|$L$p Npmpdp h^pf
AphL$ A Dpv$p L$pfZ lh kh Ap pL$
rkq pdsp e R>. Msuu r$A OZu
AphL$ Apsp pL$ R>. kpMX$p, pv$fp, hX$pv$fp,
kpbfL$pW$p, ApZv$ hNf rhspfdp kpfu Msu
pe R>. Ap Dfps fsp iY$p, pmp, L$pgp A
X$sf S>dudp ApR>u dls DNpX$u iL$psp
kfNhpu Msu AprL$ fus OZu pjZnd R>.
MpfpL$p pjZ A Apj^ue d|ep Ae hnp
kp kfMpdZu B iL$ shp Ap qL$dsu hn
DR>fuA, DepN L$fuA A rhgpesu dpOu
v$hpApu bQuA.
lhpdp :Ap pL$ DZ L$qV$b^ A kdiuspZ L$qV$b^
v$idp DNpX$u iL$pe R>. 25 k. u 35 k.
DZspdp dpaL$ Aph R>, fsy 45 k.
DZpspdp sp k|Ly$ lhpdp kl L$f R>.
hfkpv$ 250 rd.rg. u 1500 rd.rg. ky^u A
v$qfepu kpV$uu 600-1200 duV$f KQpB
ky^u pL$ DN R>.
S>du :NpfpXy$, ded L$pmu A kpfp rspfhpmu
S>dudp Ap pL$ kpfp pe R>. iY$p-pmp, fsp
Dfu ApR>u dphS>shpmu S>dudp Z
kfNhpp TpX$p Dpv$ Ap R>. u.AQ. ApL$
-9 ky^u kl L$f R>. L$ gpbp kde pZu
cfpB fl Ahp AL$v$d cpf L$pmu, QuL$Zu
S>dudp Ap pL$ kpfp sp u.
48 kV$bf-2014 p

kfNhpu Sy>v$u Sy>v$u sp :kfNhpu OZu Sy>v$u Sy>v$u sp R>. NyS>fpsdp


kfNhpu kpfu Msu hX$pv$fp rS>gpdp pe R>.
Ap pL$y NyS>fpsdp sp Df Mpk kip^ ey
u. epf v$rnZ cpfsdp W$uL$ W$uL$ kip^ ey
R>.
* NyS>fpsdp hphpsu sp
kfNhu pv$fp :- Ap pv$fpdp hhpsu s
"kfNhu' sfuL$ ApmMpe R>. (s L$pedu TpX$ R>)
sp TpX$ L$v$dp dpV$p, 15-20 hju Apeye
^fphsp, tiNpu gbpB 30-45 k.du., ApR>p
gugp fN, Ae sp L$fsp X$u dphpv$f, R>X$u
by$u, Mphpdp Ars hpqv$$ Ap s prL$ L$
rL$pk dpV$ A dybB ipL$ bfdp dpV$u dpN fl
R>. Dpv$ AL$f 8-10V$.
kfNhp PKM-1 :- kfNhp PKM-1 NyS>fpsdp
hphsf lW$m R>. S> hprjL$ kfNhp (Annual
Moringa) sfuL$ Z ApmMpe R>. S>u 4-5
hj Apeye lpe R>. L$ L$ fpZu 3#3
duV$f pe R>. fpZu R>u 9-10 dpk bpv$
Dpv$ i$ B e R>. Ap kfNhpu tiNp
gpbu (60-90 k.du.) psmu, R>X$ AZuhpmu
A Ofp gugp fN ^fph R>. L$pgL$sp dpVy$ dpL$V$ R>.
ap :- ugL$pu Apeps L$fg R>. tiNp 3 aV$
gpbu A Dpv$ 600 tiNp TpX$ v$uW$ pe R>.
L$pX$uL$pgd :- rrQpgu rS>gpdp h^pf hhpe
R>. tiNp V|$L$u (20-25 k.du.) pe R>.
fprls-1 :- Ap s dlpfp$p prkL$ rS>gpp
"iplp' (SHAHA) spgy L $ p p "kuf'
(SINNAR) p MX|$s bpbpkplb dpfgBA
AL$ kfNhpu hpX$uApu dygpL$psp gB kv$
L$fg R>. Ap hprjL$ kfNhpu hpX$uApu dygpL$psp
gB kv$ L$fg R>. Ap hprjL$ kfNhp R>. Ap

sy Dpv$ 4-6 dpk bpv$ i$ pe R> A


v$i hj ky^u Dpv$ Ap R>. tiNp 45-60
k.du. gpbu, dphp pQp A hpqv$$, R>pX$ v$uW$
3-10 qL$gp Dpv$ AL$ AL$f 7-12 V$.
L$pBbyf-2 :- fpZu R>u 8-9 dpk Dpv$
i$ pe. hprjL$ kfNhp R>. hjdp b hMs apg
bk, 200-350 tiNp R>pX$ v$uW$ dm, 4- hj
ky^u Dpv$ dep L$f. NyS>fpsdp hphsf lW$m
R>.
u.L$.Ad-2 :- tiNpp fN ApR>p gugp gbpB
45-75 k.du., R>pX$ v$uW$ 300-400 tiNp dm
R>. pZuu rhij S>$qfeps R>.
Ae sp :- dpf]Np, .L$.hu.L$.-1,
.L$.hu.L$.-2, QphgphQfu, L$pL$Z kfNhp, L$d
dpf]Np.
kh^ :- Ap pL$y kh^ buS> pfp A L$V$L$p
pfp pe R>. buS> (hprjL$ kfNhp v$p.s.
P.K.M.-1) sp L$V$L$p (L$pedu kfNhp v$p.s.
pv$fp kfNhu) ku^p fphpu p R> Ahp
L$pmudp fp Ahp L$V$L$p DR>fu fpu iL$pe.
fp DR>f :- gp[V$L$ V$dp L$pL$kuV$ Ahp dpkp
duqX$epdp DR>fhp Ahp 15#10 k.du.
gp[V$L$ L$pmudp DR>fhp, 30-45 qv$hk R>pX$
fphp gpeL$ bi. buS> fpZup kde S|>Sy>gpB Ahp hbf AyL|$m R>.
L$qV$N :- AL$ hj S|>p kfNhpp TpX$p 45
k.du.u 150 k.du. ky^up gbpBp A 416 k.du. X$pBp L$qV$N ghp. 2-3 qv$hk
R>peX$pdp d|L$u fpMu IBA 500 PPMu dphS>s
Apu ku^p Msf Ahp gp[V$L$ L$pmudp
fphp. ku^p fphp, u cpN L$qV$Np
S>dudp S>hp v$hp. S>dudp ANpD kpfy
L$plhpeg k[e Mpsf R>pX$ v$uW$ 1 qL$gp A 10

hlZ
Npd V$peL$pX$fdp A pQ Npd kugpdpekug kfNhpp rhrh^ DepNp : kfNhpp v$fL$
cmhu fpZu L$fhu.
cpNp Mpk DepN flgp R>. sp p sp
tiNp ipL$cp sfuL$ v$pm-ipL$-kcpf, L$Y$u,
ytN :- d ku^p h^sp R>pX$ h^pf X$pmuAp Qpdp Ddfu S>dhpy hpqv$$ A pjZeys
aV$pX$hp 1. duV$f (v$pY$) duV$f KQpBu L$php. bphu iL$pe R>. pu kyL$hZu L$fu phX$f
epf bpv$ v$f hj tiNp |fu pe bpv$ AV$g L$ d- bphu fpS>bfpS>p MpfpL$ A uZpdp Ddfu
S|>dp 30-45 k.du. V$pQu X$pmuAp L$phu. iL$pe R>. Mpk L$fu R>ps rhspfp ep
kfNhpp hnp ytN L$fu (2 duV$f KQpB) DR>fsp bpmL$p, Nchsu A k|rs R>u
W$]NZp fpMhp. S>u tiNp Dspfhu A Ae blp Ap kfNhp Ars DepNu R>, S>p
Msu L$pepu kfmsp fl. as p dpV$p
kfNhp ytN L$fu W$]NZp fpMhp.
res ehp :- kfNhp rerds A
dpZkf pZuu S>$fs R>. Dpmpdp 4 u 6
qv$hk A riepmpdp 8 u 10 qv$hk res
Aphy. X$u BfuNi bkpX$u iL$pe sp rhij
kpfy$. iY$ pm Ahp ^pfuepp L$pW$ kfNhp
fpgp lpe sp Mpk res ehpu S>$qfeps
u.
Apsf pL$p :- L$pedu L$pfp kfNhpdp
i$Apsdp 2-3 hj hgp hNfp ipL$cp,
kpepbu, Nd Nyhpf, fS>L$p, dNamu S>hp pL$p
ghp. S>u h^pfpy hmsf dmu fl. gugp X$hpi
L$fu k[e shp Ddfhpdp Ars DepNu R>.
sdS> L$W$pm hNp pL$ ghpu h^pfpp
pBV$pS> S>dudp Ddfpi.
tv$pdZ :- tv$pdZ MX$/NpX$ L$fu S>du pQu
A cfcfu fpMhu.
tiNp Dspfhu :- Ofp gugp fNdpu ApR>p gugp
fNu tiNp pe epf cfphv$pf tiNp Mpk
L$pfp hpk Df gNpX$g Qurep hX$ Dspfhu.
tiN uQ pfg L$X$pdp cNu L$fhpdp Aph R>.
AL$W$u L$fu R>peX$ gB S>B kpa L$fhu, W$X$p pZuu
^phu sp hN}L$fZ L$fu Qp$k hS> (5 qL$gp)u
kfMu gbpB, X$pB A NyZhphpmu tiNpu
cpfuAp L$fu hV$ugV$f (L$pZphpmu) L$pmudp
Ahp muhpmu gudp L$ L$fu bfdp hQpZ
dpV$ dpL$ghu.
pL$-kfnZ :p Mppfu Bem : kfNhpdp p Mppf MpfpL$dp npfp, pV$u, fkp A rhV$pduu bl
Bemp rhij Dh hp dm R>. Ap Bemp dpV$u Mpdu R>, kfNhp "AV$uAp[kX$V$' sp
reZ dpV$ gudX$pp sg Ap^pqfs Ahp Np "AV$ubpepqV$L$ A[V$rhV$u' ^fph R>. v$rnZ
d| Ap^pqfs v$hpp DepN L$fhp. Arhpe cpfsdp kfNhpp DepNdp O S> kip^
S>Zpe sp S> S>sypiL$ v$hp hpfhu.
ey R>. fsy s NyS>fps ky^u lpey lpe sd
kyL$pfpp fpN : kfNhpdp OZu hMs kyL$pfp A
gpN R>. AL$ v$v$pdp DepNu Dfps rdfk,
X$p kX$pp fpN hp dm R>. S>p reZ dpV$
rhV$prd A pV$uu cf|f kfNhp ApZ
V$pBL$pX$dp (Ly$v$fsu aNpiL$) v$hpp DepN
ep cygpB Nep gpN R>. sp Ap fp pjZ
L$fhp. Arhpe S>Zpe sp S> fpkperZL$
d|ep :
aNpiL$ v$hp hpfhu.

kfNhpdp p
Mppf Bemp
h^pf Dh
rhpfhp gudX$py
pZu R>pV$hy

ApercjL$ dpZ kfNhp suMp, L$X$hp, DZ,


suZ, fyrQL$f, Ar vu$L$, pQL$, kpfL$, h^y
Mpfp sp rL$p R>. L$a, hpey, dyMX$e,
hZ, Ly$rd, Apd, rhjv$pj, bfpm, Nyd, kp,
dv$pfpN, NX$dpm, AQp sp fpNp pi L$f
R>. Ap Dfps iym, L$pY$, ne, pk, dsL$ i|m
A L$pp fpN pi L$f R>.
eyfp Apa gpV$ BX$V$uT sp qfpV$dp
S>Zphg R> L$ kfNhpp pdp hS> dpZ
Npep v|$^ L$fsp Qpf N L$[ied, pfNu L$fsp
kps N rhV$prd "ku', L$mp L$fsp Z N
pV$ried, pgM L$fsp Z N gpl, NpS>f
L$fsp Qpf N h^pf rhV$prd "A' A v|$^ L$fsp
b N h^pf pV$u ^fph R>.
kfNhpp pp phX$f :
kfNhpp py Apj^ue A pjZd|e O
S> R>. sp sp, fp^gp A kyL$p pp DepN
pe R>, fsy pp phX$f bphu fpS>bfpS>
DepN L$fhpy kfm R>.
as pp Dpv$ dpV$ kfNhpy hphsf 2#2
duV$fp Asf fphp. Ap R>pX$ Dfu hjdp 9
hMs ky^u p L$pu iL$pe R>.
L$pgu X$pmuApu p R|>V$p pX$hp, ^php A
R>peX$ k|L$hhp. sp Df dR>fv$pu Ahp
dgu L$pX$u Y$pL$hp, h^pf cS>hpmy hpsphfZ
lpe sp AphX$pe Z L$fu iL$pe. k|L$p pv$X$p
v$mu pMu phX$f bphhp. Ap phX$f 6 dpk
ky^u 24 k.u uQp DZspdp kNl L$fu iL$pe
R>.
kfNhpp p dppp vy$:Mphp kpd, gplu
uL$msp Op Df, QpdX$up fpNp Df, X$gp
Qpv$p Df, TpX$p Df, Nku sL$guadp, sphdp,
QpdX$up v$v$pdp, Nmpp, ApMp A L$pp
fpNdp sdS> L$kfdp kfNhp Ap^pqfs v$hpAp
Ars DepNu R>. agpp fk blp ^phZ
h^pfhp dpV$ DepNu R>. kfNhpy sg
luV$qfep, L$h}, Npg gX$f A pV$V$
pgddp DepNu R> sp dppp sg A
kpv$e kp^pdp hfpe R>. Ap rkhpe
kfNhpp d|m, R>pg, p hNfp AL$ rhrh^
DepNp R>. NyS>fpsdp Ap pL$ kfmspu A
klS> pe R>. L$uQ NpX$dp A ANpkudp
Ly$X$pdp Z kfNhpp R>pX$ DNpX$u iL$pe R>. Msu
rhjeL$ dphS>sp dpV$ NyS>fpsu L$rj
eyrhrkV$uAp A Apj^ue DepNp dpV$
Apeyhv$ eyrhrkV$uA epL$ kip^p lp
^fhpu S>$qfeps R>.
kV$bf-2014 p

49

Zhp S>hy
rlsi kphrgep

AdqfL$p S>hp CR>sp rhp}Ap


dpV$ ANeu dprlsu
dprlsu kp Zu iL$pe R>. SAT S>hu ACT
u Z AV$k V$V$ lpe R>. S> OZu L$pg
AkV$ L$f R>. dpV$p cpN SAT b^ S> dpe
NZpe R>. Ivy-league lW$mu L$pgdp S>hu
L$ (1) Brown University-Rhode Island
(2) Columhia University - Newyork
(3) Cornell University - Newyork (4)
Dart mouth University - New
Hampshire (5) Harvard University Massachusetts (6) Princeton
University - New Jersey (7)
University of Pennsylavnia Pennsylavania (8) Yale University Connecticut hi dmhhp A OZu kpfu
sdS> Best & hardest college NZhpdp

L|$gp V$pDiu, fpe A aX$fg NpV$ pfp


Qgphhpdp Aph R>.
L$pgS> rinZ :sniugp rhpuW$dp Aepk L$fhp Aphsp lsp.
kdepsf eyN bv$gpsp ApS> cpfsp rhp}Ap L$pgS>dp AX$rdi dpV$ epf rhp} 11 L$ 12
DQ Aepk dpV$ rhL$kus v$ipdp S>hpy kv$ ^pfZdp lpe epf
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lgpp eyNdp rhv$iu rhp}Ap cpfsu

50 kV$bf-2014 p

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kV$bf-2014 p

51

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52 kV$bf-2014 p

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kV$bf-2014 p

53

hv$L$p hOpf

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English : False Daisy
Latin : Ecliptaalba
(syn. Ecliptaprostrata)

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54 kV$bf-2014 p

cpNfp AguV$ awV$, MfS>hy A QpdX$up


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Response to : drnirajdm@gmail.com

kL$kk d

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57

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M2M2 sdp2u hu tS>v$Nu L$X$p2u gp, S>ep ky^u
Ap kp dp2p L$bdp R> ep ky^u kgpdsu
2li. Z l e b drlpdp L$X$p Qpep S>hpp
Ry>. A R>u sdp iy i ? A tQsp d...
sd kpQy L$l, sd M2M2 Ap O2dpu uL$mu
S>ph. l R>u L$X$p S>C L$iy l] L$2u iLy$. sd
cpcu u Z dp2u v$uv$u R>p.... crhedp
dmiy sp cpC blp ps...' A R>u pspp
Mpmpdp dpy pMu 2X$u X$p lsp. A sp kp,
rdgs, krs Apu L$X$p Qpep Nep A
ps iu epv$p klp2 A S> O2 X$u 2lu.
Z Apep L$lhp dyS>b be Zv$p kp
MQsu NC. A AL$ qv$hk ^L$L$p dpep... Z
hp s blp2 uL$mu NC. le L$X$ rspp
O2 Aphu sp ep cpcuAp lsu. ps bu.A. sp
ey S> lsy lh bu.AX$. y ey. A MpNu
pL$2u L$2hp gpNu. v$2 qv$hk lgp
Ad2py2u "u Apds' u l2ps hpQu
A2 L$2hp 2pC A ApS> CV$2ey Aphp
Aphu. Z AQpL$ ApS> Aip dmu Nep.
hdp Z l] ^p2gy L$ S>u kp huk huk
h2k ky^u 2dsu 2dsu pu dpV$u C, S>u
kp cZu NZu S>du A 2du A S> Aij Al]
dmu S>i... Aipp rsp 2pd2dp ripL$
lsp A 2pSy>gp rsp kp M|b kp2p
kb^p lsp. 2pSy>g-Aip lX$u, lX$up k2Mu
Dd2p... ApS> ApW$-v$k hp a2u pR>p cNp
C Nep... rhr^p L$hp kS>pN ?'
AQpL$ L|$V$2 Ecy 2lu Ney. 2pSy>gu
rhQp2^p2p s|V$u. "Qpg, 2pSy>g O2 Aphu Ney...'
L$lsp Aip k[ds ey "hgL$d, C dpe lpd
2pSy>g...' 2pSy>g lku. s b ApNm Apep
ep S>, "p Apep, p Apep...' L$2sp b

c|gL$p Av$2u v$pX$u Apep. Aip b sX$u


gu^p. "p Ap L$pZ R> ?' rVy$ bpgu DW$ep.
"ApV$u R>. ds L$2p.' Aij L$y. b
bpmL$pA duW$p AhpS> "ds ApV$u' L$lu
2pSy>gy Archpv$ ey. "L$hp duW$X$p R>' L$lu
2pSy>g bp Npg Mep. Apk2udp b
Ry>V$p dysp Aip bpgu DW$ep : sd bA S>du
gu^y v$uL$2ph.
"ek p...' b bpgu DW$ep. "sp Qpgp gk
L$2hp dpX$p' Aip L$y b buS>p ddp v$pX$u
Nep. 2pSy>g pZu Apsp Aip bpgu DW$ep:
"pL$u NC lpCi ?'
"tl sp -' 2pSy>g [ds L$2u bpgu DW$u. Qpg
S>du S> gCA Aip bpgu DW$ep A qL$Q
s2a v$p2u Nep. X$pC]N V$bg D2 b^y S>
sep2 lsy. bA S>du gu^y. Z A v$2rdep

2pSy>g X$L$u DW$gu


A R>u
2urkh2dp S> iv$p
kpcep lsp s
hMs cp lpsy
2pSy>g Apdsd S>psu 2lu. s ey L$ ldZp
Aipu u Aphi Z e... su Apip
W$Np2u uhX$u. lpW$ D2 Aphgp sZ
hpQp Apu.
"Aip, AL$ hps |Ry> ?'
|R>-'
"sp2p u... ApC du Ap bpmL$pu ddu...'
"lh u...' Aip L$Zsp cey [ds ey. A
R>u sZ ApNmu Q]^u L$y : "Au ddu lh
ep R>...' 2pSy>g S>pey sp ep AL$ apV$p lsp A
Au D2 kyMX$p agp lp2 V$]NpC 2lep lsp.
"Apl ApC Ad kp2u Aip... Z Ap b^y L$hu
2us ? hps L$2hp bky sp h2kpp h2k gpN
Z V|$L$dp L$lu v$D 2pSy>g. Adp2p g R>u
pQ-R> h2k kspp epN ep. Ap b
V$huk lsp. R>L$ ky^u hp^p Apep Z Ap
bp S>d ep Qp2 qv$hk egp A AQpL$
^y2 C Ney. L$pC X$pL$V$2 bQphu iep.
Aep2 l su ddu NZp L$ p... dpV$p
L$ Ry>...'

Apl... Aip ApZu tS>v$Nup klp2p


ApZ S> v$Np v$C S>pe R> ep2 tS>v$Nu
bpTug gpN R>.'
"sp2pe Z dp2u S>hp S> S>Md R> 2pSy>g ?
dp2 s |R>hy S>pCA Z... sp2u Q|X$u Qpv$gp
hN2p lp L$pm S>pC sp de Ad egy.
|Ry> p |Ry>...'
lp. Aip... ApZu L$lpu k2Mu S> R>. pp
bv$gpC Nep R>...' L$lu, 2pSy>g tS>v$Nuu hv$p
hZhu... Aip su ApMpp Apky g|R>sp
bpep, "2X$ l]. r2pipp OV$ A^p2p R>u S>
Apipp k|e DN R>. A Ay sS> iphs lpe
R>. 2pSy>g ips C. b L|$g Nep. V$V$uAp
Aip hps L$2u v$u^u A 2pSy>g kv$ C...
- Aip su v$Mcpm 2pMsp lsp. AL$ qv$hk
s MX$p Ak.Ak.ku.p 2 S>php S>hpy
ey. b bpmL$p 2pSy>g kpu Aip Nep.
S>sp S>sp bpep : 2pSy>g, sy Ay ep
2pMS>-'
"l] Aip tQsp l] L$2sp. sy sp2 Myiuu
l A sp ApRy> l] Aphhp v$D...'
- Z uS> qv$hk rVy$ sph QX$ep... X$pL$V$2
bpgpep. v$hp gu^u. Z sph Ds2hpy pd
lpsp gsp. As, pX$piuu dv$v$u b
pghdp Y$by2u, 2pSy>g il2p v$hpMp Aphu.
Aij ap L$2u v$u^p. X$p. 2phg sph
L$V$pgdp sp gC gu^p Z rVy$ Aep2 lau
S>2 lsu... s sph gu^ L$Zksp lsp... OX$uA
OX$uA p p... u b|d pX$sp lsp...
2pSy>g A qv$gpkp Apsu lsu. "ldZp S>
5p Aphi lp bV$p...' Z Aip Apep
lpsp. AQpL$ rVy$ DgV$u C ai, Qpv$2...
b^y S> bNX$ey... 5p... rVy$ L$2pS>ep.
"ldZp Aphi... bV$p...' L$lsu 2pSy>g A R>psu
k2kp Qpu v$sp L$ley: "p u sp iy ey ?
ddu sp R> bV$p ...? l sp2u ddu S> Ry> R>u
iy R>? Qg, k|C ... sp...' rVy$ OX$u b OX$u
spL$u 2lep A s hmNu k|C Nep.
-Aip Apep ep2 rVy$ 2pSy>g hmNu k|sp
lsp. s Apep ep S> TbL$u S>pNu rVy$ bpgu
DW$ep: "ddu...'
"lp bV$p l Al] S> Ry>. Qg, k|C S>p-' L$lu s
R>psu k2kp Qpu v$C pmhp gpNu- Aip
su kpd spL$u 2p. 2pSy>g su kpd spL$u 2lu.
Aipu ApMpdpu pZu hlu 2p lsp sp
2pSy>gu ApMpe ep L$p2u lsu?
- Apkydp Dd2 ApNmsu lsu.
d
Dc2psp lsp.
kV$bf-2014 p

59

aV$ apBg

QpdpQuqX$ep
epfe pL$ Df QpV$sp u !!

rhQpfp L$ sd L$pB
lpff d|hu B fp R>p. ku
L$B Aphp R>. "AL$ rhipm Ahph$
lhgudp A^pfuep $ddpu rQ-rhrQ
Ahp Aphu fp R>... A lufp L$ lufpB (S>
gNcN dfhpp S> R>...) ^udu A $dp
v$fhp Mpg R>... A ep sp QuQuepfu L$fsp
lfp L$pmp-L$pmp nu S>hp "L$BL$'p ^pX$p
^pX$p DX$sp Aph R> A... R>uy e sp sd
L$u S> gu^y li ! iy li A L$pmp-L$pmp Apmp ?
AaL$pk "QpdpQuqX$ep' buSy> L$pZ ?
fp Al]u sl] DX$sp QpdpQuqX$ep B S>
AX$^p sp X$fu e R>. sd QpdpQuqX$ep rhi iy
"^pfp' R>p ? A L$pmp lpe, Nv$p lpe, tlkL$ lpe,
isp (Vampire)y h$ lpe, pL$ f QpV$u
e (pL$ R>up), Aiyc lpe, flede lpe,
gplu Q|ku e... hNf hNf hNf.
60 kV$bf-2014 p

A
h p s
kpQu R> L $
QpdpQuqX$ e p (bat)
gplu usp lpe R>. Z S>fp pcp.
QpdpQuqX$epu sp AL$ rsAp R>. gNcN
700 rsAp vy$repcfdp hk R>. AdyL$ S>
rs L$ S> dpV$ cpN Df A v$rnZ
AdqfL$pdp hk R>. s gplu u hsu rsAp
R>. "aui BV$f' (dpR>gu Mppfp QpdpQuqX$ep)
sp "pN BV$f' (v$X$L$p Mpsp) rsAp Z Ap
vy$repdp hk R>. Z gplu usp QpdpQuqX$epu
u Vampire bat sfuL$ ApmMpe R>. fsy

ApZ ep sp dpV$pcpNp QpdpQuqX$epAp


amp, ampp fk, fpNfS> A TuZp
hX$pApy S> cpS> g R>.
Apd sp QpdpQuqX$ep lpff qad dL$k dpV$ bl
kv$Nuy p R>. Vampire AV$g gplu Q|ku
S>sp uipQp. AN qaddp Vampires Df
kepb^ qadp bu R>. S>dp uipQp
QpdpQuqX$epp h$ Aphu gpL$py gplu Qyku
S>sp v$MpX$pe R>. L$V$guL$ rk^ qadpdp
Vampire, Blade (pV$, &, &&, &&&) hNf NZu
iL$pe. Aphu qadpp cph lX$m ApZ
QpdpQuqX$ep bl S> pihu, y$f A cv$u pZu
dpu gBA R>uA Z lL$uL$sA R> L$ QpdpQuqX$ep
MfMf M|b S> iprsre, ifdpm, d,
rbDhu, bL$ M|b S> apev$pL$pfL$ A Nc$
pZu R>!
OZp gpL$p sp A S> dyThZdp lpe R> L$
QpdpQuqX$ep nu R> L$ pZu. QpdpQuqX$ep nu
u s ks hNdp Aph R> A
sdu pMp MfMf
pMp u. Adp
ApNgp Nu
M| b gp b u
ApNmuA
p

ps
mu hQpu
X$pegu lpe R>
S> pM sfuL$ L$pddp
Aph R>. pR>gp b
Np u fQp
ApZp lpp S>hu
S> lpe R> ! sdp pQ
ApNmuAp (AL$ ANyW$p krls)
lpe R>. OZp pL$X$u |R>X$u ^fph R> sp L$V$gpL$
"bpX$p' lpe R>. sAp L$gpL$p 10-15 dpBg
S>V$gy EX$u iL$ R> A pR>gp Np u K^p
gV$L$sp fl R>.
QpdpQuqX$ep OZp L$pfp lpe R>. s fN L$pmp,
c|fp, fpMpX$u, bpD Z lpe R>. sdp ifuf f
M|b S> kyhpZu hghV$u af ($hpV$u) lpe R>.
QpdpQuqX$ep sd S>du f bW$gu lpgsdp
Sy>Ap sp sd s rbgLy$g Jv$f S>hy S> gpNi A
dpYy$ Z Jv$fp dyM S>hy S> lpe R>.

aV$ apBg
iy QpdpQuqX$ep fpsp fp R> ?
lp , QpdpQuqX$ep ripQf R>. s kep kde
R>u pspp MpfpL$u ip^dp uL$mu X$ R> A
khpf lgp pspp flW$pZdp lpQu e R>
A ApMp qv$hk K^ dp gV$L$sp flu k|sp fl
R>.
QpdpQuqX$ep ks R> AV$g dpsp AL$ bpmL$
S>d Ap R> S> PUP L$lhpe R>. PUP
S>ep R>u dpsp hmNu sy v|$^ uA R> A
dpsp gNcN AL$ hj ky^u Ap V$Zuep dpVy$ L$f
R>. dpsp v$f hj A S> PUP S>d Ap R>.
QpdpQuqX$ep dpV$cpN A^pfu S>epA, Ahph$
L|$hp, S|>p MX$f, NyapAp, bMpgp, hnp
pgpZp S>hu A^pfu S>epA pspy Of bph
R>. AL$ hkplZdp lfp QpdpQuqX$ep keys
Ly$Vy$bdp flsp lpe R> ! bQp epf pp lpe
epf dpsp s flW$pZdp "K^ V$]NX$' gV$L$phu
pspp MpfpL$ ip^hp e R> A flW$pZdp
lfp bQpAp KOp gV$L$sp flu ddup
Aphhpu fpl Sy>A R>.
spapu V$Zuep L$B dpspA bphgu S>epA S>
sp flhpp u. epf lfp dduAp flW$pZdp
pR>u af R> epf Ap V$pbfuepAp ^dpg bpgphu v$
R>... rbQpfu ddu ! R>pgp L$pV$gp S>hp AL$
kfMp lfp V$ZuepApdpu pspy bQy p
ip^u iL$ A L$pBL$ bu bQp v|$^ uhX$phu v$
sp ? pspy V$Zuey c|M S> df ? p Ap S> sp
Ly$v$fsu L$fpds R>. v$fL$ dpsp-bpmL$ AL$bup
Mpk AhpS> A N^ lfpu hQ Z
ApmMu L$pY$ R> ! v$fL$ QpdpQuqX$ep dpsp pspp
PUPu M|b S> du L$pm fpM R> A^pfu
fpspp DX$hp sp A[sh V$L$phu fpMhp bQp
knd bph R>.
QpdpQuqX$epu gNcN 900 S>V$gu rhrh^
rsAp R>. S> dNpbV$ A dpB$pbV$ Ad b
rhcpNdp hlQu pep R>. ApqL$p A
ApV$rgep rhipmL$pe dNpbV$p Of R>. S>y
hS> gNcN b pDX$ S>V$gy A L$v$ riepm
S>hXy$, lp, rbgLy$g riepm S>hXy$ dpVy$ lpe R>.
Apu S> s "gpe]N apk' sfuL$ ApmMpe R>.
v$Mphdp Z s riepm dmsp Aph R> ! A
epf pMp agph R> epf s agphp R> aV$p lpe
R>... S>fp L$p sp L$fp fp Aphp "DX$spriepm' ApZ ep lps sp ApZu iy lpgs
pe ? Af L$B S> p pe. L$d ? L$d L$ Ap
QpdpQuqX$ep rbQpfp v$Mphdp S> Aphp fpnk
R>p R>. bpL$u sp s 100% epf hV$fue R>.

as agpp fk, d^ A fpNfS> f sAp c


R>. Ap gpe]N apk dpV$ L$lu iL$pe "MpV$u kyfs
qv$g L$ kQ...'
d$pbV$dp V$b|L$X$p QpdpQqX$epp kdphi pe R>.
S> dpV$cpN kL$pfpe epf pp-dpV$p Jv$f S>hp
A pM agph epf QL$gu L$ L$b|sfu kpBTp
lpe R>.
QpdpQuqX$ep pL$ f QpV$u e R> ?
, p dpV$pcpN gpL$p Ahy dpsp lpe R> L$ sAp
Ap^mp lpe R> A gpL$pp pL$ f QpV$u e R>
A pL$ L$fX$u Mpe R>. s MpV$u hps.
QpdpQuqX$ep fp S> EX$ R> A A^pfpdp kpfu
fus B Z iL$ R>. sAp Mpk L$pfp hrp
sfNp R>pX$sp fl R> S> ecolocution L$l R>
A QpdpQuqX$ey s hsy L$ e[sp ApL$pf,

QpdpQuqX$ep as gplu u S> h R> ?


MfMf sp Vampire bat L$pfu rsp
QpdpQuqX$ep S> gplu uh R>. s Z dyey l]
fsy Npe, ck, OV$p, bL$fp, hpv$fp S>hp iyApy
S> sAp gplu uA R> A s Z M|b S> pX$u
dppdp (S> fus BsfX$u, N]NpX$p S>hp fhuAp
Npe-L|$sfp f c R> s fus) dpV$pcpNp
QpdpQuqX$ep fpNfS>, agpp fk, d^ S>hy
QuL$ hplu hNfu S> V$ cf R>. sp AdyL$
Zp hX$p, dR>f, S>syAp, av$p hNf Mpe
R>.
QpdpQuqX$ep M|b ceL$f A L$pdp pZu R> ?
QpdpQuqX$ep sp M|b pSy>L$, Nc$, ifdpm A
fNSy> pZu R>. Ap Ad l] Z pZu
rhijop L$l R>. sdp ds sp QpdpQuqX$ep

KX$pZ A Asf dpu g R>. Apd, AL$ fus s


rbgLy$g fX$pfu S>d S> L$pd L$f R>. Apu S> sp
L$pBL$ pL$R>uy sdpfp pL$ f QpV$u S>i Ahp X$f
v$|f L$fu pM.
QpdpQuqX$ep dyeu S>d Nfd gpluhpmp pZu
R>. sp flW$pZ roosts L$lhpe R>. M|b S> W$X$u
X$ epf AdyL$ QpdpQuqX$ep Nfd v$ip sfa
mpsf L$fu e R>. sp AdyL$ "ius]p' dpZ
R>. dpV$cpN bpD QpdpQuqX$ep ApMp riepmp
"ius]p'dp pY$u e R>. Ap v$frdep s
pspp v$ep ^bL$pfp A QepQu q$ep
Aes ^udu pX$u v$ R> S>u ifufu Ep
DepN duudd pe ! A lapmu kuT
Aphsp S> afuu kpdpe h i$ L$fu v$ R>.

ApZp "v$ps' R>. QpdpQuqX$ep fps ApMu


dR>f, yL$kpL$pfL$ hX$p A av$pApp Mpdp
bpgphsp fl R>. OZu hMs sp QpdpQuqX$ep
pspp hS> L$fsp AX$^p hS>y cpS> L$fu
e R>. (sdpfp hS>p 0% hS> S>V$gy sd
MpB iL$p Mfp ?) ApV$gy S> l] S> hX$p
Msup pL$ yL$kp L$f R> s MpB
QpdpQuqX$ep MX|$spu Z dv$v$ L$f R>. hmu S>
QpdpQuqX$ep am A amp fk f c R> s
amp buS> S>du f rhMfsp e R> A
agpp fk usp QpdpQuqX$ep fpNeu
q$epdp dv$v$ L$f R>. AL$ QpdpQuqX$ey AL$ fprdp
600 dR>f MpB iL$ R> ! ...R> QpdpQuqX$ep
DepN ?
kV$bf-2014 p

61

OV$

L$hu fus i$ C,
bpbL$V$u ffp ?!

gdfu vy$repu gC fyqV$ gpCadp bpbL$V$ lfV$pCg ldip drlgpApu kv$ flu R>. i$Apsp

v$pfdp bpbL$V$ fpMpfu eyhsuApu R>p "bX$Ng' sfuL$ X$u S>su lsu. bpbL$V$ ffpu rhqfs
dpsu Z ^ud^ud Ap V$pCg ai bu NC. Z khpg A R> L$ bpbL$V$u lfV$pCg L$hu fus i$
C ?
L$lhpe R> L$ 18du kv$udp Q NpreL$p pgef bpbL$V$u V$pCg fpMu lsu. S> kpu lgu bpbL$V$
dpe R>. App L$pfZ s sp qfhpf A rdpdp hNphpC lsu. pgefy r^ 1939dp ey ep
ky^u sZ bpbL$V$u lfV$Cg Aphu lsu !
bpbL$V$ lfV$pCg ai sfuL$ prs L$fhpp e gX$u X$pep L|$f e R>. 1920dp sZ Ap
V$pCg Aphu. s A kde IgX$u kpu M|bkyfs drlgp NZpsu lsu. gX$u X$pep L|$f bpbL$V$
V$pCg Apep bpv$ lprghyX$u rlfpC, rbTk ku hpCa Ap V$pCg Aphsu C A
^ud^ud Ap V$pCg ai sfuL$ kfu. R>u sp AdqfL$u Arcu ku hp, p k]Nf X$pep fpk S>hu
krgrbV$uAp bpbL$V$ Aphsu C. 1990dp Aphgu qad " qai'dp Ddp d L$fgu bpbL$V$u
AgN S> V$pCg M|b S> gpL$re bu. IgX$p rk Qpkp u gX$u X$pepu bpbL$V$ V$pCg Z M|b
gpL$re bu lsu. Aepf gpbphpmp ApR>p A bpbL$V$p $T h^pf R>.

Nfv$ A Qlfpu
L$pmpi v|$f L$fhpu qV$k
D fp v$k bv$pd gpmu v$p. khpf bv$pdu R>pg Dspfu su V$ bphp. sdp d^

cmhu Qlfp A Nfv$ Df gNphp.


D v$l] A q$ddp pX$p L$kf Ahp Qv$ phX$f cmhu V$ bphp. s Qlfp
Df gNphp. Qlfp QdL$u DW$i.
D gubyp fk 25 Npd, NygpbS>m 25 Npd A gukfu 25 Npd pu hpV$L$udp
L$pY$u rdk L$fp A Qlfp Df fpsp kde gNphu k|C h. khpf pZuu Qlfp
^pC pMp. hQpp fN rMfu DW$i A ApMp rMpf Aphi.
D v|$^u dgpC Ahp $uddp pQ-kps V$up gubyp fkp pMp. sdp pX$u lmv$f
A gpV$ cmhu V$ bphp A s Nfv$, Qlfp Df, lp Df M|b Okp.
Appu hQpp R>up Mygu e R> A X$X$ L$u v|$f C e R>.
D QZpp gpV$dp pX$u lmv$f A pXy$ v$l] cmhu Qlfp Df gpNhu gp. 15 rdrV$
R>u pZuu ^pB pMp.
D pL$gp pepp Av$fp Nc L$pY$u gp. su V$ bphu Qlfp A Nfv$ Df
dkmp. 15 rdrV$ R>u ^pC pMp. rerds v$kL$ qv$hk Ap epN L$fip sp Qlfp
A Nfv$u L$pmpi v|$f C S>i.
62 kV$bf-2014 p

OV$

QpMpp dS>v$pf L$pX$p


kpdNu : b L$ bpagp QpMp, hpv$Aykpf duWy$, b
bpfuL$ L$pgp gugp dfQp, b QdQu Apvy$p L$V$L$p, gpg
dfQpp phX$f p QdQu, L$pduf, AL$ L$ QZpp
gpV$, ^pZpfy AX$^u QdQu, smhp dpV$ sg.
fus : bpagp cpsdp duWy$, gugy dfQy, gpg dfQpp
phX$f, A L$pduf pMp. lh Ap cpsp rdZ
lmudp fpMp A s QV$p L$pX$pp ApL$pf App.
R>u, QZpp gpV$ AgN pdp L$pY$p. sdp duWy$,
^pZpfy pMu, pZu pMu O$ L$fp. v$frdep
gpepdp sg Nfd L$fhp dyL$u v$p. lh cpsy QVy$ L$pXy$
gpV$p rdZdp fNv$pmp A sgdp smhp dyL$u v$p.
ep ky^u L$pX$p bpD C e ep ky^u smp.
L$pX$p L$pdfuu QV$Zu L$ V$pdV$p L$QA kp MpC
iL$pe.

dpdpT

(rldpQg v$iu hpNu)


kpdNu : 100 Npd dv$p, Z N kudgp dfQp, p N L$pbuS>, AX$^u
QdQu duWy$, AX$^u QdQu dfu.
fus : dv$pp gpV$ pZu pMu L$ZL$ bphp. R>u L$pbuS> A kudgp
dfQpu aX$ pkkfdp pu pu L$V$L$uAp L$fp. sdp duWy$ A dfu pMp.
lh dv$pp pp gyhp bphu s hZp A sdp L$pbuS> A kudgp dfQpy
rdZ dyL$p. lh Ap pV$gu S>hp ApL$pf Apu v$p. Apd, b^p dpdpT
sepf L$fp.
lh, dpV$p pdp pZu DL$pmp A DL$msp pZu Df pmu fpMu, su
Df dpdpk fpMp. Ap p Z Y$pL$u v$p. A 10-15 rdrV$ ky^u V$ud
hp v$p. Nku ApQ duqX$ed fpMhu S>u dpdpk kpfu fus V$ud C e.
M|b kpfu fus V$ud C Nep R>u dpdpk kpk L$ QV$Zu kp MpC iL$pe R>.

kV$bf-2014 p

63

qL$X$T Tp
rlv$u cpjpdp bv$f AV$g hpv$fp, Z NyS>fpsu
cpjpdp "bv$f' iv$ kdyp L$pW$p rhspfp
S>mdpN sfuL$ L$fpsp DepNp m dpV$ hfpe
R>. v$qfepqL$pf Aphgp DepNu S>mdpNpp
p bv$f L$l R>.
cpfsv$idp 5300 qL$gpduV$f S>V$gp gpbp
v$qfepqL$fp Aphgp R>. sdpu NyS>fps fpep
v$qfepqL$pfpp v$i 1600 qL$gpduV$f S>V$gp
rhipm R>. cpfsdp dpV$p, ded A gOybv$fpu
Ly$g kep 180 R>. S>dpu 40 bv$fp sp ApZp
NyS>fps fpedp S> Aphgp R>.
L$X$gp, dpX$hu, hgMu, bX$u, rk$p, ApMp,
pfbv$f, hfphm, cphNf, dNv$gp, dyp,
S>Mp, kgpep A qX$ep hNf bv$fp fv$i kp
hpf L$fu iL$hp knd R> epf bpL$up 26

hNfu rL$pk pe R> A Bdpfsu gpL$Xy$,


rmep, L$pu prmef hNfu rhv$ipdpu Apeps
pe R>.
(3) hgMu : k|B A hfkpdX$u MpX$up kNd
f hgMu bv$f Aphgy R>. Ap bv$f dedL$npy
R>. AL$kp Qpfe V$udfp bv$f f Ecu flu iL$
R>. Ap bv$f fu L$pgkp, ApS> A Mpsfu
S>pb^ Apeps pe R>. hgMu bv$f
duV$fNS> fgh sp L$pV$g lpBh pfp dpfbu
sp NyS>fpsp Ae ilfp kp X$pegy R>.
(4) bX$u : Ap bv$f dNfu 4 qL$.du.p Asf
Aphgy R>. ilfu 11 qL$.du. v|$f fpTu pdp
V$pbv$fp rhL$pk L$fpep R>. Ap bv$f f qL$pfp
ky^u 1000 V$ ky^uu V$udfp gpNfu iL$pe R>.
MS|>f, L$pu, Bdpfsu gpL$Xy$, L$prkep hNf

NyS>fpsp bv$fp
gOybv$fp L$pW$pp bv$fp kp S> hpfu X$pegp
R>.
(1) L$X$gp : NyS>fps fpey AL$dp dpVy$ bv$f R>
L$X$gp. cpfsdp ApTpv$u R>u 1955dp s
h^pf kyrhL$rks L$fpey. L$X$gp bv$f duV$fNS> A
bpX$NS>u fghgpB sp L$pV$g lpBh A
ig lpBh kp X$pegy R>. Ap bv$fdp
1440 duV$f gpbp ^$p A 6 b R>. Ap bv$f
f Ly$g Z ApBg S>V$u X$ ApBg A hplu
fkpeZp dpV$ hfpe R>. 1.30 gpM V$ dpg
kdpB iL$ shp NpX$pDp R>.
(2) dpX$hu : Ap bv$f fghp rhL$pk lgp
ApqL$p v$iu dykpafu dpV$ M|b ANey m
lsy. Al] hlpZ bp^hpp DpN pegp lsp.
Ap bv$f fu Mpm, bV$ppBV$, bpkpBX$, duWy$
64 kV$bf-2014 p

Apeps pe R>. epf Mpm, tkNv$pZp, AfX$p,


E, duWy$, bpkpBX$, dR>u, gkZ-Xy$Nmu, Qp,
QpMp hNfp rL$pk pe R>.
(5) rk$p : bX$u bv$fu 29 qL$.du. v|$f v$rnZ
qv$ipdp rk$p bv$f Aphgy R>. 600 aV$ gpbu
V$udfp Ap bv$f Aphu iL$ R>. Ap bv$f Df
rkdV$ L$uu pspu S>V$u sp "fp h' R>. Ap
bv$f f rkdV$, duWy$ A de DpNp rhL$pk
ep R>. L$pgkp A MuS> sgu Apeps pe R>
epf duW$p A rkdV$u rL$pk pe R>.
(6) kgpep : Ap bv$f kgpep Npd pk Aphgy
R>. Z u pQ gpM V$u V$L$fp pNfu iL$pe
shy Ap cpfsu rd qv$ipdp Aphgy AL$dp
gNf R>. ep hlpZp dpV$ V$pD S>V$u R>. Al]
bv$fu duW$pu rL$pk pe R> A Bdpfsu

gpL$X$pu Apeps pe R>.


(7) hpX$upf : kgpepu 6 qL$.du. v|$f
peapBX$f Mpsu Df Ap bv$f Aphgy R>. Al]
250 aV$ gpbu S>V$gu R>. Al] Bfpu AMpsp
v$ipdpu sg Apeps pe R>. S> sg pBgpB
hX$ dyfp ky^u e R>. Al] b-Z gpM V$u
V$L$fp bv$fNpl L$ pNfu iL$pe R>.
(8) ApMp : kduepZu A iMppf bV$u hQ
ApMpy Ly$v$fsu bv$f Aphgy R>. 126 duV$f gpbu
S>V$u, 304 duV$f gpbu lpa v$uhpg, iY$hpmp
hlpZp dpV$u AX$pp S>V$gu, bV$p eppmyAp
dpV$ kS>f S>V$uu kNhX$spApu Ap bv$f
kS> R>. 20 aV$p X$pV$hpmu 12000 V$u
V$udfp Al] gNf pMu iL$ R>. Al]
dpR>udpfup ehkpe rhL$pk pep R>. 2137
duV$f gbpBp 10 ^$p A hlpZp A
lpmuAp dpV$ Av$pS> 50 S>V$gp Y$pm Aphgp R>.
dNamu, Mpm, sgu rL$pk pe R>. dNgpf,
L$pguL$V$, hgkpX$ A dybB kp L$pW$pp hpf
^d^pL$pf Qpg R>.
(9) cphNf : cphNfdp hy A S|>y
bv$fpp mp R>. S|>p bv$f AL$hpX$pu S>V$u,
pL$h sp gNfNplp DepN pe R>. Al]
V$udfp ^$p AX$L$u Dcu flu iL$ R>.
k]Nv$pZp, sg, Mpm, bpdug, duWy$, gpMX$p
cNpf, bV$ppBV$, $, Xy$Nmu hNfu rL$pk pe
R>. AdqfL$d $, L$prkep, L$fpku, prmef,
L$pgkp, ApS>, Mpsf, N^L$ hNfu Apeps
pe R>.
(10) c$Q : dv$p v$up dyMu 48 qL$gpduV$f
v|$f Aphgy bv$f R>. pZuu cfsu hMs dpV$p
hlpZp Al] Aphu iL$ R>. NyS>fps fpey Ap
ded L$npy bv$f R>. lgpp kdedp Qu,
gL$p, Bfp hNf v$ip kp Al]u hpf sp. $
A gpL$Xy$, L$pX$, L$prkepu rL$pk su A
Xy$Nmu, duWy$, rmep hNfu Apeps su. v$up
L$p gu^ Ap bv$f bl DepNu kprbs sy
u.
(11) kyfs : cpfsdp 17 u 18du kv$u
v$frdep kyfs hpf dpV$y dye bv$f lsy.
kyfsu bpSy>dp Aphg dNv$gp Mps bv$fp
rhL$pk B fp R>. Al] S>V$u ky^u pu V$udfp
A bpS> Aphu iL$ R>.
epf S>V$uu 21 qL$.du. v|$f bv$fNpl pk dpV$u
V$udfp Ecu fl R>. rmep, gpL$Xy$, Xy$Nmu,
Mpsf, ApS> hNfu Apeps su lsu epf
amp, L$pgkp, L$prkepu rL$pk pe R>.

qL$X$T Tp

cpfsue fghu fkv$ dprlsu

gpbp Asf ky^u S>su V$ : rldkpNf


Akk-S>dy sphuu L$epLy$dpfu Ly$g 3751
qL$gpduV$f 74 L$gpL$, rdrV$dp lpQ R>.
n AL$ qv$hkdp h^y Asf L$psu V$ : L$fg Akk
42.50 L$gpL$dp 3054 qL$gpduV$f v$pX$ R>.
n V$p hNf gpby Asf L$psu V$ rhd
fpS>^pu Akk, fpL$pZ hN kpX$p R> L$gpL$dp
hX$pv$pu L$hpV$p hQy 28 qL$gpduV$fy Asf L$p
R>.
n h^y V$idp V$p L$fsu V$ : lphX$p Akk,
Ly$g 125 V$idp fpL$pZ L$f R>.
n kpu h^y es fgh V$i : gMp, v$ffpS> 64
V$ Aph- L$f R>.
n AL$ S> fgh V$i L$ ep Ze bpX$NS>,
fpNS>, duV$f NS>gpB R> - rkrgNyX$u
n b fpeu kflv$ Aphgp fgh V$i : phpyf
S> dlpfp$ A NyS>fpsu kflv$ R> epf rchpu
dX$u V$i dev$i A fpS>pu kflv R>.
n

vy$repy Ahhy

- rhdp 1 rdrV$dp 115 sgpL$ p^pep


R>.
- rh Qpu cV$ Appf v$I Qu R>.
- uApp q$L$V$ fdhpu i$Aps 1947u i$
B.
- vy$repp gpMX$p Ly$g S>pp Qpp cpN
cpfs ^fph R>.
- cpfsdp lhpB R>u hX$ rhdpdpu L||$v$L$p
dpfpf kp d drlgp "L$V$ Qp' lsp.
- rdk hX$ bhpdp cpfsp vy$repdp bu
bf Aph R>. kp d cpfsu fuV$p L$pfuep
rdk hX$ 1961dp bu lsu. R>u Aep
fpe, X$pep lX$, eysp dyMu, reL$p Qpfp
Apd OZu b^u rh kyv$fuAp bu R> A
cpfs bu bf dmep R>.

- 10-3-1910dp sepf egu "B


ApX$L$rgaprep' qad rhu d qad
lsu.
- lpuApp V$pmpdp Nd sV$gu spL$pshpmp lpu
lpe Z V$pmpu ApNhpu klu dpV$u
hsyAp bphhpdp Aph R>.
Jdfu lpZu S> L$f R>.
vy
$
uepdp NuV$ qkV$u Np^uNf NZpe R> ep
- brgdp uV$f lfX$f pdp e[sA fV$pfV$
40 gpMu h^y hnp R>. Npthv$cpB V$g
as L|$sfpAp dpV$ S> Mpgu R>.
Np^uNf NuV$ qkV$u bphhpdp dlhp
- S>Nsp nuApdp pQdp cpNp nuAp
apmp Apep. Ap lgp NuV$ qkV$u
dp hrsp fk Df h R>.
-cpfsdp 40 sp Apqaguk dR>fp pe
pqL$spy Bgpdpbpv$ lsy.
R>. Adpu as 6 sp S> dR>fp dgqfep - vy$repy kpu KQy TpX$ L$rgaprepp
v$qfepqL$pf R>. fX$hyX$ pdy Ap TpX$ 100
agphhpdp dlhp cpN cS>h R>.
- gX$ ilfu Apkpk L$pNX$p dpfhp A Nyp
duV$fu h^y KQy A 15 duV$f epkdp
NZpe R>.
fpegy R>.
- prmefp TpX$dpu gNcN 350 DepNu
- cpfsub AV$pmp
kV$bf-2014 p

65

Reg. No. GUJguj/2011/45510 Printed & Published on 1st of Every Month.


Postal Reg. No. RAJKOT/608/2014-2016 Permitted to post at Rajkot RMS on 7th of Every Month