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M

Beginners Programme
In this part of the course we will learn the words of the Thamizh Alphabet.
The Thamizh Alphabet consists of
Vowels
Consonants
Aaytham
Vowel Consonants

- 12
- 18
-1
- 216

216 Vowel consonants are formed by the combination of vowels and


consonants

Beginners Programme

Key to Transcription
a
A
i
I
u
U
e
E
ai
o
O
au
q

k/g
ng
s / ch
nj
t/d
N
th / dh

p/b
m
y
r
l
v
zh
L

tR / R
n
sh
s
j
h
ksh
sri

- 1


Pronounciation/
In Thamizh, the letter is pronounced either as Ta or Da.
Example
Ta

As in the word Tusk

Da As in the word Dusk


words with the letter

Patam

Picture

Katal

Sea

Beginners Programme

Kutam

Pot

Matal

Letter

In Thamizh, the letter is pronounced either as


Pa or Ba
Example

Pa

As in the word

Ba As in the word


words with the letter
Pasu

Cow

Pahzam Fruit

Puppy

Bulb

Pattam

Kite

Ya As in the word

Vayal

Field

Muyal

Rabbit

Puyal

Storm

Kuyavan Potter

Royal

Beginners Programme

Ma

Zha

As in the word mug

Maram

Tree

Mayil

Peacock

Amman

Goddess

Malai

Mountain

As in the word pazham

Nizhal

Shadow

Kuzhandai

Baby

Flute

Pronounciation/
Letter
is pronounced as it
Example
It

As in the word Cut

Kattam

Square

Sattai

Shirt

Beginners Programme

Vattam

Circle

Letter
is pronounced as ip
Example
Kappal

Ship

Appam

Food Item

Appam

Food Item

PappaLi Papaya

Letter is pronounced as iy

Iy

As in the word Boy

10

Kaiy

Vegetable

Naiy

Caiy

Dog

Baby

Letter is pronounced as im
Example
Im

gk;guk;

As in the word Room

KampaLam

Carpet

pamparam

Top

Beginners Programme

11

mk;kh

ammA

Mother

Flk;

kutam

Pot

Letter
is pronounced as izh
Example
H;

izh As in the word Thamizh

H; vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter
jhH;

thAzh

Latch

ahH;

yAzh

Harp

FkpH;

kumizh

Bubble

12

u r f j
Pronounciation/xypg;g[
Letter u is pronounced as ra
Example

ra

As in the word

Orange

u vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter u
kuk;

maram

Tree

gk;guk;

pamparam

Top

rf;fuk;

cakkaram

Wheel

murd;

arasan

King

Beginners Programme

13

Letter r is pronounced as ca
Example
r

ca

As in the word Church

r vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter r

cangku

Conch

re;ij

canthai Market

rl;il

cattai

Shirt

rd;dy;

cannal

Window

griy

pacalai

Spinach

14

trk;g[

vacampu Sweet flag

bert[

necavu Weaving

Letter f is pronounced as ka
Example
f

ka

As in the word Cut

f vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;:


words with the letter f

fly;

kadal

fl;llk;

kattatam Building

fg;gy;

kappal

Ship

fuo

karati

Bear

Sea

Beginners Programme

15

Letter j is pronounced as tha


Example
j

tha

As in the word Thamizh

jtis

thavaLai

Frog

jo

thati

Club

jr;ru;

thachar

Carpenter

jl;L

thattu

Plate

Letter u; pronounced as ir
Example:

u;

ir

As in the word Car

16

u; vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter u;
ghu;

pAr

World

nju;

thEr

Chariot

kyu;

malar

Flower

Cu;

Ur

Village

Letter r; pronounced as ich


Example
r;

ich

As in the word Church

r; vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter r;

kr;rk;

macham

mole

Beginners Programme

17

jr;rd;

thachan

Carpenter

Fr;rp

kuchi

Stick

cr;rp

uchci

Peak

Letter f; pronounced as ik
Example
f;

ik

As in the word Desk

f; vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter f;
rf;fuk;

cakkaram Wheel

g{f;fs;

pUkkaL

Flowers

gf;fk;

pakkam

Page

18

ru;f;fiu

carkkarai Sugar

Letter j; pronounced as ith


Example
j;

th

As in the word Cloth

j; vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter j;

ej;ij

nathai

Snail

bkj;ij

methai

Bed

kj;jsk;

mathaLam

Percussion
Instrument

g[jj; fk;

puthakam

Book

Beginners Programme

19

- 3
m

<

Pronounciation/xypg;g[
Letter m is pronounced as a
Example

As in the word animal

m vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter m
mk;kh

ammA

Mother

mg;gh

appA

Father

md;dk;

annam

Swan

mzpy;

aNil

Squirrel

20

Letter M is pronounced as A
Example

As in the word Armour

M vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter M
ML

ATu

Goat

MW

ARu

River

Mykuk; Alamaram Banyan Tree

Mik

Amai

Tortoise

Letter , is pronounced as i
Example

As in the word ink

Beginners Programme

21

, vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter ,
,iy

ilai

Leaf

,l;lyp

iTTali

Idly

,e;jpah

inthiyA India

,kak;

imayam Himalaya

Letter < is pronounced as I


Example

<

As in the word Steel

< vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter <
<

Housefly

22

<l;o

Itti

Spear

<r;rk;gHk; Ichampazham

Dates

Letter lh is pronounced as TA
Example

lh

tA

As in the word Tall

lh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter lh
thlhkyu;

vAtAmalar

Non-fading
flower

ehlh

nAtA

Tape

Tlhuk;

kUtAram

Tent

jlhfk;

thatAkam

Pond

Beginners Programme

23

Letter gh is pronounced as pA
Example:

gh

pA

As in the word path

gh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter gh

ghy;

pAl

Milk

ghg;gh

pAppA

Baby

ghujp

pArathi

Barathi

gg;ghsp

pappALi

Papaya

24

Letter ah is pronounced as yA
Example
ah

yA

As in the word yacht

ah vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter ah
ahid

yAnai

Elephant

tpahghup vyApAri

Merchant

jhahu;

Mother

thAyAr

tpisahL viLaiyATu Play

Letter kh is pronounced as mA
Example

kh

mA

As in the word model

Beginners Programme

25

kh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter kh
khd;

mAn

khkuk;

mAmaram Mango Tree

mk;kh

ammA

Mother

khL

mATu

Cow

Deer

Letter Hh is pronounced as zhA


Example
Hh

zA

As in the word
vizhA (Festival)

Hh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter Hh

MHhf;F AzhAkku A Thamizh Measurement

26

THh fy;

kUzhAngal Pebble

VHhapuk;

EzhAyiram Seven Thousand

Letter uh is pronounced as rA
Example

uh

rA

As in the word Rock

uh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter uh

jpuhl;ir

thirAtchai Grape

juhR

tharAcu

Balance

uhzp

rANi

Queen

Beginners Programme

27

Letter rh is pronounced as cA
Example
rh

cA

As in the word Song

rh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter rh

rhl;il

chATTai

Whip

mr;rhzp achANi

Axle Pin

rhtp

cAvi

Key

rhg;ghL

cAppATu

Food

Letter fh is pronounced as kA
Example

fh

kA

As in the word Cock

28

fh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter fh

fhfk;

kAgam

jf;fhsp

thakkALi Tomato

fhis

kALai

Bull

fhJ

kAthu

Ear

Crow

Letter jh is pronounced as thA


Example

jh

thA

As in the word Thaw

jh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter jh
jhkiu

thAmarai Lotus

Beginners Programme

29

jhahu;

thAyAr

Mother

jhs;

thAL

Paper

bghj;jhd;

pothAn

Button

Letter o is pronounced as Ti
Example

Ti

As in the word Ticket

o vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter o

<l;o

ITTi

Spear

jo

thaTi

Club

30

fl;oy;

kaTTil

Cot

bjhl;o

thoTTi

Tank

Letter O pronounced as TI
Example

TI

As in the word Teacher

O vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter O
nfhO tud; kOTIsvaran Billionaire

gl;O tud; paTTIsvaran patiswaran

nfl;Onuh>

KETTIrO

Did you listen?

Beginners Programme

fz;Onuh>

31

kaNTIrO

Did you see?

Letter gp is pronounced as pi
Example

gp

pi

As in the word Pig

gp vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter gp
gpd;dy;

pinnal

Plait

ifg;gpo

kaippidi

Handle

jk;gp

thambi

Younger Brother

fk;gp

kambi

wire

32

Letter gP is pronounced as PI
Example
gP

PI

As in the word Peak

gP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter gP

gP fhd;

PIngkAn

Porcelain

gPgg
; ha;

PIppAy

Barrel

Letter ap is pronounced as yi
Example

ap

yi

As in the word ear

ap vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter ap

nfhapy;

kOyil

Temple

Beginners Programme

thapy;

33

vAyil

Entrance

Letter aP is pronounced as yI
Example
aP

yI

As in the word
effle Tower

aP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter aP
vwpaPlo
;

eRiyITTi

g[tpaPug
; g
; [

puviyIrppu Gravity

Javelin

Letter kp is pronounced as mi
Example

kp

mi

As in the word milk

kp vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter kp
kpd;dy;

minnal

Lightning

34

kpsF

miLaku

Pepper

Letter kP is pronounced as mI
Example

kP

mI

As in the word meter

kP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter kP
kPd;

mIn

Fish

kPir

mIcai

Moustache

Letter Hp is pronounced as zhi


Example
Hp

zhi

As in the word vizhi (Eye)

Hp vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter Hp

nfhHp

kOzhi

Hen

Beginners Programme

35

Letter HP is pronounced as zI
Example
HP

zhI

As in the word vAzhi


(Long live!)

HP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter HP
jhHPh;

thAzhIr

Stoop not!

Letter up is pronounced as ri
Example
up

ri

As in the word Ring

up vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter up
eup

nari

Fox

Vup

Eri

Lake

Letter uP is pronounced as rI
Example
uP

rI

As in the word Ream

36

uP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter uP

ruPuk;

SarIram

sariram

uP fhuk;

rIngkAram

Buzz

Letter rp is pronounced as ci
Example

rp

ci

As in the word sickle

rp vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter rp

rp fk;

cingam

Lion

cr;rp

uchi

Peak

Beginners Programme

37

Letter rP is pronounced as cI
Example
rP

cI

As in the word seat

rP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter rP
rPty;

cIval

rPgg
; [

cIppu Comb

beetlenut

Letter fp is pronounced as ki
Example
fp

ki

As in the word kick

fp vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter fp
fpsp

kiLi

fpz;zk; kiNNam

Parrot

Bowl

38

Letter fP is pronounced as kI
Example
fP

kI

As in the word keel

fP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter fP
fPup

kIri

Mangoose

fPiu

kIrai

Greens

Letter jp is pronounced as thi


Example
jp

thi

As in the word Thick

jp vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter jp

jpz;iz thiNNai Pial

fj;jp

kathi

Knife

Beginners Programme

39

Letter jP is pronounced as thI


Example
jP

thI

As in the word ThIef

jP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter jP

jP

thI

Fire

jPtl;o

thIvaTTi

Fire torch

40

- 4

e
Pronounciation/xypg;g[
Letter e is pronounced as na
Example

na

As in the word ornament

e vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter e
ez;L

naNdu

Crab

eldk;

naTanam

Dance

ej;ij

nathai

Snail

eup

nari

Fox

Beginners Programme

41

Letter is pronounced as gna


Example:

gna

As in the word Finger

vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter
v ; dk;

enggnanam In what manner?

m ; dk; anggnanam

In that manner

, ; dk; inggnanam

In this manner

Letter e; is pronounced as n
Example

e;

As in the word Gandhi

42

e; vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter e;
ge;J

panthu

Ball

re;jdk; Santhanam

Sandal

je;jk;

Tusk

thantham

Rfe;jk; sukantham

Fragrance

fe;jd;

Lord Murugan

Kanthan

Letter is pronounced as ng
Example

ng As in the word Bank

Beginners Programme

43

vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter

br fy;

cengkal

j feif

thangkanakai Gold ornament

e if

nangkai

Lady

rp fk;

cingkam

Lion

Brick

Letter ep is pronounced as ni
Example

ep

ni

As in the word nib

44

ep vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter ep

epwk;

niRam

Colour

epyk;

nilam

Land

epyt[

nilavu

Moon

epjp

nithi

Fund

Letter eP is pronounced as nI
Example

eP

nI

As in the word niece

Beginners Programme

45

eP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter eP
ePyk;

nIlam

A colour

ePjp

nIthi

Justice

ePu;

nIr

water

ePrr; y;

nIchchal swimming

46

- 5
y

Pronounciation/xypg;g[
Letter y is pronounced as la
Example
y

la

As in the word love

y vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter y
cyfk;

ulakam World

gyif

palakai Slate

g[ytu;

pulavar poet

epyt[

nilavu moon

Beginners Programme

47

Letter t is pronounced as va
Example
t

va

As in the word Rival

t vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter t

tiy

valai

Net

til

vadai

A food item

tz;L

vaNdu

Beetle

tl;lk;

vattam

Circle

Letter y; is pronounced as l
Example

y;

As in the word Fill

48

y; vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter y;
gy;yp

palli

Lizard

ky;ypif mallikai Jasmine

fy;

kal

Stone

gy;

pal

Tooth

Letter t; is pronounced as V
Example

t;

As in the word give

t; vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter t;

tt;thy; vavvAl Bat

Beginners Programme

49

brt;thdk;

CevvAnam

Red sky

brt;thiH

ChevvAzhai

Red banana

Letter yh is pronounced as lA
Example

yh

lA

As in the word Language

yh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter yh
epyh

nilA

The moon

gyhg;gHk; PalAppazham The jackfruit

Letter th is pronounced as vA
Example

th

vA

As in the word Valve

50

th vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter th

thuk; vAram Week

thdk; vAnam The Sky

Letter yp is pronounced as Li
Example

yp

Li

As in the word Lilly

yp vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter yp

vyp

eli

Rat

g[yp

puli

Tiger

Beginners Programme

51

Letter yP is pronounced as lI
Example

yP

lI

As in the word Leaf

yP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter yP

fy;yPuy; kallIral Liver

Letter tp is pronounced as vi
Example

tp

vi

As in the word village

tp vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter tp

tpuy;

viral

Finger

g[tp

puvi

World

52

Letter tP is pronounced as vI
Example

tP

vI

As in the word vIdeo

tP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter tP
tPL

vIdu

House

tPjp

vIthi

Street

Beginners Programme

53

- 6

Pronunciation/xypg;g[
Letter v is pronounced as e
Example

As in the word Elephant

v vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;:


Words with the letter v

vWk;g[

eRumpu Ant

vUJ

eruthu

Bull

vl;L

eTTu

Eight

vz;gJ eNpathu Eighty

54

Letter V is pronounced as E
Example

As in the word Agent

V vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter V

Vzp

ENi

Ladder

Vup

Eri

Lake

VG

Ezhu

Seven

Vu;

Er

Plough

Beginners Programme

55

Letter is pronounced as nja


Example

nja

As in the word namali (Dog)

vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter

kd;

njaman

The Lord of Death

hapW njAyiRu

Sun

hyk; nJAlam

World

Letter is pronounced as nj
Example

nj

As in the word Tanjore

56

vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter
k rs;

manjchaL

Turmeric

g R

panjchu

Cotton

C ry;

Unjchal

Swing

fpsp ry;

kiLinjchal

Shell

m ryfk; anjachalakam Post Office

Letter is pronounced as nji


Example

nji

As in the word njimiRu


(Beetle)

Beginners Programme

57

Letter Z is pronounced as njI


Example

njI

As in the Word painjnjIlam


(Greenish Blue)

Letter bl is pronounced as te
Example

bl

te

As in the word Test

bl vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bl

Rz;blyp

chuNteli

Mouse

fhl;blUik kAtterumai Bison

58

Letter nl is pronounced as tE or dE
Example

nl

tE or dE As in the word Date

nl vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nl

cld;gnly;

utanpatEl Disagree

fz;nld;

kaNdEn

Saw

cld;gl;nld; utanpattEn Agreed

nfl;nld;

KEttEn

Heard

Beginners Programme

59

Letter bg is pronounced as pe
Example

bg

pe

As in the word pen

bg vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bg
bgz;

peN

Woman

bgl;o

petti

Box

Letter ng is pronounced as pE
Example

ng

pE

As in the word paper

ng vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter ng

ngR

pEsu

Speak

60

ngij

pEthai

Innocent girl

ngdh

pEnA

Pen

ngupf;fha;

pErikkAy Pear

Letter ba is pronounced as ye
Example

ba

ye

As in the word Yellow

ba vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter ba

ifbaGj;J

kaiyezhuththu

Hand writing

gilbaLg;g[

pataiyeduppu

Invasion

Beginners Programme

61

Letter na is pronounced as yE
Example

na

yE

As in the word ear

na vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter na
ifnaL

kaiyEdu

Handbook

jdptHpna thanivazhiyE On a lonely path

btspna

veLiyE

Outside

Letter bk is pronounced as me
Example

bk

me

As in the word men

62

bk vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bk

bkj;ij

meththai Bed

bkl;o

metti

Toe-ring

Letter nk is pronounced as mE
Example

nk

mE

As in the word map

nk vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nk

nksk;

mELam Percussion Instrument

nkil

mEdai

Dais

Beginners Programme

63

Letter bH is pronounced as zhe


Example

bH

zhe

As in the word yazhe


(Harp)

Letter nH is pronounced as zhE


Example
nH

zhE

As in the word kIzhE


(Down)

Letter bu is pronounced as re
Example

bu

re

As in the word red

Letter nu is pronounced as rE
Example

nu

rE

As in the word kairEkai


(Line on the Palm)

64

Letter br is pronounced as che


Example

br

che

As in the word Second

br vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter br
brk;g[

chembu A Vessel

bro

chedi

A Plant

Letter nr is pronounced as chE


Example

nr

chE

As in the word safe

nr vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nr
nrty; chEval Cock

Beginners Programme

nriy SElai

65

Saree

Letter bf is pronounced as ke
Example

bf

ke

As in the word kettle

bf vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bf

bfz;o

keNTi

Container

bfk;g[

kembu

Coral

Letter nf is pronounced as kE
Example

nf

kE

As in the word cane

66

nf vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nf
nfzp

kENi

nfs;tpf;Fwp

kELvikkuRi Question Mark

A well

Letter bj is pronounced as the


Example

bj

the

As in the word Therapy

bj vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bj
bjd;id

thennai

bjg;gk;

theppam A kind of Float

Coconut Tree

Beginners Programme

67

Letter nj is pronounced as thE


Example
nj

thE

As in the word Third

nj vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nj

njs;

thEL

Scorpion

nju;

thEr

Chariot

Letter be is pronounced as ne
Example
be

ne

As in the word neck

be vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter be
bey;

nel

Paddy

bert[

nesavu

Weaving

68

Letter ne is pronounced as nE
Example

ne

nE

As in the word nation

ne vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter ne

neU

nEru

Nehru

neu;nfhL nErkOdu Straight Line

Letter by is pronounced as le
Example
by

le

As in the word leg

Letter ny is pronounced as lE
Example

ny

lE

As in the word Rope Ladder

Beginners Programme

69

Letter bt is pronounced as ve
Example

bt

ve

As in the word Vegetable

bt vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bt
bt fhak;

vengkkAyam

btz;ilf;fha; veNdaikkAy

Onion

Ladys Finger

Letter nt is pronounced as VE
Example

nt

VE

As in the word vaccine

nt vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nt
nty;

VEl

Spear

ntyp

VEli

Fence

70

- 7
c
Pronounciation/xypg;g[
Letter c is pronounced as u
Example

As in the word wood

c vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


words with the letter c

cyf cUz;il ulaka uruNtai Globe

cLk;g[

udumbu

Iguana

cLf;F

udukku

A small drum

cz;oay;

undiyal

Hundi

Beginners Programme

71

Letter g[ is pronounced as pu
Example

g[

pu

As in the word push

g[ vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter g[
g[wh

puRA

Pigeion

g[yp

puli

Tiger

g[wW
;

puRRu

Anthill

g[jj; fk;

puththakam A Book

72

vWk;g[

eRumbu

Ant

fUk;g[

Karumbu

Sugarcane

brk;g[

chembu

A container

mUk;g[ arumbu

Bud

cg;g[

uppu

Salt

gUg;g[

paruppu

Nut

Beginners Programme

73

fUg;g[

karuppu

Black

rptg;g[

civappu

Red

Letter a[ is pronounced as yu
Example

a[

yu

As in the word Uranium

a[ vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter a[
Ma[jk;

Ayudham

Weapon

a[j;jk;

yudhdham

War

a[td;

yuvan

Youngman

74

kiya[rr; p malaiyuchchi

Mountain peak

Letter R is pronounced as chu or su


Example

Chu

As in the word sugar

R vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter R
fhR

kAsu

Coin

gR

pasu

Cow

Rtu;

chuvar

Wall

bfhYR

kolusu

Anklet

Beginners Programme

g R

75

panjchu

Cotton

fj;jpupg;gp R kaththirippinjchu Tender Brinjal

e R

nanjchu

Poison

k R

manjchu

Cloud

Letter t[ is pronounced as vu
Example

t[

vu

As in the word wood

t[ vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter t[
fjt[

kathavu

Door

76

bert[

Nesavu

Weaving

cHt[

uzhavu

ploughig

epyt[

nilavu

Moon

Letter L is pronounced as either tu, or du


Example
L

tu

du As in the word fraudulence

As in the word Took

L vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter L
tPL

vIdu

khL

mAdu Cow

House

Beginners Programme

77

mLg;g[

aduppu Stove

ML

Adu

Goat

vl;L

ettu

Eight

gl;L

pattu

Silk

jl;L

thattu

Plate

btl;L

vettu

To Cut

78

Letter K is pronounced as mu
Example

mu

As in the word municipality

K vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter K
Kfk;

mukam

Face

Kl;il

muttai

Egg

Kg;gJ

muppathu

Thirty

Kj;J

muththu

Peral

Letter G is pronounced as zhu


Example

zhu

As in the word kazhugu


(Eagle)

Beginners Programme

79

G vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter G
fGij

kazhuthai

Donkey

bkGFtu;j;jp mezuhkuvarthi Candle

vGgJ

ezhupathu

Seventy

Letter U is pronounced as ru
Example

ru

As in the word Rupee

U vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter U

fUk;g[

karumbu

Sugarcane

80

mUtp

aruvi

KUfd;

murugan Lord Muruga

beUg;g[

neruppu Fire

FUtp

kuruvi

Waterfall

Sparrow

Letter F is pronounced as ku
Example

ku

As in the word cook

Beginners Programme

81

F vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter F

Fil

kudai

Fu F

kurangu Monkey

Fapy;

kuyil

Umbrella

Cuckoo

Letter F is pronounced as ngku


Example

ngku

As in the word Mangoose

F vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter F

Fu F

kurangku

Monkey

82

E F

nungku

Tenderpalmyra fruit

r F

changku

Conch

fpH F

kizhangku Root vegetable

Letter f;F is pronounced as kku


Example

f;F

kku

As in the word Ruckus

f;F vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter f;F
ehf;F

nAkku

Tongue

\f;F

mUkku

Nose

Beginners Programme

83

njf;F

thEkku

Teak

brf;F

chekku

Oil-press

Letter J is pronounced as thu


Example

thu

As in the word Throat

J vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter J
Jzp

thuNi

Cloth

JLg;g[

thuduppu

Oar

Jk;gp

thumbi

Dragonfly

84

Jyhf;nfhy; thulAkkol

Balance

Letter e;J is pronounced as nthu or ndhu


Example:
e;J

nthu

As in the word
marukkozhunthu

e;J vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter e;J
gUe;J

parundhu

Vulture

kUe;J

marundhu

Medicine

ge;J

pandhu

Ball

gj;J

paththu

Ten

Beginners Programme

85

thj;J

vAththu

Duck

Tj;J

kUththu

Folk drama

Letter E is pronounced as nu
Example
E

nu

As in the word Numeral

E vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter E
E F

nungku

Tender Palmyra
fruit

Edp

nuni

Tip

EiuaPuy;

nuraiyIral Lung

86

Ezy;

nuNal

Frog

Letter Y is pronounced as lu
Example

lu

As in the word look

Y vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter Y
vYk;g[

elumbu

Bone

bfhYR

kolusu

Anklet

bfhY

kolu

Array of figurines

bfhYU koluru

Trowel

Beginners Programme

87

- 8
C
Pronunciation/xypg;g[
Letter C is pronounced as U
Example

As in the word woofer

C vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter C
C ry;

Unjcal

Swing

Cjy;

Udhal

Whistle

Crp

Uci

Needle

Cjhepwk; UthAniRam Violet

88

Letter g{ is pronounced as pU
Example

g{

pU

As in the word pool

g{ vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the Letter g{

g{

pU

Flower

g{l;L

pUTTu

Lock

jk;g{uh

thampUrA

A a string
instrument

fw;g{uk;

kaRpUram

Camphor

Beginners Programme

jhk;g{yk;

89

thAmpUlam

Betal leaves
and areca nuts

Letter a{ is a pronounced as yU
Example

a{

yU

As in the word you

a{ vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter a{
a{fypg;l!; yUkaliptas

Eucalyptus

ka{uk;

mayUram

Peacock

a{ju;fs;

yUtharkaL

Jews

Letter N is pronounced as cU
Example
N

cU

As in the word soup

90

N vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter N

Nupad;

cUriyan

Sun

Nwhtsp

cURAvaLi

Tornedo

Ndpaf;fhup

cUniyakkAri

Witch

Nyha[jk;

cUlAyutham Trident

br Nupad; cenjcUrian

Redsun

Letter t{ is pronounced as vU
Example
t{
vU As in the word wool

Beginners Programme

91

t{ vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter t{
tYt{l;L

valuvUTTu Strengthen

j rht{u;

thanjcAvUr Name of a place

in Thamizh nAdu

Letter ? is pronounced as TU
Example
?

TU

As in the word Do

? vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter ?
it?upak;

vaiTUriyam

A precious stone

bfh?uk;

koTUram

Cruelty

Letter \ is pronounced as mU
Example
\

mU

As in the word Move

92

\ vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter \
\f;F

mUkku

Nose

\d;W

mUnRu

Three

\ fpy; mUngkil

Bamboo

\l;il mUTTai

Sack

Letter = is pronounced as zhU


Example
=

zhU

As in the word makizhUrthi


(pleasure car)

Beginners Programme

93

= vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter =

T=w;wy; kUzhUtRRal

A ritual

Letter + is pronounced as rU
Example
+

rU

As in the word Root

+ vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter +
+gha;

rUpAi

Rupee

Letter T is pronounced as kU
Example
T

kU

As in the word Coup

T vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter T
Tz;L

kUNdu

Cage

94

Tl;lk;

kUTTam Crowd (or) meeting

TL

kUTu

Nest

Te;jy;

kUnthal

Hair

e Tuk;

nangkUram Anchor

Letter J} is pronounced as thU


Example

J}

thU

As in the word thUN


(Pillar)

Beginners Programme

95

J} vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter J}
J}f;fzh FUtp thUkkaNAng

Weaver Bird

-kuruvi

J}ju;

thUthar

Emissary

J}sp

thULi

Cradle made
with a long
piece of cloth

bre;J}uk;

centhUram Calcined powder

red in colour

bre;J}f;F

centhUkku Straight upward

Letter E} is pronounced as nU
Example
E}

nU

As in the word Noose

96

E} vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter E}
E}y;

nUl

Thread

E}W

nURu

Hundred

E}yfk;

nUlagam Library

Ke;E}W

munnURu Three Hundred

Letter Y} is pronounced as lU
Example

Y}

lU

As in the word Loom

Beginners Programme

97

Y} vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter Y}
fy;Y}up

kallUri

College

ty;Y}W

vallURu

Falcon

ghY}l;o

pAlUTTi

Mammal

98

- 9

Pronounciation/xypg;g[
Letter w is pronounced as R
Example
w

As in the word Run

w vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter w

,wF

iRaku

Feather

Kwk;

muRam

Winnowing Pan

gwit

paRavai

Bird

Vw;wk;

EtRRam

Shadoof

Beginners Programme

Fw;wthsp

99

kutRRavALi

Culprit

Letter I is pronounced as I
Example
I

As in the word aisle

I vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter I

Ie;J

aInthu

Five

Ie;E}W

aInnURu

Five Hundred

Inuhg;gh aIrOppA

Europe

Iadhu;

Village Deity

aIyanAr

100

Letter W is pronounced as Ru
Example
W

Ru

As in the word putRRu


(Anthill)

W vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter W
Cw;W

UtRRu

Spring

ehw;W

natARRu

Seedling

fPw;W

kItRRu

Small protion
of a coconut leaf

Letter wh is pronounced as RA
Example

wh

RA

As in the Word Rocket

Beginners Programme

101

wh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter wh
fhw;who

KAtRRATi

Kite

Fw;whyk;

kutRRAlam

A place

rpw;whW

sitRRARu

Stream

fw;whiH

katRRAzhai

Aloe

Letter wp is pronounced as Ri
Example

wp

Ri

As in the word River

102

wp vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter wp
brk;kwpahL

chemmaRiyATu

Sheep

md;wpy;

antRil

Love birds

gd;wp

pantRi

Pig

tprpwp

visiRi

Fan

Letter W} is pronounced as RU
Example

W}

RU

As in the word Room

Beginners Programme

103

W} vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter W}

rpw;W}u;

chitRRUr

Hamlet

fw;W}z;

katRRUN

Stone hench

Letter bw is pronounced as Re
Example

bw

Re

As in the word Red

bw vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bw
rpw;bwWk;g[

ciRReRumpu

Red ant

rpw;bwyp

chitRReli

Mouse

104

Letter nw is pronounced as RE
Example

nw

RE

As in the word Radar

nw vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nw
rw;nw

satRRE

fw;nwd;

katRREn (I) Learnt

Just a moment

Letter if is pronounced as kai


Example

if

kai

As in the word kite

if vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter if

iff;fofhuk;

kaikkadikAram Wristwatch

Beginners Programme

105

g[if

pukai

Smoke

fhf;if

kAkkai

Crow

ifjp

kaithi

Prisoner

nt if

vEngkai

Tiger

j if

thangkai

Younger Sister

Letter ir is pronounced as chai or sai


Example
ir

chai

As in the word Sign

106

ir vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter ir
gr;ir

pachchai Green

bkhr;ir

mochchai Bean

kPir

mIsai

Moustache

njhir

thOsai

Dosa

j ir

thanjsai

Thanjavur

g ir

panjchai

Poor

e ir

nanjchai Wet land

Beginners Programme

g{ ir

107

punjchai weak

Letter i is pronounced as njai


Example

njai

As in the word majnjai


(Peacock)

i vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter i

cHpi

uzhinjai

A flower

Letter il is pronounced as Tai


Example

il

Tai

As in the word Tie

il vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter il

Mil

ATai

Dress

108

Til

kUTai

Basket

gfil

pakaTai

Dice

nkil

mETai

Dais

Letter ij is pronounced as thai


Example

ij

thai

As in the word thigh

ij vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter ij

ijaw;bghwp thaiyaRpoRi Sewing Machine

Beginners Programme

109

tpij

vithai

Seed

bkj;ij

meththai

Bed

ej;ij

naththai

Snail

Me;ij

Anthai

Owl

ke;ij

manthai

Herd

re;ij

canthai

Market

110

je;ij

thanthai

Father

Letter ie is pronounced as nai


Example

ie

nai

As in the word Nitrogen

ie vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter ie

bghUie MW porunai ARu

River
porunai

iey; MW

Nile river

nailARu

ieahz;o nksk; naiyANTi mELam Percussion


Instrument

Beginners Programme

111

Letter ig is pronounced as pai


Example

ig

pai

As in the word python

ig vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter ig
igad;

paiyan

Boy

mfg;ig

akappai

Wooden ladle

ig

pai

Bag

nfhg;ig

kOppai

Trophy

fUk; ig

karum pai

Black bag

112

Kk;ig

Mumbai

Mumbai

Letter ik is pronounced as mai


Example

ik

mai

As in the word mike

ik vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter ik
Mik

Amai

Tortoise

fz;ik

kaNmai

Kohi

vUik

erumai

Buffalo

Beginners Programme

113

Letter iu is pronounced as rai


Example

iu

rai

As in the word Rice

iu vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter iu

jhkiu

thAmarai

Lotus

Mw;w fiu AtRRangkarai River bank

jpiu

thirai

Screen

Tiu

kUrai

Roof

114

Letter iy is pronounced as lai


Example

iy

lai

As in the word like

iy vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter iy
kiy

malai

Mountain

jiy

thalai

Head

tiy

valai

Net

rpiy

silai

Statue

Beginners Programme

115

Letter it is pronounced as vai


Example
it

vai

As in the word Viva voce exam.

it vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter it

ituk;

vairam

Diamond

nghu;it

pOrvai

Bedsheet

itf;nfhy;

vaikkOl

Straw

itif

vaigai

A river

116

Letter iH is pronounced as zhai


Example

iH

zhai

As in the word Thazhai

iH vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter iH
kiH

mazhai

miHg;gpjH;

azhaippithahz Invitation

thiH

vAzhai

Plantain

jhiH

thAzhai

Fragrant
screw pine

Rain

Beginners Programme

117

Letter iw is pronounced as Rai


Example

iw

Rai

As in the word SunRise

iw vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter iw
ghiw

pARai

Rock

rpiw

ciRai

Prison

fw;fhiw

kaRkARai

Cement

fw;iw

katRRai

Bundle

118

- 10

Pronunciation/xypg;g[
Letter s is pronounced as La
Example
s

La

As in the word Lung

s vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter s

bts;sk;

veLLam

Flood

tpsf;F

viLakku

Lamp

gs;sk;

paLLam

Pit

Letter d is pronounced as na
Example
d

na

As in the word nurse

Beginners Programme

119

d vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter d
rd;dy;

cannal

Window

thdk;

vAnam

Sky

kd;dd;

mannan

King

kpd;dy;

minnal

Lightning

Letter z is pronounced as Na
Example

Na

As in the word vaNakkam

120

z vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter z
fpzW

kiNaRu

Well

gzk;

paNam

Money

fpz;zk;

kiNNam

Bowl

tz;zk;

vaNNam

Color

Letter s; is pronounced as L
Example

s;

As in the word Full

s; vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter s;

k rs;

manjcaL

Turmeric

Beginners Programme

121

gs;sp

paLLi

gs;S

paLLu

jpUts;Stu;

ThiruvaLLuvar Thiruvalluvar

School

A kind of
Thamizh Literary
Genere/Form

Letter d; is pronounced as n
Example:
d;

As in the word Fan

d; vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;:


Words with the letter d;

khd;

mAn

Deer

gd;dPu;

pannIr

Rose water

122

njd;TL

thEnkUddu

Honey comb

kPd;

mIn

Fish

Letter z; is pronounced as N
Example:

z;

As in the word win

z; vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter z;
ez;gu;

naNpar

Friend

fz;

kaN

Eye

Beginners Programme

kz;lgk;

123

maNTapam

Stone Pillared
structure open
on all sides

Letter sh is pronounced as LA
Example

sh

LA

As in the word Law

sh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;:


Words with the letter sh

tpshk;gHk; viLAmpazham

Wood Apple

fsh fha;

kaLAngkAy

A berry

bts;shL

veLLATu

Goat

124

fhshd;

kALAn

Mushroom

Letter dh is pronounced as nA
Example

dh

nA

As in the word Novel

dh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter dh
ngdh

pEnA

Pen

md;dhrpg;gHk;

annAsippazham

Pineapple

rPdh

cInA

China

Beginners Programme

125

Letter zh is pronounced as NA
Example

zh

NA

As in the word Nought

zh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter zh

fz;zho

kaNNAdi

Spectacles

mz;zhJiu aNNAthurai

Annathurai

Rz;zhk;gf[ f; suNNAmpukal

Lime stone

gpz;zhf;F

Oil-Cake

piNNAkku

126

Letter sp is pronounced as Li
Example
sp

Li

As in the word Lip

sp vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter sp
ts;sp

vaLLi

A girls name

md;gspg;g[

anpaLippu

Gift

Letter sP is pronounced as LI
Example
sP

LI

As in the word Leap

sP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter sP

nfsPu;

kELIr

Listen

Beginners Programme

gsPu;

127

paLIr

Bright

Letter dp is pronounced as ni
Example

dp

ni

As in the word nick-name

dp vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter dp

fdp

kani

Fruit

gdp

pani

Mist

Letter dP is pronounced as nI
Example

dP

nI

As in the word niecel

128

dP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter dP
gd;dPub
; rk;g[ pannIrsembu

A container
with Rosewater

njdP

Honey Bee

thEnI

Letter zp is pronounced as Ni
Example

zp

Ni

As in the word Nil

zp vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter zp

kzp

maNi

Hour

fzpdp

kaNini

Computer

Beginners Programme

129

Letter zP is pronounced as NI
Example

zP

NI

As in the word Neam Tree

zP vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter zP
fz;zPu;

kaNNIr

Tears

jz;zPu;

thaNNIr

Water

Letter S is pronounced as Lu
Example

Lu

As in the word Look

S vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter S
jpUts;Stu;

ThiruvaLLuvar A thamizh poet

130

Letter ~ is pronounced as LU
Example

LU

As in the word Loop

~ vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter ~
bg f~u;

BengkaLUr

Banglore

cs;~u;

uLLUr

Local place

Letter D is pronounced as nu
Example

nu

As in the word numerals

D vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter D

kD

manu

Petition

Beginners Programme

g[DF

131

punuku

Perfume prepared
from Civet

Letter D} is pronounced as nU
Example

D}

nU

As in the word Noon

D} vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter D}

ed;D}y;

nannUl

Thamizh grammar

thD}u;jp

vAnUrthi

Aeroplane

Letter q is pronounced as Nu
Example

Nu

As in the word Nutrient

132

q vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter q

fqf;fhy;

kaNukkAl

Letter q} is pronounced as NU
Example

q}

NU

As in the word Nook

q} vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter q}

tpz;q}u;jp viNNUrthi Rocket

Letter bs is pronounced as Le
Example

bs

Le

As in the word Letter

Beginners Programme

133

bs vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bs

thbsL

vALeTu

Letter ns is pronounced as LE
Example
ns

LE

As in the word Lake

ns vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter ns

ehnsL

nALETu

Newspaper

Letter bd is pronounced as ne
Example
bd

ne

As in the word Neck

bd vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bd

gd;bdL fhyk;

pannetungkAlam

A long time

134

vd;bdd;d

ennenna

What ever?

Letter nd is pronounced as nE
Example
nd

nE

As in the word Name

nd vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nd

jd;ndupy;yh

thannErillA

Incomparable

Letter bz is pronounced as Ne
Example
bz

Ne

As in the word Next

bz vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bz
vz;bza;

eNNey

btz;bza; veNNey

Oil

Butter

Beginners Programme

135

Letter is is pronounced as Lai


Example
is Lai

As in the word Life

is vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter is
tisay;

vaLaiyal

Bangle

khJis

mAthuLai

Pomogranate

Letter id is pronounced as nai


Example

id

nai

As in the word nylon

id vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter id

g{id

pUnai

Cat

136

bjd;id thennai

Coconut Tree

ahid

Elephent

yAnai

Letter iz is pronounced as Nai


Example

iz

Nai

as in the word Knife

iz vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter iz

jiyaiz

thalaiyaNai

Pillow

Vt[fiz

EvukaNai

Missile

Beginners Programme

tPiz

137

vINai

A String
Instrument

138

- 11

xs

Pronounciation/xypg;g[
Letter x is pronounced as o
Example:

As in the word one

x vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter x
xl;lfk;

oTTakam

Camel

xd;gJ

onpathu

Nine

xl;lfr;rptp fp ottakachchivingki Giraffe

Beginners Programme

139

Letter X is pronounced as O
Example

As in the word Open

X vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter X

Xlk;

Otam

(small) boat

Xzhd;

ONAn

Lizard

Xiy

Olai

Palmyra leaf

Xtpak;

Oviyam

Painting

140

Letter xs is pronounced as au
Example
xs

au

As in the
word cow

xsljk;

autatham

Medicine

xsitahu;

auvaiyAr

A Thamizh poet

xsu frPg;

aurangkachIp

A moghul
king

Letter bfh is pronounced as ko


Example:
bfh

ko

As in the word koran


(Holy book)

Beginners Programme

141

bfh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bfh

bfhk;g[

kompu

Stick

bfhz;il koNTai

Hair-do

bfhR

Mosquito

kosu

br bfho chengkoTi

Red colour
Flag

rhtpf;bfhj;J chAvikkoththu

Bunch of Keys

Letter nfh is pronounced as kO


Example

nfh

kO

As in the word coke

142

nfh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nfh
nfhHp

kOzhi

Hen

nfhg[uk;

kOpuram

Tower

nfhL

kOTu

Line

br nfhl;il chengkOttai Red fort

br nfhy;

chengkOL

Kf;nfhzk;

mukkONam Triangle

Sceptre

Letter brh is pronounced as cho


Example

brh

cho

As in the word solution

Beginners Programme

143

brh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter brh
brhf;fl;lhd;

chokkattAn Dice

brhf;fha;

chokkAy

Shirt

nrhW

choRu

Rice

Letter nrh is pronounced as chO


Example

nrh

chO

As in the word choke

nrh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nrh

nrhHp

chOzhi

Shell

144

nrhiy

chOlai

Garden

nrhsk;

chOzhLam

Corn

Letter nrh is pronounced as njcO


Example
nrh

njcO

As in the word
arunjcOl
(rare word)

nrh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nrh

kh nrhiy mAnjchOLai

Mango Groove

g{ nrhiy

Flower garden

pUnjcOLai

Beginners Programme

145

Letter blh is pronounced as To


Example

blh

To

As in the word octopus

blh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter blh

gl;blhsp

pattoLi

Shine of silk

Letter nlh is pronounced as TO


Example

nlh

TO

As in the word Door

nlh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nlh

ehnlho

AtOti

Nomad

146

nfl;nlhu;

KEttOr

Those who listened

el;nlhu;

attOr

Those who planted

fz;nlhk;

kaNtOm

We saw

Letter bzh is pronounced as No


Example

bzh No

As in the word
viNNoLi (lightning)

bzh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bzh

fz;bzhsp

kaNNoLi

vision

Beginners Programme

147

Letter nzh is pronounced as NO


Example

nzh

NO

As in the word notice

nzh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nzh

fz;nzhL

kaNNOTu

kz;nzhL

maNNOTu With the mud

With the eyes

Letter bjh is pronounced as tho


Example

bjh

tho

As in the word thorax

bjh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bjh

bjhl;o

Thotti

Tub

148

bjhg;gp

Thoppi

Hat

gj;bjhd;gJ paththonpathu Nineteen

bjhL

thotu

Touch

bjhiyngrp tholaipEci

Telephone

Letter e;bjh is pronounced as tho


Examples

e;bjh

tho

As in the word Virunthotu

e;bjh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter e;bjh

ge;bjhL pathotu

With the ball

Beginners Programme

149

Letter njh is pronounced as thO


Example
njh

thO

As in the word thorium

njh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter njh
njhl;lk;

thOttam

Garden

njhg;g[

thOppu

grove

njhzp

thONi

Boat

njhL

thOTu

Ear Stud

njhif

thOkai

Tail feathers

150

Letter beh is pronounced as o


Example

beh

As in the word notarial

beh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter beh
behz;oMl;lk; oNtiATTam

Hopping game

behr;rp,iy

ochchi ilai

Nochileaves

beha;auprp

oyyarichi

Broken rice

behWf;Fj; jPdp oRukkuththIni Small eats

Letter neh is pronounced as O


Example
neh

As in the word noble

Beginners Programme

151

neh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter neh
nehahsp

OyALi

Patient

neht[

Ovu

Pain

nehd;g[f; f rp Onpukkanjchi

Porridge

+gha;nehl;L rUpAyOttu

Ruppee note

Letter bgh is pronounced as po


Example

bgh

po

As in the word poem

bgh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bgh
bgh fy; tpHh pongkal vizhAPongkal festival

152

bghk;ik

pommai

Doll

bghl;L

pottu

Bindi

jPgb
; ghwp

thIppoRi

Spark

Letter k;bgh is pronounced as mpo


Example

k;bgh

mpo

As in the word Rambo

k;bgh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter k;bgh

brk;bghd;

chempon

Pure gold

Beginners Programme

mk;bghL

153

ampotu

With the arrow

Letter ngh is pronounced as pO


Example

ngh

pO

As in the word Pogo

ngh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter ngh

nghu;it

pOrvai

Bed sheet

jlfsg; nghl;o thaTakaLappOtti

Track Event

nghsp

pOLi

Food item

nghu;ff; sk;

pOrkkaLam

Warfare

154

brk;nghj;J

chempOththu

Tender branch

Letter bkh is pronounced as mo


Example

bkh

mo

As in the word mauritius

bkh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bkh
bkhl;ilkho mottaimAti

Open Terrace

bkhl;il

mottai

Bald

bkhl;L

mothu

Bud

bkhl;ilj;jiy mottaiththalai Tonsure head

Beginners Programme

bkhr;ir

155

mochchai

Beans

Letter nkh is pronounced as mO


Example
nkh

mO

As in the word most

nkh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nkh
nkhu;

mOr

Buttermilk

nkhjy;

mOthal

Clash

nkhjpuk; mOthiram

Ring

156

Letter bah is pronounced as yo


Example

bah

yo

As in the word violin

bah vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bah
ghbahL

pAyotu

With the mat

nrbahL

chEyotu

With the child

Letter nah is pronounced as yO


Example:

nah

yO

As in the word Yoga

nah vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nah

nahfp

yOki

Saint

Beginners Programme

nrnahd;

157

cEyOn

Lord Muruga

Letter buh is pronounced as ro


Example

buh

ro

As in the word romantic

buh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter buh
buhl;o

rotti

Bread

buhf;fk;

rokkam

Cash

158

Letter nuh is pronounced as rO


Example

nuh rO

As in the word rose

nuh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nuh

njnuhl;lk;

thErOttam

Charioteering

Vnuhl;lk;

ErOttam

Ploughing

nuh$hg;g{

rOjAppU

Rose flower

Letter byh is pronounced as Lo


Example

byh

Lo

As in the word location

Beginners Programme

159

byh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter byh
fhbyhoe;J kALotithu

Fractured leg

ghbyhL

With milk

pAlotu

Letter nyh is pronounced as lO


Example

nyh lO

As in the word lotus

nyh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nyh

fg;gnyhl;oa jkpHd; kappalOttiya A freedom


thamizhan
fighter

cnyhfk;

UlOkam

Metal

160

Letter bth is pronounced as vo


Example

bth

vo

As in the word vortex

bth vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bth

xt;bthU

ovvoru

Each

vt;bthU

evvoru

Which ever

Letter nth is pronounced as vO


Example

nth vO

As in the word voter

nth vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nth

xt;nthu;

ovvOr

Each one

Beginners Programme

161

mz;zhnth> aNNAvO

Is it Anna?

Letter bHh is pronounced as zho


Example
bHh

zho

As in the word yAzholi


(music of Harp)

bHh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bHh

fPbHhL

KIzhotu

With the bottom

Letter nHh is pronounced as zhO


Example
nHh

zhO

As in the word KAzhor


(Mahouts)

nHh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nHh
CnHhL

UzhOtu

With fate

162

ghnHh>

pazhO?

Spoilt?

TnHh>

kUzhO?

Porridge?

Letter bsh is pronounced as Lo


Example

bsh

Lo

As in the word locate

bsh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bsh
thbshL

vALotu

With the sword

kf;fbshL

makkaLotu

With the people

Beginners Programme

163

bts;bshsp veLLoLi

jp fbshL

White light

thingkaLotu With the moon

Letter nsh is pronounced as LO


Example

nsh LO

As in the word load

nsh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nsh
cs;nshu; uLLOr

People present

nfnshk; kELOm

We wont listen

bts;nshl;lk; veLLOttam Trial run

164

thnshL vALOtu

With the sword

Letter bwh is pronounced as Ro


Example

bwh

Ro

As in the word Row

bwh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bwh
kw;bwhUtu;

maRRoruvar

Another person

gw;bwhL

paRRotu

With affection

kw;bwhd;W

maRRonRu

Another one

brhw;bwhlu;

choRRotar

Phrase

Beginners Programme

165

Letter nwh is pronounced as RO


Example

nwh RO

As in the word Road

nwh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter nwh
fw;nwhu;

kaRROr

bgw;nwhu; peRROr

The learned

Parents

Mw;nwhuk; ARROram River side

Letter bdh is pronounced as no


Example

bdh

no

As in the word valcano

166

bdh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bdh
khbdhL mAnotu

With deer

njbdhL tEnotu

With honey

gjpbdhd;W pathinonRu Eleven

Letter ndh is pronounced as nO


Example

ndh

nO

As in the word
notebook

ndh vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter ndh

kd;dndhL

mannanOtu With the king

Beginners Programme

thndhu;

167

vAnOr

Angels

Letter bfs is pronounced as kau


Example

bfs

kau

As in the word Cow

bfs vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bfs
bfsutu;

kauravar

Gauravas

bfsjkg[jj; u; kautnama-puththar Buddha

bfskhuk;

kaumAram

Lord Muruga cult

168

Letter brs is pronounced as chau


Example

brs

chau

As in the word South

brs vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter brs

brsup

chauri

False hair

brse;ju;ak; chautaryam Beauty

Letter bgs is pronounced as pau


Example
bgs

pau

As in the word powder

bgs vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bgs
bgsu;zkp paurNami

Full Moon

Beginners Programme

169

bgstk;

pauvam

Sea

bgsj;jk;

pauththam

Buddhism

Letter bks is pronounced as mau


Example
bks

mau

As in the word mouth

bks vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bks
bksdk;

maunam

Silence

bksupau;

mauriyar

Mauriyas

bksOfk;

mauTIkam Ignorance

170

bksty;

mauval

Jasmine

Letter bas is pronounced as yau


Example

bas yau

As in the word yowl

bas vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bas

bastdk;

yauvanam Youthhood

bastdu;

yauvanar

Youth

Letter bts is pronounced as vau


Example

bts

vau

As in the word vow

Beginners Programme

171

bts vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter bts

btsthy;

vauvAl

Bat

172

- 12
`
Pronounciation/xypg;g[
Letter ` is pronounced as Ht
Example
`

As in the word October

` vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter `
v`J

eHthu

As in the word which?

m`J

aHthu

As in the word That

,`J

iHthu

As in the word This

Beginners Programme

173

- 13

mfu tupir
The Alphabetical Order
In the 12 Lessons that preceded, we had presented to you all the Thamizh
letters. The presentation has been made in the order of simplicity in the written forms.
In this lesson, we present to you the Alphabetical order of the Thamizh vowels and
the Thamizh consonants. You should know the Alphabetical order. It will help you in
the use of dictionaries as the entries in the dictionaries are arranged in the alphabetical
order. It will also help you in locating the information you need in an address book,
an anthology of poems, a glossary, an encyclopedia or any such collection where
entries are listed in alphabetical order. So learning the alphabetical order is of practical
relevance.

bka; vGj;Jfs;
Consonants
In the second part of this lesson, we present the Thamizh consonants in their
alphabetical order. As you see, all the consonants are marked with a dot above them.
These consonants are mute because it is difficult to pronounce them in isolation.
Usually the vowel i is prefixed while pronouncing the mute consonants. Listen to
their pronounciation now in the same alphabetical order. You may now turn to the
song given here by clicking the icon. As you listen to the song, check the order of
highlighted consonants in the first syllable of each line. If you remember this song,
you will remember the alphabetical order of the 18 Thamizh consonants.

174

bka;vGj;J+capu;
capu;vGj;J = capu;bka; vGj;J
l;
k;
H;
r;
j;
g;
k;
u;
f;
l;
g;
k;
u;
f;
l;
a;
k;
u;
f;
e;
y;
y;
g;
k;
u;
f;
e;
y;

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
k; +
u; +

m
m
m
m
m
M
M
M
M
,
,
,
,
,
<
<
<
<
<
M
M
,
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
V
V

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

l
k
H
r
j
gh
kh
uh
fh
o
gp
kp
up
fp
O
aP
kP
uP
fP
eh
yh
yp
bg
bk
bu
bf
be
by
b
nk
nu

g;
a;
u;
f;
l;
a;
H;
r;
j;
j;
a;
H;
r;
j;
g;
l;
H;
r;
j;

t;
t;
a;
H;
r;
j;

t;
l;
H;
r;

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

m
m
m
m
M
M
M
M
M
<
,
,
,
,
<
,
<
<
<
M
M
,
v
v
v
v
v
v
V
V
V

= g
= a
= u
= f
= lh
= ah
= Hh
= rh
= jh
= jP
= ap
= Hp
= rp
= jp
= gP
= o
= HP
= rP
= jP
=
= th
= tp
= ba
= bH
= br
= bj
= b
= bt
= nl
= nH
= nr

Beginners Programme

f; + V =
e; + V =
y; + V =
+ V =
g; + c =
r; + c =
t; + c =
k; + c =
u; + c =
j; + c =
y; + c =
g; + C =
r; + C =
t; + C =
k; + C =
u; + C =
j; + C =
y; + C =
w; + , =
w; + c =
w; + v =
f; + I =
r; + I =
l; + I =
e; + I =
a; + I =
t; + I =
w; + I =
s; + M =
z; + M =

nf
ne
ny
n
g[
R
t[
K
U
J
Y
g{
N
t{
\
+
J}
Y}
wp
W
bw
if
ir
il
ie
ia
it
iw
sh
zh

175

j; + V =
+ V =
t; + V =
+ M =
a; + c =
+ c =
l; + c =
H; + c =
f; + c =
e; + c =
+ c =
a; + C =
+ C =
l; + C =
H; + C =
f; + C =
e; + C =
+ C =
w; + < =
w; + C =
w; + V =
+ I =
+ I =
j; + I =
k; + I =
u; + I =
H; + I =
z; + M =
d; + M =

nj
n
nt
h
a[
L
G
F
E
a{
?
=
T
E}
wP
W}
nw
i
i
ij
ik
iu
iH
zh
dh

176

Observe the pure consonants and the vowel consonants of all


consonants with x and X
f; +
+
r; +
+
l; +
z;+
j; +
e; +
g; +
k; +
a; +
u; +
y; +
t; +
H; +
s; +
w; +
d; +

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

bfh
b h
brh
b h
blh
bzh
bjh
beh
bgh
bkh
bah
buh
byh
bth
bHh
bsh
bwh
bdh

f; +
+
r; +
+
l; +
z; +
j; +
e; +
g; +
k; +
a; +
u; +
y; +
t; +
H; +
s; +
w; +
d; +

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

nfh
n h
nrh
n h
nlh
nzh
njh
neh
ngh
nkh
nah
nuh
nyh
nth
nHh
nsh
nwh
ndh

xs is added to a consonant letter by omitting the dot above it,


prefixing the sign b and adding the sign s after the consonant.
f;
r;
l;
j;
g;
a;
y;
H;
w;

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

xs
xs
xs
xs
xs
xs
xs
xs
xs

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

bfs
brs
bls
bjs
bgs
bas
bys
bHs
bws

+
+
z;+
e; +
k; +
u; +
t; +
s; +
d; +

xs
xs
xs
xs
xs
xs
xs
xs
xs

= bs
= bs
= bzs
= bes
= bks
= bus
= bts
= bss
= bds

Beginners Programme

177

- 14

&

Pronunciation/xypg;g[
Letter $ is pronounced as ja
Example
$ ja

As in the word jungle

$ vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter $

$y;ypf;fl;L jallikkattu Bull fight

$fk;

jakam

World

$lhKo

jatamuti

Matted hair

$y;yp

jalli

Road metal

178

Letter # is pronounced as Sha


Example

Sha

As in the word Station

# vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter #
#z;Kfk;

ShaNmukam

Lord Muruga

##;o

Shashti

An auspicious
day

tU#k;

varuSham

Year

#uj;J
(xg;ge;jk;)

Sharaththu

Clause

Letter ! is pronounced as sa
Example
! sa

As in the word son

Beginners Programme

179

! vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter !
!u!;tjp sarasvathi

Goddess of
learning

!u;gg
; k;

Snake

sarppam

Letter & is pronounced as kSha


Example

& kSha

As in the word shut

& vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter &

g&zk;

pakShaNam Snack item

j&zk;

takShaNam Fee

nkh&k;

mOkSham

Heaven

180

ghf;&p

pakShi

Bird

Letter Q is pronounced as ha
Example

Q ha

As in the word hut

Q vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter Q
Qy;th

halvA

A jelly sweet

Qhu;nkhdpak; hArmOniyam Harmonium

nQhkk;

hOmam

Qp vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter Qp
Qpe;jp hinti

Hindi

Sacrificial fire

Beginners Programme

181

Letter | is pronounced as SRI


Example

SRI

As in the Word Srilanka

| vGj;J cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with the letter |
|uhk;

SRIrAm

A name

|kjp

SRImathi

A name

b$a|

JayaSRI

A name

|u fk;

SRIrangkam

A Place

Vowel consonants are formed in the same way as vowel consonants are formed
in Thamizh except c/ C.
In the case of c/ C different symbols are used in the Grantha Letter.
Observe the pure consonants and corresponding vowel consonants of five 5
GRANTHA LETTERS (except |) on the screen.

182

$;

!;

#;

&;

Pronunciation/xypg;g:[
Example:
$;
!;
#;
&;
Q;

As in the word page


As in the word purse
As in the word mesh
As in the word baksheesh
As in the word hill

fpue;j vGj;Jfs; cs;s brhw;fs;


Words with grantha letters
nuh$h

rOJA

Rose

!u!;tjp

sarasvathi

Goddess

#uj;J

sharaththu

Agreement

jh$;kQhy; thAjmahAl Tajmahal

Q;

Beginners Programme

183

- 15

-1



-2



184

-3

-4

Beginners Programme

185

-5

-6

!
!
!
I !

186

-7


I
K !

-8
CP.
K

A!
O A
A!

Beginners Programme

187

-9


c!
C, , N
F c !

-10


I
F F
!

Y!

188

-11
I I
e
L H F
A

A

-12


!

!

Beginners Programme

189

-13
! ! !
!
!
A OF!
! ! !
!
!
Q !
A!
! ! !

190

ghly;-14
capbuGj;J mwpKfg;ghly;
md;ng flt[s;
md;ng flt[s; mwptha; ghg;gh
m......m......m
Mil mzptjpy; J}a;ik fhg;gha;
M......M......M
,dpik Mfg; ngrpg; gHFtha;
,......,......,
<if bra;J ,d;gk; bgWtha;
<......<......<
cyfk; Rw;w Mir bfhs;tha;
c......c......c
Cuhu; bkr;r cau;eJ
; epw;gha;
C......C......C
vFk; epiwe;j ,iwia ntz;o
v......v......v
ViHf;Fjt[k; cs;sk; bgWtha;
V......V......V
Iak; ,d;wpf; fy;tp fw;gha;
I......I......I

Beginners Programme

191

xd;wha;f; To thH epidg;gha;


x......x......x
Xjp Xjp cau;tha; ehSk;
X......X......X
xsit bkhHpfs; mwptha; cau;tha;
xs......xs......xs
vfha; clypy; cWjp bfhs;tha;
............

(md;ng)
m Kjy; xs tiu capbud mwpe;J
brhy;....brhy;....brhy;...
md;idj; jkpGf;F mzpaha; vd;Wk;
epy;....epy;....epy;

ghly;-15
bka;baGj;J mwpKfg;ghly;

mf;fhs; tPlL
; j; njhl;lk;
mf;fhs; tPlL
; j; njhl;lk; ghu;
mnf bro bfho mHifg; ghu;

192

gr;irg; gnry; vDk; g[yb


; tspapy;
krs; ,rpf; Fiyfs; ghu;
tl;l totf; fpzw;iwg; ghu;
jz;zPu; gha[k; tsg;gk; ghu;
fj;jup btz;il KUifbahL
Ke;jpup bjhFk; bfhoiag;ghu;
gg;ghsp khJis bfha;aht[ld;
vk;khk; bgupa gyhf;fdp ghu;
fha;j;Jf; FYFk; bjd;ida[ld;
ehu;j;ij vYkpr;ir kufs; ghu;
Ky;iy nuh$h rhke;jpapd;
btt;nt whd tz;zk; ghu;
thH;ehs; KGJk; kfpH;e;jplnt
bfhs;is ,d;gk; bgw;wplyhk;
rw;nw vd;brhy; nfl;Lj;jhd;
,d;nw te;J njhl;lk; ghu;

Beginners Programme

193

ghly;-16
,d vGj;Jfs; mwpKfg;ghly;
vfs; mk;kh
vfs; mk;kh ,dpats;
vd;Wk; md;g[ jUgts;
jff; Fzk; bfhz;lts;
jaf;fk; ,d;wpr; brhy;Yntd;
gR nghyj; J}ajha;
gz;g[ eyk; bfhz;lts;
bfhrpf; bfhrpg; ngrpna
FHe;ij vk;ikg; ngqths;

gz;lk; gyt[k; Mf;fpna


gF itj;Jj; jUgts;
fz;l jpy;iy mtisg;nghy;
fdpt[ kpf;f flt[is.

ge;J nfhyp gk;guk;


ghz;o Ml;lk; Mol
ve;j neuk; rupbad
vkf;Fr; brhy;ypj; jUgts;

194

jk;gp jif ,UtUk;


jha;fF
; j; jUtu; bjhy;iyfs;
tk;g[ bra;j nghjpYk;
thup mizj;J kfpH;gts;

ehSk; vkf;F Cl;Lths;


vd;Wk; thH;tpy; caunt
,dpa bewpfs; fhl;Lths;