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Michel 1

Zeke Michel
EDU 1010
Ryan Miller
Chapter 5 Assignment
Over time there have been many, many different educational philosophies that teachers
use to decide how they will teach their students. Through all the changes and new philosophies
there are no real right or wrong philosophies. It is mainly how the teacher decides to use the
philosophy to direct their classroom. Each of these philosophies have different things that factor
into them to have teachers use them, however, the main reason why teachers develop each
philosophy depends on what kind of teaching you are going into (special ed., math, elementary,
P.E., etc.) To name a few teaching philosophies there is Perennialism, Essentialism,
Progressivism, and Social Reconstructionism.
Each one of these philosophies have different educational goals. Starting with
Perennialism the goal is to train the intellect and make sure that the kids can build upon old
ideas. Essentialism’s goal is to train the student to learn the basic skills needed to function in
today’s world. Progressivism is used to develop problem solving, decision making, and other life
skills. The final philosophy, Social Reconstructionism, is used to teach students to contribute to
the creation of a just society (Kauchak and Eggen. Pg. 161, Table 5.1.)
As stated earlier the type of teaching that you are going into will most likely effect what
kind of Philosophy you will have. The type of philosophy I believe would best suit me as a

and a student creating new bad behaviors. Essentialism goes along with behaviorism because learning survival skills is a psychological behavior or instinct. methodology. In special education this proves to be more true seeing as survival is especially difficult on these kids so simple things such as brushing their own teeth or knowing how to cook easy microwaveable things will be much more useful. and that is true across the board.) In special education structure is everything. . it can be the difference between a student learning properly.) Essentialism is a great philosophy for special education teachers and is most likely the one that I would adapt as my own philosophy as a new teacher. Sure we focus on academics as well but in all reality the only things that will really stick in the end are the things they will use every day. and theory (Kauchak and Eggen. table 5. Behaviorism is the approach to psychology that combines philosophy.Michel 2 future teacher would most likely be Essentialism. I think this because with me going into severe and profound special education the whole goal with each of our students is to teach them how to be as independent as possible. It also makes sense because with an Essentialist approach the learning environment is highly structured with a strong focus on essential skills (Kauchak and Eggen pg.1. 161.

pag. Print. 2008. "Chapter 13. N. Donald P. Eggen.Michel 3 Works Cited: Kauchak. Upper Saddle River." Introduction to Teaching: Becoming a Professional. . and Paul D.. NJ: PH/Merrill/Pearson.