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Chapter 11 Review

1. Where does chemical digestion occur in the body?

2. What nutrients are needed in small amounts to act as helper molecules in a variety of chemical reactions in the body?

3. Where does digestion begin?

4. What are molars used for?

5. Where is water absorbed?

6. What are the six nutrients needed by the body?

7. What does a Calorie measure?

8. List 3 examples of foods that are carbohydrates.

9. What is fiber and why is it important?

10. Which nutrients are made up of amino acids?

11. Which nutrients are originally absorbed from soil by plants?

12.About how much of your body weight is made up of water?

13. What is the most important nutrient to the body? How much do you need each day?

14. Which food group should make up the largest part of a person's diet?
15.Which food group should be eaten in very limited amounts?

16. In order to prevent heart disease, which food group should be limited in the diet?

17. How much of the foods at the top of the food pyramid should be consumed?

18. What information does a food label include?

19. How many Calories per day is the standard according to the Percent Daily Value?

20. What is the function of the digestive system?

21. What is the function of saliva?

22.What is the process involving muscle contractions that moves food through the esophagus?

23. What does mucus do?

24. What is the purpose of hydrochloric acid in the stomach?

25. How does the stomach digest food?

26. What happens when harmful material is ingested into the stomach?

27. Where does bile come from?

28. Where does most digestion occur?

29. What allows the small intestine to absorb large amounts of nutrients quickly?
30. What important nutrient do bacteria in the large intestine provide the body with?

31. Where does most chemical digestion take place?

32.Why are amino acids important to the body?

33. What is the difference between complete proteins and incomplete proteins?

34. What fatlike substance does the liver make?

35. What organ prepares waste for elimination?

36.50. Draw, label, and describe the function of the following: esophagus, stomach, small intestine, liver, pancreas, large
intestine, and rectum.